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By: Alex Carrick on September 12th, 2019

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Industrial and Civil Work Raised August Nonresidential Starts +9% vs July

Economic News | Industry Snapshot | alex carrick

Another Outstanding Mega Project Month

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $50.2 billion (green shaded box, Table 3 below), +8.9% compared with July’s upwardly revised figure of $46.1 billion (originally reported as $45.4 billion). While July featured a wealth of mega project starts (four for more than $1 billion each, totaling $8.7 billion), August’s record was even better (five such projects adding to $18.7 billion). August’s largest groundbreaking was a $10 billion ExxonMobil ethane cracker in Texas.

Construction Starts Settled into More Normal Pattern in April, +3% M/M Graphic

On a year-over-year basis, nonresidential starts in August 2019 compared with August 2018 were ahead by more than one-third, +34.4%. With respect to year to date, nonresidential starts so far in 2019 have been +2.2% compared with the same January-to-August time frame of last year.

 
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‘Smoothed’ Series

Since large project groundbreakings can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 3 below.

On a 12-month moving average basis, August 2019’s total nonresidential starts were +0.5% versus the previous 12 months (i.e., September-2018-to-August-2019 vs September-2017-to-August-2018). Type-of-structure subcategory starts on the same 12-month-over-prior-12-month terms in August 2019 were: commercial, -8.8%; industrial, +16.2%; institutional, -0.3%; and heavy engineering/civil, +5.1%. Industrial and civil work have provided the spark for total starts.

‘Smoothed’ grand total starts, which include residential activity, were -3.6% in August. Residential activity has been -10.1% on a 12-month moving average basis, with multi-family starts (-17.2%) leading the descent more precipitously than the single-family (-6.8%) market.

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for July, was 59%; the latter’s was 41%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (August 2019) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (July 2019).

Construction Overview

The jobs count in the U.S. construction sector in August climbed by the same amount as the monthly average increase to date in 2019, +14,000. 2019’s monthly average gain, however, is off by more than half (-53.3%) versus 2018’s January-to-August average of +31,000. The NSA unemployment rate among ‘hard hat’ workers tightened a shade in the latest month to 3.6% from 3.8% in July, but it wasn’t quite as low as in August 2018, 3.4%. Construction’s unemployment rate is still below the headline all-jobs rates of 3.7% SA and 3.8% NSA. As for year-over-year employment change, construction (+2.4%) is still outperforming every other major sector except health care and social assistance (+2.6%) and is setting a pace well ahead of all-jobs (+1.4%).

August’s year-over-year staffing changes in subsegments of the economy with close ties to construction were: ‘machinery and equipment rental,’ +11.8%; ‘oil and gas extraction,’ +9.0%; ‘real estate sales activity,’ +3.1%; ‘architectural and engineering services,’ +2.6%; ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing,’ +1.9%; and ‘building material and supplies dealers,’ 0.0%.

M/M, Y/Y, and YTD Results―Boosts from Transport and Power Projects

August’s +8.9% climb in total nonresidential starts month-over-month (m/m) was driven by industrial (+75.6%) and heavy engineering/civil (+27.4%) work, as commercial (-30.2%) and institutional (-15.4%) dropped back. As set out in the Top 10 list, projects initiated by ExxonMobil and Fiat Chrysler boosted industrial work in the latest month and engineering was lifted by railroad and rapid transit work, as well as electric power projects to utilize wind and natural gas.

The big jump in total nonresidential starts of +34.4% in August 2019 versus August 2018 (y/y) was again a matter of impressive strength in industrial (+155.8%) and heavy engineering (+64.9%) that overwhelmed weakness in institutional (-13.2%) and commercial (-9.6%).

The pattern also repeated with respect to year-to-date (ytd) total nonresidential starts. In August, the +2.2% figure overall was mainly thanks to industrial (+68.1%), with a minor assist from civil (+5.7%), as there was no help coming from commercial (-11.7%) or institutional (-5.9%).

To Date in 2019, Engineering the Star Performer

‘Road/highway’ work has accounted for the biggest share (38%) of heavy engineering/civil groundbreakings so far this year. Nevertheless, in August, street starts were uniformly negative according to the three major metrics: -29.4% m/m; -18.3% y/y; and -1.9% ytd. In second place for share (21%) within engineering to date in 2019 has been the ‘miscellaneous’ subcategory (transit, RRs, power plants) and it has been outstanding: +489.6% m/m; +1020.7% y/y; and +15.7% ytd. Bridge work has also been a winner: +4.3% m/m; +52.4% y/y; and +13.4% ytd.

Institutional starts to date in 2019 have been nearly two-thirds (63%) comprised of school/college work. Such educational facility starts in August were -9.9% m/m and -12.7% y/y, but +0.4% ytd. Medical facility starts, i.e., as the combination of ‘hospitals/clinics,’ ‘nursing/assisted living’ facilities, and ‘miscellaneous medical’ projects, have contributed one-quarter (a 25% slice) to the total for institutional so far this year. In August, health care facility starts were down across the board: -26.9% m/m; -6.6% y/y; and -17.1% ytd.

Despite its first-place ranking among subcategories for share (22%) within commercial during this year’s first eight months, ‘private office building’ starts in August were: -58.3% m/m; -31.6% y/y; and -14.6% ytd. Three other sub-categories have recorded nearly tied shares―‘warehouses,’ 16%; ‘hotels/motels,’ 15%; and ‘retail/shopping,’ 13%. In August, ‘warehouse’ starts were -3.9% y/y and -11.1% ytd, but +58.2% m/m; ‘hotels/motels,’ were -13.1% m/m, -27.2% y/y, and -32.9% ytd; and ‘retail/shopping,’ -6.4% m/m, -29.3% y/y, and -19.2% ytd.

A Pause in JOLTS and a Slight Upwards Bias in the Trend Graphs

Levels and rates of job openings in the construction sector continue to be extraordinarily high (Graph 1 below), but the three-month moving averages of both have declined a bit in the past two months. The individual month of July’s figures for level and rate, at 373,000 and 4.7%, were no match for April’s peak readings of 434,000 and 5.5%. As for hires (Graph 2 below), they’re also demonstrating some hesitancy, although that may be due to a shortage of available workers.

Among the 12-month moving average trend graphs (Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - August 2019), the heavy engineering curve continues to trend higher, while the nonresidential buildings line has stabilized at $25.0 billion, which is way up from less than $15.0 billion in the aftermath of the recession (Graph 1). Graph 2 shows institutional and commercial starts tailing off slightly of late. Retail is in steep decline, but private office buildings are maintaining momentum (Graph 3). The schools/colleges trend line in Graph 4 has managed more upwards movement than the hospitals/clinics curve. The roads/highways and water/sewage curves have both been upbeat in Graph 5. The bridges curve in Graph 6 is on a quite positive track, but no more so than ‘miscellaneous civil’ (rapid transit lines, railroad work and electricity projects), which draws its strength from mega projects.

Graph 1: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of 'construction employment plus number of job openings'.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for July, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of hires during month as % of construction employment.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for July, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Construction Workers Lagging in Wage Gains

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on non-farm payrolls. B-8 is for ‘production and non-supervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From August’s BLS Table B-3 (including supervisory personnel), the ‘all-jobs’ earnings increases were +3.2% hourly and +2.9% weekly. Construction workers as a subset of ‘all-jobs’ fell behind hourly, +2.7%, but were better rewarded weekly, +3.3%. From the latest Table B-8 (excluding bosses), the all-jobs compensation gains were +3.5% hourly and +2.9% weekly. At +2.5% both hourly and weekly, nonsupervisory construction workers failed to keep up.

Some Signs of Easing in Construction Costing

Further on costing, August 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index,’ -2.0% (more negative than -1.5% in July); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports,’ +0.4% (up from +0.2% in July); and ‘final demand construction,' +5.4% (slight easing from July’s +5.5%).

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were -2.7% m/m, -16.1 y/y and -12.1% ytd. To date in 2019, the multi-family component of residential (-22.5%) has struggled more than the single-family (-7.6%) side. ‘Grand total’ construction starts in August were +5.1% m/m, +13.6% y/y, and -3.3% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - August 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - August 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - August 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
AUGUST 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

    % Change   % Change   % Change
  Jan-AUG 19 Jan-AUG 19 vs    AUG 19 vs   AUG 19 vs
  ($ billions) Jan-AUG 18   AUG 18   JUL 19
             
Hotel/Motel 12.175 -32.9%   -27.2%   -13.1%
Retail 10.622 -19.2%   -29.3%   -6.4%
Parking Garage 2.092 15.6%   -8.7%   -61.2%
Amusement 4.398 -15.1%   2.9%   -57.2%
Private Office  18.246 -14.6%   -31.6%   -58.3%
Government Office 7.774 12.6%   1.6%   -26.7%
Laboratory 1.333 -35.2%   56.1%   122.3%
Warehouse 13.127 -11.1%   -3.9%   58.2%
Miscellaneous Commercial* 12.727 27.2%   136.3%   -59.1%
COMMERCIAL 82.494 -11.7%   -9.6%   -30.2%
             
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 43.400 68.1%   155.8%   75.6%
             
Religious 1.086 -25.9%   -26.0%   54.6%
Hospital/Clinic 10.842 -5.0%   21.8%   -22.4%
Nursing/Assisted Living 5.706 -18.7%   -52.2%   -65.2%
Library/Museum 2.313 34.1%   -50.5%   -81.3%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 4.232 -19.4%   -26.4%   28.1%
Military 2.618 -7.2%   -14.8%   15.3%
School/College 53.064 0.4%   -12.7%   -9.9%
Miscellaneous Government 5.018 -34.0%   -32.6%   12.6%
INSTITUTIONAL 84.878 -5.9%   -13.2%   -15.4%
             
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 4.246 -15.3%   7.3%   0.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 215.018 0.3%   19.8%   -0.5%
             
Airport 4.807 -2.1%   5.3%   -24.5%
Road/Highway 46.103 -1.9%   -18.3%   -29.4%
Bridge 18.113 13.4%   52.4%   4.3%
Dam/Marine 5.565 48.7%   -27.0%   -16.8%
Water/Sewage 21.155 0.4%   7.0%   -27.3%
Miscellaneous Civil 26.117 15.7%   1020.7%   489.6%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 121.859 5.7%   64.9%   27.4%
             
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 336.877 2.2%   34.4%   8.9%

*Includes transportation terminals and sports arenas.

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – AUGUST 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

        % Change     % Change % Change
      Jan-Aug 19 Jan-Aug 19 vs     Aug 19 vs Aug 19 vs
      ($ billions) Jan-Aug 18     Aug 18 Jul 19
                 
Summary              
CIVIL     121.859 5.7%     64.9% 27.4%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 215.018 0.3%     19.8% -0.5%
RESIDENTIAL   179.277 -12.1%     -16.1% -2.7%
GRAND TOTAL   516.154 -3.3%     13.6% 5.1%
                 
Verticals              
    Airport 4.807 -2.1%     5.3% -24.5%
    All Other Civil 17.694 4.9%     1002.6% 637.4%
    Bridges 18.113 13.4%     52.4% 4.3%
    Dams / Canals / Marine Work 5.565 48.7%     -27.0% -16.8%
    Power Infrastructure 8.422 47.6%     1080.9% 263.7%
    Roads 46.103 -1.9%     -18.3% -29.4%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 21.155 0.4%     7.0% -27.3%
CIVIL     121.859 5.7%     64.9% 27.4%
    Offices (private) 18.246 -14.6%     -31.6% -58.3%
    Parking Garages 2.092 15.6%     -8.7% -61.2%
    Transportation Terminals 8.395 97.7%     104.9% -70.8%
  Commercial (small subset) 28.734 4.8%     -15.7% -62.6%
    Amusement 4.398 -15.1%     2.9% -57.2%
    Libraries / Museums 2.313 34.1%     -50.5% -81.3%
    Religious 1.086 -25.9%     -26.0% 54.6%
    Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 4.331 -24.8%     183.9% -27.3%
  Community 12.128 -14.2%     15.9% -50.3%
    College / University 12.216 -9.0%     -25.6% -5.3%
    Elementary / Pre School 16.044 1.7%     -7.6% -16.9%
    Jr / Sr High School 23.581 5.4%     -10.8% -5.1%
    Special / Vocational 1.222 -5.2%     45.8% -37.7%
  Educational 53.064 0.4%     -12.7% -9.9%
    Courthouses 0.850 -21.7%     -20.0% 67.2%
    Fire and Police Stations 2.103 -2.7%     -39.8% 25.3%
    Government Offices 7.774 12.6%     1.6% -26.7%
    Prisons 1.279 -36.2%     -14.2% 7.3%
  Government 12.006 -1.2%     -10.7% -13.3%
    Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 1.333 -35.2%     56.1% 122.3%
    Manufacturing 43.400 68.1%     155.8% 75.6%
    Warehouses 13.127 -11.1%     -3.9% 58.2%
  Industrial 57.861 35.7%     106.5% 73.8%
    Hospitals / Clinics 10.842 -5.0%     21.8% -22.4%
    Medical Misc. 5.018 -34.0%     -32.6% 12.6%
    Nursing Homes 5.706 -18.7%     -52.2% -65.2%
  Medical   21.566 -17.1%     -6.6% -26.9%
  Military   2.618 -7.2%     -14.8% 15.3%
    Hotels 12.175 -32.9%     -27.2% -13.1%
    Retail Misc. 4.246 -15.3%     7.3% 0.9%
    Shopping 10.622 -19.2%     -29.3% -6.4%
  Retail   27.043 -25.5%     -23.3% -8.0%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 215.018 0.3%     19.8% -0.5%
    Multi-Family 47.749 -22.5%     -32.9% 12.8%
    Single-Family 131.527 -7.6%     -8.4% -7.0%
RESIDENTIAL   179.277 -12.1%     -16.1% -2.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL 336.877 2.2%     34.4% 8.9%
GRAND TOTAL   516.154 -3.3%     13.6% 5.1%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks non-residential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – AUGUST 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

  Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
        3-months 12-months JAN-AUG JAN-AUG
  JUN 19 JUL 19 AUG 19 JUN 19 JUL 19 AUG 19 JUN 19 JUL 19 AUG 19 2018 2019
                       
Single Family 17.793 17.729 16.487 17.794 17.555 17.336 16.129 16.090 15.964 142.387 131.527
   month-over-month % change 3.8% -0.4% -7.0% 3.3% -1.3% -1.2% -0.6% -0.2% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -5.9% -2.6% -8.4% -9.7% -8.3% -5.6% -6.1% -6.1% -6.8% 4.0% -7.6%
Apartment 5.774 4.893 5.520 5.923 5.143 5.395 7.099 6.877 6.651 61.574 47.749
   month-over-month % change 21.2% -15.3% 12.8% -5.4% -13.2% 4.9% -3.5% -3.1% -3.3%    
   year-over-year % change -34.9% -35.3% -32.9% -28.0% -36.3% -34.4% -14.2% -15.8% -17.2% -26.0% -22.5%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 23.566 22.622 22.006 23.717 22.698 22.731 23.228 22.967 22.615 203.961 179.277
   month-over-month % change 7.6% -4.0% -2.7% 1.0% -4.3% 0.1% -1.5% -1.1% -1.5%    
   year-over-year % change -15.2% -12.2% -16.1% -15.1% -16.6% -14.5% -8.7% -9.3% -10.1% -7.3% -12.1%
Hotel/Motel 1.545 1.354 1.177 1.470 1.452 1.359 1.752 1.719 1.682 18.156 12.175
   month-over-month % change 6.0% -12.3% -13.1% -15.2% -1.2% -6.4% -0.8% -1.9% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change -9.8% -22.9% -27.2% -53.3% -52.4% -19.9% -20.2% -22.4% -22.7% -12.3% -32.9%
Retail 1.501 1.159 1.085 1.465 1.374 1.248 1.397 1.344 1.306 13.141 10.622
   month-over-month % change 2.7% -22.8% -6.4% 5.2% -6.2% -9.1% 0.9% -3.8% -2.8%    
   year-over-year % change 11.0% -35.3% -29.3% -11.2% -14.5% -20.0% -11.4% -16.0% -16.8% -8.1% -19.2%
Parking Garages 0.302 0.401 0.156 0.264 0.325 0.286 0.248 0.262 0.261 1.809 2.092
   month-over-month % change 11.0% 32.8% -61.2% -2.2% 22.9% -11.9% 4.9% 5.8% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 86.0% 75.4% -8.7% -13.2% 12.9% 52.9% -3.6% -2.7% -3.5% -13.0% 15.6%
Amusement 0.610 1.059 0.454 0.494 0.707 0.708 0.592 0.642 0.643 5.182 4.398
   month-over-month % change 34.7% 73.6% -57.2% 13.2% 43.1% 0.0% -4.0% 8.4% 0.2%    
   year-over-year % change -32.5% 127.8% 2.9% -35.6% 0.7% 17.3% -14.4% -1.8% 0.4% -3.3% -15.1%
Office 3.918 2.910 1.213 2.735 2.719 2.680 2.498 2.266 2.219 21.361 18.246
   month-over-month % change 194.4% -25.7% -58.3% 0.2% -0.6% -1.4% 9.8% -9.3% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change 215.4% -48.9% -31.6% 54.2% -3.3% -7.7% 21.7% -5.7% -7.3% -1.2% -14.6%
Governmental Offices 1.215 1.562 1.145 1.024 1.229 1.307 0.929 0.989 0.991 6.905 7.774
   month-over-month % change 33.3% 28.6% -26.7% 22.3% 20.1% 6.3% 1.3% 6.5% 0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 13.6% 86.9% 1.6% 1.7% 27.2% 29.3% 13.8% 28.0% 24.1% -12.6% 12.6%
Laboratories 0.106 0.142 0.315 0.133 0.115 0.187 0.208 0.173 0.182 2.057 1.333
   month-over-month % change 8.0% 33.8% 122.3% -20.8% -13.2% 62.8% -4.2% -16.8% 5.5%    
   year-over-year % change -51.0% -74.7% 56.1% -54.5% -70.4% -42.5% 0.7% -27.6% -27.1% 0.1% -35.2%
Warehouse 1.756 1.217 1.925 2.016 1.441 1.633 1.753 1.667 1.661 14.772 13.127
   month-over-month % change 30.2% -30.7% 58.2% 6.1% -28.5% 13.3% 0.8% -4.9% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 10.1% -45.9% -3.9% 1.1% -35.0% -16.3% -0.2% -5.2% -4.4% -4.6% -11.1%
Misc Commercial 0.528 2.161 0.883 2.011 2.489 1.191 1.193 1.197 1.239 10.006 12.727
   month-over-month % change -89.0% 309.5% -59.1% -12.6% 23.8% -52.2% -10.0% 0.4% 3.5%    
   year-over-year % change -75.1% 2.4% 136.3% 14.2% 44.2% -22.4% -1.6% -11.9% -7.5% -24.6% 27.2%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 11.479 11.963 8.352 11.611 11.851 10.598 10.569 10.259 10.184 93.389 82.494
   month-over-month % change -5.2% 4.2% -30.2% -1.3% 2.1% -10.6% 0.9% -2.9% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 10.7% -23.8% -9.6% -8.5% -13.9% -9.9% -1.8% -9.0% -8.8% -9.1% -11.7%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 0.428 6.820 11.979 4.683 6.540 6.409 3.370 3.834 4.442 25.822 43.400
   month-over-month % change -96.5% 1491.9% 75.6% -24.6% 39.7% -2.0% -4.2% 13.7% 15.9%    
   year-over-year % change -80.7% 440.0% 155.8% -11.2% 25.5% 135.4% -7.2% 5.6% 16.2% 54.6% 68.1%
Religious 0.146 0.083 0.129 0.143 0.126 0.119 0.159 0.155 0.151 1.465 1.086
   month-over-month % change -1.9% -43.0% 54.6% -2.3% -11.5% -5.3% -7.3% -2.8% -2.4%    
   year-over-year % change -50.8% -39.2% -26.0% -42.2% -42.9% -41.1% -10.0% -9.8% -12.4% -11.0% -25.9%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.675 2.399 1.862 0.996 1.564 1.979 1.196 1.321 1.348 11.406 10.842
   month-over-month % change 171.1% 43.2% -22.4% 6.5% 57.0% 26.5% 2.5% 10.4% 2.1%    
   year-over-year % change 26.7% 166.5% 21.8% -39.3% 30.6% 58.3% -7.5% 7.6% 6.6% -11.3% -5.0%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.472 0.738 0.256 0.672 0.658 0.489 0.803 0.797 0.774 7.021 5.706
   month-over-month % change -38.3% 56.3% -65.2% -17.6% -2.0% -25.8% -4.7% -0.7% -2.9%    
   year-over-year % change -50.1% -8.3% -52.2% -31.8% -29.0% -35.9% -17.1% -16.2% -16.1% -10.7% -18.7%
Libraries/Museums 0.201 0.476 0.089 0.352 0.404 0.255 0.260 0.285 0.278 1.724 2.313
   month-over-month % change -62.5% 137.3% -81.3% -13.5% 14.8% -36.8% -1.8% 9.5% -2.7%    
   year-over-year % change -21.9% 164.5% -50.5% 19.4% 37.7% 24.2% 4.0% 23.3% 29.8% -37.1% 34.1%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.630 0.506 0.648 0.596 0.592 0.595 0.643 0.612 0.593 5.251 4.232
   month-over-month % change -1.5% -19.6% 28.1% 11.3% -0.8% 0.5% -1.6% -4.9% -3.2%    
   year-over-year % change -16.7% -42.7% -26.4% -21.4% -23.8% -29.2% 11.0% -0.4% -6.3% -14.0% -19.4%
Military 0.358 0.349 0.402 0.308 0.329 0.370 0.427 0.425 0.419 2.820 2.618
   month-over-month % change 27.4% -2.7% 15.3% -8.3% 6.9% 12.2% 0.0% -0.5% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change -0.4% -7.2% -14.8% -22.0% -28.6% -8.2% 6.8% 6.0% 0.4% 9.0% -7.2%
Schools/Colleges 10.534 6.136 5.530 8.792 8.306 7.400 6.084 6.010 5.943 52.867 53.064
   month-over-month % change 27.7% -41.8% -9.9% 21.2% -5.5% -10.9% 0.5% -1.2% -1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 3.8% -12.6% -12.7% 6.8% 1.4% -5.5% 8.5% 6.4% 3.1% -0.6% 0.4%
Misc Government 0.813 0.439 0.494 0.841 0.725 0.582 0.784 0.744 0.724 7.602 5.018
   month-over-month % change -11.9% -46.0% 12.6% 12.4% -13.8% -19.7% -6.0% -5.2% -2.7%    
   year-over-year % change -42.3% -52.5% -32.6% -32.2% -34.6% -43.1% -14.7% -20.6% -17.6% -4.6% -34.0%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 14.829 11.126 9.411 12.699 12.704 11.788 10.356 10.348 10.229 90.156 84.878
   month-over-month % change 22.0% -25.0% -15.4% 13.6% 0.0% -7.2% -0.5% -0.1% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -4.3% -0.9% -13.2% -7.9% -3.6% -5.8% 1.6% 1.6% -0.3% -5.0% -5.9%
Misc Non Residential 0.538 0.546 0.551 0.537 0.515 0.545 0.555 0.534 0.537 5.010 4.246
   month-over-month % change 16.4% 1.6% 0.9% -1.0% -4.1% 5.8% -4.1% -3.8% 0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -34.8% -31.5% 7.3% -20.6% -29.3% -23.5% -11.0% -15.5% -12.2% -6.1% -15.3%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 27.274 30.456 30.293 29.530 31.611 29.341 24.850 24.974 25.391 214.377 215.018
   month-over-month % change -26.5% 11.7% -0.5% -0.6% 7.0% -7.2% -0.5% 0.5% 1.7%    
   year-over-year % change -5.7% 5.1% 19.8% -9.0% -3.8% 5.8% -1.4% -2.9% -1.9% -2.4% 0.3%
Airports 0.576 0.859 0.648 0.597 0.707 0.694 0.564 0.584 0.586 4.909 4.807
   month-over-month % change -16.3% 49.2% -24.5% 17.2% 18.5% -1.9% 2.6% 3.5% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 41.6% 38.5% 5.3% 21.9% 35.8% 26.8% -40.4% -38.1% -37.4% -21.0% -2.1%
Roads/Highways 6.692 7.550 5.330 6.965 7.103 6.524 5.272 5.297 5.198 47.001 46.103
   month-over-month % change -5.3% 12.8% -29.4% 8.2% 2.0% -8.2% 1.0% 0.5% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change 10.5% 4.1% -18.3% 6.9% 7.9% -1.3% 13.6% 11.0% 5.2% 15.1% -1.9%
Bridges 2.744 2.021 2.107 2.581 2.320 2.290 2.106 2.121 2.182 15.973 18.113
   month-over-month % change 24.9% -26.3% 4.3% 16.2% -10.1% -1.3% 2.0% 0.7% 2.8%    
   year-over-year % change 21.9% 10.2% 52.4% 22.8% 17.3% 25.7% 16.9% 17.4% 22.8% 4.6% 13.4%
Dams/Marine 1.139 0.551 0.459 1.193 1.253 0.716 0.718 0.720 0.706 3.741 5.565
   month-over-month % change -44.9% -51.6% -16.8% 32.3% 5.0% -42.8% 9.4% 0.3% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 185.5% 5.5% -27.0% 119.6% 140.2% 38.7% 55.5% 59.8% 48.6% 19.6% 48.7%
Water/Sewage 2.598 3.107 2.260 2.986 2.895 2.655 2.416 2.457 2.469 21.074 21.155
   month-over-month % change -12.8% 19.6% -27.3% 7.2% -3.1% -8.3% 0.6% 1.7% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 6.6% 19.1% 7.0% -6.0% -1.3% 11.3% -0.1% 0.1% 2.3% -12.7% 0.4%
Misc Civil 6.467 1.545 9.108 4.073 4.060 5.707 2.196 2.267 2.958 22.572 26.117
   month-over-month % change 55.1% -76.1% 489.6% 66.5% -0.3% 40.5% 14.9% 3.2% 30.5%    
   year-over-year % change 112.6% 122.2% 1020.7% 20.2% 131.3% 276.2% -30.3% -26.4% 3.0% 56.1% 15.7%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 20.216 15.632 19.912 18.394 18.338 18.587 13.271 13.446 14.100 115.271 121.859
   month-over-month % change 5.5% -22.7% 27.4% 20.2% -0.3% 1.4% 3.7% 1.3% 4.9%    
   year-over-year % change 38.6% 15.5% 64.9% 13.4% 28.3% 38.7% -1.1% -0.4% 5.1% 10.8% 5.7%
GRAND TOTAL 71.056 68.709 72.212 71.641 72.647 70.659 61.350 61.386 62.106 533.610 516.154
   month-over-month % change -9.1% -3.3% 5.1% 4.6% 1.4% -2.7% 0.0% 0.1% 1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -0.3% 0.6% 13.6% -6.5% -2.3% 4.4% -4.3% -4.9% -3.6% -1.9% -3.3%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 47.490 46.088 50.206 47.924 49.949 47.928 38.122 38.420 39.491 329.648 336.877
   month-over-month % change -15.6% -3.0% 8.9% 6.5% 4.2% -4.0% 0.9% 0.8% 2.8%    
   year-over-year % change 9.2% 8.4% 34.4% -1.5% 5.9% 16.6% -1.3% -2.0% 0.5% 1.8% 2.2%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  JAN-AUG 2018   JAN-AUG 2019   % Change
           
Connecticut $2,684,542,448   $3,304,999,213   23.1%
Maine $1,652,849,656   $1,132,075,146   -31.5%
Massachusetts $6,770,818,039   $8,835,848,300   30.5%
New Hampshire $1,068,372,574   $979,317,236   -8.3%
Rhode Island $1,159,429,548   $611,533,969   -47.3%
Vermont $393,147,410   $292,080,261   -25.7%
Total New England $13,729,159,675   $15,155,854,125   10.4%
New Jersey $5,733,787,256   $4,682,047,670   -18.3%
New York $19,973,851,369   $16,165,176,621   -19.1%
Pennsylvania $9,384,052,533   $10,758,885,867   14.7%
Total Middle Atlantic $35,091,691,158   $31,606,110,158   -9.9%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $48,820,850,833   $46,761,964,283   -4.2%
Illinois $9,927,735,772   $11,602,898,428   16.9%
Indiana $5,611,806,620   $4,587,557,812   -18.3%
Michigan $7,335,109,998   $9,150,804,885   24.8%
Ohio $10,706,271,183   $8,801,772,436   -17.8%
Wisconsin $17,281,736,040   $6,921,293,478   -60.0%
Total East North Central $50,862,659,613   $41,064,327,039   -19.3%
Iowa $3,934,018,024   $4,696,593,796   19.4%
Kansas $3,899,070,686   $3,065,745,298   -21.4%
Minnesota $6,684,264,949   $7,789,840,175   16.5%
Missouri $6,021,839,080   $5,807,208,397   -3.6%
Nebraska $1,897,569,678   $2,481,706,568   30.8%
North Dakota $2,808,267,090   $1,169,091,756   -58.4%
South Dakota $1,280,875,233   $1,116,145,384   -12.9%
Total West North Central $26,525,904,740   $26,126,331,374   -1.5%
TOTAL MIDWEST $77,388,564,353   $67,190,658,413   -13.2%
Delaware $687,808,393   $812,559,196   18.1%
District of Columbia $2,609,070,149   $1,236,418,893   -52.6%
Florida $20,072,839,062   $23,551,414,848   17.3%
Georgia $8,129,176,944   $12,934,485,661   59.1%
Maryland $5,159,442,619   $4,859,050,173   -5.8%
North Carolina $9,738,001,935   $8,486,916,930   -12.8%
South Carolina $4,845,348,811   $4,534,142,959   -6.4%
Virginia $11,402,332,965   $6,906,233,515   -39.4%
West Virginia $6,528,925,389   $1,203,186,892   -81.6%
Total South Atlantic $69,172,946,267   $64,524,409,067   -6.7%
Alabama $3,870,680,149   $5,828,722,252   50.6%
Kentucky $3,420,735,937   $4,330,567,620   26.6%
Mississippi $1,616,312,899   $1,828,147,829   13.1%
Tennessee $5,710,990,576   $5,622,871,552   -1.5%
Total East South Central $14,618,719,561   $17,610,309,253   20.5%
Arkansas $2,003,895,094   $1,975,581,889   -1.4%
Louisiana $3,636,119,886   $7,232,490,501   98.9%
Oklahoma $3,974,624,869   $3,580,301,257   -9.9%
Texas $36,401,095,540   $59,020,535,539   62.1%
Total West South Central $46,015,735,389   $71,808,909,186   56.1%
TOTAL SOUTH $129,807,401,217   $153,943,627,506   18.6%
Arizona $7,003,446,771   $5,088,004,251   -27.3%
Colorado $4,812,599,403   $5,849,170,263   21.5%
Idaho $1,437,504,487   $1,464,971,259   1.9%
Montana $1,031,669,595   $845,567,999   -18.0%
Nevada $4,145,558,562   $4,551,134,954   9.8%
New Mexico $1,541,250,903   $1,015,813,607   -34.1%
Utah $4,326,044,662   $3,285,804,256   -24.0%
Wyoming $807,810,151   $3,819,681,665   372.8%
Total Mountain $25,105,884,534   $25,920,148,254   3.2%
Alaska $1,315,221,266   $794,332,220   -39.6%
California $31,105,370,787   $25,303,628,569   -18.7%
Hawaii $1,834,105,843   $1,418,811,439   -22.6%
Oregon $4,566,583,930   $4,045,077,467   -11.4%
Washington $9,704,470,170   $11,498,823,692   18.5%
Total Pacific $48,525,751,996   $43,060,673,387   -11.3%
TOTAL WEST $73,631,636,530   $68,980,821,641   -6.3%
TOTAL U.S. $329,648,452,933   $336,877,071,843   2.2%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.