ConstructConnect’s April Starts +14%, A Bit Better than Usual Seasonal Uptick

ConstructConnect announced today that April’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential activity, was $42.5 billion. The latest month-to-month change was +14.3%. Moving from March to April usually accounts for the biggest gain due to seasonality. The long-term average increase in starts between the third and fourth months of the year has been +12.0%.

2018-05-14-US-Nonresidential-Construction-Starts-April-2018

April of this year versus the same month of last year was -5.0%. April of this year versus the five-year average for April, from 2013 through 2017, however, was a much better +28.8%.

April 2018’s year-to-date performance was -15%. Still, that was an improvement over March’s first-reported pull-back of -22%. The year-to-date percentage changes early in 2018 are being held down by Q1 2017’s exceptional strength in starts. This effect will gradually dissipate.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.


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‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s February report was 56%; the latter’s share was 44%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., April 2018) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., March 2018.)

Total employment in the U.S. construction sector improved by +17,000 jobs in April, according to the latest Employment Situation report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The average monthly climb in hiring in construction to date this year has been +26,000, slightly faster than the +24,000 increase that was realized from January through April of last year. As for the jobless rate in the sector, it was April 2017 with the better (i.e., lower) level of 6.3% than April 2018, 6.5%. 

While total employment in the U.S. is presently +1.6% year over year, construction firms are hiring at a rate that is more than twice as speedy, +3.7%. No other industry in the economy is adding to payrolls as quickly. Transportation and warehousing is in second place, at +3.0%.

Within overall construction, the year-over-year number of jobs undertaking residential work is currently +5.1%. The comparable figures for nonresidential building and heavy engineering are +3.1% and +1.%. The Employment Situation report provides jobs data on three other industrial subsectors with close ties to construction. Year-over-year staffing is +3.6% at building material supply stores, +2.1% in real estate and +2.7% with architectural and engineering services firms.    

The +14.3% rise in total nonresidential starts month to month (m/m) in April was thanks to a groundswell of commercial work (+43.3%), with institutional (+32.4%) and industrial (+28.3%) also making solid contributions. But heavy engineering projects failed to make headway (-5.4%). There were groundbreakings on several large engineering projects in the latest month. But collectively, they could not match March’s $5.5 billion Atlantic Coast Pipeline.

The -5.0% figure for total nonresidential starts in April 2018 relative to April 2017 (y/y) resulted from declines in industrial (-51.2%), commercial (-24.9%) and institutional (-11.0%) that could not be overcome by a more than one-quarter burst in heavy engineering (+26.3%).  

The sources of the -15.4% year-to-date (i.e., ytd = Jan-Apr 2018 vs Jan-Apr 2017) decline in total nonresidential starts were industrial (-60.1%), commercial (-32.9%) and institutional (-13.3%). The only construction subcategory to fight back was heavy engineering/civil (+9.0%).

The major contributors to heavy engineering starts so far in 2018 have been the ‘road/highway’ and ‘miscellaneous civil’ subcategories, with shares of 35% and 28% respectively. The former in April was -0.3% m/m, +20.0% y/y and +5.9% ytd while the latter was -34.2% m/m, +72.8% y/y and +111.1% ytd. April’ Top 10 had the Mountain Valley Pipeline start for $3. billion.

The ‘school/college’ subcategory has accounted for more than half (a 58% slice) of total institutional starts to date in 2018. Such educational facility starts in April were +21.8% m/m; +3.8% y/y; but -4.9% ytd. The ‘hospital/clinic’ and ‘nursing/assisted living’ subcategories, with shares of 13% and 10%, have accounted for the next largest portions of institutional through April of this year. In the latest month, ‘hospital/clinic’ starts impressed at +195.4% m/m, but were -33.5% y/y and -28.7% ytd. ‘Nursing/assisted living’ starts fluctuated from +33.9% m/m to -32.9% y/y, but on a ytd basis, they settled on neutrality, with virtually no change, -0.4%.

The largest shares of total commercial in the first third of this year were provided by the ‘private office’ (a 24% or nearly one-quarter slice), ‘hotel/motel’ (an 18% slice) and ‘retail/shopping’ (a 15% slice) subcategories (15%). ‘Private office’ starts in April were upbeat m/m (+66.2%), but were considerably less rosy both y/y (-13.6%) and ytd (-32.1%). ‘Hotel/motel’ starts displayed a similar pattern: +59.3% m/m, but -45.5% y/y and -45.2% ytd. As for ‘retail/shopping’ starts in April, they were uniformly beleaguered: -16.7% m/m; -23.3% y/y; and -20.4% ytd.

The six graphs show 12-month moving-average trend lines of starts for many of the major type-of-construction subcategories. Except for ‘schools/colleges’, the curves for all the nonresidential building subcategories have been sloping downwards for a while. The tale has been different for the engineering subcategories, however, with ‘roads/highways’ and ‘bridges’ appearing more robust, and the trend line for ‘miscellaneous civil’ launching into orbit.

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls; B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For April in both tables, and across all industries, average hourly wages were +2.6% y/y and average weekly wages were +2.9%. Beating the +3.0% benchmark stayed just out of reach.
Compensation rates for construction workers, though, were much better. From Table B-3, the gains were +3.5% for average hourly earnings and +4.1% for average weekly earnings. From Table B-8 (excluding supervisors), they were even healthier at +3.9% hourly and +4.7% weekly.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy.

ConstructConnect has now moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date. In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package – April 2018 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – April 2018.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – April 2018.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – APRIL 2018
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-APR 18 Jan-APR 18 vs  APR 18 vs APR 18 vs
($ billions) Jan-APR 17 APR 17 MAR 18
           
Hotel/Motel 6.710 -45.2% -45.5% 59.3%
Retail 5.617 -20.4% -23.3% -16.7%
Parking Garage 0.701 -45.7% -56.6% 54.8%
Amusement 2.414 3.1% -7.2% 11.9%
Private Office  9.048 -32.1% -13.6% 66.2%
Government Office 2.916 -18.9% 5.9% 69.4%
Laboratory 0.701 -22.8% -31.6% -19.1%
Warehouse 4.575 -37.9% -38.2% 15.1%
Miscellaneous Commercial 4.453 -38.0% -4.6% 155.6%
COMMERCIAL 37.135 -32.9% -24.9% 43.3%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 4.069 -60.1% -51.2% 28.3%
     
Religious 0.545 -29.4% -53.6%   -17.3%
Hospital/Clinic 4.760 -28.7% -33.5%   195.4%
Nursing/Assisted Living 3.605 -0.4% -32.9%   33.9%
Library/Museum 0.852 -31.8% -38.6%   27.7%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 2.257 -39.0% -2.6%   87.8%
Military 1.118 25.5% -30.8%   -21.3%
School/College 21.433 -4.9% 3.8%   21.8%
Miscellaneous Government 2.630 -24.3% -22.4%   15.8%
INSTITUTIONAL 37.201 -13.3% -11.0%   32.4%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 2.172 -0.8% -4.7%   5.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 80.577 -27.2% -20.2%   36.0%
       
Airport 2.690 -26.3% -3.0%   -39.3%
Road/Highway 20.186 5.9% 20.0%   -0.3%
Bridge 7.458 -9.0% -3.7%   27.5%
Dam/Marine 1.586 16.2% -3.7%   96.7%
Water/Sewage 10.234 -24.5% 24.6%   59.4%
Miscellaneous Civil 16.099 111.1% 72.8%   -34.2%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 58.254 9.0% 26.3%   -5.4%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 138.831 -15.4% -5.0% 14.3%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – APRIL 2018
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Apr 18 Jan-Apr 18 vs     Apr 18 vs Apr 18 vs
($ billions) Jan-Apr 17     Apr 17 Mar 18
           
Summary      
CIVIL 58.254 9.0%     26.3% -5.4%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 80.577 -27.2%     -20.2% 36.0%
RESIDENTIAL   88.524 -14.8%     -11.1% 16.1%
GRAND TOTAL   227.356 -15.2%     -7.4% 14.9%
 
Verticals  
Airport 2.690 -26.3%     -3.0% -39.3%
All Other Civil 12.308 208.4%     121.4% -19.6%
Bridges 7.458 -9.0%     -3.7% 27.5%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 1.586 16.2%     -3.7% 96.7%
Power Infrastructure 3.791 4.2%     -61.3% -82.9%
Roads 20.186 5.9%     20.0% -0.3%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 10.234 -24.5%     24.6% 59.4%
CIVIL     58.254 9.0%     26.3% -5.4%
Offices (private) 9.048 -32.1%     -13.6% 66.2%
Parking Garages 0.701 -45.7%     -56.6% 54.8%
  Transportation Terminals 3.008 62.6%     46.4% 313.2%
Commercial (small subset) 12.757 -22.6%     0.5% 132.5%
Amusement 2.414 3.1%     -7.2% 11.9%
Libraries / Museums 0.852 -31.8%     -38.6% 27.7%
Religious 0.545 -29.4%     -53.6% -17.3%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 1.445 -72.9%     -73.0% -32.4%
Community 5.255 -45.8%     -47.1% -4.4%
College / University 6.178 -26.4%     -34.1% 30.6%
Elementary / Pre School 6.045 10.3%     37.0% 37.1%
Jr / Sr High School 8.667 5.9%     28.8% 7.7%
  Special / Vocational 0.544 12.7%     -37.6% 34.4%
Educational 21.433 -4.9%     3.8% 21.8%
Courthouses 0.273 -85.2%     -76.1% 30.7%
Fire and Police Stations 0.865 14.2%     1.4% 43.9%
Government Offices 2.916 -18.9%     5.9% 69.4%
  Prisons 1.119 2.0%     134.2% 155.5%
Government 5.174 -29.1%     1.7% 77.6%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 0.701 -22.8%     -31.6% -19.1%
Manufacturing 4.069 -60.1%     -51.2% 28.3%
  Warehouses 4.575 -37.9%     -38.2% 15.1%
Industrial 9.345 -49.4%     -43.8% 14.4%
Hospitals / Clinics 4.760 -28.7%     -33.5% 195.4%
Medical Misc. 2.630 -24.3%     -22.4% 15.8%
  Nursing Homes 3.605 -0.4%     -32.9% 33.9%
Medical   10.995 -20.1%     -31.0% 69.5%
Military   1.118 25.5%     -30.8% -21.3%
Hotels 6.710 -45.2%     -45.5% 59.3%
Retail Misc. 2.172 -0.8%     -4.7% 5.9%
    Shopping 5.617 -20.4%     -23.3% -16.7%
  Retail   14.498 -32.5%     -34.5% 14.0%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 80.577 -27.2%     -20.2% 36.0%
Multi-Family 24.283 -42.3%     -38.4% 14.5%
    Single-Family 64.241 3.9%     4.3% 16.6%
RESIDENTIAL   88.524 -14.8%     -11.1% 16.1%
NONRESIDENTIAL 138.831 -15.4%     -5.0% 14.3%
GRAND TOTAL   227.356 -15.2%     -7.4% 14.9%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – APRIL 2018 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-APR JAN-APR
FEB 18 MAR 18 APR 18 FEB 18 MAR 18 APR 18 FEB 18 MAR 18 APR 18 2017 2018
Single Family 14.580 16.475 19.212 13.832 15.010 16.756 16.806 16.797 16.863 61.824 64.241
   month-over-month % change 4.3% 13.0% 16.6% -3.3% 8.5% 11.6% 0.3% -0.1% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 3.6% -0.6% 4.3% 4.8% 3.7% 2.4% 7.7% 6.8% 6.6% 5.3% 3.9%
Apartment 4.924 5.581 6.389 6.028 5.965 5.631 9.077 8.499 8.166 42.097 24.283
   month-over-month % change -33.4% 13.3% 14.5% -17.8% -1.1% -5.6% -4.0% -6.4% -3.9%    
   year-over-year % change -47.9% -55.4% -38.4% -30.6% -43.6% -47.8% 17.6% 3.4% -2.1% 45.4% -42.3%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 19.504 22.056 25.601 19.860 20.974 22.387 25.883 25.296 25.030 103.921 88.524
   month-over-month % change -8.7% 13.1% 16.1% -8.2% 5.6% 6.7% -1.3% -2.3% -1.1%    
   year-over-year % change -17.1% -24.2% -11.1% -9.2% -16.2% -17.5% 11.0% 5.6% 3.6% 18.5% -14.8%
Hotel/Motel 1.484 1.193 1.901 1.601 1.603 1.526 2.320 2.047 1.915 12.241 6.710
   month-over-month % change -30.4% -19.6% 59.3% -9.8% 0.1% -4.8% -4.2% -11.8% -6.5%    
   year-over-year % change -44.8% -73.3% -45.5% -15.4% -45.1% -57.0% 25.8% -2.1% -13.3% 104.8% -45.2%
Retail 0.992 1.614 1.345 1.248 1.424 1.317 1.556 1.555 1.521 7.055 5.617
   month-over-month % change -40.4% 62.7% -16.7% -5.1% 14.1% -7.5% -5.6% 0.0% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change -52.7% -0.4% -23.3% -29.8% -19.4% -27.8% -44.3% -41.3% -39.0% -43.2% -20.4%
Parking Garages 0.074 0.159 0.246 0.282 0.152 0.160 0.294 0.268 0.241 1.291 0.701
   month-over-month % change -66.6% 114.7% 54.8% -9.6% -46.3% 5.4% -0.5% -8.9% -10.0%    
   year-over-year % change -18.6% -66.3% -56.6% 82.3% -37.1% -57.6% -23.3% -35.2% -35.5% -4.7% -45.7%
Amusement 0.483 0.539 0.603 0.712 0.604 0.542 0.662 0.656 0.652 2.342 2.414
   month-over-month % change -38.8% 11.6% 11.9% 6.1% -15.3% -10.3% -1.2% -0.9% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -17.1% -11.3% -7.2% 37.9% 7.0% -11.7% 19.4% 17.3% 15.2% 16.3% 3.1%
Office 3.951 1.150 1.911 2.342 2.379 2.337 2.174 2.048 2.023 13.335 9.048
   month-over-month % change 94.0% -70.9% 66.2% 30.4% 1.6% -1.8% -6.3% -5.8% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -30.8% -56.8% -13.6% -32.2% -35.8% -33.7% -13.7% -16.1% -17.9% 36.0% -32.1%
Governmental Offices 0.841 0.562 0.953 0.624 0.655 0.785 0.876 0.814 0.818 3.598 2.916
   month-over-month % change 50.3% -33.2% 69.4% 11.2% 4.8% 20.0% 3.8% -7.0% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 84.6% -56.8% 5.9% -33.0% -27.2% -11.3% -16.6% -22.4% -20.7% -16.7% -18.9%
Laboratories 0.032 0.347 0.281 0.123 0.140 0.220 0.224 0.236 0.225 0.909 0.701
   month-over-month % change -21.9% 977.6% -19.1% -19.6% 13.9% 56.9% -5.1% 5.3% -4.6%    
   year-over-year % change -81.7% 70.5% -31.6% -17.3% -15.6% -16.4% -28.3% 48.5% 22.1% -65.2% -22.8%
Warehouse 1.161 0.977 1.124 1.173 1.150 1.087 1.685 1.569 1.511 7.368 4.575
   month-over-month % change -11.5% -15.9% 15.1% -2.7% -1.9% -5.5% -2.7% -6.9% -3.7%    
   year-over-year % change -32.5% -58.8% -38.2% -16.7% -37.8% -44.8% 25.2% 7.9% -0.4% 86.7% -37.9%
Misc Commercial 0.171 0.902 2.306 1.296 0.716 1.126 1.534 1.388 1.378 7.183 4.453
   month-over-month % change -84.1% 428.3% 155.6% -12.8% -44.8% 57.4% -2.7% -9.6% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -75.1% -66.1% -4.6% 45.1% -55.0% -41.4% 64.1% 27.8% 16.6% 27.8% -38.0%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 9.190 7.444 10.669 9.402 8.822 9.101 11.325 10.581 10.285 55.321 37.135
   month-over-month % change -6.5% -19.0% 43.3% 1.4% -6.2% 3.2% -3.6% -6.6% -2.8%    
   year-over-year % change -35.3% -54.5% -24.9% -15.9% -35.6% -39.0% -3.5% -11.1% -14.5% 15.1% -32.9%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 1.450 0.788 1.012 0.907 1.019 1.083 1.932 1.718 1.629 10.207 4.069
   month-over-month % change 77.1% -45.6% 28.3% 46.2% 12.4% 6.3% 2.6% -11.1% -5.2%    
   year-over-year % change 69.6% -76.5% -51.2% -57.0% -62.4% -48.3% 2.4% -16.0% 5.6% -14.2% -60.1%
Religious 0.101 0.175 0.145 0.122 0.133 0.140 0.177 0.180 0.166 0.771 0.545
   month-over-month % change -18.6% 73.6% -17.3% 0.7% 9.4% 5.2% -1.9% 1.5% -7.7%    
   year-over-year % change -28.9% 22.6% -53.6% -22.1% -13.0% -29.5% 20.5% 19.4% 0.7% 45.4% -29.4%
Hosptials/Clinics 0.960 0.448 1.323 1.216 1.146 0.910 1.382 1.275 1.219 6.673 4.760
   month-over-month % change -52.7% -53.3% 195.4% 1.3% -5.8% -20.6% -2.4% -7.7% -4.3%    
   year-over-year % change -30.0% -74.2% -33.5% -3.4% -26.6% -46.4% -20.9% -26.2% -29.9% -7.7% -28.7%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.710 0.683 0.915 0.903 0.897 0.769 1.001 0.999 0.962 3.621 3.605
   month-over-month % change -45.2% -3.8% 33.9% -14.3% -0.7% -14.2% -2.9% -0.1% -3.7%    
   year-over-year % change -33.6% -2.0% -32.9% 13.7% 19.2% -26.3% 25.3% 23.8% 13.5% 13.9% -0.4%
Libraries/Museums 0.142 0.155 0.198 0.219 0.218 0.165 0.300 0.275 0.265 1.249 0.852
   month-over-month % change -60.2% 9.2% 27.7% -0.1% -0.5% -24.3% 2.1% -8.3% -3.8%    
   year-over-year % change 106.4% -65.9% -38.6% -32.1% -29.4% -41.4% 5.9% -3.7% -10.0% 33.8% -31.8%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.273 0.452 0.849 0.484 0.469 0.525 0.579 0.581 0.579 3.699 2.257
   month-over-month % change -60.0% 65.4% 87.8% -7.4% -3.1% 11.8% -14.9% 0.3% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -81.7% 4.5% -2.6% -49.1% -50.2% -43.7% -11.4% -8.7% -14.3% 132.7% -39.0%
Military 0.333 0.289 0.227 0.261 0.297 0.283 0.413 0.421 0.413 0.891 1.118
   month-over-month % change 23.4% -13.2% -21.3% -19.4% 13.8% -4.8% 5.2% 2.1% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 276.7% 56.5% -30.8% 59.6% 58.3% 41.1% 11.4% 14.8% 6.6% -3.3% 25.5%
Schools/Colleges 3.693 6.059 7.383 3.742 4.684 5.712 5.670 5.647 5.670 22.544 21.433
   month-over-month % change -14.1% 64.1% 21.8% 1.1% 25.2% 21.9% 0.0% -0.4% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -0.8% -4.3% 3.8% -21.9% -9.0% -0.2% -4.4% -4.9% -3.6% 2.1% -4.9%
Misc Government 0.373 0.595 0.689 0.612 0.647 0.552 0.871 0.849 0.833 3.476 2.630
   month-over-month % change -61.7% 59.7% 15.8% -17.4% 5.7% -14.6% -5.2% -2.5% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change -60.7% -30.2% -22.4% -25.4% -25.0% -38.4% 21.1% 17.3% 9.1% 62.6% -24.3%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 6.585 8.856 11.728 7.559 8.491 9.056 10.392 10.228 10.106 42.924 37.201
   month-over-month % change -34.4% 34.5% 32.4% -4.1% 12.3% 6.7% -1.8% -1.6% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -26.0% -18.2% -11.0% -18.3% -14.3% -17.5% -2.4% -3.9% -6.0% 11.2% -13.3%
Misc Non Residential 0.422 0.573 0.607 0.468 0.522 0.534 0.635 0.633 0.631 2.189 2.172
   month-over-month % change -25.7% 35.7% 5.9% -7.5% 11.3% 2.4% -0.5% -0.3% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -8.3% -4.3% -4.7% -11.3% 0.8% -5.5% -9.7% -7.9% -8.0% -16.3% -0.8%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 17.648 17.662 24.016 18.337 18.854 19.775 24.283 23.160 22.652 110.641 80.577
   month-over-month % change -17.0% 0.1% 36.0% 0.3% 2.8% 4.9% -2.3% -4.6% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change -27.7% -43.3% -20.2% -20.5% -29.8% -30.8% -2.8% -8.4% -9.4% 9.3% -27.2%
Airports 0.314 0.858 0.521 0.507 0.723 0.564 0.987 0.971 0.969 3.651 2.690
   month-over-month % change -68.5% 172.7% -39.3% -4.6% 42.6% -22.0% -11.3% -1.7% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change -82.8% -18.9% -3.0% -39.0% -30.3% -50.5% 50.4% 32.6% 26.0% 239.0% -26.3%
Roads/Highways 2.940 6.723 6.705 3.058 4.494 5.456 4.285 4.425 4.518 19.061 20.186
   month-over-month % change -23.0% 128.7% -0.3% 3.4% 46.9% 21.4% -2.9% 3.3% 2.1%    
   year-over-year % change -33.9% 33.6% 20.0% -24.2% 0.1% 8.6% -1.6% -1.1% -0.7% 22.5% 5.9%
Bridges 1.833 1.646 2.099 1.778 1.786 1.859 1.789 1.657 1.651 8.194 7.458
   month-over-month % change -2.5% -10.2% 27.5% 12.9% 0.5% 4.1% 2.9% -7.4% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 48.7% -49.0% -3.7% 32.2% -10.9% -16.0% 40.9% 17.8% 11.9% 64.2% -9.0%
Dams/Marine 0.333 0.312 0.613 0.377 0.324 0.419 0.442 0.445 0.443 1.365 1.586
   month-over-month % change 1.5% -6.4% 96.7% -21.3% -13.9% 29.3% 3.6% 0.7% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 122.2% 14.5% -3.7% 44.0% 33.6% 18.8% 41.8% 37.8% 29.2% 37.9% 16.2%
Water/Sewage 1.795 2.115 3.372 2.153 2.287 2.428 2.353 2.341 2.396 13.552 10.234
   month-over-month % change -39.2% 17.8% 59.4% 0.2% 6.2% 6.1% -2.5% -0.5% 2.4%    
   year-over-year % change -28.6% -6.6% 24.6% -43.2% -36.7% -2.7% -20.0% -21.7% -17.8% 50.0% -24.5%
Misc Civil 0.526 7.918 5.214 1.185 3.628 4.553 2.237 2.748 2.931 7.628 16.099
   month-over-month % change -78.4% 1404.4% -34.2% -56.3% 206.1% 25.5% -5.4% 22.8% 6.7%    
   year-over-year % change -74.3% 343.6% 72.8% -3.6% 136.1% 99.4% 91.3% 129.1% 119.8% 59.0% 111.1%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 7.742 19.572 18.525 9.058 13.243 15.280 12.093 12.587 12.909 53.451 58.254
   month-over-month % change -37.6% 152.8% -5.4% -13.0% 46.2% 15.4% -3.0% 4.1% 2.6%    
   year-over-year % change -36.7% 43.5% 26.3% -21.2% 2.4% 13.1% 13.0% 13.1% 13.4% 46.6% 9.0%
GRAND TOTAL 44.894 59.289 68.142 47.255 53.071 57.442 62.259 61.043 60.590 268.013 227.356
   month-over-month % change -18.4% 32.1% 14.9% -6.1% 12.3% 8.2% -2.0% -2.0% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -25.4% -19.8% -7.4% -16.3% -18.1% -17.0% 5.5% 1.2% 0.1% 19.0% -15.2%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 25.390 37.233 42.541 27.395 32.097 35.055 36.376 35.747 35.561 164.092 138.831
   month-over-month % change -24.6% 46.6% 14.3% -4.5% 17.2% 9.2% -2.5% -1.7% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change -30.7% -16.9% -5.0% -20.8% -19.3% -16.7% 1.9% -1.8% -2.3% 19.2% -15.4%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-APR 2017 Jan-APR 2018 % Change
Connecticut $1,749,689,466 $896,594,064 -48.8%
Maine $272,318,148 $263,843,864 -3.1%
Massachusetts $3,596,096,412 $1,920,789,910 -46.6%
New Hampshire $419,222,514 $367,136,132 -12.4%
Rhode Island $374,157,944 $494,002,117 32.0%
Vermont $230,429,571 $197,885,581 -14.1%
Total New England $6,641,914,055   $4,140,251,668   -37.7%
New Jersey $3,926,571,335 $3,195,240,308 -18.6%
New York $14,109,801,141 $6,740,750,525 -52.2%
Pennsylvania $4,334,286,884 $3,578,617,044 -17.4%
Total Middle Atlantic $22,370,659,360   $13,514,607,877   -39.6%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $29,012,573,415   $17,654,859,545   -39.1%
Illinois $4,756,680,593 $3,533,795,380 -25.7%
Indiana $2,038,289,503 $2,489,197,233 22.1%
Michigan $8,245,803,747 $2,480,106,848 -69.9%
Ohio $4,723,996,662 $4,201,384,162 -11.1%
Wisconsin $3,350,977,759 $2,800,554,638 -16.4%
Total East North Central $23,115,748,264   $15,505,038,261   -32.9%
Iowa $1,842,061,902 $1,754,107,461 -4.8%
Kansas $1,371,333,941 $2,111,565,179 54.0%
Minnesota $2,267,400,628 $1,976,633,175 -12.8%
Missouri $2,534,977,248 $2,791,003,784 10.1%
Nebraska $1,387,785,653 $796,872,930 -42.6%
North Dakota $590,945,525 $681,480,563 15.3%
South Dakota $716,268,079 $570,344,392 -20.4%
Total West North Central $10,710,772,976   $10,682,007,484   -0.3%
TOTAL MIDWEST $33,826,521,240   $26,187,045,745   -22.6%
Delaware $854,509,518 $272,736,861 -68.1%
District of Columbia $730,892,490 $2,050,699,763 180.6%
Florida $12,902,524,476 $8,431,156,107 -34.7%
Georgia $5,366,776,107 $3,687,305,422 -31.3%
Maryland $2,461,176,191 $2,718,588,677 10.5%
North Carolina $4,584,673,673 $4,146,038,279 -9.6%
South Carolina $3,123,536,302 $2,028,501,897 -35.1%
Virginia $4,451,283,786 $7,503,924,227 68.6%
West Virginia $332,592,920 $5,746,331,921 1627.7%
Total South Atlantic $34,807,965,463   $36,585,283,154   5.1%
Alabama $1,916,574,674 $2,142,673,072 11.8%
Kentucky $1,197,477,340 $1,298,869,207 8.5%
Mississippi $1,093,538,326 $821,857,448 -24.8%
Tennessee $1,919,540,369 $2,237,015,131 16.5%
Total East South Central $6,127,130,709   $6,500,414,858   6.1%
Arkansas $1,042,345,697 $955,900,476 -8.3%
Louisiana $2,715,615,323 $2,073,223,861 -23.7%
Oklahoma $2,608,728,264 $1,880,120,634 -27.9%
Texas $18,323,758,745 $14,418,655,173 -21.3%
Total West South Central $24,690,448,029   $19,327,900,144   -21.7%
TOTAL SOUTH $65,625,544,201   $62,413,598,156   -4.9%
Arizona $2,852,399,285 $2,791,823,696 -2.1%
Colorado $1,836,411,990 $2,156,731,555 17.4%
Idaho $392,302,292 $779,311,800 98.7%
Montana $322,868,819 $405,844,879 25.7%
Nevada $763,550,113 $2,124,923,538 178.3%
New Mexico $774,248,603 $660,755,269 -14.7%
Utah $2,886,062,616 $2,095,235,366 -27.4%
Wyoming $400,896,447 $449,799,186 12.2%
Total Mountain $10,228,740,165   $11,464,425,289   12.1%
Alaska $413,004,201 $528,330,643 27.9%
California $18,699,069,697 $14,259,446,809 -23.7%
Hawaii $385,205,753 $728,584,076 89.1%
Oregon $2,423,113,282 $2,215,973,110 -8.5%
Washington $3,478,077,609 $3,379,011,446 -2.8%
Total Pacific $25,398,470,542   $21,111,346,084   -16.9%
TOTAL WEST $35,627,210,707   $32,575,771,373   -8.6%
TOTAL U.S. $164,091,849,563   $138,831,274,819   -15.4%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

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