State and Province Population Growth Rate Maps

This article features U.S. and Canadian maps with color-coding to highlight the varying speeds of population change in states and provinces.

2018-01-08-Population-Growth-Graphic

For the U.S., the annual population comparisons are July 1, 2017 versus July 1, 2016. For Canada, the time frame is Q4 2017 versus Q4 2016. Q4 is as at October 1st.

In both maps, blue shading represents growth rates equal to or lower than the country-wide performance. Green shading is for growth rates exceeding the country-wide level.

Do please note, however, that the country-wide rate of population growth for Canada, at +1.3%, has been nearly twice as fast as for the U.S., +0.7%.

A rule of thumb often stated or adopted is that the U.S. has a population ten times bigger than Canada’s. While that’s a close approximation, the truer ratio is nine-to-one.

The current population estimate for Canada is 36.9 million; for the U.S., 325.7 million. The math works out as follows: 36.9 ÷ 325.7 = 11% (or one-ninth).

The latest national, state and provincial population statistics yield a wealth of interesting material. The following observations arise from ‘playing’ with the numbers.

The summed populations of the four largest U.S. states, at 109 million, is 33.4% (or one-third) of the U.S. total.

Another way to express the above is to say that one in three Americans lives in California, Texas, Florida or New York.

The populations of Florida (21.0 million) and New York (19.8 million) come close to being equal.

California’s population (39.5 million), however, is about the same as Florida and New York combined.

The population of California has become surprisingly large. It’s more than the population of Canada (36.9 million). It’s 12% (or one-eighth) of the population of the entire U.S.

Stated plainly, one out of every eight Americans lives in California.

U.S. – State Population Growth Rates

2018-01-08-US-Economy-in-Maps-Population

Data source: U.S. Census Bureau.
Graphic: ConstructConnect.

Table 1: U.S. States – Population

Rank Level (July 1, 2017)     Rank % Change (Jul 17 vs Jul 16)
   
1 California 39,536,653     1 Idaho 2.2%
2 Texas 28,304,596     2 Nevada 2.0%
3 Florida 20,984,400     3 Utah 1.9%
4 New York 19,849,399     4 Washington 1.7%
5 Pennsylvania 12,805,537     5 Florida 1.6%
6 Illinois 12,802,023     6 Arizona 1.6%
7 Ohio 11,658,609     7 Texas 1.4%
8 Georgia 10,429,379     8 District of Columbia 1.4%
9 North Carolina 10,273,419     9 Colorado 1.4%
10 Michigan 9,962,311     10 Oregon 1.4%
11 New Jersey 9,005,644     11 South Carolina 1.3%
12 Virginia 8,470,020     12 North Carolina 1.1%
13 Washington 7,405,743     13 Montana 1.1%
14 Arizona 7,016,270     14 Georgia 1.1%
15 Massachusetts 6,859,819     15 Tennessee 1.0%
16 Tennessee 6,715,984     16 Delaware 1.0%
17 Indiana 6,666,818     17 South Dakota 0.9%
18 Missouri 6,113,532     18 Minnesota 0.9%
19 Maryland 6,052,177     19 Virginia 0.7%
20 Wisconsin 5,795,483     20 Nebraska 0.7%
21 Colorado 5,607,154     21 California 0.6%
22 Minnesota 5,576,606     22 New Hampshire 0.6%
23 South Carolina 5,024,369     23 Arkansas 0.5%
24 Alabama 4,874,747     24 Massachusetts 0.5%
25 Louisiana 4,684,333     25 Indiana 0.5%
26 Kentucky 4,454,189     26 Iowa 0.5%
27 Oregon 4,142,776     27 Maryland 0.5%
28 Oklahoma 3,930,864     28 Maine 0.4%
29 Connecticut 3,588,184     29 Kentucky 0.4%
30 Iowa 3,145,711     30 Wisconsin 0.4%
31 Utah 3,101,833     31 Missouri 0.4%
32 Arkansas 3,004,279     32 Ohio 0.3%
33 Nevada 2,998,039     33 New Jersey 0.3%
34 Mississippi 2,984,100     34 Alabama 0.3%
35 Kansas 2,913,123     35 Michigan 0.3%
36 New Mexico 2,088,070     36 Oklahoma 0.2%
37 Nebraska 1,920,076     37 Rhode Island 0.2%
38 West Virginia 1,815,857     38 Kansas 0.2%
39 Idaho 1,716,943     39 Pennsylvania 0.1%
40 Hawaii 1,427,538     40 New Mexico 0.1%
41 New Hampshire 1,342,795     41 New York 0.1%
42 Maine 1,335,907     42 Vermont 0.0%
43 Rhode Island 1,059,639     43 Connecticut 0.0%
44 Montana 1,050,493     44 North Dakota 0.0%
45 Delaware 961,939     45 Louisiana 0.0%
46 South Dakota 869,666     46 Mississippi 0.0%
47 North Dakota 755,393     47 Hawaii -0.1%
48 Alaska 739,795     48 Alaska -0.2%
49 District of Columbia 693,972     49 Illinois -0.3%
50 Vermont 623,657     50 West Virginia -0.7%
51 Wyoming 579,315     51 Wyoming -1.0%
     Total U.S. 325,719,178         0.7%
Rankings are based on more than one decimal point.

Data source: U.S. Census Bureau.
Table: ConstructConnect.

In Canada, two out of every five residents live in Ontario.

Ontario’s population makes up nearly 40% of the Canadian total. Quebec accounts for a little less than 25%.

There are similar large population blocs in the U.S. The South is almost 40% of the total America figure and the West is just under one-quarter.

While California has a higher population count than Texas (i.e., 39.5 million versus 28.3 million), the latter is beating the former in annual increments.

Texas added 400,000 residents in the past year to California’s extra 240,000. (Florida was in second place with 328,000 more citizens from mid-2016 to mid-2017.)

At +400,000 per annum, Texas is elevating its population count with astonishing speed.  

The latest year’s total U.S. population increase was +2.3 million. It’s the South (+1.0% annually) and the West (also +1.0%) where the major gains are occurring. The Northeast (+0.2%) and Midwest (+0.3%) are dragging their feet.

In Canada, before the 2014 collapse in energy prices, Alberta (at +2.0% per annum or more) habitually led provincial population gains.

Now, however, it’s Ontario (+1.6%) and Manitoba (+1.5%) that are in the forefront. P.E.I. (+1.8%) is also a frontrunner with respect to percentage gain, but it has a low population base.

Canada’s latest annual population climb was +470,000. Between two-thirds and three-quarters of Canada’s increase each year comes from net immigration.

The latest U.S. net foreign migration number was +1.1 million.

Going forward, the Trump administration in Washington wants to significantly curb immigration. Taking the opposite stance is one of the core principles of the Trudeau government in Ottawa.

Canada – Provincial Population Growth Rates

2018-01-08-Canada-Economy-in-Maps-Population

Data source: Statistics Canada.
Graphic: ConstructConnect.

Table 2: Canada Provinces – Population

Rank Level (Q4 2017)     Rank % Change (Q4 17 vs Q4 16)
   
1 Ontario     14,279,196     1 Nunavut 2.6%
2 Quebec        8,425,996     2 Prince Edward Island 1.8%
3 British Columbia        4,841,078     3 Ontario 1.6%
4 Alberta        4,306,039     4 Manitoba 1.5%
5 Manitoba        1,343,371     5 Yukon 1.3%
6 Saskatchewan        1,168,057     6 British Columbia 1.3%
7 Nova Scotia           957,600     7 Alberta 1.3%
8 New Brunswick           760,868     8 Saskatchewan 1.3%
9 Newfoundland & Lab.           528,430     9 Quebec 1.0%
10 Prince Edward Island           152,784     10 Northwest Territories 0.7%
11 Northwest Territories              44,718     11 Nova Scotia 0.7%
12 Yukon              38,669     12 New Brunswick 0.3%
13 Nunavut              38,243     13 Newfoundland & Lab. -0.4%
     Total Canada 36,885,049         1.3%
Rankings are based on more than one decimal point.

Data source: Statistics Canada.
Table: ConstructConnect.

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