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By: Alex Carrick on September 13th, 2018

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ConstructConnect’s August Nonresidential Starts -19% M/M, But Only -2% YTD

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that August’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential activity, was $33.1 billion − a month-to-month change of -18.9%. The long-term history of the starts data records a ‘normal’ change of -3.5% from July to August, due to seasonality. (Starts are traditionally strongest in Spring and early Summer.)

2018-09-12-US-Nonresidential-Construction-Starts-August-2018

Compared with August of last year, this year’s latest-month nonresidential starts volume was -9.5%.  Relative to the nonresidential five-year average for August, from 2013 through 2017, this year’s latest-month starts volume was +2.7%. Year-to-date nonresidential starts in 2018 compared with the same January-August time frame of 2017 have been -1.9%.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s July report was 55%; the latter’s share was 45%.


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ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., August 2018) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., July 2018.)

The all-jobs increase for the U.S. economy in August was +1.6% year over year, according to the latest Employment Situation report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Hiring by the construction sector has been more robust, +4.3% year over year. The month-to-month nominal jobs increase in construction in August was +23,000, the same as the average monthly gain since the beginning of this year. Construction hiring on average for January-August 2018 is up by one-third versus 2017’s +18,000 monthly average for the first two-thirds of 2017. Construction’s current unemployment rate is 3.4%, the same as in July, but down from 4.7% in August 2017. Construction’s jobless rate is lower than the ‘headline’ figure for the whole economy, 3.9%.

Year-over-year staffing changes in other industrial sectors with close ties to construction have been: ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing’, -0.1%; ‘real estate firms’, +2.2%; ‘building material and supplies dealers’, +2.5%; ‘architectural and engineering services’, +3.2%; ‘oil and gas extraction’, +4.8%; and most impressive, ‘machinery and equipment rental’, +12.2%.

The month-to-month (m/m) decline of -18.9% in total nonresidential starts in August resulted from relatively minor pullbacks in institutional (-6.0%) and heavy engineering/civil (-13.9%) that were exacerbated by a major downshift in commercial (-52.1%). Industrial, thanks to a couple of large energy-related projects, surged ahead (+268.2%).

The -9.5% year-over-year (y/y) drop in total nonresidential starts in August 2018 compared with August 2017 was due to retreats in heavy engineering (-10.1%) and commercial (-33.2%) that were not matched or compensated by uplifts in institutional (+3.2%) and industrial (+53.0%).

The slight easing back year to date (ytd) in total nonresidential starts (-1.9%) in August was a mix of steps forward by engineering (+10.2%) and industrial (+39.8%) that were more than counter-balanced by backtracking steps from institutional (-7.4%) and commercial (-15.4%).

As the year has progressed, the ‘roads/highways’ segment of engineering work has grown larger. It has moved from 34% of total civil in January to 41% in the latest month. In August, ‘street starts’ were -12.0% m/m; but +43.8% y/y; and +14.5% ytd. ‘Miscellaneous civil’ and ‘water/sewage’ are now about tied – with nearly 20% shares each – for second place within the engineering total. The former, in August, was mainly upbeat, +13.4% m/m; and +52.5% ytd; but -75.6% y/y. The latter was in the doldrums: -21.3% m/m; -19.5% y/y; and -12.6% ytd.

Starring in the institutional starts story so far this has been the ‘schools/colleges’ subcategory. Its share of the institutional total has risen from 43% in January to 59% at present. Educational facility starts in August were -12.3% m/m; and -2.2% ytd; but +20.4% y/y. ‘Hospital/clinic’ starts in the latest month were +51.6% m/m; and +23.6% y/y; but -16.8% ytd. The share of institutional starts taken by the three health care categories – ‘hospitals’, ‘nursing/assisted living’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’ is now 28%, down from its more typical one-third slice.     

Although the ‘private office’ subcategory currently has a first-place share (22%) among commercial starts to date in 2017, it failed to shine in August. Its percentage changes were -35.2% m/m; -42.2% y/y; and -15.0% ytd. The ‘hotel/motel’ subcategory is runner-up for share (20%), but it likewise is delivering negative news: -78.9% m/m; -41.7% y/y; and -10.7% ytd.

During the past several months, the slopes of many of the 12-month moving average trend graphs have leveled off rather than sustained upwards or downwards patterns. There have been three exceptions. 12-month moving average ‘retail’ and ‘hospital/clinic’ starts are still showing weakness, while ‘road/highway’ starts have returned to considerable strength.

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls; B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From Table B-3, the average annual compensation hikes in August 2018 for ‘all jobs’ nationally were +2.9% hourly and +3.2% weekly. The pay raises for construction workers, as a subset, were more lucrative, +3.3% hourly and +4.4% weekly. In Table B-8 (excluding bosses), there were similar gaps. While the ‘all jobs’ earnings gains were +2.8% hourly and +3.4% weekly, the financial rewards going to construction workers were better at +3.3% hourly and +4.4% weekly.

Further on the costing front, August’s results for three key Producer Price Index (PPI) series from the BLS were: ‘construction materials special index’, +8.0%; ‘inputs to new construction index (excluding capital investment, labor and imports)’, +6.2%; and ‘final demand construction’, +3.2%.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s single-family plus multi-family residential starts in August were -3.8% m/m; -15.3% y/y; and -9.7% ytd. ‘Grand total’ starts were -13.2% m/m; -12.0% y/y; and -5.0% ytd.

ConstructConnect has now moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date. In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - August 2018 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - August 2018.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - August 2018.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – AUGUST 2018
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-AUG 18 Jan-AUG 18 vs  AUG 18 vs AUG 18 vs
($ billions) Jan-AUG 17 AUG 17 JULY 18
           
Hotel/Motel 17.425 -15.8% -36.5% -18.1%
Retail 12.163 -15.0% -42.2% -35.2%
Parking Garage 1.796 -13.6% 35.0% 19.9%
Amusement 5.147 -3.9% -16.4% -3.5%
Private Office  19.298 -10.7% -41.7% -78.9%
Government Office 6.845 -13.3% 31.1% 30.7%
Laboratory 2.119 3.1% 157.4% -74.3%
Warehouse 12.617 -18.6% -50.9% -36.2%
Miscellaneous Commercial 9.571 -27.9% -43.1% -83.3%
COMMERCIAL 86.981 -15.4% -33.2% -52.1%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 23.343 39.8% 53.0% 268.2%
     
Religious 1.384 -15.9% 19.3%   66.4%
Hospital/Clinic 10.699 -16.8% 23.6%   51.6%
Nursing/Assisted Living 6.733 -14.4% -33.1%   -17.2%
Library/Museum 1.786 -34.8% -61.2%   -7.8%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 5.144 -15.7% 18.6%   -10.7%
Military 3.222 24.5% 81.2%   20.9%
School/College 51.984 -2.2% 20.4%   -12.3%
Miscellaneous Government 6.968 -12.6% -55.4%   -23.6%
INSTITUTIONAL 87.919 -7.4% 3.2%   -6.0%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 4.837 -9.3% -37.4%   -37.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 203.081 -7.6% -9.1%   -21.5%
       
Airport 4.998 -19.6% -6.7%   -2.8%
Road/Highway 46.757 14.5% 43.8%   -12.0%
Bridge 15.921 4.3% -19.3%   -24.1%
Dam/Marine 3.802 21.6% 31.2%   -19.4%
Water/Sewage 21.102 -12.6% -19.5%   -21.3%
Miscellaneous Civil 22.058 52.5% -75.6%   13.4%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 114.639 10.2% -10.1%   -13.9%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 317.720 -1.9% -9.5% -18.9%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – AUGUST 2018
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Aug 18 Jan-Aug 18 vs     Aug 18 vs Aug 18 vs
($ billions) Jan-Aug 17     Aug 17 Aug 18
           
Summary      
CIVIL 114.639 10.2%     -10.1% -13.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 203.081 -7.6%     -9.1% -21.5%
RESIDENTIAL   198.653 -9.7%     -15.3% -3.8%
GRAND TOTAL   516.374 -5.0%     -12.0% -13.2%
 
Verticals  
Airport 4.998 -19.6%     -6.7% -2.8%
All Other Civil 16.782 116.3%     -48.6% 1.2%
Bridges 15.921 4.3%     -19.3% -24.1%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 3.802 21.6%     31.2% -19.4%
Power Infrastructure 5.276 -21.3%     -92.3% 126.0%
Roads 46.757 14.5%     43.8% -12.0%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 21.102 -12.6%     -19.5% -21.3%
CIVIL     114.639 10.2%     -10.1% -13.9%
Offices (private) 19.298 -10.7%     -41.7% -78.9%
Parking Garages 1.796 -13.6%     35.0% 19.9%
  Transportation Terminals 4.087 51.5%     -0.3% 1.4%
Commercial (small subset) 25.181 -4.6%     -32.6% -73.0%
Amusement 5.147 -3.9%     -16.4% -3.5%
Libraries / Museums 1.786 -34.8%     -61.2% -7.8%
Religious 1.384 -15.9%     19.3% 66.4%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 5.484 -48.1%     -63.2% -91.9%
Community 13.800 -32.1%     -36.0% -62.4%
College / University 13.119 -21.9%     -6.3% -8.7%
Elementary / Pre School 15.577 1.2%     19.8% -8.7%
Jr / Sr High School 22.052 12.1%     58.9% -13.8%
  Special / Vocational 1.235 -5.3%     -69.0% -59.4%
Educational 51.984 -2.2%     20.4% -12.3%
Courthouses 1.081 -49.5%     352.9% -28.0%
Fire and Police Stations 2.083 14.1%     135.3% -19.2%
Government Offices 6.845 -13.3%     31.1% 30.7%
  Prisons 1.979 -7.4%     -56.6% 69.6%
Government 11.989 -14.4%     25.5% 9.3%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 2.119 3.1%     157.4% -74.3%
Manufacturing 23.343 39.8%     53.0% 268.2%
  Warehouses 12.617 -18.6%     -50.9% -36.2%
Industrial 38.079 11.2%     4.6% 45.8%
Hospitals / Clinics 10.699 -16.8%     23.6% 51.6%
Medical Misc. 6.968 -12.6%     -55.4% -23.6%
  Nursing Homes 6.733 -14.4%     -33.1% -17.2%
Medical   24.400 -15.0%     -24.6% 5.4%
Military   3.222 24.5%     81.2% 20.9%
Hotels 17.425 -15.8%     -36.5% -18.1%
Retail Misc. 4.837 -9.3%     -37.4% -37.8%
    Shopping 12.163 -15.0%     -42.2% -35.2%
  Retail   34.426 -14.7%     -38.9% -28.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 203.081 -7.6%     -9.1% -21.5%
Multi-Family 56.224 -32.4%     -42.6% -16.7%
    Single-Family 142.429 4.1%     -0.5% 1.1%
RESIDENTIAL   198.653 -9.7%     -15.3% -3.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL 317.720 -1.9%     -9.5% -18.9%
GRAND TOTAL   516.374 -5.0%     -12.0% -13.2%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s online product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – AUGUST 2018 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-AUG JAN-AUG
JUL 18 AUG 18 SEP 18 JUL 18 AUG 18 SEP 18 JUL 18 AUG 18 SEP 18 2017 2018
Single Family 18.699 17.933 18.132 19.762 19.016 18.255 17.188 17.134 17.127 136.852 142.429
   month-over-month % change -8.4% -4.1% 1.1% 2.2% -3.8% -4.0% -0.6% -0.3% 0.0%    
   year-over-year % change -6.1% -3.5% -0.5% 4.7% 0.4% -3.4% 6.5% 5.3% 3.9% 8.8% 4.1%
Apartment 8.305 6.820 5.683 7.824 7.581 6.936 8.073 7.904 7.553 83.168 56.224
   month-over-month % change 9.0% -17.9% -16.7% 8.8% -3.1% -8.5% -5.2% -2.1% -4.4%    
   year-over-year % change -39.0% -23.0% -42.6% -28.2% -27.0% -35.7% -9.4% -12.0% -18.4% 40.8% -32.4%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 27.004 24.753 23.816 27.586 26.597 25.191 25.261 25.038 24.679 220.020 198.653
   month-over-month % change -3.7% -8.3% -3.8% 4.0% -3.6% -5.3% -2.1% -0.9% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change -19.4% -9.8% -15.3% -7.4% -9.3% -15.2% 0.8% -0.8% -4.1% 19.0% -9.7%
Hotel/Motel 1.572 1.622 1.328 3.064 2.890 1.507 2.170 2.177 2.113 20.699 17.425
   month-over-month % change -71.3% 3.2% -18.1% 0.3% -5.7% -47.9% -3.2% 0.3% -2.9%    
   year-over-year % change -35.5% 5.2% -36.5% 10.6% 36.2% -25.5% -7.1% -3.5% -8.8% 57.5% -15.8%
Retail 1.193 1.689 1.094 1.558 1.501 1.326 1.539 1.553 1.486 14.306 12.163
   month-over-month % change -26.3% 41.6% -35.2% -11.8% -3.6% -11.7% -4.9% 0.9% -4.3%    
   year-over-year % change -44.3% 11.4% -42.2% -16.5% -16.0% -28.4% -22.9% -21.0% -16.7% -49.3% -15.0%
Parking Garages 0.157 0.180 0.216 0.288 0.265 0.184 0.256 0.265 0.269 2.079 1.796
   month-over-month % change -65.6% 14.3% 19.9% -4.8% -8.1% -30.5% 2.6% 3.3% 1.8%    
   year-over-year % change 95.4% 129.4% 35.0% -22.6% 26.6% 73.4% -19.1% -4.3% -2.6% -37.2% -13.6%
Amusement 0.834 0.522 0.504 0.732 0.689 0.620 0.678 0.645 0.636 5.357 5.147
   month-over-month % change 17.0% -37.5% -3.5% 13.3% -5.8% -10.1% 0.8% -5.0% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change 8.0% -43.7% -16.4% 2.9% -14.3% -19.2% 12.4% 3.3% 0.4% 27.1% -3.9%
Office 0.965 5.213 1.099 1.557 2.474 2.426 1.974 2.283 2.218 21.622 19.298
   month-over-month % change -22.4% 440.2% -78.9% -11.3% 58.9% -1.9% -7.2% 15.7% -2.9%    
   year-over-year % change -65.4% 247.1% -41.7% -34.3% 15.9% 17.8% -19.0% -6.3% -8.3% 15.8% -10.7%
Governmental Offices 1.110 0.827 1.081 1.016 0.974 1.006 0.811 0.768 0.789 7.896 6.845
   month-over-month % change 12.7% -25.6% 30.7% 24.1% -4.1% 3.3% -1.1% -5.4% 2.8%    
   year-over-year % change -8.6% -38.8% 31.1% 0.8% -15.9% -11.0% -21.7% -24.3% -18.1% -16.4% -13.3%
Laboratories 0.267 0.654 0.168 0.293 0.421 0.363 0.206 0.246 0.255 2.054 2.119
   month-over-month % change -22.3% 144.9% -74.3% -7.9% 43.8% -13.9% -9.4% 19.4% 3.5%    
   year-over-year % change -49.2% 275.2% 157.4% -33.2% 17.0% 42.3% -2.4% 12.4% 18.6% -39.5% 3.1%
Warehouse 1.330 1.747 1.115 1.863 1.938 1.397 1.691 1.651 1.555 15.492 12.617
   month-over-month % change -51.4% 31.4% -36.2% -1.1% 4.0% -27.9% -3.1% -2.3% -5.8%    
   year-over-year % change -32.6% -21.4% -50.9% 2.5% -0.7% -35.2% 5.6% -3.0% -10.7% 65.2% -18.6%
Misc Commercial 1.960 2.049 0.341 1.677 1.631 1.450 1.184 1.325 1.303 13.267 9.571
   month-over-month % change 121.7% 4.5% -83.3% 26.7% -2.7% -11.1% 3.7% 11.9% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 34.9% 473.7% -43.1% -33.3% -10.7% 80.5% -17.2% -5.1% -6.8% 45.5% -27.9%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 9.389 14.501 6.945 12.048 12.784 10.278 10.509 10.912 10.624 102.774 86.981
   month-over-month % change -35.1% 54.5% -52.1% 1.5% 6.1% -19.6% -3.1% 3.8% -2.6%    
   year-over-year % change -29.9% 50.0% -33.2% -13.1% 3.5% -7.8% -12.2% -8.2% -9.5% 3.9% -15.4%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 1.796 0.996 3.669 5.024 4.939 2.154 3.532 3.511 3.617 16.703 23.343
   month-over-month % change -85.1% -44.5% 268.2% 5.0% -1.7% -56.4% 1.2% -0.6% 3.0%    
   year-over-year % change 39.0% -20.0% 53.0% 206.0% 261.5% 30.9% 119.5% 112.7% 109.7% 3.0% 39.8%
Religious 0.283 0.119 0.197 0.221 0.197 0.200 0.170 0.163 0.166 1.645 1.384
   month-over-month % change 49.9% -58.1% 66.4% 19.5% -11.2% 1.5% -1.2% -4.0% 1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -8.3% -40.8% 19.3% -19.0% -16.7% -11.2% -4.5% -11.2% -11.9% 45.6% -15.9%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.321 0.875 1.326 1.548 1.170 1.174 1.253 1.185 1.206 12.853 10.699
   month-over-month % change 0.6% -33.8% 51.6% 13.5% -24.4% 0.4% -0.1% -5.4% 1.8%    
   year-over-year % change -1.6% -48.2% 23.6% -14.1% -31.3% -14.2% -23.7% -25.4% -24.7% -14.7% -16.8%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.796 0.713 0.591 0.919 0.836 0.700 0.947 0.922 0.898 7.864 6.733
   month-over-month % change -20.4% -10.4% -17.2% 4.9% -9.0% -16.3% -4.4% -2.6% -2.6%    
   year-over-year % change -39.5% -29.4% -33.1% -25.8% -25.4% -34.6% 4.8% -0.1% -4.1% 23.6% -14.4%
Libraries/Museums 0.229 0.164 0.151 0.279 0.277 0.181 0.259 0.239 0.219 2.740 1.786
   month-over-month % change -47.7% -28.2% -7.8% 11.3% -0.9% -34.4% -3.7% -7.9% -8.3%    
   year-over-year % change -34.6% -60.0% -61.2% -17.4% -24.7% -52.7% -6.0% -19.3% -30.7% 26.6% -34.8%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.764 0.887 0.792 0.760 0.779 0.814 0.578 0.613 0.623 6.104 5.144
   month-over-month % change 11.4% 16.0% -10.7% 19.7% 2.5% 4.5% 1.9% 6.1% 1.7%    
   year-over-year % change 21.0% 91.2% 18.6% 6.2% 34.5% 38.5% -13.8% -7.1% -7.4% 51.7% -15.7%
Military 0.405 0.411 0.497 0.476 0.553 0.438 0.428 0.432 0.451 2.588 3.222
   month-over-month % change -52.0% 1.6% 20.9% 8.9% 16.4% -20.9% -0.6% 1.0% 4.3%    
   year-over-year % change -6.7% 13.7% 81.2% 2.7% 16.8% 22.7% 1.0% 9.9% 16.6% -1.5% 24.5%
Schools/Colleges 10.228 6.823 5.984 8.250 8.123 7.678 5.581 5.606 5.690 53.159 51.984
   month-over-month % change 39.8% -33.3% -12.3% 19.3% -1.5% -5.5% 0.7% 0.4% 1.5%    
   year-over-year % change 4.9% 4.6% 20.4% -5.7% -5.0% 8.4% -7.8% -7.4% -5.3% 3.9% -2.2%
Misc Government 1.273 0.840 0.642 1.097 0.953 0.918 0.881 0.891 0.825 7.972 6.968
   month-over-month % change 70.9% -34.0% -23.6% 18.1% -13.2% -3.6% 1.9% 1.2% -7.4%    
   year-over-year % change 18.3% 17.7% -55.4% 1.8% -6.5% -14.7% 1.8% 2.5% -10.9% 70.1% -12.6%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 15.298 10.831 10.180 13.550 12.887 12.103 10.096 10.051 10.077 94.926 87.919
   month-over-month % change 22.1% -29.2% -6.0% 16.9% -4.9% -6.1% 0.1% -0.4% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 0.6% -4.7% 3.2% -7.5% -8.3% -0.4% -8.3% -8.3% -8.7% 8.8% -7.4%
Misc Non Residential 0.766 0.755 0.470 0.657 0.700 0.664 0.616 0.620 0.597 5.333 4.837
   month-over-month % change 32.4% -1.4% -37.8% 8.6% 6.6% -5.2% 1.0% 0.7% -3.8%    
   year-over-year % change 10.2% 7.9% -37.4% -15.4% -12.3% -7.2% -11.9% -9.1% -12.3% -8.4% -9.3%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 27.249 27.084 21.264 31.278 31.309 25.199 24.752 25.094 24.915 219.736 203.081
   month-over-month % change -31.2% -0.6% -21.5% 8.4% 0.1% -19.5% -1.1% 1.4% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -10.9% 17.8% -9.1% 1.1% 9.6% -1.8% -2.1% -0.4% -1.1% 5.6% -7.6%
Airports 0.396 0.677 0.659 0.486 0.535 0.577 0.945 0.947 0.943 6.217 4.998
   month-over-month % change -25.4% 71.2% -2.8% -24.1% 10.0% 8.0% -0.2% 0.3% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -5.3% 4.5% -6.7% -16.7% -13.8% -2.3% 16.6% 18.0% 32.9% 42.7% -19.6%
Roads/Highways 6.075 7.346 6.466 6.434 6.621 6.629 4.616 4.753 4.917 40.833 46.757
   month-over-month % change -5.7% 20.9% -12.0% -3.6% 2.9% 0.1% 0.7% 3.0% 3.5%    
   year-over-year % change 6.3% 28.7% 43.8% 12.5% 15.0% 24.9% 0.9% 2.3% 7.0% 10.9% 14.5%
Bridges 2.245 1.849 1.403 2.108 1.985 1.832 1.794 1.800 1.772 15.265 15.921
   month-over-month % change 20.5% -17.6% -24.1% -6.2% -5.8% -7.7% 4.0% 0.3% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 59.1% 3.8% -19.3% 10.3% 11.7% 11.5% 12.4% 17.5% 11.1% 43.7% 4.3%
Dams/Marine 0.610 0.542 0.437 0.620 0.596 0.530 0.482 0.472 0.481 3.128 3.802
   month-over-month % change -4.1% -11.2% -19.4% 18.8% -3.8% -11.2% 7.1% -2.0% 1.8%    
   year-over-year % change 168.9% -17.4% 31.2% 31.8% 25.0% 30.7% 41.7% 30.3% 32.8% 23.9% 21.6%
Water/Sewage 2.466 2.659 2.093 3.174 2.965 2.406 2.417 2.456 2.414 24.153 21.102
   month-over-month % change -34.6% 7.8% -21.3% 3.0% -6.6% -18.9% -1.5% 1.6% -1.7%    
   year-over-year % change -15.1% 21.5% -19.5% 11.8% 11.2% -6.2% -15.9% -12.4% -13.1% 13.6% -12.6%
Misc Civil 2.926 0.716 0.812 3.231 1.608 1.485 3.104 3.039 2.830 14.462 22.058
   month-over-month % change 147.7% -75.5% 13.4% -34.0% -50.2% -7.7% 5.0% -2.1% -6.9%    
   year-over-year % change 153.2% -52.3% -75.6% 92.8% 37.4% -25.5% 134.8% 130.6% 83.8% 57.9% 52.5%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 14.718 13.790 11.870 16.052 14.310 13.459 13.359 13.468 13.358 104.058 114.639
   month-over-month % change 2.1% -6.3% -13.9% -11.1% -10.9% -5.9% 1.8% 0.8% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 24.4% 10.5% -10.1% 21.6% 14.8% 7.6% 16.0% 17.5% 15.3% 22.8% 10.2%
GRAND TOTAL 68.971 65.626 56.949 74.916 72.216 63.849 63.372 63.599 62.952 543.814 516.374
   month-over-month % change -15.9% -4.8% -13.2% 2.0% -3.6% -11.6% -0.9% 0.4% -1.0%    
   year-over-year % change -9.2% 4.3% -12.0% 1.3% 2.6% -5.9% 2.5% 2.8% 0.7% 13.8% -5.0%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 41.967 40.873 33.133 47.330 45.619 38.658 38.111 38.562 38.273 323.794 317.720
   month-over-month % change -22.3% -2.6% -18.9% 0.9% -3.6% -15.3% -0.1% 1.2% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -1.1% 15.2% -9.5% 7.2% 11.2% 1.3% 3.5% 5.2% 4.1% 10.6% -1.9%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-AUG 2017 Jan-AUG 2018 % Change
Connecticut $4,097,930,962 $2,601,554,560 -36.5%
Maine $1,144,502,838 $1,639,751,514 43.3%
Massachusetts $7,599,176,289 $6,175,394,535 -18.7%
New Hampshire $907,206,477 $975,656,888 7.5%
Rhode Island $763,018,425 $861,498,495 12.9%
Vermont $563,455,258 $391,941,066 -30.4%
Total New England $15,075,290,249   $12,645,797,058   -16.1%
New Jersey $7,413,880,499 $5,419,003,705 -26.9%
New York $24,817,130,453 $19,295,922,039 -22.2%
Pennsylvania $9,347,290,083 $8,831,891,422 -5.5%
Total Middle Atlantic $41,578,301,035   $33,546,817,166   -19.3%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $56,653,591,284   $46,192,614,224   -18.5%
Illinois $9,830,956,143 $9,658,545,084 -1.8%
Indiana $4,955,810,057 $5,335,771,740 7.7%
Michigan $13,328,408,025 $6,766,489,442 -49.2%
Ohio $10,545,324,693 $10,020,259,301 -5.0%
Wisconsin $7,495,156,905 $16,623,416,968 121.8%
Total East North Central $46,155,655,823   $48,404,482,535   4.9%
Iowa $4,272,684,567 $3,870,462,800 -9.4%
Kansas $2,519,519,737 $3,593,265,326 42.6%
Minnesota $6,530,714,662 $6,361,277,142 -2.6%
Missouri $6,266,949,016 $5,508,919,230 -12.1%
Nebraska $2,449,092,247 $1,821,396,610 -25.6%
North Dakota $1,455,133,925 $2,708,606,462 86.1%
South Dakota $1,492,561,571 $1,096,768,400 -26.5%
Total West North Central $24,986,655,725   $24,960,695,970   -0.1%
TOTAL MIDWEST $71,142,311,548   $73,365,178,505   3.1%
Delaware $1,087,805,042 $796,303,252 -26.8%
District of Columbia $1,996,192,672 $2,564,916,058 28.5%
Florida $21,777,167,710 $19,499,368,909 -10.5%
Georgia $9,335,005,242 $7,940,662,030 -14.9%
Maryland $5,009,171,406 $4,986,240,507 -0.5%
North Carolina $9,490,382,886 $9,346,215,962 -1.5%
South Carolina $5,971,613,051 $4,272,352,347 -28.5%
Virginia $7,970,813,961 $11,447,733,072 43.6%
West Virginia $942,004,149 $6,444,891,588 584.2%
Total South Atlantic $63,580,156,119   $67,298,683,725   5.8%
Alabama $4,244,564,299 $3,732,600,397 -12.1%
Kentucky $2,850,944,465 $3,357,030,862 17.8%
Mississippi $1,823,170,653 $1,610,424,894 -11.7%
Tennessee $5,242,759,662 $5,672,558,343 8.2%
Total East South Central $14,161,439,079   $14,372,614,496   1.5%
Arkansas $2,002,485,765 $1,833,862,873 -8.4%
Louisiana $4,568,962,377 $3,522,011,797 -22.9%
Oklahoma $4,681,305,443 $3,896,124,113 -16.8%
Texas $34,642,079,873 $34,706,793,200 0.2%
Total West South Central $45,894,833,458   $43,958,791,983   -4.2%
TOTAL SOUTH $123,636,428,656   $125,630,090,204   1.6%
Arizona $4,823,048,244 $6,678,152,305 38.5%
Colorado $5,632,491,739 $4,638,535,930 -17.6%
Idaho $1,096,892,259 $1,376,414,288 25.5%
Montana $837,693,313 $1,011,236,190 20.7%
Nevada $2,178,781,526 $4,000,397,243 83.6%
New Mexico $1,400,726,534 $1,487,259,978 6.2%
Utah $4,331,225,460 $4,221,203,555 -2.5%
Wyoming $841,871,066 $819,987,676 -2.6%
Total Mountain $21,142,730,141   $24,233,187,165   14.6%
Alaska $1,364,390,286 $1,314,089,064 -3.7%
California $36,269,749,747 $31,010,977,699 -14.5%
Hawaii $1,255,209,170 $1,787,968,348 42.4%
Oregon $4,429,185,000 $4,518,356,219 2.0%
Washington $7,900,408,507 $9,667,861,809 22.4%
Total Pacific $51,218,942,710   $48,299,253,139   -5.7%
TOTAL WEST $72,361,672,851   $72,532,440,304   0.2%
TOTAL U.S. $323,794,004,339   $317,720,323,237   -1.9%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.