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By: Alex Carrick on March 21st, 2017

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ConstructConnect's -2% February Starts Almost Hold Their Ground

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that February starts, excluding residential activity, nearly held their own versus an upwardly revised January. The latest month’s level of $26.2 billion was only -1.7% compared with the volume in the month before.

2017-03-21-US-Nonresidential-Construction-Starts-Feb-2017

Throughout the long-term history of the starts, there has been a typical drop – due to weather-related factors − of -2.5% between January and February. Harsh conditions in winter can put a halt to field work. February, however, is the last in a string of months during which starts tend to decline period-to-period on account of seasonality. From March through July, the tendency is for starts to pick up from one month to the next.

Starts in February 2017 versus what was an exceptionally strong February 2016 were -9.2%. Year-to-date starts in 2017 compared with January-to-February of last year were -7.5%.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a considerably larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s January report was 60%; the latter’s was 40%.


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ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., February 2017) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., January 2017.)

According to February’s Employment Situation Report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), there has been a surge in the number of construction jobs early in 2017. The month-to-month increase so far this year has averaged +48,000, beating the +17,000 for January and February of last year. Year-over-year employment in construction is presently +3.3%, which is a rate of gain more than twice as fast as for all positions in the economy, +1.6%. Most other industrial sectors have not been keeping up to the same degree. Manufacturing employment, for example, has been essentially even, +0.1%. The current NSA unemployment rate for the U.S. construction sector is 8.8%, which is about on a par with the 8.7% level of 12 months ago.

There are two other data series with close ties to construction appearing in Table B-1 of the monthly Employment Situation Report. As a ‘leading’ indicator, – i.e., before there can be field activity, projects must be rendered into working drawings by design professionals − the total number of jobs in architectural and engineering services in February 2017 was +2.3% year over year.  As a ‘coincident’ indicator, total staffing at retail outlets specializing in selling building materials and supplies was +1.7% year over year in 2017’s second month.

February’s small step-back in starts (-1.7%), month-to-month (m/m), originated entirely in the institutional type-of-structure category, -33.2%. Heavy engineering/civil starts were up a modest +4.5% and commercial work charged ahead by a more substantial +18.7%. The smaller-volume-category of industrial, which can display considerable volatility brought on by the presence or absence of a mega project or two, was +65.3%.

As for February 2017 relative to February 2016 (y/y), the prevalence of percentage declines was more widespread. Industrial was -47.3%; institutional -26.4%; and commercial, -13.4%. Engineering alone among the major type-of-structure categories recorded a climb, +26.2%.

With respect to the year-to-date (ytd) – i.e., January-February 2017 versus January-February 2016 − starts decline of -7.5%, industrial (-39.4%), institutional, (-11.7%) and commercial (-7.0%) all recorded slippage, while engineering (+2.9%) managed minor upward movement.

‘Roads/highways’ is the largest subset of engineering starts (i.e., with a 42% share so far in 2017) and its volume in February was -5.9% m/m; +23.7% y/y; and -0.5% ytd. ‘Water/sewage’ work (with a 20% portion) is the second most important civil subcategory. In the latest month, it was down according to all three measures: -12.5% m/m; -2.7% y/y; and -13.8% ytd. ‘Bridge’ starts (at 16% of the total) were -21.5% m/m; but a hefty +52.5% y/y; and +23.7% ytd.

Commercial starts so far this year have received a boost from ‘private office buildings’, which in February were: +106.4% m/m; +94.3% y/y; and +57.4% ytd. A major contributor to this bounty was a large New York office tower. ‘Government office building’ starts moved in the opposite direction: -45.6% m/m; -47.2% y/y; and -27.0% ytd. ‘Hotel/motel’ starts performed well m/m (+9.4%), but were disappointing y/y (-23.8%) and ytd (-36.1%). ‘Warehouse’ starts were uniformly upbeat: +77.6% m/m; +59.6% y/y; and +21.7% ytd.

Institutional starts continued to be dominated by ‘schools/colleges’ (56% of the category’s total) and ‘hospitals/clinics’ (a 15% slice). Neither has done well so far in 2017. The former in February was -43.6% m/m; -30.3% y/y; and -7.1% ytd. The latter was worse; -52.3% m/m; -56.4% y/y; and -35.7% ytd.

Table 2 on of this report reorders and provides more detail on some of the type-of-structure categories in Table 1. The reasons for this ‘second view’ are set out in the footnote.

Among the 12-month moving average trend-line graphs, the flattening in the engineering/civil curve has resulted from a significant jog upwards for bridges that has been counterbalanced by a steeply descending slope for ‘miscellaneous civil’ (e.g., power and oil and gas work), while ‘roads/highways’ and ‘water/sewage’ have stayed on level planes of late. In nonresidential building, both commercial and institutional have backed off a little from their peaks, with ‘retail’ among the subsets showing the most apparent inclination to retreat.  

There are preliminary indications that on the cusp of spring, earnings are beginning to blossom. Table B-3 of the latest Employment Situation Report records that construction workers, including bosses, had year-over-year average hourly (+2.7%) and average weekly (+2.4%) earnings in February that were quite close to what all employees in the labor force were receiving (+2.8% and +2.5% respectively).

Nonmanager construction workers, however, did notably better. Whereas for all nonsupervisory employees throughout the economy, both average hourly and average weekly earnings were +2.5%, the comparable gains for those wearing ‘hard hats’ were +3.4% and +3.6%.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect has now moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date. In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is updated to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - February 2017 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 featured construction projects in the U.S. - February 2017.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - February 2017.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – FEBRUARY 2017
YEAR TO DATE
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-Feb 17 Jan-Feb 17 vs  Feb 17 vs Feb 17 vs
($ billions) Jan-Feb 16 Feb 15 Jan 17
           
Hotel/Motel 1.607 -36.1% -23.8% 9.4%
Retail 3.146 -15.4% 1.3% 33.9%
Parking Garage 0.154 -86.2% -95.1% -50.9%
Amusement 0.834 -54.6% -70.7% 2.2%
Private Office  6.595 57.4% 94.3% 106.4%
Government Office 1.445 -27.0% -47.2% -45.6%
Laboratory 0.206 -17.3% 119.2% 118.8%
Warehouse 1.991 21.7% 59.6% 77.6%
Miscellaneous Commercial 2.683 -5.0% -70.9% -68.2%
COMMERCIAL 18.659 -7.0% -13.4% 18.7%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 1.444 -39.4% -47.3% 65.3%
     
Religious 0.267 -1.9% 13.6%   -12.0%
Hospital/Clinic 2.059 -35.7% -56.4%   -52.3%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.796 -48.2% -31.0%   63.0%
Library/Museum 0.409 30.3% -46.6%   -79.7%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.610 5.9% -18.7%   -21.9%
Military 0.476 -28.2% -42.9%   -54.6%
School/College 7.875 -7.1% -30.3%   -43.6%
Miscellaneous Government 1.533 83.7% 110.1%   92.2%
INSTITUTIONAL 14.024 -11.7% -26.4%   -33.2%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 0.799 -42.3% -28.6%   2.2%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 34.926 -12.0% -21.0%   -4.7%
       
Airport 2.063 147.5% 147.1%   585.8%
Road/Highway 7.480 -0.5% 23.7%   -5.9%
Bridge 2.806 23.7% 52.5%   -21.5%
Dam/Marine 0.487 8.5% -39.5%   -56.1%
Water/Sewage 3.553 -13.8% -2.7%   -12.5%
Miscellaneous Civil 1.456 -32.7% -19.4%   -19.4%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 17.844 2.9% 26.2%   4.5%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 52.771 -7.5% -9.2% -1.7%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– FEBRUARY 2017
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Feb 17 Jan-Feb 17 vs     Feb 17 vs Feb 17 vs
($ billions) Jan-Feb 16     Feb 16 Jan 17
           
Summary      
CIVIL 17.844 2.9%     26.2% 4.5%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 34.926 -12.0%     -21.0% -4.7%
RESIDENTIAL   38.852 -1.2%     -9.3% 5.9%
GRAND TOTAL   91.623 -4.9%     -9.2% 1.5%
 
Verticals  
Airport 2.063 147.5%     147.1% 585.8%
All Other Civil 1.046 -47.5%     -49.7% -44.8%
Bridges 2.806 23.7%     52.5% -21.5%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 0.487 8.5%     -39.5% -56.1%
Power Infrastructure 0.410 139.8%     312.5% 110.6%
Roads 7.480 -0.5%     23.7% -5.9%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 3.553 -13.8%     -2.7% -12.5%
CIVIL     17.844 2.9%     26.2% 4.5%
Offices (private) 6.595 57.4%     94.3% 106.4%
Parking Garages 0.154 -86.2%     -95.1% -50.9%
  Transportation Terminals 0.374 -77.2%     -94.5% -77.3%
Commercial (small subset) 7.123 2.5%     -0.2% 78.1%
Amusement 0.834 -54.6%     -70.7% 2.2%
Libraries / Museums 0.409 30.3%     -46.6% -79.7%
Religious 0.267 -1.9%     13.6% -12.0%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 2.309 95.3%     -40.4% -66.6%
Community 3.818 6.0%     -54.9% -54.5%
College / University 2.594 0.0%     -26.2% -40.8%
Elementary / Pre School 1.888 -26.8%     -53.2% -50.1%
Jr / Sr High School 3.223 2.9%     -14.1% -43.6%
  Special / Vocational 0.169 -2.3%     17.4% -2.4%
Educational 7.875 -7.1%     -30.3% -43.6%
Courthouses 0.174 113.9%     169.5% 8.8%
Fire and Police Stations 0.282 -19.0%     -37.1% -17.5%
Government Offices 1.445 -27.0%     -47.2% -45.6%
  Prisons 0.154 5.4%     -46.8% -52.9%
Government 2.054 -19.5%     -39.9% -39.3%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 0.206 -17.3%     119.2% 118.8%
Manufacturing 1.444 -39.4%     -47.3% 65.3%
  Warehouses 1.991 21.7%     59.6% 77.6%
Industrial 3.641 -14.7%     -9.9% 74.5%
Hospitals / Clinics 2.059 -35.7%     -56.4% -52.3%
Medical Misc. 1.533 83.7%     110.1% 92.2%
  Nursing Homes 0.796 -48.2%     -31.0% 63.0%
Medical   4.388 -21.3%     -20.4% -2.4%
Military   0.476 -28.2%     -42.9% -54.6%
Hotels 1.607 -36.1%     -23.8% 9.4%
Retail Misc. 0.799 -42.3%     -28.6% 2.2%
    Shopping 3.146 -15.4%     1.3% 33.9%
  Retail   5.552 -27.1%     -11.6% 21.4%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 34.926 -12.0%     -21.0% -4.7%
Multi-Family 10.370 -20.0%     -39.6% -14.1%
    Single-Family 28.482 8.0%     7.7% 14.4%
RESIDENTIAL   38.852 -1.2%     -9.3% 5.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL 52.771 -7.5%     -9.2% -1.7%
GRAND TOTAL   91.623 -4.9%     -9.2% 1.5%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – FEBRUARY 2017 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-Feb jAN-Feb
dec 16 jan 17 feb 17 Dec 16 Jan 17 Feb 17 Dec 16 Jan 17 Feb 17 2016 2017
Single Family 13.095 13.287 15.195 15.070 13.672 13.859 15.573 15.659 15.749 26.365 28.482
   month-over-month % change -10.5% 1.5% 14.4% -5.7% -9.3% 1.4% 0.4% 0.6% 0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 6.8% 8.4% 7.7% 12.1% 7.0% 7.6% 7.9% 7.9% 6.1% 23.6% 8.0%
Apartment 5.856 5.578 4.792 6.372 5.943 5.409 5.981 6.027 5.765 12.964 10.370
   month-over-month % change -8.4% -4.7% -14.1% 8.0% -6.7% -9.0% -1.6% 0.8% -4.3%    
   year-over-year % change -16.2% 10.9% -39.6% 11.4% -0.1% -18.7% 24.9% 24.8% 12.9% 41.8% -20.0%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 18.951 18.865 19.987 21.442 19.615 19.268 21.554 21.685 21.514 39.329 38.852
   month-over-month % change -9.9% -0.5% 5.9% -2.0% -8.5% -1.8% -0.1% 0.6% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -1.6% 9.1% -9.3% 11.9% 4.7% -1.3% 12.1% 12.1% 7.8% 29.0% -1.2%
Hotel/Motel 1.191 0.767 0.839 1.475 1.114 0.932 1.487 1.433 1.411 2.515 1.607
   month-over-month % change -14.0% -35.5% 9.4% -1.2% -24.5% -16.3% -2.6% -3.6% -1.5%    
   year-over-year % change -28.8% -45.7% -23.8% 28.7% -22.4% -33.2% 40.0% 39.6% 32.8% 0.4% -36.1%
Retail 1.652 1.345 1.801 1.615 1.414 1.599 2.616 2.566 2.568 3.719 3.146
   month-over-month % change 32.6% -18.6% 33.9% -1.6% -12.4% 13.1% -0.6% -1.9% 0.1%    
   year-over-year % change -9.8% -30.7% 1.3% -16.5% -30.0% -13.6% 32.1% 24.9% 22.9% 53.8% -15.4%
Parking Garages 0.217 0.104 0.051 0.288 0.241 0.124 0.395 0.396 0.314 1.117 0.154
   month-over-month % change -46.1% -52.3% -50.9% -15.9% -16.3% -48.6% 2.0% 0.3% -20.6%    
   year-over-year % change 72.0% 17.3% -95.1% 93.3% 87.6% -70.1% 56.6% 64.9% -0.9% 237.2% -86.2%
Amusement 0.479 0.412 0.422 0.574 0.504 0.438 0.559 0.560 0.475 1.836 0.834
   month-over-month % change -22.8% -13.9% 2.2% 11.0% -12.2% -13.2% 0.1% 0.2% -15.1%    
   year-over-year % change 0.8% 4.0% -70.7% 20.4% 11.1% -43.2% 5.2% 5.6% -21.1% 86.5% -54.6%
Office 1.598 2.153 4.442 1.535 1.545 2.731 1.817 1.838 2.018 4.191 6.595
   month-over-month % change 80.4% 34.7% 106.4% 1.4% 0.7% 76.7% -2.5% 1.1% 9.8%    
   year-over-year % change -26.1% 13.0% 94.3% -0.5% -9.0% 29.0% 41.5% 40.3% 43.0% 57.3% 57.4%
Governmental Offices 1.270 0.936 0.509 0.952 0.972 0.905 1.095 1.088 1.050 1.978 1.445
   month-over-month % change 78.7% -26.3% -45.6% 22.3% 2.1% -6.9% 5.6% -0.6% -3.5%    
   year-over-year % change 120.1% -7.7% -47.2% 49.6% 33.5% 6.2% 26.9% 21.1% 12.4% 76.6% -27.0%
Laboratories 0.230 0.064 0.141 0.130 0.136 0.145 0.339 0.329 0.336 0.248 0.206
   month-over-month % change 102.3% -71.9% 118.8% 39.9% 4.7% 6.8% 2.5% -2.9% 1.9%    
   year-over-year % change 76.9% -65.0% 119.2% 78.9% 14.1% 15.0% 84.5% 67.6% 74.4% 70.7% -17.3%
Warehouse 0.899 0.717 1.274 1.166 0.974 0.963 1.125 1.115 1.155 1.637 1.991
   month-over-month % change -31.2% -20.2% 77.6% -2.4% -16.5% -1.1% -0.2% -0.9% 3.6%    
   year-over-year % change -3.0% -14.4% 59.6% -18.2% -18.0% 12.7% 5.4% 2.9% 4.4% 39.2% 21.7%
Misc Commercial 0.386 2.035 0.648 0.830 1.301 1.023 1.120 1.240 1.108 2.825 2.683
   month-over-month % change -73.9% 426.9% -68.2% -12.3% 56.8% -21.4% -4.3% 10.7% -10.6%    
   year-over-year % change -61.1% 240.8% -70.9% -18.7% 69.8% -19.6% 2.2% 18.7% 2.2% -4.6% -5.0%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 7.922 8.533 10.126 8.566 8.202 8.860 10.552 10.565 10.435 20.065 18.659
   month-over-month % change -2.8% 7.7% 18.7% 0.5% -4.2% 8.0% -0.8% 0.1% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -10.9% 1.9% -13.4% 1.9% -3.9% -8.2% 26.8% 26.0% 18.6% 40.3% -7.0%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 1.249 0.544 0.900 0.791 0.741 0.898 1.492 1.482 1.414 2.382 1.444
   month-over-month % change 190.4% -56.4% 65.3% 34.0% -6.3% 21.1% 1.6% -0.7% -4.5%    
   year-over-year % change 29.2% -19.2% -47.3% 80.9% 21.7% -19.6% 45.8% 41.9% 19.8% 375.3% -39.4%
Religious 0.146 0.142 0.125 0.138 0.134 0.138 0.133 0.132 0.133 0.272 0.267
   month-over-month % change 27.3% -3.0% -12.0% 1.7% -2.4% 2.5% 0.9% -1.3% 0.9%    
   year-over-year % change 11.3% -12.4% 13.6% 8.9% 1.9% 2.4% -2.2% -2.6% -1.7% -4.6% -1.9%
Hosptials/Clinics 0.657 1.394 0.665 1.362 1.300 0.905 1.676 1.652 1.581 3.203 2.059
   month-over-month % change -64.4% 112.1% -52.3% -26.9% -4.6% -30.4% -2.1% -1.4% -4.3%    
   year-over-year % change -39.3% -16.9% -56.4% -4.2% -13.5% -36.6% 48.1% 44.9% 32.8% 28.3% -35.7%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.691 0.303 0.494 0.845 0.625 0.496 0.695 0.652 0.633 1.538 0.796
   month-over-month % change -21.7% -56.2% 63.0% 6.3% -26.0% -20.7% 2.3% -6.2% -2.8%    
   year-over-year % change 36.9% -63.2% -31.0% 75.8% 2.7% -27.2% 54.7% 40.0% 30.0% 41.7% -48.2%
Libraries/Museums 0.495 0.340 0.069 0.272 0.312 0.301 0.239 0.252 0.247 0.314 0.409
   month-over-month % change 383.2% -31.3% -79.7% 56.3% 15.1% -3.6% 14.2% 5.4% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 256.2% 84.1% -46.6% 19.3% 90.2% 99.6% 4.1% 6.1% 2.7% 70.3% 30.3%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.542 0.342 0.267 0.539 0.430 0.384 0.487 0.495 0.490 0.575 0.610
   month-over-month % change 33.4% -36.8% -21.9% 12.3% -20.2% -10.8% 3.2% 1.6% -1.0%    
   year-over-year % change 50.4% 38.8% -18.7% 17.4% 4.0% 23.1% -3.3% -1.3% 0.3% -24.2% 5.9%
Military 0.131 0.327 0.149 0.660 0.373 0.202 0.445 0.439 0.429 0.663 0.476
   month-over-month % change -80.1% 149.5% -54.6% -22.4% -43.5% -45.7% -4.1% -1.4% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change -63.3% -18.6% -42.9% -7.2% -22.2% -40.5% -8.3% -13.0% -17.7% 195.5% -28.2%
Schools/Colleges 4.890 5.035 2.839 4.742 4.579 4.255 5.656 5.709 5.606 8.480 7.875
   month-over-month % change 28.2% 3.0% -43.6% 11.0% -3.4% -7.1% 1.2% 0.9% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change 19.5% 14.3% -30.3% 17.1% 7.2% 1.5% 14.8% 14.8% 13.0% 5.0% -7.1%
Misc Government 0.711 0.525 1.009 0.720 0.606 0.748 0.531 0.545 0.589 0.835 1.533
   month-over-month % change 22.1% -26.2% 92.2% 10.3% -15.8% 23.5% 5.4% 2.7% 8.1%    
   year-over-year % change 84.8% 48.0% 110.1% 145.4% 80.7% 84.1% 83.2% 82.9% 89.9% 41.5% 83.7%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 8.262 8.408 5.616 9.277 8.360 7.429 9.862 9.875 9.707 15.879 14.024
   month-over-month % change -1.8% 1.8% -33.2% 0.6% -9.9% -11.1% 1.0% 0.1% -1.7%    
   year-over-year % change 17.2% 1.9% -26.4% 19.4% 5.7% -2.8% 21.0% 19.7% 16.5% 15.9% -11.7%
Misc Non Residential 0.629 0.395 0.404 0.654 0.548 0.476 0.667 0.632 0.618 1.385 0.799
   month-over-month % change 1.3% -37.1% 2.2% 2.7% -16.2% -13.2% 2.3% -5.3% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change 39.8% -51.8% -28.6% 45.3% -2.6% -22.2% 65.7% 42.1% 30.6% 159.0% -42.3%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 18.061 17.880 17.046 19.288 17.851 17.662 22.573 22.553 22.175 39.711 34.926
   month-over-month % change 2.5% -1.0% -4.7% 1.7% -7.4% -1.1% 0.3% -0.1% -1.7%    
   year-over-year % change 4.0% -1.3% -21.0% 13.1% 1.3% -7.2% 26.1% 24.4% 18.0% 36.8% -12.0%
Airports 0.338 0.263 1.800 0.564 0.362 0.800 0.568 0.581 0.671 0.834 2.063
   month-over-month % change -30.2% -22.4% 585.8% -11.2% -35.9% 121.2% 4.5% 2.3% 15.4%    
   year-over-year % change 617.0% 149.6% 147.1% 51.0% 172.0% 172.6% 53.0% 55.6% 57.0% 401.3% 147.5%
Roads/Highways 4.007 3.854 3.626 3.490 3.566 3.829 4.355 4.294 4.352 7.515 7.480
   month-over-month % change 41.2% -3.8% -5.9% -5.5% 2.2% 7.4% 1.3% -1.4% 1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 20.4% -15.9% 23.7% -0.7% -7.6% 5.9% 1.8% -1.8% -0.3% 15.7% -0.5%
Bridges 1.336 1.572 1.234 1.109 1.262 1.381 1.332 1.342 1.377 2.268 2.806
   month-over-month % change 51.9% 17.7% -21.5% -8.4% 13.9% 9.4% -0.2% 0.7% 2.6%    
   year-over-year % change -2.6% 7.8% 52.5% -5.3% -8.5% 13.8% 25.4% 21.4% 31.0% -5.6% 23.7%
Dams/Marine 0.389 0.338 0.149 0.385 0.361 0.292 0.325 0.336 0.328 0.449 0.487
   month-over-month % change 9.7% -12.9% -56.1% 22.8% -6.4% -19.0% 1.4% 3.5% -2.4%    
   year-over-year % change 16.5% 66.4% -39.5% -30.5% 4.8% 11.9% -37.7% -31.6% -28.9% -61.6% 8.5%
Water/Sewage 2.858 1.894 1.658 2.325 2.197 2.137 2.605 2.561 2.557 4.119 3.553
   month-over-month % change 55.5% -33.7% -12.5% -5.6% -5.5% -2.7% 2.6% -1.7% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 38.9% -21.5% -2.7% 1.8% -0.9% 3.8% 9.1% 5.4% 4.7% 18.5% -13.8%
Misc Civil 0.903 0.806 0.650 0.897 0.920 0.786 1.172 1.126 1.113 2.163 1.456
   month-over-month % change -14.3% -10.7% -19.4% -5.4% 2.7% -14.6% -4.7% -3.9% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -43.7% -40.6% -19.4% -42.2% -35.9% -37.4% -30.0% -32.4% -32.6% -11.2% -32.7%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 9.830 8.727 9.117 8.770 8.668 9.225 10.356 10.240 10.397 17.347 17.844
   month-over-month % change 32.0% -11.2% 4.5% -5.3% -1.2% 6.4% 0.9% -1.1% 1.5%    
   year-over-year % change 12.5% -13.8% 26.2% -7.2% -7.5% 6.1% 0.6% -1.9% 0.0% 7.5% 2.9%
GRAND TOTAL 46.842 45.473 46.150 49.500 46.135 46.155 54.483 54.478 54.086 96.387 91.623
   month-over-month % change 1.6% -2.9% 1.5% -1.2% -6.8% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 3.3% -0.1% -9.2% 8.4% 0.9% -2.3% 14.9% 13.7% 10.1% 27.4% -4.9%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 27.891 26.608 26.163 28.058 26.519 26.887 32.929 32.793 32.572 57.058 52.771
   month-over-month % change 11.3% -4.6% -1.7% -0.6% -5.5% 1.4% 0.5% -0.4% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 6.9% -5.8% -9.2% 5.8% -1.7% -3.0% 16.8% 14.8% 11.6% 26.3% -7.5%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION
* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-fEB 2016 Jan-fEB 2017 % Change
Connecticut $630,649,123 $428,606,043 -32.0%
Maine $72,077,684 $63,893,269 -11.4%
Massachusetts $1,944,724,339 $960,115,409 -50.6%
New Hampshire $187,090,820 $68,096,237 -63.6%
Rhode Island $47,715,374 $99,592,707 108.7%
Vermont $39,004,907 $31,199,516 -20.0%
Total New England $2,921,262,247   $1,651,503,181   -43.5%
New Jersey $1,099,791,929 $1,939,149,493 76.3%
New York $2,187,412,863 $6,024,405,701 175.4%
Pennsylvania $2,903,853,723 $1,451,983,246 -50.0%
Total Middle Atlantic $6,191,058,515   $9,415,538,440   52.1%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $9,112,320,762   $11,067,041,621   21.5%
Illinois $1,236,585,640 $1,096,226,725 -11.4%
Indiana $857,983,823 $568,340,676 -33.8%
Michigan $2,004,690,649 $1,353,316,984 -32.5%
Ohio $1,556,932,809 $1,267,527,083 -18.6%
Wisconsin $839,654,330 $700,163,369 -16.6%
Total East North Central $6,495,847,251   $4,985,574,837   -23.2%
Iowa $663,272,924 $249,088,553 -62.4%
Kansas $406,214,747 $371,708,867 -8.5%
Minnesota $629,977,344 $300,098,285 -52.4%
Missouri $682,332,239 $700,596,414 2.7%
Nebraska $497,719,456 $353,264,532 -29.0%
North Dakota $287,883,657 $213,989,076 -25.7%
South Dakota $196,327,738 $146,265,164 -25.5%
Total West North Central $3,363,728,105   $2,335,010,891   -30.6%
TOTAL MIDWEST $9,859,575,356   $7,320,585,728   -25.8%
Delaware $151,488,285 $318,624,330 110.3%
District of Columbia $395,397,063 $520,906,357 31.7%
Florida $4,088,551,434 $2,900,187,929 -29.1%
Georgia $2,780,084,919 $2,426,852,781 -12.7%
Maryland $1,231,327,584 $705,142,301 -42.7%
North Carolina $1,235,878,469 $1,962,835,656 58.8%
South Carolina $1,185,810,176 $1,063,022,162 -10.4%
Virginia $1,059,399,734 $1,088,406,102 2.7%
West Virginia $111,486,544 $221,026,567 98.3%
Total South Atlantic $12,239,424,208   $11,207,004,185   -8.4%
Alabama $483,818,926 $965,455,861 99.5%
Kentucky $1,060,122,713 $475,429,255 -55.2%
Mississippi $437,776,138 $286,628,250 -34.5%
Tennessee $1,297,461,582 $683,719,263 -47.3%
Total East South Central $3,279,179,359   $2,411,232,629   -26.5%
Arkansas $375,272,229 $434,437,843 15.8%
Louisiana $591,597,722 $915,604,608 54.8%
Oklahoma $784,160,973 $734,926,681 -6.3%
Texas $8,617,515,297 $6,345,578,380 -26.4%
Total West South Central $10,368,546,221   $8,430,547,512   -18.7%
TOTAL SOUTH $25,887,149,788   $22,048,784,326   -14.8%
Arizona $748,826,800 $1,519,744,388 103.0%
Colorado $632,859,129 $564,060,012 -10.9%
Idaho $212,198,272 $155,010,054 -27.0%
Montana $109,499,513 $194,717,615 77.8%
Nevada $328,986,887 $307,903,385 -6.4%
New Mexico $273,491,584 $407,008,299 48.8%
Utah $1,085,263,924 $869,347,888 -19.9%
Wyoming $170,512,656 $72,617,395 -57.4%
Total Mountain $3,561,638,765   $4,090,409,036   14.8%
Alaska $452,556,172 $181,423,440 -59.9%
California $5,742,118,546 $6,271,448,921 9.2%
Hawaii $415,276,769 $216,474,624 -47.9%
Oregon $934,213,848 $430,681,179 -53.9%
Washington $1,093,439,195 $1,143,923,517 4.6%
Total Pacific $8,637,604,530   $8,243,951,681   -4.6%
TOTAL WEST $12,199,243,295   $12,334,360,717   1.1%
TOTAL U.S. $57,058,289,201   $52,770,772,392   -7.5%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.