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By: Alex Carrick on February 21st, 2017

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A Handy Reference Guide on Hospital Construction – Starts in All States and Provinces

Economic News

The table accompanying this article records ConstructConnect’s hospital construction starts in all states of the U.S. and in the provinces and regions of Canada. On the left-hand side of the dividing line in Table 1 are annual average starts levels for the six-year period 2010 to 2015 inclusive, plus the average annual percent changes for the same time frame.

2017-02-16-Hospitals-Graphic

The right-hand side of Table 1 records the dollar volumes of hospital starts in each state and province/region in the single year, 2016, and how those levels compared with 2015.

Provision of a little historical context is warranted. After the introduction of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) in the spring of 2010, U.S. hospital construction starts, which were already trending down from their most recent peak in 2008, continued to slide through 2014. Hospital administrators remained unsure about their sources of revenue and about whether the PPACA would survive numerous legal challenges.

When the Supreme Court, in the summer of 2015, ruled in favor of the legitimacy of Obamacare, an uptick in hospital construction starts was launched that carried through last year. 

Total U.S. hospital construction starts in 2016 were +12.3% compared with 2015, whereas from 2010 to 2016 they had averaged a decline of -4.0% per annum.

Of course, with the Republicans now controlling both the White House and Congress, the uncertainty concerning the future structure of U.S. health care has resumed.

In Canada, with the onset of the Great Recession in late 2008, the federal, provincial and municipal governments came together to co-operate in carrying out an infrastructure capital spending program to provide fill-in support for the hard-pressed economy.

Much of that infrastructure spending was directed towards so-called ‘softer’ projects in the education and health care areas, with hospital construction receiving a particular boost. A sharp peak in hospital starts/groundbreakings was achieved in Canada in 2011. (Streets, highways, sewers and water mains are sometimes referred to as ‘hard’ infrastructure.)

With the strong front-end loading of hospital starts in the 2010-2015 period, Canada’s per annum rate of growth was +6.4% for six years. But in 2016, numerous type-of-structure construction categories in Canada suffered steep declines and the ‘hospitals’ segment was no exception. In dollar volume terms, Canadian hospital starts last year fell by -55.6%, or more than half.

Regionally in the U.S., annual-average dollar-volumes of hospital starts in 2010 through 2015 were led by the South ($5.8 billion USD), followed by the West ($4.6 billion) and the Midwest ($3.5 billion), with the Northeast ($2.4 billion) trailing.

In 2016, the South ($7.1 billion) was still out front, and the Northeast ($2.0 billion) continued to sit at the back of the pack, but the Midwest ($4.2 billion) and West ($4.1 billion) switched places for second and third spots respectively. 

With respect to percentage changes, it was the West (+14.5%) that was best for annual averages from 2010 to 2015, while the South (-1.5%), Midwest (-4.6%) and Northeast (-9.7%) all experienced setbacks.

But in 2016, only the West (-21.5%) recorded a decline, while the South (+15.3%) had a nice increase, and the Midwest (+46.5%) and Northeast (+62.3%) registered surges.  

In Canada, Ontario ($1.2 billion CAD) accounted for the most hospital construction starts on an annual-average basis from 2010 to 2015. Quebec ($0.8 billion) placed second.

In 2016, however, Ontario (only $133 million) slipped to third, Quebec ($141 million) held onto second, and it was British Columbia ($686 million) that climbed into top spot.

British Columbia (+28.4%) and Manitoba (+26.6%) were the only two provinces that managed year-over-year percentage increases in hospital construction starts in 2016.

As a technical note, many of the percentage changes appearing in Table 1 are outsized, up or down. Some of the extreme volatility can be explained by the presence or absence, from one period to another, of large project initiations.

Or, in the case of big jumps upwards, it may be that the denominator (i.e., the base value) in the mathematical calculation is quite low.

Table 1: ConstructConnect's Hospitals/Clinics Construction Starts
United States ($ volumes are in billions USD)
Annual Average Average Y/Y    
$ Volume  % Change    
Previous 6 Years Previous 6 Years     2016 2016 versus 
(2010 to 2015) (2010 to 2015)     $ Volume  2015 (Y/Y)
   
Connecticut $0.205 57.0%     $0.136 247.5%
Maine $0.090 352.1%     $0.005 -0.3%
Massachusetts $0.278 -8.5%     $0.073 -64.6%
New Hampshire $0.040 270.8%     $0.005 -88.0%
Rhode Island $0.032 63.3%     $0.007 -89.1%
Vermont $0.013 11.0%     $0.190 1435.7%
Total New England $0.658   -5.4%     $0.416   14.2%
New Jersey $0.170 -28.5%     $0.080 22.5%
New York $1.071 4.2%     $1.275 131.0%
Pennsylvania $0.458 3.3%     $0.254 -4.7%
Total Middle Atlantic $1.699   -6.4%     $1.609   82.1%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $2.357   -9.7%     $2.025   62.3%
Illinois $0.596 6.3%     $0.335 15.8%
Indiana $0.279 38.7%     $0.740 449.7%
Michigan $0.259 -9.1%     $0.759 518.9%
Ohio $0.761 35.7%     $1.379 53.9%
Wisconsin $0.204 1.3%     $0.063 -19.8%
Total East North Central $2.099   -6.7%     $3.276   115.3%
Iowa $0.196 35.9%     $0.123 -62.4%
Kansas $0.244 92.9%     $0.223 -35.2%
Minnesota $0.160 24.1%     $0.056 -67.2%
Missouri $0.342 -6.0%     $0.282 57.7%
Nebraska $0.188 117.4%     $0.155 4.1%
North Dakota $0.171 105.1%     $0.009 -91.3%
South Dakota $0.056 77.8%     $0.028 -39.8%
Total West North Central $1.356   1.1%     $0.874   -33.4%
TOTAL MIDWEST $3.454   -4.6%     $4.151   46.5%
Delaware $0.097 615.3%     $0.005 -47.1%
District of Columbia $0.088 131.8%     $0.047 544.7%
Florida $0.774 44.9%     $0.917 -36.5%
Georgia $0.421 27.1%     $0.263 54.4%
Maryland $0.199 61.7%     $0.421 187.3%
North Carolina $0.468 -8.3%     $0.257 -23.3%
South Carolina $0.127 17.7%     $0.405 672.3%
Virginia $0.320 10.7%     $0.161 -58.5%
West Virginia $0.107 11.0%     $0.082 -0.4%
Total South Atlantic $2.601   -0.1%     $2.558   -3.0%
Alabama $0.226 62.1%     $1.312 346.9%
Kentucky $0.184 50.2%     $0.171 -32.4%
Mississippi $0.168 15.6%     $0.077 -74.0%
Tennessee $0.225 55.7%     $0.095 -35.5%
Total East South Central $0.804   7.1%     $1.655   67.4%
Arkansas $0.286 361.5%     $0.228 14.8%
Louisiana $0.301 68.7%     $0.065 -16.6%
Oklahoma $0.130 41.2%     $0.106 -38.5%
Texas $1.675 0.7%     $2.473 19.4%
Total West South Central $2.392   7.3%     $2.872   14.0%
TOTAL SOUTH $5.796   -1.5%     $7.085   15.3%
Arizona $0.267 66.3%     $0.486 53.4%
Colorado $0.575 207.3%     $0.256 -87.0%
Idaho $0.039 -24.2%     $0.113 558.6%
Montana $0.034 7.7%     $0.023 31.2%
Nevada $0.068 74.3%     $0.298 468.4%
New Mexico $0.092 136.4%     $0.030 -36.9%
Utah $0.144 73.0%     $0.185 -51.9%
Wyoming $0.058 108.7%     $0.038 -34.4%
Total Mountain $1.278   32.8%     $1.429   -50.1%
Alaska $0.085 87.4%     $0.255 73.5%
California $2.725 12.7%     $1.733 13.7%
Hawaii $0.019 144.2%     $0.152 269.6%
Oregon $0.186 220.6%     $0.222 -57.1%
Washington $0.283 53.6%     $0.351 96.8%
Total Pacific $3.299   13.4%     $2.714   12.6%
TOTAL WEST $4.577   14.5%     $4.143   -21.5%
TOTAL U.S. $16.184   -4.0%     $17.403   12.3%
Canada ($ volumes are in billions CAD)
Annual Average Average Y/Y    
$ Volume  % Change    
Previous 6 Years Previous 6 Years     2016 2016 versus 
(2010 to 2015) (2010 to 2015)     $ Volume  2015 (Y/Y)
       
Atlantic Canada $0.041 34.6%     $0.009 -89.9%
Québec $0.792 17.9%     $0.141 -63.6%
Ontario $1.184 194.9%     $0.133 -86.3%
Manitoba $0.070 1029.4%     $0.046 26.6%
Saskatchewan $0.079 1228.0%     $0.014 -94.9%
Alberta $0.223 310.6%     $0.010 -81.0%
British Columbia $0.503 84.0%     $0.686 28.4%
TOTAL CANADA $2.892   6.4%     $1.038   -55.6%
Data source: ConstructConnect Insight.
Table: ConstructConnect.