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By: Alex Carrick on January 10th, 2020

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December’s Nonresidential Construction Starts -5% M/M but +9% YTD

Industry Snapshot | Alex Carrick

December’s Starts Saved by Mega Engineering Projects

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $34.0 billion (green shaded box, Table 3, below), -5.3% versus November’s figure of $35.9 billion (originally reported as $34.3 billion). December’s month-to-month decline was in line with usual ‘seasonality.’ Long-term, from the last full month of fall (November) to the month that kicks off winter (December), total nonresidential starts have fallen on average -5.0%. December’s drop would have been steeper without the support of several large engineering projects. Four mega projects (i.e., of $1.0 billion or more each) arose in the latest month, summing to $5.0 billion. Three of the four were heavy engineering jobs (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - December 2019).

December’s Nonresidential Construction Starts -5% M/M but +9% Ytd Graphic

Total nonresidential starts were +4.3% in December 2019 compared with December 2018. On a year-to-date basis, total nonresidential starts in the latest month were +9.0% compared with January-December 2018. In other words, they were +9.0 for full-year 2019 versus full-year 2018.

 
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‘Smoothed’ Series ‒ Grand Total +4.0% in 2019 Versus 2018

Since large project groundbreakings can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 3 below.

On a 12-month moving average basis, December 2019’s total nonresidential starts were +9.0% versus the previous 12 months (i.e., January-2019-to-December-2019 vs January-2018-to-December-2018). Type-of-structure subcategory starts on the same 12-month-over-prior-12-month basis in December 2019 were: commercial, -0.6%; industrial, +43.3%; institutional, +1.3%; and engineering, +15.9%. The ranking of the four subcategories by dollar volume has engineering first, followed by commercial and institutional almost tied, and industrial trailing.

The ‘smoothed’ grand total of starts, which includes residential, was +4.0% in December. Residential activity was -3.8% on a 12-month moving average basis, with multi-family starts retreating (-6.8%) further than single-family groundbreakings (-2.4%). (By the way, in December, 12-month moving average percent changes are the same as for the full year.)

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor have they been altered to remove the effects of price changes, otherwise known as inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report for November was 59%; the latter’s was 41%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (December 2019) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (November 2019).

Construction Overview – Monthly Average Jobs Down by Half

U.S. construction employment climbed by a substantial +20,000 jobs in December. The average monthly gain for the sector in 2019, however, has been only half of what it was in 2018 ‒ +13,000 versus +26,000. The NSA unemployment rate for construction in December 2019 was 5.0%, up from 4.4% in November. But 5.0% was about on a par with year-ago December’s 5.1%. Construction’s lowest NSA jobless rates occurred in May and September of 2019, at 3.2%.

Construction’s year-over-year jobs climb of +2.0% is now in third place among major industrial sectors, falling behind ‘education and health,’ +2.7%, and ‘leisure and hospitality,’ +2.3%. The ‘all jobs’ year-over-year employment increase for the whole U.S. economy now sits at +1.4%.

Latest-month annual jobs gains in other pockets of the economy with close ties to construction are: ‘oil and gas extraction,’ +13.0%; ‘machinery and equipment rental,’ +9.7%; ‘real estate activities,’ +3.0%;  ‘architectural and engineering services,’ +2.5%; ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing,’ +1.9%; and ‘building material and supplies dealers,’ +1.2%.

M/M, Y/Y, and YTD Results ― Heavy Engineering Construction Strength in 2019

The -5.3% drop in total nonresidential starts month-over-month (m/m) in December resulted from weakness in commercial (-41.2%) and industrial (-29.1%) starts, with institutional (-11.4%) also in a funk, but of a lesser magnitude. Engineering (+46.0%), though, was quite chipper.  

The +4.3% rise in December 2019’s nonresidential starts relative to December 2018 (y/y) was entirely driven by engineering (+81.0%), as industrial (-67.6%) dropped back dramatically, and commercial (-18.2%) and institutional (-17.3%) retreated to about the same degree.

As for the +9.0% year-to-date (ytd) rise in total nonresidential starts (i.e., January-December 2019 versus January-December 2018), industrial (+43.3%) shot up the most, followed by engineering (+15.9%), while commercial (-0.6%) and institutional (+1.3%) stayed flat. (Note that in December, year to date results are the same as ‘full year’ results.)

“Miscellaneous Civil’ Starts were Supercharged in December

The largest contributor to engineering starts in 2019 was the ‘road/highway’ subcategory, with a 34% (or more than one-third) share. The three percent-change metrics for ‘street’ starts in December 2019 were +12.4% m/m, +24.8% y/y, and +2.8% ytd. ‘Bridge’ starts (which also includes tunnels) were also important to engineering in 2019 (a 16% slice), with percent-change readings in the latest month that ran the gamut from -18.3% y/y and -12.4% m/m, to +24.7% ytd. The combination of ‘road/highway’ and ‘bridge’ starts in 2019 was half of engineering’s total.

‘Miscellaneous civil’ accounted for one-quarter of total engineering starts in 2019. In December, the numbers for ‘miscellaneous civil’ were exceptionally strong at +342.1% m/m, +673.7% y/y, and +44.2% ytd. ‘Miscellaneous civil’ in 2019 was comprised about one-third of electric power projects and two-thirds of ‘all other civil’ (e.g., pipeline, rapid transit, and railroad projects). The 2019 vs. 2018 performances were +83.9% for ‘electric power’ and +31.7% for ‘all other civil.’

The major subcomponent of institutional starts in 2019 was ‘schools/colleges’ (i.e., with a share of 57%, up slightly from 56% in 2018). Initiations of education facility work in December 2019 were +9.8% m/m, +5.4% y/y, and +4.3% ytd. Health care facility starts, as the addition of the ‘hospital/clinic,’ ‘nursing/assisted living,’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’ subcategories, kept the same share of total institutional in 2019 as in 2018, 29%. Combined health care facility starts in December were -37.0% m/m, -49.7% y/y, and -3.7% ytd. For full-year 2019 vs full-year 2018, ‘hospital/clinic’ starts were +10.8%, whereas ‘nursing/assisted living’ starts were -12.1%.

Shifts in Commercial Starts

Within commercial work in 2019 versus 2018, there were some significant changes in shares taken by ‘hotels/motels’ (moving down to 15% from 20%), ‘private offices’ (increasing to 25% from 22%), and ‘miscellaneous commercial’ (claiming 15% as opposed to just 10%). Among the foregoing three subcategories, ‘miscellaneous commercial’ did best ytd, +62.3%. ‘Private office building’ starts were also up ytd, +12.3%, but ‘hotel/motel’ starts were down, -22.1%. Within ‘miscellaneous commercial’, ‘sport/convention center’ starts were +33.8% ytd, but the true star was ‘transportation terminals’ (mainly at airports), which doubled (+100.4%). Also categorized to commercial, ‘retail/shopping’ starts in 2019/2018 were -13.6% and ‘warehouses,’ -9.9%.

Contractors Successful in Hiring More Staff

Graph 1, derived from JOLTS data, shows job openings in the construction sector, and expressed as either a level or a rate, soaring to an exceptional peak early in 2019. Since then, however, there has been modest, but consistent, scaling back of ‘openings’ data. ‘Hirings,’ on the other hand, as set out in Graph 2, have surged upwards in the latest reporting month after moving only gradually higher in 2018 and most of 2019. Contractors are having success taking on more staff.

Among the 12-month moving-average trend graphs (see Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - December 2019), ‘retail/shopping’ continues to demonstrate the most weakness, with a curve that has been heading downwards since mid-2016. Still currently managing to climb steadily upwards, though, have been ‘private office buildings,’ ‘road/highways,’ and in most dramatic fashion of all, ‘miscellaneous civil’ (comprised of electric power projects, oil and natural gas pipeline work, rapid transit tracking, and railroads).

 

Graph 1: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of 'construction employment plus number of job openings.'
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for October, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of hires during month as % of construction employment.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for October, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Wage Gains – Unremarkable Overall; Especially Lackluster for Construction Workers

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls. B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From December’s BLS Table B-3 (including supervisory personnel), the ‘all-jobs’ year-over-year earnings increases were unremarkable at +2.9% hourly and +2.3% weekly. Construction workers’ gains were even more lackluster at +2.3% y/y hourly and +1.0% y/y weekly. Tepid compensation results were also apparent in the latest Table B-8 for production workers only (i.e., excluding bosses). For all such workers, B-8 has y/y earnings at +3.0% hourly and +2.4% weekly. For construction as a subset, the increases were only +2.0% hourly and +0.7% weekly.

Construction Costing ‒ Mainly Downward Momentum

New Producer Price Index (PPI) data is not yet available this month. Therefore, the remainder of this paragraph is a repeat from last month’s Industry Snapshot. … November 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index,' -2.6% (a further softening from October’s -2.1%); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor, and imports,’ +0.2% (turning around October’s  -0.4%); and ‘final demand construction,’ +3.7% (a pullback from the previous month’s +3.9%).

The value of construction starts each month is derived from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models. ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are super-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were -20.1% m/m, -8.5 y/y and -3.8% ytd. For full year 2019, the multi-family segment of residential (-6.8%) was waylaid more than the single-family (-2.4%) market. ‘Grand total’ construction starts in December were -11.1% m/m, -0.6% y/y and +4.0% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or rebid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - December 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - December 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - December 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
DECEMBER 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

    % Change   % Change   % Change
  Jan-DEC 19 Jan-DEC 19 vs    DEC 19 vs   DEC 19 vs
  ($ billions) Jan-DEC 18   DEC 18   NOV 19
             
Hotel/Motel 20.443 -22.1%   -21.6%   -35.5%
Retail 15.817 -13.6%   -25.9%   -20.6%
Parking Garage 3.056 6.6%   -71.9%   -62.5%
Amusement 7.196 -15.9%   -18.8%   8.5%
Private Office  33.548 12.3%   -60.1%   -77.7%
Government Office 11.274 2.3%   9.7%   -33.6%
Laboratory 2.117 -27.2%   -73.7%   -61.6%
Warehouse 19.585 -9.9%   106.1%   108.7%
Miscellaneous Commercial* 19.934 62.3%   52.6%   -42.2%
COMMERCIAL 132.971 -0.6%   -18.2%   -41.2%
             
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 51.294 43.3%   -67.6%   -29.1%
             
Religious 1.748 -20.2%   -39.1%   -7.1%
Hospital/Clinic 18.706 10.8%   -72.7%   -68.5%
Nursing/Assisted Living 9.329 -12.1%   -67.5%   -59.5%
Library/Museum 3.996 45.4%   136.8%   18.9%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 7.031 -13.3%   -20.1%   -4.7%
Military 5.492 5.0%   9.4%   -42.9%
School/College 74.550 4.3%   5.4%   9.8%
Miscellaneous Government 9.288 -17.4%   63.6%   209.6%
INSTITUTIONAL 130.141 1.3%   -17.3%   -11.4%
             
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 7.130 -1.1%   -2.5%   -48.5%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 321.536 5.3%   -25.0%   -28.4%
             
Airport 7.224 -0.6%   31.9%   38.1%
Road/Highway 65.037 2.8%   24.8%   12.4%
Bridge 29.963 24.7%   -18.3%   -12.4%
Dam/Marine 8.503 28.0%   -34.3%   -69.5%
Water/Sewage 31.858 7.5%   45.4%   8.8%
Miscellaneous Civil 46.350 44.2%   673.7%   342.1%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 188.934 15.9%   81.0%   46.0%
             
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 510.470 9.0%   4.3%   -5.3%

*Includes transportation terminals and sports arenas.

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – DECEMBER 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

        % Change     % Change % Change
      Jan-Dec 19 Jan-Dec 19 vs     Dec 19 vs Dec 19 vs
      ($ billions) Jan-Dec 18     Dec 18 Nov 19
                 
Summary              
CIVIL     188.934 15.9%     81.0% 46.0%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 321.536 5.3%     -25.0% -28.4%
RESIDENTIAL   285.336 -3.8%     -8.5% -20.1%
GRAND TOTAL   795.806 4.0%     -0.6% -11.1%
                 
Verticals              
    Airport 7.224 -0.6%     31.9% 38.1%
    All Other Civil 32.172 31.7%     804.9% 531.1%
    Bridges 29.963 24.7%     -18.3% -12.4%
    Dams / Canals / Marine Work 8.503 28.0%     -34.3% -69.5%
    Power Infrastructure 14.178 83.9%     339.2% 71.8%
    Roads 65.037 2.8%     24.8% 12.4%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 31.858 7.5%     45.4% 8.8%
CIVIL     188.934 15.9%     81.0% 46.0%
    Offices (private) 33.548 12.3%     -60.1% -77.7%
    Parking Garages 3.056 6.6%     -71.9% -62.5%
    Transportation Terminals 10.531 100.4%     265.6% -12.5%
  Commercial (small subset) 47.136 24.0%     -43.5% -68.8%
    Amusement 7.196 -15.9%     -18.8% 8.5%
    Libraries / Museums 3.996 45.4%     136.8% 18.9%
    Religious 1.748 -20.2%     -39.1% -7.1%
    Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 9.403 33.8%     -51.5% -74.3%
  Community 22.344 8.9%     -12.3% -25.6%
    College / University 19.254 -3.8%     -24.4% 8.0%
    Elementary / Pre School 21.071 8.9%     93.8% 35.7%
    Jr / Sr High School 32.347 6.3%     2.8% -1.8%
    Special / Vocational 1.878 8.8%     52.8% 14.8%
  Educational 74.550 4.3%     5.4% 9.8%
    Courthouses 1.590 -17.5%     -93.2% -83.9%
    Fire and Police Stations 3.275 7.8%     61.3% 13.7%
    Government Offices 11.274 2.3%     9.7% -33.6%
    Prisons 2.166 -31.2%     109.0% 53.8%
  Government 18.305 -4.3%     -5.8% -23.4%
    Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 2.117 -27.2%     -73.7% -61.6%
    Manufacturing 51.294 43.3%     -67.6% -29.1%
    Warehouses 19.585 -9.9%     106.1% 108.7%
  Industrial 72.996 20.7%     -36.5% 12.4%
    Hospitals / Clinics 18.706 10.8%     -72.7% -68.5%
    Medical Misc. 9.288 -17.4%     63.6% 209.6%
    Nursing Homes 9.329 -12.1%     -67.5% -59.5%
  Medical   37.324 -3.7%     -49.7% -37.0%
  Military   5.492 5.0%     9.4% -42.9%
    Hotels 20.443 -22.1%     -21.6% -35.5%
    Retail Misc. 7.130 -1.1%     -2.5% -48.5%
    Shopping 15.817 -13.6%     -25.9% -20.6%
  Retail   43.390 -16.2%     -20.8% -34.1%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 321.536 5.3%     -25.0% -28.4%
    Multi-Family 87.844 -6.8%     -34.4% -30.9%
    Single-Family 197.492 -2.4%     8.5% -14.8%
RESIDENTIAL   285.336 -3.8%     -8.5% -20.1%
NONRESIDENTIAL 510.470 9.0%     4.3% -5.3%
GRAND TOTAL   795.806 4.0%     -0.6% -11.1%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks non-residential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial, and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect Insight.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – DECEMBER 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

  Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
        3-months 12-months JAN-DEC JAN-DEC
  OCT 19 NOV 19 DEC 19 OCT 19 NOV 19 DEC 19 OCT 19 NOV 19 DEC 19 2018 2019
                       
Single Family 17.663 15.752 13.421 17.581 16.929 15.612 16.190 16.370 16.458 202.428 197.492
   month-over-month % change 1.7% -10.8% -14.8% -1.1% -3.7% -7.8% 0.2% 1.1% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 2.4% 15.9% 8.5% 1.3% 6.5% 8.4% -5.4% -3.2% -2.4% 1.2% -2.4%
Apartment 8.441 7.711 5.327 8.528 8.290 7.160 7.541 7.553 7.320 94.207 87.844
   month-over-month % change -3.2% -8.6% -30.9% 8.9% -2.8% -13.6% -0.7% 0.2% -3.1%    
   year-over-year % change -7.0% 1.9% -34.4% 1.6% 1.5% -13.3% -4.0% -1.9% -6.8% -20.1% -6.8%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 26.104 23.464 18.748 26.109 25.219 22.772 23.731 23.923 23.778 296.635 285.336
   month-over-month % change 0.1% -10.1% -20.1% 2.0% -3.4% -9.7% -0.1% 0.8% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -0.8% 10.9% -8.5% 1.4% 4.8% 0.5% -5.0% -2.8% -3.8% -6.7% -3.8%
Hotel/Motel 1.518 2.125 1.370 1.378 1.696 1.671 1.714 1.735 1.704 26.252 20.443
   month-over-month % change 5.1% 39.9% -35.5% -2.7% 23.0% -1.5% -3.3% 1.2% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change -31.5% 13.2% -21.6% -32.1% -19.9% -14.2% -20.4% -19.4% -22.1% -8.4% -22.1%
Retail 1.015 1.023 0.812 1.187 1.104 0.950 1.362 1.342 1.318 18.307 15.817
   month-over-month % change -20.3% 0.8% -20.6% -3.1% -7.0% -13.9% -1.0% -1.5% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change -14.0% -18.8% -25.9% -18.0% -18.6% -19.4% -11.5% -12.2% -13.6% -8.5% -13.6%
Parking Garages 0.271 0.252 0.094 0.173 0.201 0.206 0.289 0.275 0.255 2.867 3.056
   month-over-month % change 229.9% -7.1% -62.5% -19.9% 16.2% 2.0% 2.4% -4.9% -7.3%    
   year-over-year % change 41.9% -40.4% -71.9% 10.5% -16.3% -35.0% 22.8% 7.0% 6.6% -18.4% 6.6%
Amusement 0.736 0.471 0.511 0.568 0.569 0.573 0.641 0.610 0.600 8.552 7.196
   month-over-month % change 47.2% -36.0% 8.5% -20.5% 0.2% 0.7% -5.7% -4.9% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -38.9% -44.7% -18.8% -26.9% -37.8% -36.0% -7.4% -16.8% -15.9% 8.9% -15.9%
Office 3.255 4.877 1.087 2.649 3.705 3.073 2.646 2.932 2.796 29.887 33.548
   month-over-month % change 9.2% 49.8% -77.7% -1.0% 39.9% -17.0% 1.7% 10.8% -4.7%    
   year-over-year % change 20.1% 237.6% -60.1% 29.7% 91.7% 33.9% 8.1% 23.8% 12.3% 3.1% 12.3%
Governmental Offices 0.863 1.081 0.718 0.912 0.896 0.887 0.955 0.934 0.939 11.016 11.274
   month-over-month % change 15.9% 25.3% -33.6% -22.8% -1.7% -1.0% -0.3% -2.1% 0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -4.0% -18.4% 9.7% -16.0% -22.2% -7.5% 12.2% 2.8% 2.3% 4.2% 2.3%
Laboratories 0.120 0.169 0.065 0.244 0.171 0.118 0.186 0.192 0.176 2.908 2.117
   month-over-month % change -46.5% 40.5% -61.6% -3.3% -29.9% -31.1% -4.5% 3.2% -7.9%    
   year-over-year % change -46.4% 73.5% -73.7% 3.3% -15.0% -37.8% -27.4% -23.2% -27.2% -2.9% -27.2%
Warehouse 1.052 0.828 1.728 1.724 1.152 1.203 1.658 1.558 1.632 21.746 19.585
   month-over-month % change -33.3% -21.3% 108.7% -5.9% -33.2% 4.4% -5.1% -6.0% 4.8%    
   year-over-year % change -50.6% -59.1% 106.1% -15.4% -43.7% -27.7% -7.1% -15.5% -9.9% 0.8% -9.9%
Misc Commercial 1.012 1.428 0.825 1.674 1.850 1.088 1.572 1.637 1.661 12.282 19.934
   month-over-month % change -67.5% 41.1% -42.2% -23.4% 10.5% -41.2% 2.4% 4.2% 1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 76.7% 124.4% 52.6% 241.2% 220.0% 86.6% 30.8% 36.8% 62.3% -36.5% 62.3%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 9.842 12.254 7.211 10.510 11.345 9.769 11.022 11.215 11.081 133.816 132.971
   month-over-month % change -17.6% 24.5% -41.2% -10.2% 7.9% -13.9% -1.1% 1.8% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -13.1% 23.3% -18.2% 2.0% 7.7% -2.6% -1.2% -0.2% -0.6% -6.7% -0.6%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 1.942 1.622 1.151 4.915 1.398 1.572 4.434 4.475 4.274 35.799 51.294
   month-over-month % change 207.9% -16.5% -29.1% -27.2% -71.6% 12.4% -2.1% 0.9% -4.5%    
   year-over-year % change -36.8% 43.7% -67.6% 47.8% -34.7% -39.2% 61.7% 63.7% 43.3% -2.6% 43.3%
Religious 0.096 0.152 0.141 0.122 0.126 0.130 0.156 0.153 0.146 2.191 1.748
   month-over-month % change -25.0% 57.9% -7.1% 0.6% 3.5% 3.4% -2.3% -1.9% -4.9%    
   year-over-year % change -31.2% -18.9% -39.1% -24.0% -23.5% -30.4% -7.4% -12.4% -20.2% -2.5% -20.2%
Hosptials/Clinics 2.316 2.343 0.738 1.835 1.945 1.799 1.579 1.723 1.559 16.888 18.706
   month-over-month % change 97.0% 1.1% -68.5% -6.0% 6.0% -7.5% 6.0% 9.1% -9.5%    
   year-over-year % change 86.4% 275.9% -72.7% 49.4% 110.0% 18.1% 24.2% 38.7% 10.8% 1.6% 10.8%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.889 0.792 0.321 0.724 0.866 0.667 0.831 0.833 0.777 10.614 9.329
   month-over-month % change -3.2% -10.8% -59.5% 6.1% 19.6% -23.0% -1.9% 0.2% -6.7%    
   year-over-year % change -17.7% 2.4% -67.5% -8.3% -0.3% -29.5% -8.6% -5.0% -12.1% -10.9% -12.1%
Libraries/Museums 0.510 0.328 0.390 0.307 0.392 0.409 0.303 0.314 0.333 2.748 3.996
   month-over-month % change 51.4% -35.8% 18.9% 4.6% 27.7% 4.5% 3.3% 3.6% 6.0%    
   year-over-year % change 30.0% 68.0% 136.8% 9.0% 36.8% 63.2% 34.9% 37.5% 45.4% -23.3% 45.4%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.694 0.590 0.563 0.787 0.763 0.616 0.610 0.598 0.586 8.112 7.031
   month-over-month % change -30.9% -14.9% -4.7% 11.4% -3.1% -19.3% -4.3% -2.0% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change -32.2% -20.2% -20.1% 2.7% 6.1% -25.1% -3.9% -9.3% -13.3% -3.9% -13.3%
Military 1.029 0.810 0.463 0.696 0.854 0.767 0.442 0.454 0.458 5.231 5.492
   month-over-month % change 42.3% -21.3% -42.9% 49.6% 22.6% -10.2% 3.9% 2.8% 0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 23.7% 22.2% 9.4% 16.3% 28.9% 20.0% 8.1% 7.2% 5.0% 9.5% 5.0%
Schools/Colleges 4.365 4.746 5.210 4.876 4.546 4.774 6.146 6.190 6.213 71.499 74.550
   month-over-month % change -3.5% 8.7% 9.8% -12.6% -6.8% 5.0% -0.2% 0.7% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -3.1% 12.7% 5.4% -7.5% -0.4% 4.8% 6.4% 6.4% 4.3% 2.9% 4.3%
Misc Government 0.862 0.372 1.153 0.763 0.617 0.796 0.774 0.737 0.774 11.249 9.288
   month-over-month % change 39.5% -56.8% 209.6% 15.8% -19.0% 28.9% 0.3% -4.9% 5.1%    
   year-over-year % change 3.1% -54.9% 63.6% -19.7% -37.1% 0.9% -15.2% -20.2% -17.4% 3.1% -17.4%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 10.762 10.135 8.978 10.109 10.109 9.958 10.842 11.002 10.845 128.531 130.141
   month-over-month % change 14.1% -5.8% -11.4% -3.3% 0.0% -1.5% 0.5% 1.5% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 7.0% 23.3% -17.3% 0.6% 10.2% 2.5% 5.2% 6.3% 1.3% 0.5% 1.3%
Misc Non Residential 1.020 0.745 0.383 0.693 0.758 0.716 0.578 0.595 0.594 7.207 7.130
   month-over-month % change 100.7% -27.0% -48.5% 27.5% 9.4% -5.5% 4.9% 3.0% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 46.9% 39.0% -2.5% 16.6% 26.0% 32.3% -4.5% -1.4% -1.1% -5.9% -1.1%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 23.566 24.756 17.724 26.228 23.609 22.015 26.875 27.286 26.795 305.353 321.536
   month-over-month % change 4.7% 5.1% -28.4% -10.9% -10.0% -6.8% -0.5% 1.5% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change -6.3% 24.9% -25.0% 8.1% 5.2% -3.7% 8.3% 9.5% 5.3% -3.3% 5.3%
Airports 0.817 0.339 0.468 0.678 0.570 0.541 0.596 0.593 0.602 7.269 7.224
   month-over-month % change 47.1% -58.5% 38.1% -10.4% -15.9% -5.1% -3.4% -0.6% 1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -23.3% -11.8% 31.9% -9.1% -14.6% -10.0% 0.4% -0.2% -0.6% -42.0% -0.6%
Roads/Highways 4.818 3.827 4.300 5.105 4.533 4.315 5.374 5.348 5.420 63.257 65.037
   month-over-month % change -2.7% -20.6% 12.4% -16.6% -11.2% -4.8% 0.9% -0.5% 1.3%    
   year-over-year % change 14.0% -7.5% 24.8% 0.8% 6.2% 9.6% 6.2% 3.1% 2.8% 19.1% 2.8%
Bridges 2.025 1.655 1.449 2.288 2.152 1.709 2.528 2.524 2.497 24.029 29.963
   month-over-month % change -27.1% -18.3% -12.4% 0.2% -5.9% -20.6% 0.2% -0.2% -1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 3.8% -2.8% -18.3% 15.1% 2.8% -5.5% 29.4% 26.8% 24.7% 16.6% 24.7%
Dams/Marine 1.043 1.052 0.321 0.679 0.878 0.806 0.684 0.723 0.709 6.645 8.503
   month-over-month % change 94.3% 0.8% -69.5% 31.9% 29.3% -8.2% -0.4% 5.7% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change -2.8% 79.8% -34.3% -17.2% 9.0% 12.5% 22.9% 30.9% 28.0% 30.6% 28.0%
Water/Sewage 2.548 2.777 3.022 2.437 2.640 2.782 2.523 2.576 2.655 29.644 31.858
   month-over-month % change -1.7% 9.0% 8.8% -6.8% 8.3% 5.4% 0.3% 2.1% 3.1%    
   year-over-year % change 3.9% 29.5% 45.4% 13.1% 22.0% 25.1% 4.7% 5.5% 7.5% -7.5% 7.5%
Misc Civil 6.467 1.529 6.757 6.718 4.025 4.918 3.529 3.372 3.862 32.139 46.350
   month-over-month % change 58.5% -76.4% 342.1% 31.1% -40.1% 22.2% 9.9% -4.5% 14.5%    
   year-over-year % change 142.7% -55.2% 673.7% 230.8% 38.9% 112.2% 25.5% 26.7% 44.2% 21.9% 44.2%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 17.719 11.178 16.317 17.904 14.798 15.071 15.235 15.136 15.745 162.984 188.934
   month-over-month % change 14.3% -36.9% 46.0% 2.8% -17.4% 1.8% 2.4% -0.7% 4.0%    
   year-over-year % change 31.9% -9.6% 81.0% 39.9% 14.7% 29.9% 13.8% 12.7% 15.9% 8.8% 15.9%
GRAND TOTAL 67.389 59.397 52.788 70.241 63.626 59.858 65.842 66.345 66.317 764.972 795.806
   month-over-month % change 5.1% -11.9% -11.1% -3.1% -9.4% -5.9% 0.3% 0.8% 0.0%    
   year-over-year % change 3.8% 11.3% -0.6% 11.8% 7.1% 4.8% 4.2% 5.4% 4.0% -2.4% 4.0%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 41.285 35.934 34.040 44.132 38.407 37.086 42.111 42.422 42.539 468.337 510.470
   month-over-month % change 8.6% -13.0% -5.3% -5.8% -13.0% -3.4% 0.5% 0.7% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 7.0% 11.6% 4.3% 19.0% 8.6% 7.6% 10.2% 10.6% 9.0% 0.6% 9.0%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  JAN-DEC 2018   JAN-DEC 2019   % Change
           
Connecticut $3,832,734,324   $5,173,210,475   35.0%
Maine $2,157,910,882   $1,687,676,993   -21.8%
Massachusetts $9,940,891,432   $13,110,572,397   31.9%
New Hampshire $1,452,413,730   $1,452,929,042   0.0%
Rhode Island $2,781,666,541   $880,268,695   -68.4%
Vermont $448,710,895   $391,441,878   -12.8%
Total New England $20,614,327,804   $22,696,099,480   10.1%
New Jersey $7,859,408,039   $8,951,257,300   13.9%
New York $28,295,374,042   $26,684,185,886   -5.7%
Pennsylvania $14,281,238,339   $14,898,725,753   4.3%
Total Middle Atlantic $50,436,020,420   $50,534,168,939   0.2%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $71,050,348,224   $73,230,268,419   3.1%
Illinois $12,971,881,899   $16,479,590,440   27.0%
Indiana $8,537,975,992   $7,782,557,063   -8.8%
Michigan $11,279,354,881   $12,461,843,901   10.5%
Ohio $16,917,203,219   $14,522,687,927   -14.2%
Wisconsin $20,081,855,912   $10,493,600,722   -47.7%
Total East North Central $69,788,271,903   $61,740,280,053   -11.5%
Iowa $4,980,126,552   $5,671,849,830   13.9%
Kansas $5,331,798,415   $4,351,134,715   -18.4%
Minnesota $8,619,273,679   $10,700,778,539   24.1%
Missouri $7,702,809,726   $7,675,986,687   -0.3%
Nebraska $2,697,674,723   $3,508,473,897   30.1%
North Dakota $3,188,353,895   $2,541,783,746   -20.3%
South Dakota $1,648,164,370   $2,820,793,895   71.1%
Total West North Central $34,168,201,360   $37,270,801,309   9.1%
TOTAL MIDWEST $103,956,473,263   $99,011,081,362   -4.8%
Delaware $1,197,647,146   $1,080,193,541   -9.8%
District of Columbia $3,220,464,436   $1,921,137,161   -40.3%
Florida $28,855,228,633   $31,814,263,323   10.3%
Georgia $12,074,333,195   $18,481,640,211   53.1%
Maryland $7,655,762,077   $6,981,849,329   -8.8%
North Carolina $14,991,717,909   $16,389,924,877   9.3%
South Carolina $6,438,424,760   $7,384,025,986   14.7%
Virginia $17,221,429,921   $14,699,946,874   -14.6%
West Virginia $7,331,827,661   $1,870,229,409   -74.5%
Total South Atlantic $98,986,835,738   $100,623,210,711   1.7%
Alabama $5,787,143,217   $7,190,076,348   24.2%
Kentucky $6,345,550,639   $6,475,468,704   2.0%
Mississippi $2,232,063,671   $2,709,143,862   21.4%
Tennessee $8,808,729,832   $8,224,755,823   -6.6%
Total East South Central $23,173,487,359   $24,599,444,737   6.2%
Arkansas $3,465,078,939   $3,590,519,325   3.6%
Louisiana $4,874,660,393   $8,441,996,180   73.2%
Oklahoma $5,858,395,219   $5,413,949,500   -7.6%
Texas $54,170,345,869   $83,687,563,047   54.5%
Total West South Central $68,368,480,420   $101,134,028,052   47.9%
TOTAL SOUTH $190,528,803,517   $226,356,683,500   18.8%
Arizona $9,591,726,112   $8,836,700,021   -7.9%
Colorado $8,383,454,532   $10,453,223,236   24.7%
Idaho $2,019,396,636   $2,145,491,580   6.2%
Montana $1,464,936,047   $1,461,693,772   -0.2%
Nevada $5,470,345,452   $6,199,385,152   13.3%
New Mexico $2,162,733,431   $2,487,000,804   15.0%
Utah $6,342,755,958   $5,670,920,594   -10.6%
Wyoming $1,115,603,699   $5,206,751,450   366.7%
Total Mountain $36,550,951,867   $42,461,166,609   16.2%
Alaska $1,548,034,318   $1,085,640,453   -29.9%
California $43,688,803,405   $41,209,249,525   -5.7%
Hawaii $2,360,164,166   $2,120,504,066   -10.2%
Oregon $6,125,881,942   $6,080,971,388   -0.7%
Washington $12,527,933,191   $18,914,722,009   51.0%
Total Pacific $66,250,817,022   $69,411,087,441   4.8%
TOTAL WEST $102,801,768,889   $111,872,254,050   8.8%
TOTAL U.S. $468,337,393,893   $510,470,287,331   9.0%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.