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By: Alex Carrick on August 15th, 2019

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Bolstered by Mega Projects, July's Nonresidential Starts Almost Matched June

Economic News | Industry Snapshot | alex carrick

July Featured Mega Project Strength

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $45.4 billion (green shaded box, Table 3 below). The month-to-month change versus June was -1.7%. July's basket of mega projects, however, was a little better than June's. July included 4 projects of more than $1 billion each for a total of $8.7 billion. June had 3 such projects for $7.1 billion. July featured ultra-large LNG terminal, refinery, hospital and airport work (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - July 2019).

Construction Starts Settled into More Normal Pattern in April, +3% M/M Graphic

On a year-over-year basis, July 2019’s nonresidential starts appear upbeat, +6.9%. They were also ahead by more than one-quarter (+29%) versus their previous five-year average for July from 2014 through 2018. On a year-to-date basis, nonresidential starts so far in 2019 have been -3.2% compared with the same January-to-July time frame of 2018.


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‘Smoothed’ Series

Since large project groundbreakings can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 3 below.

On a 12-month moving average basis, July 2019’s total nonresidential starts were -2.9% versus the previous 12 months (i.e., August-2018-to-July-2019 vs August-2017-to-July- 2018). Type-of-structure subcategory starts on the same 12-month-over-prior-12-month basis in July 2019 were: commercial, -10.8%; industrial, +4.3%; institutional, +1.0%; and engineering, -0.5%.

‘Smoothed’ grand total starts, which include residential activity, were -5.7% in July. Residential activity has been -10.2% on a 12-month moving average basis, with multi-family starts (-18.0%) languishing more than single-family (-6.4%) groundbreakings

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for June, was 59%; the latter’s share was 41%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (July 2019) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (June 2019).

Construction Overview

Employment in the U.S. construction sector in July moved a shade higher (+4,000 jobs) than in May. The average monthly gain in ‘hard hat’ jobs to date in 2019 has been exactly half what it was through the first seven months of last year, +15,000 down from +30,000. The year-over-year change in construction employment has been +2.8%, nearly twice as fast as for all jobs in the economy, at +1.5%. Construction is still leading all sectors in year-over-year hiring, but only by a thread. ‘Transportation and warehousing’ is at +2.7% and ‘education and health,’ +2.6%.

Construction’s NSA unemployment rate dipped a bit in July to 3.8% from 4.0% in May, but it did not fall as low as in July 2018 (3.4%). The national NSA unemployment rate in the latest month was 4.0%. (Seasonally adjusted (SA), the countrywide jobless rate in July was 3.7%.)

July’s year-over-year employment changes in other corners of the economy with close ties to construction were: ‘machinery and equipment rental’, +11.7%; ‘oil and gas extraction’, +7.6%; ‘architectural and engineering services’, +3.0%; ‘real estate firms’, +2.8%; ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing’, +0.6%; and ‘building material and supplies dealers’, -0.5%.

Month-To-Month, Year-Over-Year, and Year-To-Date Results

July’s -1.7% pullback in total nonresidential starts month-over-month (m/m) resulted from almost equal declines in institutional (-22.8%) and engineering (-21.3%) that weren’t quite counterbalanced by commercial (+3.9%) and industrial (+2220%). Industrial is particularly susceptible to outsized swings arising from mega project work. July manufacturing/industrial work featured a $4.5 billion LNG facility in Louisiana and a $1.2 billion refinery in Texas.

The July 2019 versus July 2018 (y/y) climb of +6.9% in total nonresidential starts owed thanks to industrial (+424.6%) and engineering (+17.4%), as institutional remained flat (-0.6%) and commercial fell into retreat (-28.6%).

The -3.2% year-to-date setback in total nonresidential starts has originated in the commercial (-14.7%), institutional (-5.7%) and heavy engineering/civil (-1.3%) type-of-structure categories, while industrial has shone brightly (+46.4%).

Year-To-Date for Subsectors: Engineering Performing Best

Within commercial starts to date in 2019, the ‘private office buildings’ sub-category has accounted for the largest share (23%). July’s three percentage-change metrics for ‘private office buildings’ were: -27.2% m/m; -52.5% y/y; and -16.2% ytd. Also prominent within commercial, each with 15% slices, have been ‘hotel/motel’ and ‘warehouse’ work. But their results have also been uniformly negative, with the former at -25.3% m/m, -38.2% y/y, and -36.5% ytd, and the latter at -39.4% m/m, -49.8% y/y, and -13.4% ytd. On the plus side, ‘miscellaneous commercial’ (which includes airport passenger terminal work ‒ see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - July 2019).

Dominant, with a nearly two-thirds share, in institutional starts is the ‘schools/colleges’ subcategory. Educational facility starts in July were -38.9% m/m and -12.3% y/y, but +1.0% ytd. Accounting for one-quarter of institutional starts so far this year have been health care projects, combining ‘hospitals/clinics,’ ‘nursing/assisted living,’ and ‘medical miscellaneous.’ Medical facility starts in the seventh month of 2019 were: +22.6% m/m and +34.5% y/y, but -19. 7% ytd.

The percentage changes for key engineering subcategories have generally been more encouraging than for nonresidential building markets. ‘Road/highway’ starts (with a 40% share of engineering to date in 2019) were +12.8% m/m, +4.6% y/y, and +0.9% ytd in July. ‘Water/sewage’ starts (19% slice) in the latest month were +20.9% m/m, +21.5% y/y, and +0.1% ytd. Bridges (15% share) were -21.9% m/m, but +12.6% y/y, and +8.1% ytd.

Infrastructure Strength in Trend Graphs and Project Delays From JOLTS Data

Among the 12-month moving average graphs (Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - July 2019), the nonresidential buildings curve has leveled off during the past couple of years after a long upward climb, while the engineering curve is still gradually rising (Graph 1). From Graph 2, institutional and commercial have been tapering off. What is remarkable, though, is how similar their values have become. Graph 3 shows retail plunging, but private office buildings holding up nicely. Graph 4 has school starts flattening after an upswing, but hospital starts being weak and going nowhere. Road and bridge ‘starts’ in Graphs 5 and 6 have been on sharp inclines, implying good things about the renewal of America’s infrastructure, although water and sewer starts haven’t been improving to the same degree. Finally, portions of the ‘miscellaneous civil’ curve are spikey due to mega projects.

Job openings in the construction sector, whether measured as a level or a rate, continue to be exceptionally elevated, as is highlighted in Graph 1 below. ‘Hires’ statistics (Graph 2 below), however, are a tale of frustration. They are slowly increasing as a level, but they are stuck in neutral as a rate. The availability of qualified workers to fill positions is an ongoing problem for contractors and it partially explains why pickups in some categories of construction are being delayed.

Graph 1: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of 'construction employment plus number of job openings'.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for June, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of hires during month as % of construction employment.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for June, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Construction Workers Among the ‘Have Nots’ in Wage Gains

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on non-farm payrolls. B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From July’s BLS Table B-3 (including supervisory personnel), the ‘all jobs’ compensation increases were +3.2% hourly and +2.6% weekly. By comparison, construction workers as a subset of ‘all jobs’ fared relatively poorly, +2.8% hourly and +2.0% weekly. From the latest Table B-8 (excluding bosses), the all-jobs earnings gains were +3.3% hourly and +2.4% weekly. Again, construction workers were ‘on the outs,’ at only +2.5% hourly and +1.4% weekly.

Further on Costing and Grand Total Starts

Further on costing, July 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index,’ -1.5% (down further from -1.1% in June); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports,’ +0.2% (ahead marginally from +0.1% in June); and ‘final demand construction,’ +5.5% (up slightly from June’s +5.3%).

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy.

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were -11.7% m/m; -19.9 y/y, and -13.0% ytd. To date in 2019, it’s been the multi-family component of residential (-24.6%) that’s been lost in the bushes more than singles (-8.0%). ‘Grand total’ construction starts in July were -5.1% m/m, -3.2% y/y, and -6.9% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - July 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - July 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - July 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
JULY 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

    % Change   % Change   % Change
  Jan-jul 19 Jan-JUL 19 vs    JUl 19 vs   JUl 19 vs
  ($ billions) Jan-JUl 18   JUl 18   jun 19
             
Hotel/Motel 10.502 -36.5%   -38.2%   -25.3%
Retail 8.843 -23.8%   -36.1%   14.0%
Parking Garage 2.020 23.3%   77.5%   34.4%
Amusement 3.855 -18.7%   125.7%   86.1%
Private Office  16.417 -16.2%   -52.5%   -27.2%
Government Office 6.625 14.7%   88.6%   28.6%
Laboratory 0.985 -46.9%   -78.8%   9.1%
Warehouse 11.054 -13.4%   -49.8%   -39.4%
Miscellaneous Commercial* 11.513 19.5%   -5.6%   266.8%
COMMERCIAL 71.814 -14.7%   -28.6%   3.9%
             
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 30.954 46.4%   424.6%   2220.1%
             
Religious 0.953 -26.1%   -28.4%   -30.7%
Hospital/Clinic 8.944 -9.5%   172.5%   47.9%
Nursing/Assisted Living 5.152 -20.5%   -17.9%   53.8%
Library/Museum 2.247 45.5%   176.0%   142.3%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 3.560 -18.5%   -41.8%   -18.0%
Military 2.371 1.0%   -6.3%   -33.0%
School/College 46.975 1.0%   -12.3%   -38.9%
Miscellaneous Government 4.550 -33.7%   -54.2%   -46.8%
INSTITUTIONAL 74.753 -5.7%   -0.6%   -22.8%
             
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 3.639 -19.1%   -30.4%   9.6%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 181.161 -4.2%   2.0%   13.5%
             
Airport 4.170 -2.9%   51.6%   63.3%
Road/Highway 40.842 0.9%   4.6%   12.8%
Bridge 15.778 8.1%   12.6%   -21.9%
Dam/Marine 5.095 63.7%   5.0%   -52.0%
Water/Sewage 18.980 0.1%   21.5%   20.9%
Miscellaneous Civil 17.026 -21.8%   127.0%   -75.6%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 101.890 -1.3%   17.4%   -21.3%
             
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 283.051 -3.2%   6.9%   -1.7%

*Includes transportation terminals and sports arenas.

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – JULY 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

        % Change     % Change % Change
      Jan-Jul 19 Jan-Jul 19 vs     Jul 19 vs Jul 19 vs
      ($ billions) Jan-Jul 18     Jul 18 Jun 19
                 
Summary              
CIVIL     101.890 -1.3%     17.4% -21.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 181.161 -4.2%     2.0% 13.5%
RESIDENTIAL   154.690 -13.0%     -19.9% -11.7%
GRAND TOTAL   437.742 -6.9%     -3.2% -5.1%
                 
Verticals              
    Airport 4.170 -2.9%     51.6% 63.3%
    All Other Civil 10.823 -33.4%     55.2% -66.8%
    Bridges 15.778 8.1%     12.6% -21.9%
    Dams / Canals / Marine Work 5.095 63.7%     5.0% -52.0%
    Power Infrastructure 6.203 12.4%     762.7% -82.8%
    Roads 40.842 0.9%     4.6% 12.8%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 18.980 0.1%     21.5% 20.9%
CIVIL     101.890 -1.3%     17.4% -21.3%
    Offices (private) 16.417 -16.2%     -52.5% -27.2%
    Parking Garages 2.020 23.3%     77.5% 34.4%
    Transportation Terminals 7.950 97.7%     707.1% 1178.1%
  Commercial (small subset) 26.387 4.5%     -23.3% 13.1%
    Amusement 3.855 -18.7%     125.7% 86.1%
    Libraries / Museums 2.247 45.5%     176.0% 142.3%
    Religious 0.953 -26.1%     -28.4% -30.7%
    Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 3.563 -36.5%     -78.4% -1.3%
  Community 10.618 -19.5%     -23.7% 54.8%
    College / University 11.044 -7.5%     -28.8% -30.0%
    Elementary / Pre School 14.349 2.7%     8.7% -23.3%
    Jr / Sr High School 20.490 5.6%     -16.9% -50.9%
    Special / Vocational 1.093 -10.5%     -10.8% 5.1%
  Educational 46.975 1.0%     -12.3% -38.9%
    Courthouses 0.629 -24.1%     -64.9% 235.3%
    Fire and Police Stations 1.883 4.7%     -58.1% -61.5%
    Government Offices 6.625 14.7%     88.6% 28.6%
    Prisons 1.048 -39.9%     113.0% 51.5%
  Government 10.186 0.4%     21.6% 12.8%
    Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 0.985 -46.9%     -78.8% 9.1%
    Manufacturing 30.954 46.4%     424.6% 2220.1%
    Warehouses 11.054 -13.4%     -49.8% -39.4%
  Industrial 42.993 20.2%     93.2% 248.7%
    Hospitals / Clinics 8.944 -9.5%     172.5% 47.9%
    Medical Misc. 4.550 -33.7%     -54.2% -46.8%
    Nursing Homes 5.152 -20.5%     -17.9% 53.8%
  Medical   18.646 -19.7%     34.5% 22.6%
  Military   2.371 1.0%     -6.3% -33.0%
    Hotels 10.502 -36.5%     -38.2% -25.3%
    Retail Misc. 3.639 -19.1%     -30.4% 9.6%
    Shopping 8.843 -23.8%     -36.1% 14.0%
  Retail   22.984 -29.6%     -35.9% -6.0%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 181.161 -4.2%     2.0% 13.5%
    Multi-Family 40.198 -24.6%     -46.9% -25.4%
    Single-Family 114.493 -8.0%     -8.7% -7.6%
RESIDENTIAL   154.690 -13.0%     -19.9% -11.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL 283.051 -3.2%     6.9% -1.7%
GRAND TOTAL   437.742 -6.9%     -3.2% -5.1%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – JULY 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

  Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
        3-months 12-months JAN-JUL JAN-JUL
  MAY 19 JUN 19 JUL 19 MAY 19 JUN 19 JUL 19 MAY 19 JUN 19 JUL 19 2018 2019
                       
Single Family 17.438 17.977 16.614 17.341 17.939 17.343 16.253 16.176 16.044 124.389 114.493
   month-over-month % change -5.2% 3.1% -7.6% 9.9% 3.4% -3.3% -1.4% -0.5% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -14.1% -4.9% -8.7% -9.8% -9.0% -9.4% -5.8% -5.8% -6.4% 4.9% -8.0%
Apartment 4.652 5.381 4.015 6.120 5.801 4.683 7.286 6.995 6.699 53.346 40.198
   month-over-month % change -36.9% 15.7% -25.4% -7.5% -5.2% -19.3% -3.4% -4.0% -4.2%    
   year-over-year % change -40.1% -39.3% -46.9% -19.5% -29.5% -42.0% -16.0% -15.5% -18.0% -27.2% -24.6%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 22.090 23.358 20.629 23.461 23.739 22.025 23.539 23.171 22.743 177.736 154.690
   month-over-month % change -14.3% 5.7% -11.7% 4.7% 1.2% -7.2% -2.1% -1.6% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change -21.3% -15.9% -19.9% -12.5% -15.0% -19.0% -9.2% -9.0% -10.2% -7.4% -13.0%
Hotel/Motel 1.383 1.453 1.086 1.702 1.409 1.307 1.754 1.732 1.677 16.540 10.502
   month-over-month % change -0.5% 5.1% -25.3% -2.8% -17.2% -7.2% -16.9% -1.2% -3.2%    
   year-over-year % change -75.6% -15.2% -38.2% -45.5% -55.2% -57.1% -22.3% -21.1% -24.3% -11.1% -36.5%
Retail 1.422 1.004 1.144 1.378 1.288 1.190 1.366 1.337 1.283 11.605 8.843
   month-over-month % change -1.1% -29.4% 14.0% 1.0% -6.5% -7.6% -1.5% -2.1% -4.0%    
   year-over-year % change -15.3% -25.7% -36.1% -24.9% -21.9% -25.9% -16.8% -15.2% -19.8% -6.5% -23.8%
Parking Garages 0.250 0.302 0.405 0.296 0.257 0.319 0.243 0.254 0.269 1.639 2.020
   month-over-month % change 13.9% 20.8% 34.4% 19.2% -13.3% 24.2% -7.1% 4.8% 5.8%    
   year-over-year % change -47.1% 86.0% 77.5% -2.3% -15.6% 11.0% -3.0% -1.0% -0.1% -14.6% 23.3%
Amusement 0.450 0.564 1.049 0.435 0.478 0.688 0.614 0.586 0.634 4.741 3.855
   month-over-month % change 7.3% 25.3% 86.1% 7.1% 9.8% 43.9% -3.8% -4.6% 8.3%    
   year-over-year % change -39.1% -37.6% 125.7% -34.7% -37.7% -2.1% -9.8% -15.3% -2.9% -0.3% -18.7%
Office 1.236 3.722 2.708 2.658 2.608 2.555 2.251 2.457 2.208 19.587 16.417
   month-over-month % change -56.9% 201.1% -27.2% 3.5% -1.9% -2.0% -1.0% 9.2% -10.1%    
   year-over-year % change -17.4% 199.6% -52.5% 36.7% 47.1% -9.1% 3.2% 19.7% -8.1% -0.8% -16.2%
Governmental Offices 0.873 1.225 1.575 0.826 1.016 1.224 0.914 0.927 0.989 5.777 6.625
   month-over-month % change -8.0% 40.3% 28.6% 9.5% 22.9% 20.6% -1.1% 1.4% 6.6%    
   year-over-year % change -12.1% 14.6% 88.6% 0.4% 0.9% 26.7% 10.4% 13.6% 27.9% -18.3% 14.7%
Laboratories 0.098 0.109 0.119 0.163 0.134 0.109 0.216 0.207 0.170 1.855 0.985
   month-over-month % change -49.5% 11.3% 9.1% 6.9% -17.8% -18.7% -10.2% -4.1% -17.8%    
   year-over-year % change -75.0% -49.5% -78.8% -51.2% -54.2% -72.1% -7.1% 0.2% -28.8% -6.7% -46.9%
Warehouse 1.243 1.863 1.129 1.846 1.993 1.412 1.726 1.748 1.655 12.770 11.054
   month-over-month % change -56.7% 50.0% -39.4% -0.5% 8.0% -29.2% -7.0% 1.3% -5.3%    
   year-over-year % change -55.7% 16.8% -49.8% -7.1% -0.1% -36.3% -3.5% -0.5% -6.0% -3.4% -13.4%
Misc Commercial 4.760 0.543 1.992 2.278 2.005 2.432 1.310 1.179 1.169 9.633 11.513
   month-over-month % change 569.8% -88.6% 266.8% 178.9% -12.0% 21.3% 31.9% -10.0% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 399.6% -74.3% -5.6% 65.6% 13.9% 40.8% 13.3% -2.7% -13.9% -24.0% 19.5%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 11.715 10.785 11.209 11.582 11.187 11.236 10.393 10.428 10.054 84.147 71.814
   month-over-month % change 5.9% -7.9% 3.9% 16.8% -3.4% 0.4% -2.7% 0.3% -3.6%    
   year-over-year % change -23.0% 4.0% -28.6% -6.5% -11.9% -18.3% -5.7% -3.1% -10.8% -8.9% -14.7%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 12.305 0.286 6.626 6.154 4.579 6.405 3.504 3.342 3.789 21.139 30.954
   month-over-month % change 974.2% -97.7% 2220.1% 109.1% -25.6% 39.9% 0.4% -4.6% 13.4%    
   year-over-year % change 1.3% -87.2% 424.6% 24.2% -13.1% 23.0% -1.4% -7.9% 4.3% 47.8% 46.4%
Religious 0.142 0.141 0.098 0.142 0.137 0.127 0.170 0.157 0.154 1.291 0.953
   month-over-month % change 10.4% -0.4% -30.7% 13.6% -3.4% -7.4% -4.1% -7.6% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change -37.8% -52.4% -28.4% -32.7% -44.3% -42.4% -4.1% -10.9% -10.1% -12.8% -26.1%
Hosptials/Clinics 0.564 1.658 2.453 0.918 0.973 1.558 1.158 1.186 1.315 9.878 8.944
   month-over-month % change -19.1% 194.0% 47.9% -1.2% 6.0% 60.1% -5.5% 2.4% 10.9%    
   year-over-year % change -58.8% 25.4% 172.5% -38.2% -40.7% 30.2% -10.5% -8.3% 7.2% -16.1% -9.5%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.770 0.429 0.660 0.792 0.655 0.620 0.827 0.784 0.772 6.484 5.152
   month-over-month % change 0.3% -44.2% 53.8% 0.2% -17.3% -5.5% -2.6% -5.2% -1.5%    
   year-over-year % change -25.3% -54.6% -17.9% -14.2% -33.5% -33.1% -17.2% -19.0% -18.8% -7.1% -20.5%
Libraries/Museums 0.538 0.205 0.497 0.407 0.355 0.413 0.264 0.260 0.286 1.545 2.247
   month-over-month % change 67.4% -61.9% 142.3% 55.6% -12.9% 16.5% 3.1% -1.6% 10.2%    
   year-over-year % change 21.5% -20.2% 176.0% 56.7% 20.4% 40.9% 2.3% 3.7% 23.7% -34.3% 45.5%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.626 0.626 0.514 0.532 0.591 0.589 0.652 0.641 0.610 4.369 3.560
   month-over-month % change 20.6% 0.0% -18.0% 23.7% 11.1% -0.3% -0.8% -1.7% -4.8%    
   year-over-year % change -9.3% -17.2% -41.8% -16.9% -22.2% -24.2% 14.4% 10.5% -0.7% -19.6% -18.5%
Military 0.276 0.525 0.352 0.337 0.364 0.384 0.426 0.440 0.438 2.348 2.371
   month-over-month % change -4.8% 90.5% -33.0% 1.1% 7.9% 5.7% -6.8% 3.2% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -57.4% 45.9% -6.3% -9.2% -8.0% -16.6% 5.0% 10.0% 9.2% 1.5% 1.0%
Schools/Colleges 8.141 10.076 6.159 7.244 8.617 8.125 6.040 6.034 5.963 46.529 46.975
   month-over-month % change 6.6% 23.8% -38.9% 23.7% 19.0% -5.7% 1.0% -0.1% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change 9.9% -0.7% -12.3% 4.1% 4.7% -0.8% 8.3% 7.6% 5.5% -3.4% 1.0%
Misc Government 0.924 0.797 0.423 0.743 0.836 0.715 0.835 0.784 0.742 6.869 4.550
   month-over-month % change 17.3% -13.8% -46.8% 37.4% 12.5% -14.5% -0.7% -6.1% -5.3%    
   year-over-year % change -6.6% -43.5% -54.2% -27.6% -32.6% -35.5% -6.3% -14.7% -20.8% 5.1% -33.7%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 11.981 14.457 11.156 11.115 12.528 12.531 10.373 10.286 10.281 79.313 74.753
   month-over-month % change 7.5% 20.7% -22.8% 19.9% 12.7% 0.0% -0.7% -0.8% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change -6.4% -6.7% -0.6% -6.4% -9.2% -4.9% 2.0% 0.9% 1.0% -6.8% -5.7%
Misc Non Residential 0.450 0.507 0.556 0.532 0.514 0.504 0.575 0.548 0.528 4.496 3.639
   month-over-month % change -23.1% 12.8% 9.6% -7.4% -3.4% -1.9% -1.6% -4.6% -3.7%    
   year-over-year % change -20.5% -38.4% -30.4% -12.1% -24.0% -30.8% -6.1% -12.0% -16.3% -1.9% -19.1%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 36.450 26.035 29.546 29.383 28.807 30.677 24.844 24.605 24.652 189.095 181.161
   month-over-month % change 52.3% -28.6% 13.5% 29.4% -2.0% 6.5% -1.4% -1.0% 0.2%    
   year-over-year % change -10.5% -9.9% 2.0% -1.5% -11.2% -6.7% -2.0% -2.4% -4.1% -3.7% -4.2%
Airports 0.679 0.576 0.940 0.486 0.572 0.732 0.544 0.558 0.585 4.294 4.170
   month-over-month % change 47.0% -15.2% 63.3% -1.5% 17.8% 27.8% 2.2% 2.6% 4.8%    
   year-over-year % change 26.8% 41.7% 51.6% -24.7% 16.8% 40.5% -42.6% -41.0% -38.0% -22.1% -2.9%
Roads/Highways 7.080 6.728 7.586 6.434 6.982 7.131 5.219 5.275 5.303 40.481 40.842
   month-over-month % change -0.8% -5.0% 12.8% 22.0% 8.5% 2.1% 1.0% 1.1% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 9.9% 11.1% 4.6% -5.2% 7.2% 8.4% 13.1% 13.6% 11.2% 11.4% 0.9%
Bridges 2.016 2.645 2.065 2.164 2.490 2.242 2.050 2.083 2.102 14.591 15.778
   month-over-month % change -28.2% 31.2% -21.9% -5.9% 15.1% -10.0% 0.7% 1.6% 0.9%    
   year-over-year % change 8.9% 17.6% 12.6% -3.6% 18.4% 13.3% 18.4% 15.6% 16.4% 7.9% 8.1%
Dams/Marine 2.057 1.144 0.549 0.898 1.191 1.250 0.655 0.717 0.719 3.113 5.095
   month-over-month % change 454.5% -44.4% -52.0% 178.4% 32.6% 5.0% 21.9% 9.5% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 220.0% 186.7% 5.0% 74.1% 119.3% 139.7% 46.4% 55.3% 59.6% 11.4% 63.7%
Water/Sewage 2.955 2.624 3.171 2.782 2.992 2.917 2.403 2.419 2.465 18.961 18.980
   month-over-month % change -13.0% -11.2% 20.9% 11.0% 7.6% -2.5% -2.7% 0.6% 1.9%    
   year-over-year % change -21.3% 7.7% 21.5% -10.0% -5.8% -0.6% -2.2% 0.0% 0.5% -12.0% 0.1%
Misc Civil 4.171 6.469 1.579 2.439 4.074 4.073 1.909 2.195 2.269 21.759 17.026
   month-over-month % change 163.6% 55.1% -75.6% 78.7% 67.0% 0.0% 13.0% 15.0% 3.4%    
   year-over-year % change 172.9% 112.6% 127.0% -51.5% 20.2% 132.0% -36.2% -30.3% -26.4% 95.3% -21.8%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 18.957 20.186 15.890 15.202 18.301 18.344 12.780 13.246 13.443 103.199 101.890
   month-over-month % change 20.3% 6.5% -21.3% 24.0% 20.4% 0.2% 2.8% 3.6% 1.5%    
   year-over-year % change 28.5% 38.4% 17.4% -17.0% 12.9% 28.4% -3.1% -1.3% -0.5% 13.6% -1.3%
GRAND TOTAL 77.497 69.579 66.065 68.046 70.847 71.047 61.164 61.022 60.838 470.029 437.742
   month-over-month % change 18.4% -10.2% -5.1% 18.6% 4.1% 0.3% -0.8% -0.2% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -7.2% -2.4% -3.2% -9.2% -7.5% -4.5% -5.1% -4.8% -5.7% -1.9% -6.9%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 55.407 46.221 45.436 44.585 47.108 49.021 37.624 37.851 38.095 292.294 283.051
   month-over-month % change 39.6% -16.6% -1.7% 27.5% 5.7% 4.1% 0.0% 0.6% 0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -0.1% 6.3% 6.9% -7.4% -3.2% 3.9% -2.4% -2.0% -2.9% 1.8% -3.2%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  JAN-JUL 2018   JAN-JUL 2019   % Change
           
Connecticut $2,442,250,787   $3,016,612,183   23.5%
Maine $1,534,351,193   $972,794,599   -36.6%
Massachusetts $5,835,939,281   $7,391,208,717   26.6%
New Hampshire $980,824,550   $893,388,935   -8.9%
Rhode Island $1,053,293,665   $571,569,985   -45.7%
Vermont $350,259,940   $256,148,774   -26.9%
Total New England $12,196,919,416   $13,101,723,193   7.4%
New Jersey $5,029,976,776   $4,316,624,046   -14.2%
New York $17,578,152,749   $13,315,967,136   -24.2%
Pennsylvania $8,190,834,681   $9,592,359,868   17.1%
Total Middle Atlantic $30,798,964,206   $27,224,951,050   -11.6%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $42,995,883,622   $40,326,674,243   -6.2%
Illinois $8,934,811,371   $8,394,554,989   -6.0%
Indiana $5,064,466,678   $4,225,442,913   -16.6%
Michigan $6,774,418,920   $5,137,272,184   -24.2%
Ohio $9,449,743,997   $8,018,967,417   -15.1%
Wisconsin $16,381,777,185   $6,084,524,103   -62.9%
Total East North Central $46,605,218,151   $31,860,761,606   -31.6%
Iowa $3,492,629,967   $3,315,581,801   -5.1%
Kansas $3,526,946,692   $2,826,628,492   -19.9%
Minnesota $6,150,974,175   $7,089,487,967   15.3%
Missouri $5,590,357,854   $5,201,618,184   -7.0%
Nebraska $1,722,763,450   $2,177,593,691   26.4%
North Dakota $1,853,387,378   $1,093,622,310   -41.0%
South Dakota $1,101,032,718   $1,044,072,461   -5.2%
Total West North Central $23,438,092,234   $22,748,604,906   -2.9%
TOTAL MIDWEST $70,043,310,385   $54,609,366,512   -22.0%
Delaware $570,492,474   $685,189,361   20.1%
District of Columbia $2,557,950,602   $1,101,631,158   -56.9%
Florida $17,907,221,755   $16,667,316,810   -6.9%
Georgia $7,252,648,643   $12,066,111,121   66.4%
Maryland $4,736,808,849   $4,449,232,588   -6.1%
North Carolina $8,628,376,122   $7,460,042,738   -13.5%
South Carolina $3,786,599,541   $3,857,242,716   1.9%
Virginia $10,389,513,085   $5,674,173,009   -45.4%
West Virginia $6,423,589,798   $1,079,514,038   -83.2%
Total South Atlantic $62,253,200,869   $53,040,453,539   -14.8%
Alabama $3,600,740,716   $5,536,754,102   53.8%
Kentucky $3,142,370,333   $3,879,605,499   23.5%
Mississippi $1,397,963,481   $1,625,379,021   16.3%
Tennessee $5,246,028,116   $5,108,442,836   -2.6%
Total East South Central $13,387,102,646   $16,150,181,458   20.6%
Arkansas $1,759,253,906   $1,739,131,306   -1.1%
Louisiana $3,237,181,067   $6,818,493,594   110.6%
Oklahoma $3,618,927,999   $3,343,590,540   -7.6%
Texas $28,562,467,696   $44,445,153,972   55.6%
Total West South Central $37,177,830,668   $56,346,369,412   51.6%
TOTAL SOUTH $112,818,134,183   $125,537,004,409   11.3%
Arizona $6,474,378,599   $4,547,632,893   -29.8%
Colorado $4,442,630,096   $5,342,257,266   20.2%
Idaho $1,368,417,552   $1,272,216,156   -7.0%
Montana $864,372,216   $778,516,199   -9.9%
Nevada $3,673,713,777   $3,502,806,530   -4.7%
New Mexico $1,460,193,338   $901,259,617   -38.3%
Utah $3,929,485,922   $3,060,651,826   -22.1%
Wyoming $710,522,325   $3,736,051,967   425.8%
Total Mountain $22,923,713,825   $23,141,392,454   0.9%
Alaska $1,248,300,044   $735,844,162   -41.1%
California $27,656,510,778   $22,861,366,276   -17.3%
Hawaii $1,630,980,334   $1,346,059,433   -17.5%
Oregon $4,170,722,277   $3,743,743,252   -10.2%
Washington $8,806,069,169   $10,749,681,850   22.1%
Total Pacific $43,512,582,602   $39,436,694,973   -9.4%
TOTAL WEST $66,436,296,427   $62,578,087,427   -5.8%
TOTAL U.S. $292,293,624,617   $283,051,132,591   -3.2%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.