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By: Alex Carrick on March 12th, 2019

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A Second Month of Construction Starts Weakness Early in 2019

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that February's volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $23.7 billion, a drop of 18.2% compared with January and a decline of 11.7% versus February 2018. Year-to-date nonresidential starts through the first two month of 2019 have been -14.8% relative to January-February 2018. Among type-of-structure categories, the most evident weakness in groundbreakings has occurred in ‘private office buildings.’

A Second Month of Construction Starts Weakness Early in 2019

This year’s February starts relative to the prior five-year average for February, from 2014 through 2018, was also disappointing, -14.7%. The usual adjustment in the starts volume from January to February, due to seasonality (i.e., harsh winter weather), has been -3.5%.

The ‘starts’ figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for December, was 60%; the latter’s was 40%.

 
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ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts is at least one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series. At this time, the Census Bureau has particularly fallen behind and is playing catch-up because its statisticians were sidelined by the shutdown.

After a big jump in hiring in the U.S. construction sector in January (+53,000 jobs), there was a large reversal in payrolls in February (-31,000), according to the latest Employment Situation report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). February’s year-over-year change in construction jobs was still bullish, at +3.1%, but that’s well down from the post-recession peak gain of +6.1% achieved in December 2014. Also, at +3.1%, construction is no longer leading all industrial sectors for year-over-year jobs growth. That honor now goes to ‘transportation and warehousing’, +3.6%. On a cheerier note, construction’s NSA unemployment rate in February was 6.2%, down from 6.4% in January and considerably better than February 2018’s 7.8%.  

February 2019’s year-over-year staffing changes in other segments of the economy important to construction were as follows: ‘machinery and equipment rental’, +8.8%; ‘oil and gas extraction’, +6.7%; ‘real estate firms’, +3.0%; ‘architectural and engineering services’, +2.9%; ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing’, +1.3%; and ‘building material and supplies dealers’, -0.4%.

The month-to-month (m/m) pullback (-18.2%) in total nonresidential starts in February resulted from widespread deterioration, with institutional (-30.9%) leading the rush downwards, followed by commercial (-22.2%) and industrial (-17.9%). Engineering (-5.9%) fell with relative decorum.

The year-over-year (y/y) decrease (-11.7%) in total nonresidential starts in the latest month (i.e., February 2019 versus February 2018) was due to an especially sour note in commercial (-42.2%), with institutional (-10.1%) also somewhat off key. Moving in the opposite direction, the engineering (+13.8%) and industrial (+34.7%) subcategories both sang sweeter tunes.

The year-to-date (ytd) nonresidential starts decline (-14.8% Jan-Feb 2019 vs Jan-Feb 2018) was caused by a significant shortfall in the commercial (-36.8%) subcategory and hesitancy in institutional (-12.5%) and heavy engineering/civil (-6.3%). Industrial managed an impressive improvement (+73.9%), thanks largely to a mega-sized project, a $1.5 billion expansion of ExxonMobil’s integrated refining operations in Beaumont, Texas.  

Within heavy engineering/civil, the ‘road/highway’ subcategory has accounted for the largest share so far this year (37%); with ‘water/sewage’ second (a 26% slice); and bridges third (22%). Street starts in February were -12.7% m/m, but +6.0% y/y and +1.4% ytd. The latest statistics for ‘water and sewer’ starts have been -22.9% m/m, but +18.5% y/y and +4.3% ytd. As for bridgework initiations, they’ve been uniformly good: +41.7% m/m; +31.9% y/y; and +9.3% ytd.

In institutional work, ‘school/college’ starts have been dominant through the first two months of this year, with a 58% share. Educational facility starts in February were -22.4% m/m and -3.4% y/y, but +1.2% ytd. Total medical facility starts - i.e., the summation of the ‘hospital/clinic,’ ‘nursing/assisted living,’ and miscellaneous medical’ designations – have comprised 29% of institutional in 2019 to-date. February’s combined health care starts were -45.8% m/m, -25.6% y/y, and -35.3% ytd. ‘Hospital/clinic’ starts were: -69.1% m/m; -63.0% y/y; and -52.9% ytd.

The leading shares of commercial starts in 2019 have been claimed by ‘hotels/motels’ (a 21% piece of the pie), ‘retail/shopping’ (17%), ‘warehouses’ (14%), and ‘private office buildings’ (11%). February’s ‘hotel/motel’ starts were -1.4% m/m; -11.6% y/y; and -25.7% ytd. ‘Retail/shopping’ starts were surprisingly upbeat, given ongoing closures of brick and mortar locations: -25.0% ytd, but +5.6% y/y and +15.7% m/m. As for ‘warehouse’ and ‘private office building’ starts in February, they were lackluster to say the least: -24.1% m/m, -40.9% y/y, and -39.7% ytd for the former and -20.8% m/m, -85.0% y/y, and -78.1% ytd for the latter.

The Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – February 2019 sets out 12-month moving average trend graphs for key type-of-structure categories. While there continues to be a mild rising tendency in the heavy engineering curve in Graph 1, nonresidential building’s slope, after climbing aggressively from late 2012 to early 2017, has been gradually losing steam for over a year. From Graphs 3 and 4, it’s evident that retail, private office buildings and hospitals have been sapping strength from nonresidential building’s overall starts dollar volume. As for civil (Graphs 5 and 6), support has come from roadwork and bridges.    

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls; B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

In the latest month, earnings made by construction workers relative to all workers trailed noticeably, especially when measured weekly. From Table B-3 (including bosses), February’s ‘all jobs’ pay increases were +3.4% hourly and +3.1% weekly. Construction workers fared a little worse at +3.1% hourly and +2.1% weekly. From Table B-8 (which omits supervisors), the economywide pay increases were +3.5% hourly and +2.9% weekly. Construction workers fell a bit behind hourly, +3.3%, but slipped badly on a weekly-compensation basis, only +1.2%.   

Further on costing, January 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index,’ +6.0%; ‘nputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports,&rsquo, +2.8%; and ‘final demand construction,&rsquo, +4.9%.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were +1.1% m/m; -17.2% y/y; and -20.0% ytd. (The multi-family market so far in 2019, at -32.4% ytd, has been struggling more than the single-family market, -14.1% ytd). ‘Grand total’ construction starts in February were -18.2% m/m; -11.7% y/y; and -14.8% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - February 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - February 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - February 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
FEBRUARY 2019
– CONSTRUCTCONNECT

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-FEB 19 Jan-FEB 19vs  FEB 19 vs FEB 19 vs
($ billions) Jan-FEB 18 FEB 18 JAN 19
           
Hotel/Motel 2.752 -25.7% -11.6% -1.4%
Retail 2.218 -25.0% 5.6% 15.7%
Parking Garage 0.326 -3.7% -22.6% -58.2%
Amusement 1.188 -13.6% 25.0% 33.4%
Private Office  1.491 -78.1% -85.0% -20.8%
Government Office 1.337 -4.8% -20.5% -4.2%
Laboratory 0.262 242.2% 129.1% -60.0%
Warehouse 1.785 -39.7% -40.9% -24.1%
Miscellaneous Commercial 1.865 45.9% 128.7% -81.2%
COMMERCIAL 13.224 -36.8% -42.2% -22.2%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 4.856 73.9% 34.7% -17.9%
     
Religious 0.251 13.0% -46.4%   -74.9%
Hospital/Clinic 1.508 -52.9% -63.0%   -69.1%
Nursing/Assisted Living 1.729 -11.9% 26.2%   -8.4%
Library/Museum 0.312 -4.8% -14.9%   -50.2%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.849 4.5% 14.5%   -32.3%
Military 0.570 14.2% -5.3%   22.2%
School/College 8.595 1.2% -3.4%   -22.4%
Miscellaneous Government 1.043 -28.3% -20.1%   -55.3%
INSTITUTIONAL 14.858 -12.5% -10.1%   -30.9%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 0.913 -13.6% 17.0%   33.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 33.851 -18.9% -22.6%   -24.5%
       
Airport 0.850 -36.1% 0.8%   -28.1%
Road/Highway 6.911 1.4% 6.0%   -12.7%
Bridge 4.128 9.3% 31.9%   41.7%
Dam/Marine 0.701 8.7% -3.6%   -15.6%
Water/Sewage 4.845 4.3% 18.5%   -22.9%
Miscellaneous Civil 1.445 -50.9% 3.6%   1.5%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 18.880 -6.3% 13.8%   -5.9%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 52.731 -14.8% -11.7% -18.2%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– FEBRUARY 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Feb 19 Jan-Feb 19vs     Feb 19 vs Feb 19 vs
($ billions) Jan-Feb 18     Feb 18 Jan 19
           
Summary      
CIVIL 18.880 -6.3%     13.8% -5.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 33.851 -18.9%     -22.6% -24.5%
RESIDENTIAL   35.004 -20.0%     -17.2% 1.1%
GRAND TOTAL   87.735 -17.0%     -14.1% -11.0%
 
Verticals  
Airport 0.850 -36.1%     0.8% -28.1%
All Other Civil 1.271 9.5%     44.5% 1.1%
Bridges 4.128 9.3%     31.9% 41.7%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 0.701 8.7%     -3.6% -15.6%
Power Infrastructure 0.175 -90.2%     -65.7% 4.7%
Roads 6.911 1.4%     6.0% -12.7%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 4.845 4.3%     18.5% -22.9%
CIVIL     18.880 -6.3%     13.8% -5.9%
Offices (private) 1.491 -78.1%     -85.0% -20.8%
Parking Garages 0.326 -3.7%     -22.6% -58.2%
  Transportation Terminals 0.519 6.1%     70.5% -83.5%
Commercial (small subset) 2.336 -69.4%     -81.8% -45.0%
Amusement 1.188 -13.6%     25.0% 33.4%
Libraries / Museums 0.312 -4.8%     -14.9% -50.2%
Religious 0.251 13.0%     -46.4% -74.9%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 1.346 70.6%     157.9% -80.3%
Community 3.097 14.1%     24.8% -48.4%
College / University 2.772 -9.5%     -14.0% -22.8%
Elementary / Pre School 2.026 -3.6%     6.3% 3.0%
Jr / Sr High School 3.512 21.0%     11.0% -31.6%
  Special / Vocational 0.286 -33.2%     -59.5% -51.2%
Educational 8.595 1.2%     -3.4% -22.4%
Courthouses 0.196 138.1%     88.5% 12.7%
Fire and Police Stations 0.366 5.5%     19.7% -15.8%
Government Offices 1.337 -4.8%     -20.5% -4.2%
  Prisons 0.287 -25.0%     -31.4% -66.7%
Government 2.186 -1.4%     -11.2% -16.2%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 0.262 242.2%     129.1% -60.0%
Manufacturing 4.856 73.9%     34.7% -17.9%
  Warehouses 1.785 -39.7%     -40.9% -24.1%
Industrial 6.904 18.4%     2.5% -21.6%
Hospitals / Clinics 1.508 -52.9%     -63.0% -69.1%
Medical Misc. 1.043 -28.3%     -20.1% -55.3%
  Nursing Homes 1.729 -11.9%     26.2% -8.4%
Medical   4.280 -35.3%     -25.6% -45.8%
Military   0.570 14.2%     -5.3% 22.2%
Hotels 2.752 -25.7%     -11.6% -1.4%
Retail Misc. 0.913 -13.6%     17.0% 33.8%
    Shopping 2.218 -25.0%     5.6% 15.7%
  Retail   5.883 -23.8%     -1.3% 9.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 33.851 -18.9%     -22.6% -24.5%
Multi-Family 9.536 -32.4%     -21.6% 1.6%
    Single-Family 25.467 -14.1%     -15.4% 1.0%
RESIDENTIAL   35.004 -20.0%     -17.2% 1.1%
NONRESIDENTIAL 52.731 -14.8%     -11.7% -18.2%
GRAND TOTAL   87.735 -17.0%     -14.1% -11.0%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks non-residential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – FEBRUARY 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-FEB JAN-FEB
DEC 18 JAN 19 FEB 19 DEC 18 JAN 19 FEB 19 DEC 18 JAN 19 FEB 19 2018 2019
Single Family 10.970 12.672 12.795 13.535 12.244 12.146 16.653 16.500 16.306 29.637 25.467
   month-over-month % change -16.2% 15.5% 1.0% -12.3% -9.5% -0.8% -1.0% -0.9% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -15.4% -12.7% -15.4% -12.6% -15.5% -14.5% -0.1% -1.8% -3.5% 10.5% -14.1%
Apartment 6.972 4.731 4.806 7.314 6.127 5.503 7.527 7.255 7.145 14.114 9.536
   month-over-month % change 4.4% -32.1% 1.6% -1.9% -16.2% -10.2% 0.7% -3.6% -1.5%    
   year-over-year % change 10.5% -40.7% -21.6% -15.6% -22.6% -19.2% -23.4% -25.1% -24.0% -26.5% -32.4%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 17.942 17.403 17.601 20.850 18.371 17.649 24.180 23.756 23.451 43.751 35.004
   month-over-month % change -9.2% -3.0% 1.1% -8.9% -11.9% -3.9% -0.5% -1.8% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -6.9% -22.6% -17.2% -13.7% -18.0% -16.0% -8.7% -10.3% -10.8% -4.9% -20.0%
Hotel/Motel 1.711 1.386 1.367 1.900 1.635 1.488 2.163 2.098 2.083 3.706 2.752
   month-over-month % change -5.4% -19.0% -1.4% -8.6% -14.0% -9.0% 1.4% -3.0% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 27.6% -35.9% -11.6% 2.4% -8.7% -11.6% -9.4% -13.8% -10.9% -13.6% -25.7%
Retail 0.863 1.028 1.189 0.997 0.974 1.027 1.469 1.403 1.408 2.957 2.218
   month-over-month % change -16.3% 19.2% 15.7% -20.2% -2.4% 5.4% -1.5% -4.6% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -24.2% -43.9% 5.6% -31.5% -32.7% -24.8% -11.8% -16.9% -12.4% -19.6% -25.0%
Parking Garages 0.317 0.230 0.096 0.290 0.310 0.214 0.231 0.233 0.230 0.338 0.326
   month-over-month % change -17.0% -27.6% -58.2% 31.0% 6.9% -30.8% -7.8% 0.6% -1.0%    
   year-over-year % change -42.6% 7.3% -22.6% -29.9% -0.1% -27.8% -21.0% -21.7% -23.2% 35.0% -3.7%
Amusement 0.649 0.509 0.679 0.869 0.640 0.613 0.705 0.678 0.690 1.375 1.188
   month-over-month % change -14.6% -21.6% 33.4% -1.4% -26.4% -4.3% -2.5% -3.8% 1.7%    
   year-over-year % change -25.4% -38.8% 25.0% 36.7% -7.3% -18.2% 7.8% -0.5% 1.6% 26.8% -13.6%
Office 2.196 0.832 0.659 2.058 1.468 1.229 2.394 2.260 1.950 6.815 1.491
   month-over-month % change 59.5% -62.1% -20.8% 12.3% -28.6% -16.3% 3.4% -5.6% -13.7%    
   year-over-year % change 73.9% -65.9% -85.0% 17.1% -27.7% -54.4% -0.9% -5.4% -14.4% -19.4% -78.1%
Governmental Offices 0.712 0.683 0.654 0.853 0.764 0.683 0.894 0.902 0.888 1.404 1.337
   month-over-month % change -20.5% -4.2% -4.2% -17.9% -10.5% -10.6% 1.6% 0.9% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 31.6% 17.5% -20.5% 31.4% 30.9% 5.3% 1.4% 6.0% 0.7% 0.6% -4.8%
Laboratories 0.246 0.187 0.075 0.175 0.177 0.169 0.247 0.259 0.262 0.077 0.262
   month-over-month % change 153.7% -23.9% -60.0% -18.2% 0.9% -4.2% -2.8% 4.8% 1.4%    
   year-over-year % change -25.6% 326.6% 129.1% -27.8% -3.0% 24.8% -1.1% 6.4% 13.4% -74.0% 242.2%
Warehouse 0.612 1.015 0.770 1.425 1.164 0.799 1.721 1.667 1.623 2.963 1.785
   month-over-month % change -67.2% 65.9% -24.1% -23.9% -18.3% -31.4% -2.8% -3.1% -2.7%    
   year-over-year % change -49.4% -38.9% -40.9% 1.2% -16.7% -42.6% -4.2% -8.1% -8.8% -6.9% -39.7%
Misc Commercial 0.508 1.570 0.295 0.592 0.931 0.791 1.038 1.073 1.087 1.278 1.865
   month-over-month % change -29.0% 209.1% -81.2% -6.6% 57.2% -15.1% -14.5% 3.4% 1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -80.6% 36.6% 128.7% -67.0% -37.4% -39.2% -35.6% -32.5% -29.5% -39.2% 45.9%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 7.815 7.439 5.784 9.160 8.062 7.013 10.862 10.573 10.221 20.914 13.224
   month-over-month % change -12.5% -4.8% -22.2% -8.6% -12.0% -13.0% -1.6% -2.7% -3.3%    
   year-over-year % change -20.8% -31.8% -42.2% -10.3% -18.7% -31.7% -9.1% -11.8% -12.2% -15.5% -36.8%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 3.477 2.667 2.189 2.400 2.373 2.778 2.927 3.052 3.099 2.792 4.856
   month-over-month % change 256.6% -23.3% -17.9% 22.9% -1.1% 17.0% 9.1% 4.3% 1.5%    
   year-over-year % change 527.0% 128.7% 34.7% -21.3% 141.8% 149.0% -4.4% 7.8% 7.0% -41.6% 73.9%
Religious 0.231 0.201 0.050 0.172 0.200 0.161 0.180 0.186 0.182 0.222 0.251
   month-over-month % change 37.9% -13.0% -74.9% 16.1% 16.2% -19.6% 4.4% 3.4% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 64.3% 56.4% -46.4% 10.4% 57.0% 32.9% -4.1% 1.2% 1.5% -29.7% 13.0%
Hosptials/Clinics 2.232 1.152 0.356 1.311 1.318 1.247 1.341 1.250 1.200 3.202 1.508
   month-over-month % change 290.9% -48.4% -69.1% 50.6% 0.6% -5.4% 10.4% -6.8% -4.0%    
   year-over-year % change 211.7% -48.5% -63.0% 47.6% 0.5% -4.5% -3.2% -13.2% -14.7% 8.5% -52.9%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.826 0.902 0.826 0.890 0.819 0.851 0.869 0.835 0.850 1.962 1.729
   month-over-month % change 13.4% 9.3% -8.4% 1.4% -8.0% 4.0% -0.6% -3.9% 1.7%    
   year-over-year % change -7.5% -31.0% 26.2% -13.9% -27.1% -10.5% -12.4% -21.2% -17.2% 25.8% -11.9%
Libraries/Museums 0.157 0.208 0.104 0.261 0.201 0.157 0.232 0.232 0.230 0.328 0.312
   month-over-month % change -34.0% 32.5% -50.2% -12.7% -22.9% -22.3% -0.1% 0.1% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -1.5% 1.3% -14.9% 49.7% 17.4% -3.7% -22.4% -17.8% -19.6% -30.5% -4.8%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.768 0.506 0.343 0.850 0.671 0.539 0.682 0.682 0.685 0.812 0.849
   month-over-month % change 3.8% -34.0% -32.3% 17.2% -21.1% -19.7% 3.4% -0.1% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 54.5% -1.3% 14.5% 51.2% 37.0% 23.5% -3.0% 1.6% 19.9% -66.1% 4.5%
Military 0.483 0.257 0.314 0.665 0.473 0.351 0.451 0.458 0.457 0.499 0.570
   month-over-month % change -29.0% -46.9% 22.2% -0.5% -28.9% -25.8% 4.0% 1.6% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 75.1% 52.8% -5.3% 33.6% 52.8% 35.9% 13.3% 18.1% 11.9% 31.9% 14.2%
Schools/Colleges 4.326 4.839 3.756 4.327 4.463 4.307 5.861 5.880 5.869 8.492 8.595
   month-over-month % change 2.4% 11.8% -22.4% -2.7% 3.1% -3.5% 1.6% 0.3% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 33.1% 5.1% -3.4% 10.2% 15.7% 10.0% 1.3% 2.7% 2.3% -6.7% 1.2%
Misc Government 0.690 0.721 0.322 0.702 0.700 0.578 0.913 0.886 0.879 1.454 1.043
   month-over-month % change 0.1% 4.5% -55.3% -20.3% -0.4% -17.5% 1.4% -3.0% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 28.6% -31.4% -20.1% 2.9% -8.6% -12.9% 0.5% -4.9% -0.7% -16.2% -28.3%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 9.712 8.786 6.072 9.179 8.845 8.190 10.528 10.409 10.352 16.972 14.858
   month-over-month % change 20.8% -9.5% -30.9% 2.9% -3.6% -7.4% 2.6% -1.1% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 50.2% -14.0% -10.1% 15.8% 8.4% 4.8% -1.3% -2.5% -1.4% -10.3% -12.5%
Misc Non Residential 0.353 0.391 0.523 0.503 0.414 0.422 0.587 0.569 0.575 1.058 0.913
   month-over-month % change -28.9% 10.5% 33.8% -11.5% -17.7% 2.1% -1.1% -3.1% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change -17.5% -36.1% 17.0% -4.6% -22.1% -14.8% -8.0% -12.3% -11.1% 10.9% -13.6%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 21.357 19.283 14.567 21.241 19.694 18.403 24.905 24.603 24.248 41.736 33.851
   month-over-month % change 15.8% -9.7% -24.5% -1.0% -7.3% -6.6% 1.4% -1.2% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 23.3% -15.8% -22.6% -2.2% 0.5% -6.5% -5.4% -5.9% -5.6% -15.5% -18.9%
Airports 0.332 0.495 0.356 0.565 0.405 0.394 0.599 0.559 0.559 1.331 0.850
   month-over-month % change -15.0% 49.2% -28.1% -13.0% -28.2% -2.8% 1.7% -6.7% 0.0%    
   year-over-year % change 55.4% -49.4% 0.8% -10.5% -23.0% -23.5% -42.7% -49.5% -43.2% -35.3% -36.1%
Roads/Highways 3.482 3.690 3.221 3.993 3.798 3.464 5.290 5.282 5.298 6.817 6.911
   month-over-month % change -17.5% 6.0% -12.7% -7.6% -4.9% -8.8% 1.7% -0.1% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 43.5% -2.3% 6.0% 43.5% 28.8% 12.4% 19.5% 19.8% 23.5% -19.2% 1.4%
Bridges 1.768 1.708 2.420 1.800 1.727 1.965 2.003 1.984 2.033 3.776 4.128
   month-over-month % change 3.7% -3.4% 41.7% -14.1% -4.0% 13.8% 0.6% -1.0% 2.5%    
   year-over-year % change 8.5% -12.0% 31.9% 41.8% 7.5% 9.1% 16.6% 13.4% 12.9% 35.4% 9.3%
Dams/Marine 0.489 0.380 0.321 0.719 0.485 0.397 0.562 0.568 0.567 0.645 0.701
   month-over-month % change -16.4% -22.3% -15.6% -11.0% -32.6% -18.2% 0.4% 1.0% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 5.1% 21.8% -3.6% 28.6% 2.7% 7.2% 32.6% 33.8% 29.0% 41.2% 8.7%
Water/Sewage 2.019 2.736 2.108 2.195 2.309 2.288 2.465 2.454 2.482 4.646 4.845
   month-over-month % change -7.0% 35.5% -22.9% 1.7% 5.1% -0.9% 1.0% -0.4% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 16.7% -4.5% 18.5% 14.1% 8.9% 7.6% -7.7% 2.1% 6.0% -45.9% 4.3%
Misc Civil 0.870 0.717 0.728 2.207 1.599 0.772 2.641 2.515 2.517 2.943 1.445
   month-over-month % change -72.9% -17.5% 1.5% -20.5% -27.5% -51.7% 0.6% -4.8% 0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 28.1% -68.0% 3.6% -14.4% -41.1% -36.1% 20.3% 8.5% 14.1% 4.2% -50.9%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 8.960 9.726 9.154 11.479 10.323 9.280 13.561 13.362 13.455 20.156 18.880
   month-over-month % change -27.1% 8.6% -5.9% -10.4% -10.1% -10.1% 1.1% -1.5% 0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 25.4% -19.7% 13.8% 17.8% -0.6% 2.0% 8.7% 7.7% 11.5% -19.8% -6.3%
GRAND TOTAL 48.260 46.413 41.322 53.570 48.388 45.332 62.646 61.721 61.154 105.643 87.735
   month-over-month % change -4.4% -3.8% -11.0% -6.3% -9.7% -6.3% 0.6% -1.5% -0.9%    
   year-over-year % change 10.3% -19.3% -14.1% -3.6% -7.6% -9.0% -4.0% -5.1% -4.5% -12.4% -17.0%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 30.317 29.010 23.721 32.720 30.017 27.683 38.466 37.965 37.703 61.892 52.731
   month-over-month % change -1.3% -4.3% -18.2% -4.5% -8.3% -7.8% 1.3% -1.3% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 23.9% -17.2% -11.7% 4.0% 0.1% -3.8% -0.8% -1.5% -0.1% -17.0% -14.8%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

JAN-FEB 2018 JAN-FEB 2019 % Change
Connecticut $375,772,742 $272,909,128 -27.4%
Maine $121,049,238 $176,700,652 46.0%
Massachusetts $1,110,798,454 $1,275,650,473 14.8%
New Hampshire $116,111,792 $304,480,332 162.2%
Rhode Island $208,944,881 $163,245,330 -21.9%
Vermont $71,494,270 $19,284,427 -73.0%
Total New England $2,004,171,377   $2,212,270,342   10.4%
New Jersey $747,719,009 $873,444,729 16.8%
New York $2,743,039,489 $2,647,439,032 -3.5%
Pennsylvania $2,014,930,991 $1,910,451,678 -5.2%
Total Middle Atlantic $5,505,689,489   $5,431,335,439   -1.4%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $7,509,860,866   $7,643,605,781   1.8%
Illinois $1,512,463,350 $1,640,284,990 8.5%
Indiana $1,248,575,361 $729,989,746 -41.5%
Michigan $1,091,820,601 $696,402,653 -36.2%
Ohio $2,701,151,754 $994,844,832 -63.2%
Wisconsin $934,568,454 $1,202,685,833 28.7%
Total East North Central $7,488,579,520   $5,264,208,054   -29.7%
Iowa $604,036,098 $434,786,624 -28.0%
Kansas $919,086,002 $509,808,029 -44.5%
Minnesota $825,927,003 $498,976,542 -39.6%
Missouri $1,714,871,424 $850,599,544 -50.4%
Nebraska $270,524,326 $441,416,284 63.2%
North Dakota $372,155,199 $66,128,556 -82.2%
South Dakota $213,284,368 $119,089,015 -44.2%
Total West North Central $4,919,884,420   $2,920,804,594   -40.6%
TOTAL MIDWEST $12,408,463,940   $8,185,012,648   -34.0%
Delaware $142,461,988 $104,207,057 -26.9%
District of Columbia $711,477,252 $248,826,242 -65.0%
Florida $4,151,265,702 $4,388,327,976 5.7%
Georgia $1,547,012,960 $1,074,347,301 -30.6%
Maryland $1,715,571,929 $1,152,930,739 -32.8%
North Carolina $1,891,799,249 $1,745,635,861 -7.7%
South Carolina $1,080,281,260 $906,138,233 -16.1%
Virginia $2,130,577,874 $1,268,604,968 -40.5%
West Virginia $125,337,952 $152,212,854 21.4%
Total South Atlantic $13,495,786,166   $11,041,231,231   -18.2%
Alabama $1,500,112,768 $1,006,590,164 -32.9%
Kentucky $653,725,642 $428,629,654 -34.4%
Mississippi $315,279,773 $391,156,337 24.1%
Tennessee $1,023,441,668 $1,169,145,923 14.2%
Total East South Central $3,492,559,851   $2,995,522,078   -14.2%
Arkansas $585,548,378 $279,505,436 -52.3%
Louisiana $1,599,544,049 $764,276,096 -52.2%
Oklahoma $1,232,333,636 $548,518,498 -55.5%
Texas $6,891,715,996 $9,570,105,254 38.9%
Total West South Central $10,309,142,059   $11,162,405,284   8.3%
TOTAL SOUTH $27,297,488,076   $25,199,158,593   -7.7%
Arizona $1,301,474,253 $1,185,689,138 -8.9%
Colorado $898,724,317 $1,378,317,554 53.4%
Idaho $239,663,474 $181,740,160 -24.2%
Montana $109,780,170 $89,359,559 -18.6%
Nevada $1,648,693,074 $606,889,530 -63.2%
New Mexico $417,203,536 $165,712,794 -60.3%
Utah $1,233,509,306 $442,893,864 -64.1%
Wyoming $70,618,381 $79,361,369 12.4%
Total Mountain $5,919,666,511   $4,129,963,968   -30.2%
Alaska $216,173,509 $73,690,973 -65.9%
California $5,689,502,680 $5,534,996,755 -2.7%
Hawaii $609,916,027 $702,366,818 15.2%
Oregon $1,012,970,252 $419,339,911 -58.6%
Washington $1,228,087,471 $842,920,043 -31.4%
Total Pacific $8,756,649,939   $7,573,314,500   -13.5%
TOTAL WEST $14,676,316,450   $11,703,278,468   -20.3%
TOTAL U.S. $61,892,129,332   $52,731,055,490   -14.8%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.