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By: Alex Carrick on November 14th, 2016

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A Surprisingly Nice Surge in ConstructConnect's October Starts

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that October’s level of U.S. construction starts, excluding residential work, was $29.5 billion, a surprisingly nice surge of +15.1% versus the level in the period before. Usually between September and October there is a -4.0% drop due to seasonality.

2016 11 14 US Non-residential Construction Starts October 2016

During the 12 months of the year, the month-to-month tendency, due to seasonality (i.e., weather patterns), is positive in March through July, then negative in August through February.

October of this year compared with October of last year was +11.0%. The volume of year-to-date starts in 2016 versus the same January through October time frame of 2015 has been +8.8%.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a considerably larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s September report was 60%; the latter’s was 40%.


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ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., October 2016) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., September 2016.)

In October, the total number of jobs in the U.S. construction sector rose by a modest +11,000, according to the latest Employment Situation Report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The average monthly climb so far this year has been only +8,000, which compares unfavorably with the +18,000 advance per month during the first ten months of 2015. But the year-over-year jump in employment in construction, at +3.0%, has been considerably faster than for grand total jobs, +1.7%, and has beaten all other major industrial subcategories. Second place has been a tie between ‘professional and business services’ and ‘education and health services’, both at +2.7%.

There are two other data series with close ties to ‘hard hat’ activity that appear in Table B-1 of the monthly Employment Situation Report. As a ‘leading’ indicator, – i.e., before there can be field activity, projects must be rendered into working drawings by design professionals − the total number of jobs in architectural and engineering services in October was +1.7% year over year (i.e., the same as for grand total jobs). And as a ‘coincident’ indicator, the total number of positions at retail outlets specializing in selling building materials and supplies was +4.0%.

Construction’s October unemployment rate this year was 5.7%, down from 6.2% 12 months ago.

The +15.1% month-to-month increase in total nonresidential starts in October resulted from a big gain in the institutional type-of-structure category (+31.5%) and a decent bump in heavy engineering/civil work (+11.3%). Industrial contributed a large percentage burst (+43.6%), but it’s a smaller volume category and often displays wide swings in any given month depending on whether or not there have been groundbreaking efforts on a mega project or two. The important type-of-structure subcategory of commercial work was flat (0.0%) month to month in October.

October 2016’s +11.0% performance relative to October 2015 was thanks to a huge percentage uptick in industrial work (+477.2%), plus a good increase in institutional (+31.1%) and a gentle step forward by engineering (+10.7%). Commercial starts, though, disappointed (-15.3%).

With respect to year-to-date starts in 2016 (+8.8%), the institutional type-of-structure category (+15.7%) has led the way, followed by commercial (+11.3%) and heavy engineering/civil (+3.0%). The less prominent category of industrial has fallen off by about one-third (-32.8%).

Delving deeper into the year-to-date statistics, ‘school/college’ starts account for the largest slice (a 59% share) of institutional work. October was a good month for educational facility starts: +42.0% month over month (m/m); +35.9% year over year (y/y); and +13.9% year to date (ytd).

The next biggest contributor within the institutional category is ‘hospital/clinic’ starts (a 15% share). In October, they wandered away from what had been a strong path earlier in 2016 and were -40.3% m/m; -32.9% y/y; but still +17.6% ytd. Thankfully, ‘nursing/assisted living’ starts sprang forward with exceptional vitality: +92.9% m/m; +89.6% y/y; and +42.4% ytd.

‘Retail/shopping’ starts (a 27% share) take pride of place in commercial work and in the latest month, they were an impressive +30.9% m/m; +5.2% y/y; and +27.9% ytd. ‘Private office’ starts (a 16% share) faltered in October (-41.3% m/m; -37.3% y/y; +11.8% ytd), but ‘government office starts’ (an 11% share) came to the rescue (+21.2% m/m; +21.3% y/y; and +16.1% ytd). Hotel/motel starts (a 13% share) were so-so: +2.1% m/m; +58.3% y/y; and +2.2% ytd.

‘Road/highway’ starts are dominant (a 43% share) in the heavy engineering type-of-structure category. In the latest month, they perked up a bit: +12.3% m/m; +32.5% y/y; and +4.0% ytd. While ‘bridge’ starts (an 11% share) showed mainly consistent improvement during the earlier periods of this year, in October they were -26.0% m/m; but +38.6% y/y; and +23.1% ytd. ‘Water/sewage’ starts (a 25% share) were -22.4% m/m; -5.8% y/y; but +9.8% ytd.

Table 2 on reorders and provides more detail on some of the type-of-structure categories in Table 1. The reasons for this ‘second view’ are set out in the footnote.

Among the 12-month moving average trend graphs, ‘schools/colleges’ and ‘bridges’ have been most clearly moving higher of late, while ‘roads/highways’ and ‘water/sewage’ are trying to attain some lift. ‘Retail’ was skyrocketing, but has more recently suffered a setback. ‘Private office buildings’ and ‘miscellaneous power’ have taken turns for the worse.

Construction’s sharp compensation increases of +5.0% and more year over year in September’s Employment Situation Report all but disappeared in October’s update. Including supervisory personnel, average hourly earnings for all jobs was +2.8% y/y. Construction did somewhat better at +3.2%. With respect to average weekly earnings, however, construction fell behind at +2.4% versus +2.5%. Omitting bosses, average hourly earnings throughout the economy were +2.4%, whereas they were +3.3% for the ‘hard hat’ contingent. But with respect to average weekly earnings, once again construction lost ground, only +1.1% compared with +2.1%.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy.

A “start” is determined by taking the announced bid date and adding a short time lag (30 to 60 days). ConstructConnect continues to follow the project via its network of researchers. If it is abandoned or re-bid, the start date is updated to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - October 2016 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 featured construction projects in the U.S. - October 2016.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - October 2016.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – OCTOBER 2016
YEAR TO DATE
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-OCT 16 Jan-OCT 16 vs OCT 16 vs OCT 16 vs
($ billions) Jan-OCT 15 OCT 15 SEP 16
           
Hotel/Motel 12.391 2.2% 58.3% 2.1%
Retail 25.721 27.9% 5.2% 30.9%
Parking Garage 3.865 35.6% 62.3% 0.3%
Amusement 5.304 1.1% -7.9% 15.2%
Private Office 15.262 11.8% -37.3% -41.3%
Government Office 10.477 16.1% 21.3% 21.2%
Laboratory 1.938 -4.2% 32.7% -68.9%
Warehouse 9.826 8.5% -39.0% 19.7%
Miscellaneous Commercial 10.379 -9.1% -54.9% -13.6%
COMMERCIAL 95.162 11.3% -15.3% 0.0%
   
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 7.404 -32.8% 477.2% 43.6%
   
Religious 1.261 -8.4% -5.0%   0.5%
Hospital/Clinic 14.811 17.6% -32.9%   -40.3%
Nursing/Assisted Living 6.125 42.4% 89.6%   92.9%
Library/Museum 2.235 1.6% 57.5%   17.7%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 5.114 1.9% 71.1%   86.1%
Military 5.363 11.8% 15.6%   57.5%
School/College 57.190 13.9% 35.9%   42.0%
Miscellaneous Government 4.159 53.3% 361.8%   74.2%
INSTITUTIONAL 96.256 15.7% 31.1%   31.5%
     
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 6.988 76.8% 48.6%   33.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 205.810 12.0% 11.2%   17.6%
     
Airport 6.621 59.1% 79.6%   165.8%
Road/Highway 46.146 4.0% 32.5%   12.3%
Bridge 12.295 23.1% 38.6%   -26.0%
Dam/Marine 3.195 -36.6% -38.8%   197.9%
Water/Sewage 26.812 9.8% -5.8%   -22.4%
Miscellaneous Civil 13.261 -22.7% -31.4%   74.2%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 108.330 3.0% 10.7%   11.3%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 314.140 8.8% 11.0% 15.1%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– OCTOBER 2016
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Oct 16 Jan-Oct 16 vs     Oct 16 vs Oct 16 vs
($ billions) Jan-Oct 15     Oct 15 Sep 16
           
Summary      
CIVIL 108.330 3.0%     10.7% 11.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 205.810 12.0%     11.2% 17.6%
RESIDENTIAL   201.301 5.5%     8.8% 2.9%
GRAND TOTAL   515.441 7.5%     10.1% 9.9%
 
Verticals  
Airport 6.621 59.1%     79.6% 165.8%
All Other Civil 12.468 -21.0%     -40.8% 56.2%
Bridges 12.295 23.1%     38.6% -26.0%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 3.195 -36.6%     -38.8% 197.9%
Power Infrastructure 0.793 -42.6%     292.1% 342.4%
Roads 46.146 4.0%     32.5% 12.3%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 26.812 9.8%     -5.8% -22.4%
CIVIL     108.330 3.0%     10.7% 11.3%
Offices (private) 15.262 11.8%     -37.3% -41.3%
Parking Garages 3.865 35.6%     62.3% 0.3%
  Transportation Terminals 3.283 -41.6%     -70.0% 198.9%
Commercial (small subset) 22.410 1.3%     -46.2% -20.7%
Amusement 5.304 1.1%     -7.9% 15.2%
Libraries / Museums 2.235 1.6%     57.5% 17.7%
Religious 1.261 -8.4%     -5.0% 0.5%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 7.096 22.4%     50.5% -56.4%
Community 15.895 8.7%     13.1% -19.7%
College / University 19.432 15.5%     136.5% 103.0%
Elementary / Pre School 17.606 7.1%     -24.0% 10.1%
Jr / Sr High School 18.892 19.6%     20.4% 10.4%
  Special / Vocational 1.260 7.6%     -17.2% 0.0%
Educational 57.190 13.9%     35.9% 42.0%
Courthouses 1.092 11.6%     1.4% -30.9%
Fire and Police Stations 2.390 56.4%     127.0% 119.7%
Government Offices 10.477 16.1%     21.3% 21.2%
  Prisons 1.632 -35.0%     13.9% 112.3%
Government 15.591 11.0%     38.2% 42.0%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 1.938 -4.2%     32.7% -68.9%
Manufacturing 7.404 -32.8%     477.2% 43.6%
  Warehouses 9.826 8.5%     -39.0% 19.7%
Industrial 19.167 -13.2%     -4.0% 17.8%
Hospitals / Clinics 14.811 17.6%     -32.9% -40.3%
Medical Misc. 4.159 53.3%     361.8% 74.2%
  Nursing Homes 6.125 42.4%     89.6% 92.9%
Medical   25.095 28.0%     24.4% 3.0%
Military   5.363 11.8%     15.6% 57.5%
Hotels 12.391 2.2%     58.3% 2.1%
Retail Misc. 6.988 76.8%     48.6% 33.7%
    Shopping 25.721 27.9%     5.2% 30.9%
  Retail   45.100 24.6%     23.1% 22.5%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 205.810 12.0%     11.2% 17.6%
Multi-Family 45.398 4.0%     17.8% 27.8%
    Single-Family 155.903 6.0%     6.2% -3.1%
RESIDENTIAL   201.301 5.5%     8.8% 2.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL 314.140 8.8%     11.0% 15.1%
GRAND TOTAL   515.441 7.5%     10.1% 9.9%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – OCTOBER 2016 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date.
    3-months 12-months oct oct
aug 16 sep 16 oct 16 aug 16 sep 16 oct 16 aug 16 sep 16 oct 16 2015 2016
Single Family 15.361 15.583 15.096 16.619 15.927 15.346 15.089 15.093 15.167 147.072 155.903
month-over-month % change -8.8% 1.4% -3.1% -2.6% -4.2% -3.6% -0.3% 0.0% 0.5%    
year-over-year % change -3.3% 0.3% 6.2% 0.1% -1.4% 0.9% 8.4% 7.1% 7.3% 14.4% 6.0%
Apartment 3.813 3.808 4.867 3.919 3.864 4.163 4.577 4.600 4.662 43.648 45.398
month-over-month % change -4.0% -0.1% 27.8% -3.4% -1.4% 7.7% -0.5% 0.5% 1.3%    
year-over-year % change -7.1% 7.8% 17.8% -18.7% -13.0% 6.1% 4.4% 6.8% 6.0% 0.5% 4.0%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 19.174 19.391 19.962 20.538 19.792 19.509 19.666 19.694 19.828 190.720 201.301
month-over-month % change -7.9% 1.1% 2.9% -2.7% -3.6% -1.4% -0.3% 0.1% 0.7%    
year-over-year % change -4.1% 1.7% 8.8% -4.1% -3.9% 2.0% 7.4% 7.1% 7.0% 10.8% 5.5%
Hotel/Motel 1.189 0.900 0.919 1.328 1.387 1.002 1.232 1.234 1.262 12.125 12.391
month-over-month % change -42.6% -24.3% 2.1% -9.0% 4.4% -27.7% 0.0% 0.2% 2.3%    
year-over-year % change 0.5% 3.0% 58.3% -23.3% 46.8% 14.1% 8.2% 7.2% 12.2% 56.7% 2.2%
Retail 4.201 1.467 1.919 3.924 2.735 2.529 2.536 2.393 2.401 20.112 25.721
month-over-month % change 65.7% -65.1% 30.9% 19.1% -30.3% -7.5% 9.1% -5.6% 0.3%    
year-over-year % change 151.6% -53.9% 5.2% 64.5% 24.9% 13.6% 41.8% 30.2% 27.0% 17.8% 27.9%
Parking Garages 0.216 0.243 0.243 0.405 0.299 0.234 0.330 0.339 0.347 2.850 3.865
month-over-month % change -50.8% 12.5% 0.3% -31.3% -26.3% -21.7% 3.7% 2.9% 2.3%    
year-over-year % change 193.3% 88.2% 62.3% -22.1% -37.3% 99.1% 17.1% 20.3% 22.0% 87.7% 35.6%
Amusement 0.425 0.371 0.427 0.436 0.437 0.408 0.515 0.524 0.521 5.246 5.304
month-over-month % change -17.6% -12.7% 15.2% -2.1% 0.4% -6.7% -1.0% 1.7% -0.6%    
year-over-year % change -12.4% 40.3% -7.9% -20.5% 2.9% 0.8% -15.4% -0.6% 2.3% -46.2% 1.1%
Office 1.322 1.552 0.911 1.224 1.248 1.262 1.700 1.540 1.495 13.650 15.262
month-over-month % change 52.0% 17.4% -41.3% 4.0% 1.9% 1.1% -0.4% -9.4% -2.9%    
year-over-year % change -5.6% -55.4% -37.3% 6.5% -34.7% -40.2% 42.8% 12.1% 10.9% -22.1% 11.8%
Governmental Offices 1.416 0.740 0.896 1.205 1.069 1.018 0.960 0.958 0.971 9.028 10.477
month-over-month % change 34.7% -47.8% 21.2% 13.0% -11.2% -4.8% 1.3% -0.3% 1.4%    
year-over-year % change 11.9% -3.8% 21.3% -3.3% -13.0% 10.0% -0.1% 2.9% 8.2% -5.1% 16.1%
Laboratories 0.091 0.148 0.046 0.229 0.100 0.095 0.207 0.175 0.176 2.023 1.938
month-over-month % change 46.0% 63.2% -68.9% -31.0% -56.3% -5.3% -1.4% -15.7% 0.5%    
year-over-year % change -27.8% -72.5% 32.7% 132.1% -60.4% -59.3% 29.2% -11.1% -9.5% -2.0% -4.2%
Warehouse 1.183 0.788 0.943 1.413 1.447 0.971 1.102 1.094 1.043 9.059 9.826
month-over-month % change -50.1% -33.4% 19.7% 8.9% 2.4% -32.9% 4.3% -0.8% -4.6%    
year-over-year % change 84.1% -11.8% -39.0% 13.3% 10.9% -5.4% 43.2% 44.0% 25.2% 39.0% 8.5%
Misc Commercial 0.520 0.729 0.630 1.335 0.591 0.626 1.057 1.070 1.006 11.421 10.379
month-over-month % change -0.9% 40.2% -13.6% -0.5% -55.7% 5.9% -2.4% 1.2% -6.0%    
year-over-year % change -37.9% 27.6% -54.9% 9.2% -29.4% -33.0% -12.8% -11.2% -17.2% 20.4% -9.1%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 10.564 6.936 6.935 11.499 9.313 8.145 9.640 9.327 9.222 85.514 95.162
month-over-month % change 1.2% -34.3% 0.0% 4.5% -19.0% -12.5% 2.6% -3.3% -1.1%    
year-over-year % change 37.5% -35.2% -15.3% 13.3% -2.7% -8.0% 18.8% 12.9% 11.1% 5.4% 11.3%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 0.451 0.440 0.632 0.350 0.397 0.508 0.661 0.667 0.711 11.012 7.404
month-over-month % change 49.8% -2.4% 43.6% -22.3% 13.5% 27.8% 1.5% 1.0% 6.5%    
year-over-year % change 35.6% 21.2% 477.2% -61.2% -32.5% 89.2% -39.8% -40.5% -32.9% 23.4% -32.8%
Religious 0.103 0.137 0.138 0.119 0.119 0.126 0.122 0.125 0.124 1.376 1.261
month-over-month % change -11.8% 33.0% 0.5% -13.7% 0.7% 5.9% 1.2% 2.2% -0.5%    
year-over-year % change 21.2% 31.2% -5.0% -27.4% 10.2% 13.0% -7.7% -3.6% -6.0% 10.2% -8.4%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.320 1.602 0.957 1.794 1.595 1.293 1.444 1.509 1.470 12.595 14.811
month-over-month % change -29.1% 21.3% -40.3% 2.7% -11.1% -18.9% 1.0% 4.5% -2.6%    
year-over-year % change 15.4% 96.2% -32.9% 4.8% -2.0% 14.6% 10.1% 20.0% 14.0% 11.7% 17.6%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.544 0.449 0.867 0.623 0.600 0.620 0.568 0.555 0.589 4.303 6.125
month-over-month % change -32.6% -17.4% 92.9% -3.4% -3.7% 3.3% 1.7% -2.2% 6.1%    
year-over-year % change 26.8% -25.3% 89.6% 64.2% 31.6% 25.0% 40.0% 33.5% 40.9% 21.7% 42.4%
Libraries/Museums 0.081 0.175 0.206 0.259 0.135 0.154 0.232 0.205 0.212 2.200 2.235
month-over-month % change -45.8% 115.9% 17.7% -28.7% -47.7% 13.9% -10.2% -11.4% 3.1%    
year-over-year % change -79.5% -64.4% 57.5% 21.1% -59.5% -54.6% 23.0% -2.8% 0.2% 10.1% 1.6%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.506 0.350 0.651 0.600 0.489 0.502 0.496 0.487 0.509 5.017 5.114
month-over-month % change -17.4% -30.8% 86.1% -10.5% -18.4% 2.7% 2.1% -1.8% 4.6%    
year-over-year % change 32.7% -23.8% 71.1% -12.2% -22.4% 23.4% 6.4% 1.7% 4.8% 55.3% 1.9%
Military 0.320 0.806 1.269 0.501 0.652 0.798 0.511 0.519 0.533 4.797 5.363
month-over-month % change -61.4% 151.8% 57.5% 3.4% 30.0% 22.5% -5.1% 1.6% 2.7%    
year-over-year % change -50.6% 13.7% 15.6% -17.3% 14.1% -2.4% 4.3% 6.1% 4.0% -49.2% 11.8%
Schools/Colleges 5.984 3.470 4.928 6.568 5.296 4.794 5.382 5.347 5.456 50.229 57.190
month-over-month % change -7.0% -42.0% 42.0% -7.0% -19.4% -9.5% 1.0% -0.7% 2.0%    
year-over-year % change 11.6% -10.8% 35.9% 7.8% 4.2% 11.7% 4.9% 4.5% 10.3% 2.3% 13.9%
Misc Government 0.468 0.407 0.710 0.482 0.538 0.528 0.323 0.347 0.393 2.713 4.159
month-over-month % change -36.6% -13.0% 74.2% 12.6% 11.6% -1.8% 5.1% 7.3% 13.4%    
year-over-year % change 67.4% 226.4% 361.8% 32.6% 135.4% 184.0% 12.7% 24.9% 44.0% 28.3% 53.3%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 9.327 7.397 9.726 10.945 9.425 8.817 9.078 9.094 9.287 83.229 96.256
month-over-month % change -19.2% -20.7% 31.5% -5.1% -13.9% -6.4% 0.6% 0.2% 2.1%    
year-over-year % change 6.9% 2.8% 31.1% 7.2% 4.3% 13.3% 8.0% 8.5% 12.3% 1.6% 15.7%
Misc Non Residential 0.581 0.535 0.715 0.737 0.630 0.610 0.616 0.633 0.653 3.954 6.988
month-over-month % change -25.0% -8.0% 33.7% -6.7% -14.6% -3.1% -0.2% 2.8% 3.1%    
year-over-year % change -2.8% 64.8% 48.6% 50.8% 41.5% 30.4% 63.9% 68.5% 66.7% 23.0% 76.8%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 20.923 15.309 18.008 23.531 19.765 18.080 19.995 19.722 19.873 183.709 205.810
month-over-month % change -9.3% -26.8% 17.6% -1.0% -16.0% -8.5% 1.5% -1.4% 0.8%    
year-over-year % change 20.7% -17.6% 11.2% 8.2% 0.6% 4.1% 11.1% 8.7% 10.3% 4.8% 12.0%
Airports 2.041 0.559 1.486 1.083 1.120 1.362 0.590 0.522 0.577 4.163 6.621
month-over-month % change 168.4% -72.6% 165.8% 121.5% 3.5% 21.6% 24.7% -11.6% 10.5%    
year-over-year % change 220.7% -59.4% 79.6% 155.5% 45.8% 43.8% 132.8% 55.7% 53.1% -39.7% 59.1%
Roads/Highways 5.359 4.200 4.717 5.050 4.755 4.759 4.323 4.330 4.427 44.358 46.146
month-over-month % change 13.8% -21.6% 12.3% -5.6% -5.8% 0.1% -1.5% 0.2% 2.2%    
year-over-year % change -13.2% 2.2% 32.5% -12.7% -10.2% 3.1% 0.1% 0.8% 3.6% 9.9% 4.0%
Bridges 0.961 1.562 1.156 1.120 1.244 1.226 1.163 1.221 1.248 9.991 12.295
month-over-month % change -20.5% 62.6% -26.0% -2.5% 11.0% -1.4% -0.2% 5.0% 2.2%    
year-over-year % change -3.1% 79.5% 38.6% 21.3% 33.8% 36.5% 18.0% 24.3% 23.4% 7.9% 23.1%
Dams/Marine 0.338 0.176 0.524 0.380 0.288 0.346 0.393 0.366 0.339 5.041 3.195
month-over-month % change -3.8% -48.0% 197.9% -5.8% -24.2% 20.0% -2.5% -6.6% -7.5%    
year-over-year % change -26.6% -64.0% -38.8% 3.5% -35.2% -42.5% -22.5% -27.2% -34.4% 28.8% -36.6%
Water/Sewage 2.971 3.185 2.472 2.847 3.030 2.876 2.557 2.601 2.588 24.429 26.812
month-over-month % change 1.2% 7.2% -22.4% -3.9% 6.4% -5.1% -0.6% 1.7% -0.5%    
year-over-year % change -6.0% 19.6% -5.8% -6.3% 2.8% 2.2% 8.8% 8.8% 6.9% 14.9% 9.8%
Misc Civil 0.641 0.674 1.175 1.720 1.372 0.830 1.544 1.397 1.352 17.165 13.261
month-over-month % change -77.1% 5.2% 74.2% -13.1% -20.3% -39.5% -7.7% -9.5% -3.2%    
year-over-year % change -70.6% -72.3% -31.4% -5.7% -34.3% -60.7% -2.1% -15.6% -20.8% 15.9% -22.7%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 12.310 10.357 11.530 12.200 11.809 11.399 10.569 10.437 10.530 105.146 108.330
month-over-month % change -3.5% -15.9% 11.3% -1.1% -3.2% -3.5% -1.0% -1.3% 0.9%    
year-over-year % change -9.5% -13.3% 10.7% -1.3% -5.3% -4.9% 5.8% 2.7% 2.2% 8.9% 3.0%
GRAND TOTAL 52.406 45.057 49.500 56.269 51.366 48.987 50.231 49.853 50.231 479.575 515.441
month-over-month % change -7.5% -14.0% 9.9% -1.7% -8.7% -4.6% 0.2% -0.8% 0.8%    
year-over-year % change 2.9% -9.1% 10.1% 1.3% -2.6% 1.0% 8.5% 6.7% 7.2% 8.1% 7.5%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 33.232 25.666 29.537 35.731 31.574 29.479 30.564 30.159 30.403 288.855 314.140
month-over-month % change -7.2% -22.8% 15.1% -1.1% -11.6% -6.6% 0.6% -1.3% 0.8%    
year-over-year % change 7.4% -15.9% 11.0% 4.7% -1.7% 0.4% 9.2% 6.6% 7.4% 6.3% 8.8%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION
* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-OCT 2015 Jan-OCT 2016 % Change
Connecticut $2,713,302,509 $2,795,629,238 3.0%
Maine $836,574,050 $768,977,429 -8.1%
Massachusetts $6,994,747,412 $8,318,593,753 18.9%
New Hampshire $873,821,835 $1,157,211,369 32.4%
Rhode Island $792,642,893 $587,256,719 -25.9%
Vermont $619,379,128 $448,334,583 -27.6%
Total New England $12,830,467,827   $14,076,003,091   9.7%
New Jersey $5,917,198,227 $5,260,239,789 -11.1%
New York $22,757,289,897 $18,686,579,050 -17.9%
Pennsylvania $9,769,878,777 $10,606,759,674 8.6%
Total Middle Atlantic $38,444,366,901   $34,553,578,513   -10.1%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $51,274,834,728   $48,629,581,604   -5.2%
Illinois $11,133,641,660 $9,070,777,193 -18.5%
Indiana $3,585,384,821 $5,008,877,319 39.7%
Michigan $6,761,210,125 $7,176,352,080 6.1%
Ohio $8,661,571,043 $10,394,756,870 20.0%
Wisconsin $5,054,526,599 $6,076,562,356 20.2%
Total East North Central $35,196,334,248   $37,727,325,818   7.2%
Iowa $4,287,810,178 $3,831,237,125 -10.6%
Kansas $3,478,728,161 $3,074,410,297 -11.6%
Minnesota $5,255,906,985 $6,250,661,438 18.9%
Missouri $4,699,673,222 $5,492,325,382 16.9%
Nebraska $1,898,680,524 $2,485,800,513 30.9%
North Dakota $3,455,991,790 $2,005,805,412 -42.0%
South Dakota $1,782,068,901 $1,239,902,279 -30.4%
Total West North Central $24,858,859,761   $24,380,142,446   -1.9%
TOTAL MIDWEST $60,055,194,009   $62,107,468,264   3.4%
Delaware $489,368,612 $740,116,320 51.2%
District of Columbia $1,290,809,777 $2,363,078,480 83.1%
Florida $14,788,550,419 $20,143,949,773 36.2%
Georgia $6,788,879,976 $10,835,851,315 59.6%
Maryland $4,366,833,422 $8,854,881,896 102.8%
North Carolina $8,279,435,435 $8,748,918,866 5.7%
South Carolina $3,674,696,424 $5,043,367,662 37.2%
Virginia $6,378,919,623 $9,007,576,638 41.2%
West Virginia $1,562,252,928 $1,693,278,393 8.4%
Total South Atlantic $47,619,746,616   $67,431,019,343   41.6%
Alabama $3,356,482,288 $5,084,852,719 51.5%
Kentucky $3,855,158,047 $4,359,921,751 13.1%
Mississippi $2,739,594,467 $2,108,832,397 -23.0%
Tennessee $5,240,577,964 $5,175,715,262 -1.2%
Total East South Central $15,191,812,766   $16,729,322,129   10.1%
Arkansas $2,292,879,252 $2,385,567,868 4.0%
Louisiana $9,210,946,428 $2,986,725,274 -67.6%
Oklahoma $4,258,106,041 $5,400,356,846 26.8%
Texas $32,887,699,607 $39,924,489,321 21.4%
Total West South Central $48,649,631,328   $50,697,139,309   4.2%
TOTAL SOUTH $111,461,190,710   $134,857,480,781   21.0%
Arizona $2,547,786,291 $5,485,342,043 115.3%
Colorado $6,134,241,136 $4,703,520,632 -23.3%
Idaho $1,344,172,758 $1,091,405,858 -18.8%
Montana $1,031,292,109 $976,475,475 -5.3%
Nevada $6,686,397,094 $2,994,156,436 -55.2%
New Mexico $1,556,353,946 $1,515,169,764 -2.6%
Utah $3,235,178,537 $4,016,194,895 24.1%
Wyoming $1,915,148,614 $1,091,410,687 -43.0%
Total Mountain $24,450,570,485   $21,873,675,790   -10.5%
Alaska $1,598,716,122 $1,271,981,607 -20.4%
California $27,237,987,863 $30,262,010,005 11.1%
Hawaii $2,435,203,462 $2,521,741,039 3.6%
Oregon $3,551,348,919 $4,443,085,199 25.1%
Washington $6,789,732,947 $8,172,611,704 20.4%
Total Pacific $41,612,989,313   $46,671,429,554   12.2%
TOTAL WEST $66,063,559,798   $68,545,105,344   3.8%
TOTAL U.S. $288,854,779,245   $314,139,635,993   8.8%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.