<img height="1" width="1" src="https://www.facebook.com/tr?id=373327176680496&amp;ev=PageView&amp;noscript=1">

By: Alex Carrick on February 28th, 2017

Print/Save as PDF

9% Drop in ConstructConnect's January Starts Matches Usual Seasonality

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that January’s level of U.S. construction starts, excluding residential activity, was $24.6 billion, a decrease of 9.1% versus the dollar volume in the period before. The month-to-month drop was almost an exact match for the usual December-to-January decline of -8.5%. Due to harsh winter weather – which is another way of saying ‘seasonality’ - January is traditionally the worst month of the year for construction groundbreakings or starts.  

2017-02-27-US-Nonresidential-Construction-Starts-Jan-2017

Starts in January 2017 versus their level in January 2016 were also down, -11.6%. January 2017 compared with average January starts over the five years, 2012 to 2016, was +6.0%.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a considerably larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s December report was 61%; the latter’s was 39%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., January 2017) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., December 2016.)


View this information as an infographic
.

Jobs in the construction sector in January 2017 rose by a quite healthy +36,000 month to month, according to the latest Employment Situation Report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Throughout 2016, the monthly average change in construction payrolls was a more restrained +12,000. On a year-over-year percentage change basis, U.S. construction activity has most recently accounted for a fieldwork uptick of +2.6%, which beats the economy-wide improvement of +1.6%.   The construction sector’s NSA unemployment rate in January of this year, however, at 9.4%, was a deterioration from January 2016’s figure of 8.5%.   

There are two other data series with close ties to construction appearing in Table B-1 of the monthly Employment Situation Report. As a ‘leading’ indicator, – i.e., before there can be field activity, projects must be rendered into working drawings by design professionals − the total number of jobs in architectural and engineering services in January 2017 was +2.2% year over year.  As a ‘coincident’ indicator, the total number of positions at retail outlets specializing in selling building materials and supplies was +2.0% year over year in 2017’s first month.

January’s month-to-month setback in total starts (-9.1%) originated in the commercial (-14.4%) and heavy engineering/civil (-12.3%) type-of-structure categories. Moving in the opposite direction, institutional starts recorded a nice pickup, +6.3%. Smaller-dollar-volume industrial work was down by almost half, -46.8%, but this is a category that can display a wide percentage swing in any given month depending on the presence or absence of a mega project or two.

As for the January-2017-to-January-2016 total starts decline of -11.6%, the weakness again centered in the commercial (-18.9%) and engineering (-15.4%) type-of-structure categories. Industrial (-9.2%) was also down. Institutional (+3.5%) squeaked out a small increase.

For eleven of the 12 months of the year, the write-up for this Industry Snapshot would now go on to discuss year-to-date results. In every January period, however, there is equivalency (i.e., there is no difference) between the individual monthly results and the year-to-date numbers.

Within the commercial category of construction in January 2017, the ‘miscellaneous’ designation claimed the biggest share, at 30%. The catch-all subcategory of commercial is mainly made up of transportation terminals and sports arenas. In the latest month, ‘miscellaneous commercial’ was +516.3% month over month (m/m) and +240.4% year over year (y/y). Large arena projects in Fort Worth and San Francisco are featured among the Top 10 Projects of this Industry Snapshot.

‘Retail/shopping’ claimed the second biggest share (20%) of commercial work in January 2017. Store starts in January were -19.3% m/m and -32.8% y/y. It’s an uphill battle for ‘bricks and mortar’ retail enterprises these days, with numerous outlet closings grabbing headlines. 

‘Private office buildings’ and ‘government office buildings’ claimed the next largest slices of commercial work in the latest month, at 12% and 13% respectively. Note that the combination of the two, adding up to 25%, made ‘total offices’ a bigger player in commercial than ‘retail’.

Starts on ‘private offices’ in January were -44.0% m/m and -55.7% y/y. Groundbreakings on ‘government office buildings’ were also down but not as severely, -33.8% m/m and -12.8% y/y.

Heavy engineering/civil starts obtained nearly half (45%) of their total from ‘road/highway’ work in January. In the latest month, the volume of street starts was -5.0% m/m and -15.7% y/y.

Next most important in the engineering category of construction is ‘water/sewage’ work, which took a nearly one-quarter share (22%) in January, after being -34.1% m/m and -23.0% y/y.

Thankfully, the institutional category of starts was able to provide some rays of sunshine in the latest period. The ‘school/college’ subcategory − with an outsized contribution to total institutional of 62% − was +14.6% m/m and +18.9% y/y. ‘Hospital/clinic’ groundbreakings – accounting for 14% of total institutional starts – were +55.5% m/m, but -31.1% y/y.   

Table 2 reorders and provides more detail on some of the type-of-structure categories in Table 1. The reasons for this ‘second view’ are set out in the footnote.

The 12-month moving average trend graphs highlight upward movement in ‘total commercial and ‘school/college’ starts. Unfortunately, though, there are more categories with slopes that are descending. Type-of-structure categories that have been tailing off include: ‘total institutional’, ‘retail’, ‘private office buildings’ and especially ‘miscellaneous civil’.

With respect to the national income data recorded in the latest Employment Situation Report, on-site workers in the construction sector realized gains that exceeded all-jobs averages. Including supervisory personnel, January 2017 year-over-year earnings by all workers in the economy were +2.5% hourly and +1.9% weekly. The construction contingent fared better at +3.2% and +2.2% respectively. Among only production and nonsupervisory personnel (i.e., leaving out bosses), all-jobs earnings were +2.4% hourly and +2.1% weekly. More bullish hard hat earnings climbed above the significant +3.0% benchmark, registering +3.5% hourly and +3.1% weekly.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect has now moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. Prior to this latest month, January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date. In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is updated to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - February 2017 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - January 2017.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - January 2017.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
JANUARY 2017
– CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  Previous Annual   Latest Month
      % Change % Change
2016 % Change   Jan 2017 (Jan 17 vs  (Jan 17 vs
($ billions) (2016 vs 2015)   ($ billions) Jan 16) Dec 16)
Hotel/Motel 16.690 31.7%   0.630 -53.7% -48.9%
Retail/Shopping 30.227 29.3%   1.360 -32.8% -19.3%
Parking Garage 4.555 50.5%   0.105 18.4% -42.4%
Amusement 6.626 5.4%   0.334 -17.1% -30.6%
Private Office 20.783 14.6%   0.834 -55.7% -44.0%
Government Office 13.103 26.3%   0.863 -12.8% -33.8%
Laboratory 4.149 88.2%   0.064 -65.0% -72.0%
Warehouse 12.563 -1.7%   0.526 -33.7% -44.4%
Misc. Commercial* 11.860 -9.6%   2.032 240.4% 516.3%
COMMERCIAL (big subset) 120.557 18.2%   6.749 -18.9% -14.4%
         
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 13.875 13.6%   0.494 -9.2% -46.8%
     
Religious 1.544 -4.7%   0.144 -11.2% 5.7%
Hospital/Clinic 18.354 35.4%   1.166 -31.1% 55.5%
Nursing/Assisted Living 7.881 46.9%   0.291 -58.3% -51.4%
Library/Museum 2.913 5.8%   0.384 110.0% -22.5%
Fire/Police/Courthouse/Prison 6.096 -0.4%   0.340 38.0% -39.4%
Military 5.433 -6.9%   0.336 -16.5% 162.5%
School/College 66.417 12.5%   5.196 18.9% 14.6%
Misc. Medical 6.052 74.2%   0.534 50.8% -23.0%
INSTITUTIONAL 114.691 17.3%   8.391 3.5% 6.3%
       
Misc. Nonresidential 8.114 68.3%   0.424 -43.3% -29.7%
NONRES. BUILDING 257.238 18.7%   16.058 -9.4% -7.2%
       
Airport 6.828 53.2%   0.266 152.7% -22.9%
Road/Highway 52.258 1.8%   3.868 -15.7% -5.0%
Bridge 14.549 14.2%   1.519 3.9% 13.7%
Dam/Marine 3.886 -37.9%   0.342 68.2% -12.1%
Water/Sewage 31.083 8.4%   1.841 -23.0% -34.1%
Misc. Civil (Power, etc.) 13.838 -31.3%   0.714 -47.5% -12.8%
HEAVY ENGINEERING (Civil) 122.442 -0.9%   8.549 -15.4% -12.3%
         
TOTAL 379.679 11.6%   24.607 -11.6% -9.1%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– JANUARY 2017
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

Previous Annual   Latest Month
      % Change % Change
2016 % Change   January 17 Jan 17 vs Jan 17 vs
($ billions) (16 vs 15)   ($ billions) Jan 16 Dec 16
           
Summary      
CIVIL 122.442 -0.9%   8.549 -15.4% -12.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 257.238 18.7%   16.058 -9.4% -7.2%
RESIDENTIAL   253.602 10.0%   18.918 10.4% -0.8%
GRAND TOTAL   633.282 10.9%   43.524 -3.2% -5.7%
   
Verticals    
Airport 6.828 53.2%   0.266 152.7% -22.9%
All Other Civil 12.609 -32.4%   0.682 -45.8% 2.1%
Bridges 14.549 14.2%   1.519 3.9% 13.7%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 3.886 -37.9%   0.342 68.2% -12.1%
Power Infrastructure 1.228 -17.0%   0.032 -69.0% -78.8%
Roads 52.258 1.8%   3.868 -15.7% -5.0%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 31.083 8.4%   1.841 -23.0% -34.1%
CIVIL     122.442 -0.9%   8.549 -15.4% -12.3%
Offices (private) 20.783 14.6%   0.834 -55.7% -44.0%
Parking Garages 4.555 50.5%   0.105 18.4% -42.4%
  Transportation Terminals 3.509 -49.5%   0.302 -21.8% 184.3%
Commercial (small subset) 28.848 2.7%   1.241 -47.4% -30.1%
Amusement 6.626 5.4%   0.334 -17.1% -30.6%
Libraries / Museums 2.913 5.8%   0.384 110.0% -22.5%
Religious 1.544 -4.7%   0.144 -11.2% 5.7%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 8.351 35.1%   1.730 722.2% 674.3%
Community 19.435 15.4%   2.592 170.4% 93.9%
College / University 22.376 12.1%   1.677 32.6% 22.3%
Elementary / Pre School 20.018 6.4%   1.278 3.4% -5.9%
Jr / Sr High School 22.494 19.5%   2.117 19.8% 34.6%
  Special / Vocational 1.529 7.1%   0.124 22.6% -45.8%
Educational 66.417 12.5%   5.196 18.9% 14.6%
Courthouses 1.317 12.3%   0.084 75.8% -24.8%
Fire and Police Stations 2.883 40.1%   0.156 7.0% -52.7%
Government Offices 13.103 26.3%   0.863 -12.8% -33.8%
  Prisons 1.897 -34.4%   0.101 88.6% -16.8%
Government 19.199 16.4%   1.203 -2.7% -35.5%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 4.149 88.2%   0.064 -65.0% -72.0%
Manufacturing 13.875 13.6%   0.494 -9.2% -46.8%
  Warehouses 12.563 -1.7%   0.526 -33.7% -44.4%
Industrial 30.587 12.4%   1.085 -28.7% -48.5%
Hospitals / Clinics 18.354 35.4%   1.166 -31.1% 55.5%
Medical Misc. 6.052 74.2%   0.534 50.8% -23.0%
  Nursing Homes 7.881 46.9%   0.291 -58.3% -51.4%
Medical   32.287 44.2%   1.991 -27.4% -2.5%
Military   5.433 -6.9%   0.336 -16.5% 162.5%
Hotels 16.690 31.7%   0.630 -53.7% -48.9%
Retail Misc. 8.114 68.3%   0.424 -43.3% -29.7%
    Shopping 30.227 29.3%   1.360 -32.8% -19.3%
  Retail   55.032 34.6%   2.413 -41.6% -31.5%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 257.238 18.7%   16.058 -9.4% -7.2%
Multi-Family 66.731 16.3%   5.631 15.5% -5.9%
    Single-Family 186.871 7.9%   13.287 8.4% 1.5%
RESIDENTIAL   253.602 10.0%   18.918 10.4% -0.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL 379.679 11.6%   24.607 -11.6% -9.1%
GRAND TOTAL   633.282 10.9%   43.524 -3.2% -5.7%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – JANUARY 2017 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN JAN
NOV 16 DEC 16 JAN 17 NOV 16 DEC 16 JAN 17 NOV 16 DEC 16 JAN 17 2016 2017
Single Family 14.635 13.095 13.287 15.987 15.070 13.672 15.503 15.573 15.659 12.256 13.287
   month-over-month % change -16.3% -10.5% 1.5% -2.0% -5.7% -9.3% 0.4% 0.4% 0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 5.8% 6.8% 8.4% 10.1% 12.1% 7.0% 7.9% 7.9% 7.9% 8.3% 8.4%
Apartment 5.063 5.984 5.631 5.119 5.648 5.559 5.636 5.561 5.624 4.875 5.631
   month-over-month % change -14.1% 18.2% -5.9% 0.6% 10.3% -1.6% -1.1% -1.3% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change -13.4% -13.1% 15.5% 9.9% -0.4% -5.3% 24.9% 16.3% 17.0% 7.4% 15.5%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 19.698 19.079 18.918 21.106 20.718 19.232 21.139 21.134 21.282 17.131 18.918
   month-over-month % change -15.7% -3.1% -0.8% -1.4% -1.8% -7.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 0.1% -0.4% 10.4% 10.0% 8.4% 3.1% 12.0% 10.0% 10.2% 8.0% 10.4%
Hotel/Motel 1.218 1.233 0.630 1.347 1.409 1.027 1.427 1.391 1.330 1.361 0.630
   month-over-month % change -31.4% 1.2% -48.9% 0.6% 4.6% -27.1% 0.2% -2.6% -4.4%    
   year-over-year % change 2.4% -26.3% -53.7% 54.5% 23.9% -27.1% 47.5% 31.7% 30.8% -26.0% -53.7%
Retail 1.226 1.686 1.360 1.616 1.599 1.424 2.520 2.519 2.464 2.023 1.360
   month-over-month % change -35.0% 37.5% -19.3% -39.9% -1.1% -10.9% -1.4% -0.1% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change -26.0% -0.9% -32.8% -25.6% -4.8% -20.6% 32.5% 29.3% 21.4% 92.3% -32.8%
Parking Garages 0.403 0.181 0.105 0.302 0.277 0.230 0.375 0.380 0.381 0.088 0.105
   month-over-month % change 64.4% -55.0% -42.4% 34.0% -8.2% -17.0% 5.4% 1.2% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 135.6% 40.6% 18.4% 101.0% 84.5% 77.4% 39.0% 50.5% 58.5% -61.5% 18.4%
Amusement 0.616 0.482 0.334 0.515 0.573 0.477 0.552 0.552 0.546 0.403 0.334
   month-over-month % change -0.8% -21.8% -30.6% 15.7% 11.3% -16.7% 2.0% 0.1% -1.0%    
   year-over-year % change 26.0% 1.4% -17.1% 25.4% 20.4% 4.8% 6.5% 5.4% 4.4% -1.3% -17.1%
Office 0.888 1.489 0.834 1.478 1.462 1.071 1.764 1.732 1.644 1.885 0.834
   month-over-month % change -55.8% 67.6% -44.0% -17.2% -1.1% -26.8% -0.7% -1.8% -5.1%    
   year-over-year % change -13.6% -20.5% -55.7% -25.6% 0.7% -32.9% -6.6% 14.6% 7.1% 18.3% -55.7%
Governmental Offices 0.689 1.305 0.863 0.771 0.951 0.952 1.031 1.092 1.081 0.990 0.863
   month-over-month % change -19.9% 89.5% -33.8% -24.8% 23.3% 0.1% 0.6% 5.9% -1.0%    
   year-over-year % change 12.9% 126.1% -12.8% 4.1% 48.1% 31.2% 16.5% 26.3% 20.4% 69.6% -12.8%
Laboratories 0.116 0.230 0.064 0.094 0.131 0.137 0.337 0.346 0.336 0.184 0.064
   month-over-month % change 152.7% 97.6% -72.0% -0.9% 39.6% 4.7% 1.8% 2.5% -2.9%    
   year-over-year % change 168.0% 78.4% -65.0% -55.1% 81.1% 15.3% 84.0% 88.2% 71.0% 459.2% -65.0%
Warehouse 1.082 0.947 0.526 1.008 1.041 0.852 1.043 1.047 1.025 0.794 0.526
   month-over-month % change -1.1% -12.5% -44.4% -10.7% 3.3% -18.2% -5.4% 0.4% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change -40.0% 5.9% -33.7% -28.8% -26.5% -26.8% 1.2% -1.7% -4.9% 22.2% -33.7%
Misc Commercial 1.178 0.330 2.032 0.835 0.699 1.180 1.043 0.988 1.108 0.597 2.032
   month-over-month % change 99.9% -72.0% 516.3% 37.3% -16.2% 68.8% 3.9% -5.3% 12.1%    
   year-over-year % change 66.2% -66.7% 240.4% -5.6% -31.4% 54.3% -14.6% -9.6% 6.3% -50.7% 240.4%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 7.417 7.882 6.749 7.965 8.141 7.349 10.093 10.046 9.915 8.325 6.749
   month-over-month % change -18.7% 6.3% -14.4% -14.7% 2.2% -9.7% -0.2% -0.5% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -3.7% -6.6% -18.9% -9.9% 1.2% -9.9% 13.8% 18.2% 15.8% 9.5% -18.9%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 0.259 0.929 0.494 0.528 0.617 0.561 1.159 1.156 1.152 0.544 0.494
   month-over-month % change -60.9% 258.3% -46.8% -45.1% 17.0% -9.2% 0.5% -0.3% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 39.7% -3.9% -9.2% 123.6% 41.2% -0.8% 20.8% 13.6% 12.1% 28.9% -9.2%
Religious 0.136 0.136 0.144 0.134 0.134 0.139 0.128 0.129 0.127 0.162 0.144
   month-over-month % change 5.1% 0.0% 5.7% 9.9% -0.4% 3.6% 2.2% 0.3% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change 33.0% 3.5% -11.2% 13.6% 5.9% 5.1% -4.2% -4.7% -5.0% -7.9% -11.2%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.569 0.750 1.166 1.542 1.177 1.162 1.558 1.529 1.486 1.691 1.166
   month-over-month % change 29.4% -52.2% 55.5% 12.1% -23.6% -1.3% -0.9% -1.8% -2.9%    
   year-over-year % change -10.2% -31.3% -31.1% 15.7% -17.3% -23.1% 34.6% 35.4% 30.4% 7.5% -31.1%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.809 0.597 0.291 0.751 0.793 0.566 0.649 0.657 0.623 0.697 0.291
   month-over-month % change -16.8% -26.1% -51.4% 11.6% 5.5% -28.7% 4.5% 1.2% -5.2%    
   year-over-year % change 71.2% 18.4% -58.3% 48.2% 68.1% 1.4% 48.6% 46.9% 37.6% 11.1% -58.3%
Libraries/Museums 0.102 0.496 0.384 0.168 0.266 0.328 0.213 0.243 0.260 0.183 0.384
   month-over-month % change -48.5% 384.2% -22.5% -4.0% 58.1% 23.3% -2.5% 14.0% 6.9%    
   year-over-year % change -39.5% 257.2% 110.0% -51.3% 16.7% 100.1% -9.8% 5.8% 9.5% 99.8% 110.0%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.423 0.561 0.340 0.484 0.554 0.441 0.491 0.508 0.516 0.246 0.340
   month-over-month % change -37.5% 32.8% -39.4% -5.8% 14.5% -20.3% -3.5% 3.4% 1.5%    
   year-over-year % change -33.4% 55.6% 38.0% -2.9% 20.5% 6.7% -6.4% -0.4% 1.5% -9.5% 38.0%
Military 0.687 0.128 0.336 0.874 0.665 0.384 0.472 0.453 0.447 0.402 0.336
   month-over-month % change -41.8% -81.4% 162.5% 17.8% -23.9% -42.3% 0.1% -4.1% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change 1.2% -64.2% -16.5% 5.5% -6.6% -20.0% 0.8% -6.9% -11.5% 133.5% -16.5%
Schools/Colleges 3.881 4.532 5.196 4.166 4.529 4.537 5.494 5.535 5.604 4.370 5.196
   month-over-month % change -25.0% 16.8% 14.6% -12.9% 8.7% 0.2% -0.6% 0.7% 1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -9.1% 12.2% 18.9% 4.1% 12.8% 7.3% 11.0% 12.5% 13.0% 12.8% 18.9%
Misc Government 0.569 0.694 0.534 0.610 0.664 0.599 0.478 0.504 0.519 0.354 0.534
   month-over-month % change -21.9% 22.0% -23.0% -3.4% 8.9% -9.7% 5.6% 5.4% 3.0%    
   year-over-year % change 113.3% 81.6% 50.8% 194.9% 126.9% 79.1% 76.9% 74.2% 74.4% 38.8% 50.8%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 8.177 7.895 8.391 8.729 8.781 8.154 9.483 9.558 9.581 8.106 8.391
   month-over-month % change -20.4% -3.4% 6.3% -3.2% 0.6% -7.1% -0.1% 0.8% 0.2%    
   year-over-year % change -2.0% 12.7% 3.5% 11.4% 13.6% 4.3% 16.0% 17.3% 16.4% 15.1% 3.5%
Misc Non Residential 0.602 0.603 0.424 0.619 0.635 0.543 0.663 0.676 0.649 0.747 0.424
   month-over-month % change -14.2% 0.1% -29.7% -1.2% 2.6% -14.6% 2.4% 2.0% -4.0%    
   year-over-year % change 43.8% 36.4% -43.3% 51.1% 41.9% 1.3% 69.3% 68.3% 48.3% 138.3% -43.3%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 16.455 17.309 16.058 17.841 18.175 16.607 21.399 21.436 21.298 17.722 16.058
   month-over-month % change -20.7% 5.2% -7.2% -10.5% 1.9% -8.6% -0.1% 0.2% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -1.1% 2.7% -9.4% 3.0% 9.1% -2.7% 16.3% 18.7% 16.6% 15.2% -9.4%
Airports 0.453 0.345 0.266 0.645 0.570 0.355 0.544 0.569 0.582 0.105 0.266
   month-over-month % change -50.4% -23.9% -22.9% -44.8% -11.6% -37.8% 3.3% 4.6% 2.4%    
   year-over-year % change 83.8% 630.8% 152.7% -21.1% 52.6% 166.7% 46.8% 53.2% 55.9% 34.3% 152.7%
Roads/Highways 2.863 4.071 3.868 3.711 3.524 3.601 4.293 4.355 4.295 4.587 3.868
   month-over-month % change -21.3% 42.2% -5.0% -18.1% -5.0% 2.2% -1.5% 1.4% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change -22.0% 22.4% -15.7% -1.7% 0.3% -6.7% -0.1% 1.8% -1.8% 32.9% -15.7%
Bridges 0.986 1.335 1.519 1.228 1.137 1.280 1.215 1.212 1.217 1.461 1.519
   month-over-month % change -9.5% 35.4% 13.7% 0.6% -7.4% 12.6% -2.2% -0.2% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -24.6% -2.6% 3.9% 22.3% -2.9% -7.3% 16.4% 14.2% 10.1% 55.7% 3.9%
Dams/Marine 0.361 0.389 0.342 0.316 0.387 0.364 0.319 0.324 0.335 0.204 0.342
   month-over-month % change -12.4% 7.9% -12.1% 0.1% 22.7% -6.0% -3.4% 1.5% 3.6%    
   year-over-year % change -27.1% 16.7% 68.2% -57.4% -31.0% 5.9% -40.6% -37.9% -32.0% -62.4% 68.2%
Water/Sewage 1.781 2.793 1.841 2.443 2.288 2.138 2.529 2.590 2.544 2.390 1.841
   month-over-month % change -22.2% 56.8% -34.1% -13.3% -6.3% -6.5% -1.3% 2.4% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change -18.5% 35.8% -23.0% -1.8% 0.2% -3.3% 4.1% 8.4% 4.8% 25.4% -23.0%
Misc Civil 1.054 0.819 0.714 0.951 0.869 0.862 1.219 1.153 1.099 1.361 0.714
   month-over-month % change 43.2% -22.3% -12.8% 14.6% -8.6% -0.8% -2.0% -5.4% -4.7%    
   year-over-year % change -21.9% -49.1% -47.5% -48.1% -44.2% -40.1% -27.1% -31.3% -34.2% -6.5% -47.5%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 7.498 9.753 8.549 9.294 8.776 8.600 10.119 10.203 10.074 10.108 8.549
   month-over-month % change -17.4% 30.1% -12.3% -14.6% -5.6% -2.0% -1.4% 0.8% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -19.0% 11.5% -15.4% -12.8% -7.2% -8.2% -2.2% -0.9% -3.5% 20.8% -15.4%
GRAND TOTAL 43.652 46.140 43.524 48.240 47.670 44.439 52.657 52.773 52.654 44.961 43.524
   month-over-month % change -18.0% 5.7% -5.7% -7.6% -1.2% -6.8% -0.3% 0.2% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change -4.2% 3.1% -3.2% 2.3% 5.4% -1.5% 10.6% 10.9% 9.6% 13.5% -3.2%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 23.953 27.061 24.607 27.134 26.951 25.207 31.518 31.640 31.371 27.829 24.607
   month-over-month % change -19.7% 13.0% -9.1% -12.0% -0.7% -6.5% -0.5% 0.4% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -7.5% 5.7% -11.6% -3.0% 3.2% -4.7% 9.7% 11.6% 9.3% 17.2% -11.6%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS
* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

JanUARY 2016 JanUARY 2017 % Change
Connecticut $430,092,452 $213,570,848 -50.3%
Maine $27,402,986 $43,101,141 57.3%
Massachusetts $427,769,320 $488,662,719 14.2%
New Hampshire $107,626,167 $27,739,311 -74.2%
Rhode Island $39,181,375 $29,556,943 -24.6%
Vermont $27,235,510 $21,183,962 -22.2%
Total New England $1,059,307,810   $823,814,924   -22.2%
New Jersey $371,576,662 $427,894,736 15.2%
New York $1,151,114,368 $1,248,598,863 8.5%
Pennsylvania $1,198,273,128 $879,546,021 -26.6%
Total Middle Atlantic $2,720,964,158   $2,556,039,620   -6.1%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $3,780,271,968   $3,379,854,544   -10.6%
Illinois $980,825,210 $513,873,005 -47.6%
Indiana $587,793,335 $265,611,553 -54.8%
Michigan $412,968,619 $416,349,167 0.8%
Ohio $639,189,516 $745,921,267 16.7%
Wisconsin $305,482,604 $424,550,885 39.0%
Total East North Central $2,926,259,284   $2,366,305,877   -19.1%
Iowa $274,203,019 $136,537,602 -50.2%
Kansas $198,388,410 $234,200,713 18.1%
Minnesota $271,078,727 $178,026,755 -34.3%
Missouri $470,673,293 $307,435,643 -34.7%
Nebraska $252,326,735 $166,037,108 -34.2%
North Dakota $167,457,719 $116,488,530 -30.4%
South Dakota $109,695,290 $58,461,243 -46.7%
Total West North Central $1,743,823,193   $1,197,187,594   -31.3%
TOTAL MIDWEST $4,670,082,477   $3,563,493,471   -23.7%
Delaware $23,668,693 $237,783,919 904.6%
District of Columbia $385,669,143 $106,991,901 -72.3%
Florida $1,522,678,091 $1,405,380,672 -7.7%
Georgia $1,369,506,083 $1,564,621,596 14.2%
Maryland $633,357,986 $396,149,473 -37.5%
North Carolina $702,636,028 $922,036,929 31.2%
South Carolina $953,861,681 $540,501,805 -43.3%
Virginia $533,081,750 $581,672,361 9.1%
West Virginia $66,899,599 $179,585,534 168.4%
Total South Atlantic $6,191,359,054   $5,934,724,190   -4.1%
Alabama $294,531,132 $256,360,061 -13.0%
Kentucky $757,235,636 $264,805,454 -65.0%
Mississippi $262,818,615 $95,363,509 -63.7%
Tennessee $764,749,064 $497,395,588 -35.0%
Total East South Central $2,079,334,447   $1,113,924,612   -46.4%
Arkansas $268,523,991 $333,332,862 24.1%
Louisiana $345,987,424 $395,345,878 14.3%
Oklahoma $593,733,645 $367,124,726 -38.2%
Texas $4,107,880,356 $4,006,391,435 -2.5%
Total West South Central $5,316,125,416   $5,102,194,901   -4.0%
TOTAL SOUTH $13,586,818,917   $12,150,843,703   -10.6%
Arizona $468,761,551 $342,949,779 -26.8%
Colorado $318,394,455 $336,126,907 5.6%
Idaho $66,474,598 $125,716,678 89.1%
Montana $45,762,193 $83,295,668 82.0%
Nevada $142,135,701 $240,026,219 68.9%
New Mexico $113,498,688 $162,219,221 42.9%
Utah $331,357,687 $165,874,045 -49.9%
Wyoming $66,446,331 $44,502,546 -33.0%
Total Mountain $1,552,831,204   $1,500,711,063   -3.4%
Alaska $378,571,089 $107,383,806 -71.6%
California $2,790,945,237 $3,003,953,294 7.6%
Hawaii $275,293,861 $152,968,912 -44.4%
Oregon $331,280,078 $216,259,767 -34.7%
Washington $463,343,577 $531,271,543 14.7%
Total Pacific $4,239,433,842   $4,011,837,322   -5.4%
TOTAL WEST $5,792,265,046   $5,512,548,385   -4.8%
TOTAL U.S. $27,829,438,408   $24,606,740,103   -11.6%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.