ConstructConnect’s YTD Starts -2% after April Softens -7%

ConstructConnect announced today that its April construction starts, excluding residential activity, were -7% versus March. The usual seasonal pattern is for a 12% increase month to month at this time of year, as blustery winter mellows into gentler spring.

2017-05-12-US-Nonresidential-Construction-Starts-Apr-2017

Compared with April of last year, April this year was -22.8%. But April of last year was exceptionally strong. It was the most buoyant month in 2016 and higher by one-third than the average of all months in the last full year.

April of this year compared with average April results over the prior five years, 2012-2016, was +17.6%. Year-to-date starts so far in 2017 have been -2% compared with the same first four months of last year.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a considerably larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s March report was 57%; the latter’s was 43%.


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ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., April 2017) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., March 2017.)

The NSA jobless rate in construction improved from 8.4% in March to 6.3% in April, but that it left above April 2016’s 6.3%, according to the latest Employment Situation Report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Job creation in the sector in the latest month was a tepid +5,000 after an even weaker +1,000 in March. The pace of hiring in construction has slowed dramatically from January’s +34,000 and February’s +54,000.

The year-over-year change in employment in construction is now +2.6%, which is faster than for all jobs in the economy, +1.6%. Relative to other major industrial sectors, however, construction’s +2.6% is slower than for first-place ‘professional and business services’, at +3.1%, and is only a little ahead of third-place ‘education and health’s’ +2.3%.

Work carried out by the design professions is a leading indicator for on-site construction activity and it is encouraging to note that year-over-year employment by ‘architectural and engineering’ firms in April was +3.5%. Hiring by the real estate sector, which includes developers, was +3.0% year over year.

April’s month-to-month (m/m) drop in starts (-7.2%) was a mix of big declines in industrial (-72.0%) and commercial (-35.4%), but almost compensating gains in civil (+10.4%) and institutional (+27.9%). Worth noting is that ‘industrial’ is a smaller-volume category than the other three and it can display extreme percentage-change volatility brought on by the presence or absence of a mega project or two.

The April-2017-over-April-2016 (y/y) performance of starts (-22.8%) featured only one increase among major subcategories, heavy engineering/civil at +21.9%. Industrial was -92.0%; commercial, -37.2%; and institutional, a moderate -3.6%.

The shallow decline (-1.6%) in year-to-date (ytd) starts so far in 2017 (i.e., versus January to April 2016), has been due to pull-backs in industrial (-43.4%), commercial (-11.1%) and institutional (-5.2%), while heavy engineering (+29.7%) has nearly saved the day.

Through April, the largest subcomponent of engineering starts has been ‘road/highway’ work, with a 37% share. There has been a nice pickup in ‘street’ starts across the board: +20.8% m/m; +19.1% y/y; and +12.9% ytd. Second most important among civil work, with a 21% slice, has been the ‘water/sewage’ category, which has turned in a more varied record: +44.7% m/m; and +7.9% ytd; but -16.8% y/y. Mention should also be made of bridge starts in the engineering category. Although -27.9% m/m in April, they were +63.8% y/y and +61.4% ytd.

As per usual, institutional starts so far this year have been dominated by the ‘school/college’ subcategory (an outsized 58% share). Educational facility starts in the latest month were +30.6% m/m; but -8.2% y/y; and -5.3% ytd. ‘Hospital/clinic’ starts (with a 13% share) have claimed the runner-up position in the institutional category and they have been struggling: -20.2% m/m; -40.9% y/y; and -32.9% ytd. A subcategory of institutional work that has been a standout so far in 2017 has been ‘fire/police/courthouse/prisons’. Driven mainly by courthouses and prisons, this subset has more than doubled m/m (+142.4%); y/y (+117.5%); and ytd (+121.4%).

‘Private office buildings’ clung to top spot (with a 23% share) among commercial subcategories in April, even though they were -57.8% m/m and -51.0% y/y. On a ytd basis, they continued positive, +3.7%. Second-ranking ‘hotels/motels’ (with a 19% share) were solidly ahead ytd (+38.9%), despite retreating noticeably both m/m (-47.3%) and y/y (-15.3%). ‘Retail/shopping’ and ‘warehouse’ starts each accounted for 13% of the commercial category and while the former was uniformly gloomy (-10.0% m/m; -62.9% y/y; and -52.5% ytd), the latter was more upbeat (-49.3% m/m; but +19.0% y/y; and +52.8% ytd).

Table 2 on page three of this report reorders and provides more detail on some of the type-of-structure categories in Table 1. The reasons for this ‘second view’ are set out in the footnote.

The 12-month moving average trend graphs on page four show nonresidential building starts in a bit of a tailspin, being led down by retail and hospitals/clinics especially. But heavy engineering appears to be embarking on an upward path, propelled by ‘roads/highways’, bridges and ‘miscellaneous power’ (which includes oil and gas projects as well as electricity generation).

Average weekly earnings among nonsupervisory construction workers in April crossed above the +3.0% threshold to reach +3.3%. Average hourly earnings in the sector were +2.5%. The all-jobs increases for the economy as a whole weren’t quite as favorable: +2.6% and +2.3% for average weekly and average hourly earnings respectively.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy.

ConstructConnect has now moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date. In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or rebid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package – April 2017 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – April 2017.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – April 2017.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – APRIL 2017
YEAR TO DATE
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-APR 17 Jan-APR 17 vs  APR 17 vs APR 17 vs
($ billions) Jan-APR 16 APR 15 MAR 17
           
Hotel/Motel 8.300 38.9% -15.3% -47.3%
Retail 5.822 -52.5% -62.9% -10.0%
Parking Garage 0.660 -52.5% -66.0% 134.1%
Amusement 2.154 8.5% -0.4% -0.6%
Private Office  10.022 3.7% -51.0% -57.8%
Government Office 3.344 -22.8% -9.2% 7.8%
Laboratory 0.434 -81.5% -6.7% -42.7%
Warehouse 5.512 52.8% 19.0% -49.3%
Miscellaneous Commercial 7.136 -1.4% -41.0% -36.0%
COMMERCIAL 43.383 -11.1% -37.2% -35.4%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 6.385 -43.4% -92.0% -72.0%
     
Religious 0.602 15.2% 61.2%   180.4%
Hospital/Clinic 4.448 -32.9% -40.9%   -20.2%
Nursing/Assisted Living 2.164 -29.3% 0.3%   67.8%
Library/Museum 0.726 -22.1% -31.0%   -0.2%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 3.585 121.4% 117.5%   142.4%
Military 0.928 0.7% 268.9%   67.4%
School/College 20.150 -5.3% -8.2%   30.6%
Miscellaneous Government 2.428 22.2% 38.5%   -19.0%
INSTITUTIONAL 35.031 -5.2% -3.6%   27.9%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 1.876 -30.5% -4.8%   26.2%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 86.675 -13.1% -38.2%   -16.2%
       
Airport 3.637 237.0% 398.0%   -59.5%
Road/Highway 17.564 12.9% 19.1%   20.8%
Bridge 8.050 61.4% 63.8%   -27.9%
Dam/Marine 1.370 38.3% 59.2%   121.8%
Water/Sewage 9.800 7.9% -16.8%   44.7%
Miscellaneous Civil 6.813 44.3% 53.0%   37.0%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 47.234 29.7% 21.9%   10.4%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 133.909 -1.6% -22.8% -7.2%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– APRIL 2017
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Apr 17 Jan-Apr 17 vs     Apr 17 vs Apr 17 vs
($ billions) Jan-Apr 16     Apr 16 Mar 17
           
Summary      
CIVIL 47.234 29.7%     21.9% 10.4%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 86.675 -13.1%     -38.2% -16.2%
RESIDENTIAL   92.892 8.2%     4.6% 3.7%
GRAND TOTAL   226.801 2.2%     -13.1% -2.8%
 
Verticals  
Airport 3.637 237.0%     398.0% -59.5%
All Other Civil 3.797 -10.3%     44.9% 229.7%
Bridges 8.050 61.4%     63.8% -27.9%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 1.370 38.3%     59.2% 121.8%
Power Infrastructure 3.015 517.2%     204.5% -77.9%
Roads 17.564 12.9%     19.1% 20.8%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 9.800 7.9%     -16.8% 44.7%
CIVIL     47.234 29.7%     21.9% 10.4%
Offices (private) 10.022 3.7%     -51.0% -57.8%
Parking Garages 0.660 -52.5%     -66.0% 134.1%
  Transportation Terminals 1.844 -32.4%     116.0% 406.6%
Commercial (small subset) 12.526 -9.1%     -25.2% 3.1%
Amusement 2.154 8.5%     -0.4% -0.6%
Libraries / Museums 0.726 -22.1%     -31.0% -0.2%
Religious 0.602 15.2%     61.2% 180.4%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 5.291 17.3%     -77.4% -78.2%
Community 8.773 10.4%     -57.4% -57.1%
College / University 7.053 4.6%     7.2% 60.2%
Elementary / Pre School 5.093 -23.5%     -21.5% 22.2%
Jr / Sr High School 7.625 5.2%     -7.8% 9.5%
  Special / Vocational 0.380 -38.5%     -46.2% 99.0%
Educational 20.150 -5.3%     -8.2% 30.6%
Courthouses 1.819 371.0%     482.9% 1308.9%
Fire and Police Stations 0.700 -0.8%     25.3% 33.8%
Government Offices 3.344 -22.8%     -9.2% 7.8%
  Prisons 1.066 102.4%     52.4% 39.4%
Government 6.929 16.5%     24.4% 45.2%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 0.434 -81.5%     -6.7% -42.7%
Manufacturing 6.385 -43.4%     -92.0% -72.0%
  Warehouses 5.512 52.8%     19.0% -49.3%
Industrial 12.331 -28.4%     -79.7% -60.4%
Hospitals / Clinics 4.448 -32.9%     -40.9% -20.2%
Medical Misc. 2.428 22.2%     38.5% -19.0%
  Nursing Homes 2.164 -29.3%     0.3% 67.8%
Medical   9.039 -22.6%     -17.3% -1.0%
Military   0.928 0.7%     268.9% 67.4%
Hotels 8.300 38.9%     -15.3% -47.3%
Retail Misc. 1.876 -30.5%     -4.8% 26.2%
    Shopping 5.822 -52.5%     -62.9% -10.0%
  Retail   15.998 -23.6%     -40.0% -30.6%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 86.675 -13.1%     -38.2% -16.2%
Multi-Family 29.790 9.7%     -2.2% -10.3%
    Single-Family 63.102 7.5%     7.6% 10.6%
RESIDENTIAL   92.892 8.2%     4.6% 3.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL 133.909 -1.6%     -22.8% -7.2%
GRAND TOTAL   226.801 2.2%     -13.1% -2.8%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – APRIL 2017 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-APR JAN-APR
FEB 17 MAR 17 APR 17 FEB 17 MAR 17 APR 17 FEB 17 MAR 17 APR 17 2016 2017
Single Family 14.477 16.858 18.640 13.556 14.821 16.658 15.674 15.827 15.937 58.714 63.102
   month-over-month % change 10.3% 16.4% 10.6% -0.4% 9.3% 12.4% 0.2% 1.0% 0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 2.6% 12.2% 7.6% 5.3% 7.4% 7.6% 5.6% 5.4% 5.9% 14.4% 7.5%
Apartment 7.169 8.261 7.409 6.899 7.460 7.613 6.749 6.922 6.908 27.145 29.790
   month-over-month % change 3.1% 15.2% -10.3% 3.3% 8.1% 2.0% -1.2% 2.6% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change -12.1% 33.5% -2.2% -2.7% 14.4% 4.2% 20.2% 19.3% 14.3% 52.6% 9.7%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 21.646 25.119 26.050 20.456 22.281 24.271 22.423 22.749 22.845 85.859 92.892
   month-over-month % change 7.8% 16.0% 3.7% 0.8% 8.9% 8.9% -0.2% 1.5% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -2.8% 18.4% 4.6% 2.4% 9.7% 6.5% 9.6% 9.3% 8.3% 24.3% 8.2%
Hotel/Motel 2.373 3.318 1.750 1.523 2.183 2.480 1.618 1.766 1.740 5.976 8.300
   month-over-month % change 176.0% 39.8% -47.3% 26.3% 43.3% 13.6% 8.0% 9.1% -1.5%    
   year-over-year % change 155.5% 115.1% -15.3% 9.6% 67.5% 64.0% 41.7% 54.4% 39.6% 24.1% 38.9%
Retail 1.854 1.324 1.192 1.649 1.543 1.456 2.631 2.427 2.258 12.266 5.822
   month-over-month % change 27.6% -28.6% -10.0% 15.0% -6.4% -5.6% -0.1% -7.8% -6.9%    
   year-over-year % change -0.9% -64.9% -62.9% -34.8% -48.8% -50.7% 13.0% -3.9% -16.0% 145.6% -52.5%
Parking Garages 0.051 0.151 0.354 0.124 0.102 0.185 0.378 0.381 0.324 1.390 0.660
   month-over-month % change -51.2% 199.7% 134.1% -49.8% -17.8% 82.1% -1.3% 0.7% -15.0%    
   year-over-year % change -53.7% 29.0% -66.0% 4.1% -12.1% -56.2% 45.8% 50.8% -1.1% 83.9% -52.5%
Amusement 0.587 0.563 0.560 0.496 0.531 0.570 0.511 0.513 0.513 1.985 2.154
   month-over-month % change 32.5% -4.1% -0.6% -2.3% 7.0% 7.3% 1.5% 0.5% 0.0%    
   year-over-year % change 18.6% 5.9% -0.4% -38.0% 12.0% 7.6% -16.3% -8.5% -11.2% -21.9% 8.5%
Office 4.830 2.110 0.889 2.946 3.044 2.609 2.159 2.042 1.965 9.666 10.022
   month-over-month % change 120.1% -56.3% -57.8% 75.0% 3.3% -14.3% 10.4% -5.4% -3.8%    
   year-over-year % change 101.9% -40.1% -51.0% 31.5% 16.3% 1.3% 30.9% 13.7% 7.4% 62.7% 3.7%
Governmental Offices 0.501 0.920 0.992 0.921 0.784 0.804 1.048 1.016 1.007 4.330 3.344
   month-over-month % change -46.2% 83.9% 7.8% -6.9% -14.8% 2.6% -3.2% -3.1% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -45.5% -29.7% -9.2% 9.8% -27.3% -27.3% 10.2% 0.5% 0.8% 46.7% -22.8%
Laboratories 0.156 0.135 0.077 0.126 0.119 0.123 0.294 0.135 0.134 2.341 0.434
   month-over-month % change 138.4% -13.2% -42.7% -2.6% -5.8% 3.4% 3.9% -54.2% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 539.7% -93.4% -6.7% 11.8% -84.2% -82.9% 47.8% -60.3% -54.1% 102.4% -81.5%
Warehouse 1.259 2.138 1.085 1.062 1.476 1.494 1.181 1.274 1.288 3.607 5.512
   month-over-month % change 22.4% 69.8% -49.3% -1.2% 38.9% 1.3% 2.6% 7.9% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 39.5% 108.9% 19.0% 19.2% 64.2% 58.0% -8.5% -3.0% -3.2% 36.3% 52.8%
Misc Commercial 0.630 3.092 1.978 0.878 1.719 1.900 1.080 1.259 1.144 7.237 7.136
   month-over-month % change -56.2% 390.9% -36.0% -25.5% 95.9% 10.5% -11.1% 16.5% -9.1%    
   year-over-year % change -71.9% 223.9% -41.0% -33.8% 32.7% -13.0% -1.8% 12.1% -15.5% 71.6% -1.4%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 12.239 13.751 8.877 9.725 11.502 11.622 10.901 10.811 10.373 48.799 43.383
   month-over-month % change 43.7% 12.4% -35.4% 15.1% 18.3% 1.0% 1.8% -0.8% -4.1%    
   year-over-year % change 23.8% -7.2% -37.2% -5.1% -0.5% -10.2% 14.4% 7.4% -2.6% 62.6% -11.1%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 0.805 2.249 0.629 1.643 1.919 1.228 1.625 1.713 1.112 11.279 6.385
   month-over-month % change -70.2% 179.3% -72.0% 4.9% 16.8% -36.0% -4.2% 5.4% -35.1%    
   year-over-year % change -51.7% 87.9% -92.0% 37.5% 67.2% -65.6% 17.1% 56.9% -35.6% 102.7% -43.4%
Religious 0.137 0.080 0.225 0.147 0.126 0.148 0.142 0.141 0.148 0.523 0.602
   month-over-month % change -14.1% -41.4% 180.4% -1.0% -14.5% 17.4% 1.4% -1.0% 5.1%    
   year-over-year % change 20.7% -17.6% 61.2% 0.8% -1.5% 26.2% 1.0% 1.4% 3.2% 7.0% 15.2%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.237 1.194 0.954 1.034 1.165 1.128 1.653 1.606 1.551 6.626 4.448
   month-over-month % change 16.3% -3.4% -20.2% -18.5% 12.7% -3.1% -1.5% -2.8% -3.4%    
   year-over-year % change -19.8% -32.1% -40.9% -33.6% -30.3% -31.1% 34.1% 24.7% 13.6% 55.1% -32.9%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.467 0.514 0.863 0.543 0.433 0.615 0.685 0.679 0.680 3.059 2.164
   month-over-month % change 46.4% 10.2% 67.8% -17.2% -20.2% 41.9% -4.0% -0.8% 0.0%    
   year-over-year % change -42.0% -10.8% 0.3% -26.5% -40.9% -17.7% 32.5% 27.4% 17.7% 69.9% -29.3%
Libraries/Museums 0.066 0.154 0.154 0.303 0.191 0.125 0.275 0.252 0.247 0.932 0.726
   month-over-month % change -81.2% 132.4% -0.2% -2.5% -37.0% -34.7% -1.9% -8.2% -2.3%    
   year-over-year % change -49.2% -63.7% -31.0% 70.9% -19.4% -51.9% 9.7% -8.3% -9.3% 62.4% -22.1%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 1.474 0.354 0.859 0.945 0.909 0.896 0.646 0.621 0.660 1.619 3.585
   month-over-month % change 64.0% -76.0% 142.4% 56.6% -3.8% -1.5% 17.5% -3.9% 6.2%    
   year-over-year % change 360.3% -45.9% 117.5% 202.0% 122.7% 96.2% 32.1% 19.6% 31.8% -3.2% 121.4%
Military 0.114 0.182 0.304 0.183 0.208 0.200 0.375 0.371 0.389 0.921 0.928
   month-over-month % change -65.3% 59.4% 67.4% -49.5% 13.4% -3.9% -2.1% -1.0% 5.0%    
   year-over-year % change -45.8% -19.7% 268.9% -46.1% -25.6% 15.6% -28.0% -29.5% -25.0% 68.4% 0.7%
Schools/Colleges 3.101 5.195 6.783 4.430 4.456 5.026 5.696 5.623 5.572 21.267 20.150
   month-over-month % change -38.9% 67.5% 30.6% -5.6% 0.6% 12.8% -1.3% -1.3% -0.9%    
   year-over-year % change -21.9% -14.5% -8.2% 7.5% -3.7% -13.5% 13.1% 9.4% 5.3% 14.5% -5.3%
Misc Government 0.476 0.703 0.569 0.629 0.619 0.583 0.611 0.615 0.628 1.987 2.428
   month-over-month % change -30.0% 47.7% -19.0% -4.3% -1.6% -5.9% -1.1% 0.6% 2.1%    
   year-over-year % change -14.9% 6.9% 38.5% 38.2% 17.9% 7.4% 75.1% 56.2% 57.2% 89.2% 22.2%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 7.072 8.376 10.711 8.214 8.107 8.720 10.082 9.907 9.874 36.935 35.031
   month-over-month % change -20.3% 18.4% 27.9% -5.6% -1.3% 7.6% -0.5% -1.7% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -7.6% -20.0% -3.6% 4.7% -5.8% -10.5% 18.1% 12.4% 8.9% 27.5% -5.2%
Misc Non Residential 0.374 0.489 0.617 0.464 0.420 0.494 0.655 0.645 0.642 2.698 1.876
   month-over-month % change -5.3% 30.7% 26.2% -16.4% -9.6% 17.6% -2.4% -1.5% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -34.3% -19.6% -4.8% -28.5% -38.6% -18.9% 34.8% 27.4% 21.6% 110.8% -30.5%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 20.490 24.865 20.834 20.046 21.947 22.063 23.263 23.077 22.002 99.712 86.675
   month-over-month % change 0.0% 21.4% -16.2% 4.0% 9.5% 0.5% 0.3% -0.8% -4.7%    
   year-over-year % change 3.6% -8.2% -38.2% 0.5% -0.2% -17.9% 16.7% 12.7% 0.1% 51.4% -13.1%
Airports 1.830 1.121 0.454 0.767 1.061 1.135 0.646 0.727 0.758 1.079 3.637
   month-over-month % change 688.8% -38.8% -59.5% 141.3% 38.3% 7.0% 16.6% 12.6% 4.2%    
   year-over-year % change 151.6% 661.4% 398.0% 159.0% 222.2% 252.5% 51.1% 73.3% 80.5% 116.3% 237.0%
Roads/Highways 3.600 4.598 5.553 3.702 4.004 4.584 4.275 4.359 4.434 15.558 17.564
   month-over-month % change -5.6% 27.7% 20.8% 8.2% 8.1% 14.5% 1.3% 2.0% 1.7%    
   year-over-year % change 23.0% 28.1% 19.1% 1.9% 10.2% 23.0% -2.1% -0.6% -0.7% 14.8% 12.9%
Bridges 1.230 3.054 2.201 1.350 1.949 2.162 1.269 1.392 1.464 4.986 8.050
   month-over-month % change -21.3% 148.2% -27.9% 10.4% 44.4% 10.9% 3.1% 9.7% 5.1%    
   year-over-year % change 59.4% 93.8% 63.8% 11.3% 60.6% 75.7% 21.4% 27.8% 30.4% 13.6% 61.4%
Dams/Marine 0.146 0.284 0.630 0.279 0.247 0.353 0.322 0.334 0.353 0.990 1.370
   month-over-month % change -52.7% 94.3% 121.8% -17.9% -11.7% 43.4% -2.5% 3.8% 5.8%    
   year-over-year % change -40.5% 109.4% 59.2% 5.6% 24.5% 36.4% -30.6% -25.6% -17.6% -53.1% 38.3%
Water/Sewage 2.438 2.072 2.999 2.495 2.267 2.503 2.593 2.628 2.578 9.079 9.800
   month-over-month % change 6.4% -15.0% 44.7% 10.3% -9.1% 10.4% 2.4% 1.3% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change 43.2% 25.1% -16.8% 23.3% 24.2% 7.9% 6.9% 8.6% 1.6% 22.7% 7.9%
Misc Civil 2.003 1.687 2.312 1.229 1.500 2.001 1.149 1.189 1.255 4.720 6.813
   month-over-month % change 147.1% -15.7% 37.0% 26.4% 22.1% 33.4% 10.1% 3.4% 5.6%    
   year-over-year % change 172.8% 39.2% 53.0% -2.1% 40.2% 73.6% -30.5% -27.5% -24.8% -4.7% 44.3%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 11.247 12.817 14.150 9.821 11.028 12.738 10.254 10.629 10.841 36.413 47.234
   month-over-month % change 24.7% 14.0% 10.4% 15.1% 12.3% 15.5% 3.5% 3.7% 2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 58.2% 54.1% 21.9% 13.1% 33.4% 41.4% -1.2% 2.1% 1.9% 10.7% 29.7%
GRAND TOTAL 53.383 62.801 61.034 50.323 55.256 59.073 55.941 56.455 55.688 221.984 226.801
   month-over-month % change 7.7% 17.6% -2.8% 4.6% 9.8% 6.9% 0.6% 0.9% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 8.6% 10.9% -13.1% 3.6% 9.2% 0.7% 10.2% 9.2% 3.7% 32.3% 2.2%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 31.738 37.682 34.984 29.867 32.975 34.801 33.517 33.706 32.843 136.125 133.909
   month-over-month % change 7.6% 18.7% -7.2% 7.4% 10.4% 5.5% 1.2% 0.6% -2.6%    
   year-over-year % change 18.1% 6.4% -22.8% 4.4% 9.0% -3.0% 10.6% 9.1% 0.7% 37.9% -1.6%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION
* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-APR 2016 Jan-APR 2017 % Change
Connecticut $1,170,780,312 $1,109,805,286 -5.2%
Maine $292,671,142 $326,586,627 11.6%
Massachusetts $5,128,526,506 $2,998,660,302 -41.5%
New Hampshire $360,854,865 $272,391,041 -24.5%
Rhode Island $237,736,527 $343,314,609 44.4%
Vermont $97,729,469 $198,381,839 103.0%
Total New England $7,288,298,821   $5,249,139,704   -28.0%
New Jersey $3,226,271,855 $3,615,872,485 12.1%
New York $6,862,326,520 $13,651,495,101 98.9%
Pennsylvania $4,178,886,162 $3,773,346,007 -9.7%
Total Middle Atlantic $14,267,484,537   $21,040,713,593   47.5%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $21,555,783,358   $26,289,853,297   22.0%
Illinois $4,729,122,296 $4,322,406,327 -8.6%
Indiana $1,934,347,221 $1,849,782,946 -4.4%
Michigan $3,506,243,162 $3,486,560,241 -0.6%
Ohio $4,223,981,939 $3,302,686,272 -21.8%
Wisconsin $2,404,001,972 $2,899,156,827 20.6%
Total East North Central $16,797,696,590   $15,860,592,613   -5.6%
Iowa $1,652,370,422 $1,211,524,132 -26.7%
Kansas $1,127,000,537 $1,021,516,885 -9.4%
Minnesota $2,281,873,237 $1,925,217,619 -15.6%
Missouri $2,100,718,600 $2,515,787,783 19.8%
Nebraska $1,005,415,151 $892,207,230 -11.3%
North Dakota $666,666,455 $554,628,682 -16.8%
South Dakota $602,382,602 $480,008,453 -20.3%
Total West North Central $9,436,427,004   $8,600,890,784   -8.9%
TOTAL MIDWEST $26,234,123,594   $24,461,483,397   -6.8%
Delaware $320,156,749 $525,898,018 64.3%
District of Columbia $760,893,006 $681,351,453 -10.5%
Florida $6,747,892,018 $9,024,497,822 33.7%
Georgia $4,506,805,810 $4,079,945,211 -9.5%
Maryland $3,697,606,922 $1,772,019,949 -52.1%
North Carolina $4,987,811,763 $3,852,346,565 -22.8%
South Carolina $2,657,600,400 $2,704,883,288 1.8%
Virginia $3,023,629,771 $3,860,748,032 27.7%
West Virginia $256,161,972 $334,459,721 30.6%
Total South Atlantic $26,958,558,411   $26,836,150,059   -0.5%
Alabama $1,732,638,369 $1,700,094,504 -1.9%
Kentucky $1,839,494,920 $954,314,677 -48.1%
Mississippi $1,008,542,365 $962,507,913 -4.6%
Tennessee $2,827,498,869 $1,412,188,706 -50.1%
Total East South Central $7,408,174,523   $5,029,105,800   -32.1%
Arkansas $963,733,923 $1,012,402,885 5.1%
Louisiana $4,203,674,927 $1,474,955,541 -64.9%
Oklahoma $1,690,617,420 $2,588,326,165 53.1%
Texas $20,047,787,165 $15,535,539,707 -22.5%
Total West South Central $26,905,813,435   $20,611,224,298   -23.4%
TOTAL SOUTH $61,272,546,369   $52,476,480,157   -14.4%
Arizona $2,195,978,834 $2,502,519,987 14.0%
Colorado $1,922,711,224 $1,214,090,050 -36.9%
Idaho $458,897,587 $354,220,821 -22.8%
Montana $275,667,454 $295,341,539 7.1%
Nevada $1,569,683,809 $663,984,658 -57.7%
New Mexico $440,837,554 $750,310,327 70.2%
Utah $1,863,966,442 $2,558,654,618 37.3%
Wyoming $315,317,729 $377,691,734 19.8%
Total Mountain $9,043,060,633   $8,716,813,734   -3.6%
Alaska $595,250,014 $405,051,901 -32.0%
California $11,710,263,382 $15,438,746,537 31.8%
Hawaii $844,953,756 $327,925,203 -61.2%
Oregon $1,511,329,304 $2,372,268,218 57.0%
Washington $3,357,772,528 $3,420,148,572 1.9%
Total Pacific $18,019,568,984   $21,964,140,431   21.9%
TOTAL WEST $27,062,629,617   $30,680,954,165   13.4%
TOTAL U.S. $136,125,082,938   $133,908,771,016   -1.6%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

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