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By: Alex Carrick on January 17th, 2017

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ConstructConnect's December Starts Defied Seasonality With 3.4% Increase

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that December’s level of U.S. construction starts, excluding residential activity, was $24.0 billion, an increase of 3.4% versus the dollar volume in the period before. The gain, small though it may have been, was welcome nonetheless since November-to-December’s long-term average change, on account of inhibiting winter weather, has been -5.0%.

2017-01-16-US Nonresidential-Construction-Starts-Dec-2016

December of 2016, however, compared with December of 2015 was -5.6%. But it’s encouraging that total nonresidential starts for full year 2016 stayed ahead of full-year 2015 by +6.8%.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a considerably larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s November report was 61%; the latter’s was 39%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., December 2016) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., November 2016.)


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After hiring improvements in September (+26,000 jobs), October (+14,000) and November (+17,000) of last year, staffing in the construction sector flattened out in December (-3,000), according to the latest Employment Situation Report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). December’s year-over-year percentage change in construction jobs was +1.5%, exactly the same as for all jobs in the whole economy. Services-providing work was better at +2.0%. The jobless rate in construction in December was 7.4% (NSA), about the same as 12 months prior (7.5%).

There are two other data series with close ties to construction appearing in Table B-1 of the monthly Employment Situation Report. As a ‘leading’ indicator, i.e., before there can be field activity, projects must be rendered into working drawings by design professionals, the total number of jobs in architectural and engineering services in December was +2.0% year over year. In nominal terms, design services jobs (1.454 million) have finally reached and surpassed, although by the slimmest of margins, their previous peak achieved in February 2008 (1.453 million). As a ‘coincident’ indicator, the total number of positions at retail outlets specializing in selling building materials and supplies was +3.0% year over year in 2016’s final month.

December’s month-to-month uptick in total starts (+3.4%) arose mainly in the commercial (+9.3%) type-of-structure category, with a helpful assist from heavy engineering/civil (+2.9%) as well. Institutional (-9.2%) held back the overall advance. Industrial starts (+217.2%) were up in a big way, but that was relative to a small base number, plus this is a category that displays wide swings in any given month depending on the presence or absence of a mega project or two.

As for the December-2016-on-December-2015 decline (-5.6%), the three major type-of-structure categories suffered losses, with heavy engineering (-12.0%) down the most, followed by institutional (-3.9%) and commercial (-1.7%). Industrial stayed about even (+0.3%).

The increase in 2016’s total full-year volume of starts (+6.8%) compared with its counterpart level in 2015 was by led institutional (+11.5%), with commercial (+10.6%) almost in a tie. Heavy engineering (-0.5%) was on an unruffled plane. Industrial (-13.2%) was notably down.

With a 58% share, ‘schools/colleges’ was the dominant subcategory in institutional starts in 2016 and it was +7.9% month to month (m/m); -5.0% year over year (y/y; i.e., December 2016 versus December 2015); and +9.7% year to date (ytd). (As a point of clarification, when December has been reached, the year-to-date number is the same as the full-year figure).

The second biggest slice (16%) of the full-year 2016 institutional pie belonged to ‘hospitals/clinics’. In December, the medical facility subcategory of starts did not fare well. It was -45.2% m/m and -30.1% y/y, but it did manage to hang onto a positive performance of +12.3% ytd. ‘Nursing/assisted living’ starts in December were -32.8% m/m; -1.5% y/y; but +38.0% ytd.

‘Retail/shopping’ accounted for 26.0% (one-quarter) of full-year commercial starts in 2016. In the ending period of last year, shopkeeper groundbreakings were +15.0% m/m; and +24.9% ytd; but -10.5% y/y. ‘Private office buildings’ (with a 16% share of commercial) in December was +45.4% m/m; and +10.5% ytd; but -39.5% y/y. ‘Government office buildings’ (an 11% share of commercial) recorded stellar statistics in December: +53.9% m/m; +98.8% y/y; and +20.4% ytd.

The ‘laboratory’ subcategory within commercial should also be mentioned, due to its outsized percentage increases of +1804% m/m and +1466% y/y. Novo Nordisk has initiated new pharmaceutical capital spending in North Carolina. The ytd figure for laboratories was +84.7%.

‘Road/highway’ starts is the biggest subcomponent (a 43% share) of the heavy engineering type-of-structure category and in the latest month, it was -1.7% m/m; -8.7% y/y; but +1.6% ytd. ‘Water/sewage’ work is next most prominent in the engineering category, with a 25% or one-quarter slice, and its most recent numbers were +22.0% m/m; +4.0% y/y; and +6.8% ytd.

Table 2 reorders and provides more detail on some of the type-of-structure categories in Table 1. The reasons for this ‘second view’ are set out in the footnote.

All of the 12-month moving average trend graphs have either stalled, lost upward momentum or have fallen into mild, sometimes verging on severe, decline. Twelve-month smoothed ‘retail’ and ‘private office building’ starts have pulled back a little. ‘Miscellaneous civil’ starts, which includes electric power and oil and natural gas work, have retreated a lot.

With respect to year-over-year compensation increases in December, as reported by the BLS in its latest Employment Situation Report, construction workers had a mixed basket of rewards. Whereas all workers throughout the economy received average hourly earnings increases of +2.9% when supervisory personnel were included in the mix and +2.5% when overseeing staff were left out, the construction sector’s corresponding compensation rises were slightly better at +3.0% and +3.3% respectively. Average weekly earnings, however, were a different story. The all jobs average weekly earnings gains were +2.3% including bosses and +1.9% omitting bosses. The comparable changes for on-site hard-hat workers were considerably slower at +0.6% and +0.7%. The onset of harsher winter weather undoubtedly restricted time spent in the field.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s non-residential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy.

A “start” is determined by taking the announced bid date and adding a short time lag (30 to 60 days). ConstructConnect continues to follow the project via its network of researchers. If it is abandoned or re-bid, the start date is updated to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - January 2017 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 featured construction projects in the U.S. - December 2016.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - December 2016.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – DECEMBER 2016
YEAR TO DATE
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-DEC 16 Jan-DEC 16 vs DEC 16 vs DEC 16 vs
($ billions) Jan-DEC 15 DEC 15 NOV 16
           
Hotel/Motel 15.493 3.0% -60.1% -66.1%
Retail 29.176 24.9% -10.5% 15.0%
Parking Garage 4.322 37.0% 3.9% -65.8%
Amusement 5.951 -4.8% -35.7% -29.5%
Private Office 18.469 10.5% -39.5% 45.4%
Government Office 12.503 20.4% 98.8% 53.9%
Laboratory 4.073 84.7% 1466.4% 1803.7%
Warehouse 11.494 -5.1% 26.1% 63.9%
Miscellaneous Commercial 11.718 -11.1% -78.1% -80.7%
COMMERCIAL 113.199 10.6% -1.7% 9.3%
   
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 10.534 -13.2% 0.3% 217.2%
   
Religious 1.534 -4.5% 5.8%   -3.8%
Hospital/Clinic 17.403 12.3% -30.1%   -45.2%
Nursing/Assisted Living 7.415 38.0% -1.5%   -32.8%
Library/Museum 2.749 -5.4% 167.1%   304.6%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 6.037 -1.4% 49.9%   57.8%
Military 5.949 1.9% -84.6%   -92.2%
School/College 64.697 9.7% -5.0%   7.9%
Miscellaneous Government 5.450 59.0% 36.2%   16.1%
INSTITUTIONAL 111.233 11.5% -3.9%   -9.2%
     
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 8.055 67.5% 6.4%   -13.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 243.021 10.9% -2.3%   3.7%
     
Airport 6.889 54.6% 648.2%   -14.5%
Road/Highway 52.150 1.6% -8.7%   -1.7%
Bridge 14.381 12.9% -15.2%   20.1%
Dam/Marine 3.943 -33.3% 9.6%   24.9%
Water/Sewage 30.604 6.8% 4.0%   22.0%
Miscellaneous Civil 14.704 -27.0% -60.6%   -34.6%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 122.671 -0.5% -12.0%   2.9%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 365.692 6.8% -5.6% 3.4%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– DECEMBER 2016
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Dec 16 Jan-Dec 16 vs     Dec 16 vs Dec 16 vs
($ billions) Jan-Dec 15     Dec 15 Nov 16
           
Summary      
CIVIL 122.671 -0.5%     -12.0% 2.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 243.021 10.9%     -2.3% 3.7%
RESIDENTIAL   243.628 5.6%     -6.3% -5.2%
GRAND TOTAL   609.319 6.4%     -5.9% -0.5%
 
Verticals  
Airport 6.889 54.6%     648.2% -14.5%
All Other Civil 13.757 -26.2%     -68.2% -46.4%
Bridges 14.381 12.9%     -15.2% 20.1%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 3.943 -33.3%     9.6% 24.9%
Power Infrastructure 0.947 -36.0%     185.7% 218.0%
Roads 52.150 1.6%     -8.7% -1.7%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 30.604 6.8%     4.0% 22.0%
CIVIL     122.671 -0.5%     -12.0% 2.9%
Offices (private) 18.469 10.5%     -39.5% 45.4%
Parking Garages 4.322 37.0%     3.9% -65.8%
  Transportation Terminals 3.500 -49.8%     -91.6% -14.9%
Commercial (small subset) 26.291 -2.1%     -53.3% 6.6%
Amusement 5.951 -4.8%     -35.7% -29.5%
Libraries / Museums 2.749 -5.4%     167.1% 304.6%
Religious 1.534 -4.5%     5.8% -3.8%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 8.218 32.6%     17.6% -86.1%
Community 18.453 8.8%     10.5% -43.8%
College / University 21.710 9.5%     -2.5% -3.0%
Elementary / Pre School 19.771 4.9%     -14.3% 7.0%
Jr / Sr High School 21.727 15.0%     -4.1% 9.3%
  Special / Vocational 1.488 4.8%     42.0% 289.9%
Educational 64.697 9.7%     -5.0% 7.9%
Courthouses 1.314 12.0%     81.3% 99.3%
Fire and Police Stations 2.832 37.6%     78.1% 84.2%
Government Offices 12.503 20.4%     98.8% 53.9%
  Prisons 1.891 -34.6%     -0.5% 5.1%
Government 18.540 12.3%     80.0% 55.2%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 4.073 84.7%     1466.4% 1803.7%
Manufacturing 10.534 -13.2%     0.3% 217.2%
  Warehouses 11.494 -5.1%     26.1% 63.9%
Industrial 26.101 -1.3%     108.2% 274.6%
Hospitals / Clinics 17.403 12.3%     -30.1% -45.2%
Medical Misc. 5.450 59.0%     36.2% 16.1%
  Nursing Homes 7.415 38.0%     -1.5% -32.8%
Medical   30.267 24.6%     -9.4% -30.4%
Military   5.949 1.9%     -84.6% -92.2%
Hotels 15.493 3.0%     -60.1% -66.1%
Retail Misc. 8.055 67.5%     6.4% -13.9%
    Shopping 29.176 24.9%     -10.5% 15.0%
  Retail   52.724 22.0%     -31.4% -32.6%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 243.021 10.9%     -2.3% 3.7%
Multi-Family 56.599 -1.5%     -34.1% 1.7%
    Single-Family 187.029 8.0%     9.1% -7.4%
RESIDENTIAL   243.628 5.6%     -6.3% -5.2%
NONRESIDENTIAL 365.692 6.8%     -5.6% 3.4%
GRAND TOTAL   609.319 6.4%     -5.9% -0.5%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s online product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – DECEMBER 2016 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date.
    3-months 12-months DEC DEC
OCT 16 NOV 16 DEC 16 OCT 16 NOV 16 DEC 16 OCT 16 NOV 16 DEC 16 2015 2016
Single Family 17.296 14.449 13.386 16.273 15.855 15.044 15.441 15.492 15.586 173.167 187.029
month-over-month % change 9.3% -16.5% -7.4% 0.2% -2.6% -5.1% 1.7% 0.3% 0.6%    
year-over-year % change 21.6% 4.5% 9.1% 7.0% 9.1% 11.9% 9.2% 7.9% 8.0% 14.5% 8.0%
Apartment 6.295 4.438 4.516 4.862 4.979 5.083 5.008 4.911 4.717 57.445 56.599
month-over-month % change 49.7% -29.5% 1.7% 18.1% 2.4% 2.1% 3.6% -1.9% -4.0%    
year-over-year % change 50.5% -20.8% -34.1% 18.9% 9.6% -8.3% 11.0% 8.6% -1.5% 8.4% -1.5%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 23.591 18.888 17.902 21.136 20.834 20.127 20.449 20.403 20.302 230.612 243.628
month-over-month % change 17.8% -19.9% -5.2% 3.8% -1.4% -3.4% 2.2% -0.2% -0.5%    
year-over-year % change 28.2% -2.8% -6.3% 9.5% 9.2% 6.0% 9.6% 8.0% 5.6% 12.9% 5.6%
Hotel/Motel 1.001 1.969 0.668 1.072 1.341 1.213 1.310 1.375 1.291 15.041 15.493
month-over-month % change -4.9% 96.7% -66.1% -26.0% 25.1% -9.6% 2.7% 5.0% -6.1%    
year-over-year % change 69.0% 65.6% -60.1% 21.4% 51.6% 5.3% 15.9% 18.0% 3.0% 64.5% 3.0%
Retail 2.003 1.171 1.347 2.584 1.549 1.507 2.487 2.444 2.431 23.356 29.176
month-over-month % change 36.1% -41.6% 15.0% -3.2% -40.1% -2.7% 0.6% -1.7% -0.5%    
year-over-year % change 9.4% -30.4% -10.5% 16.0% -30.6% -9.9% 32.3% 27.6% 24.9% 23.6% 24.9%
Parking Garages 0.233 0.392 0.134 0.222 0.289 0.253 0.341 0.360 0.360 3.155 4.322
month-over-month % change -3.8% 68.0% -65.8% -20.4% 30.4% -12.5% 2.1% 5.4% 0.1%    
year-over-year % change 55.7% 128.9% 3.9% 88.1% 92.8% 68.7% 19.9% 28.2% 37.0% 48.2% 37.0%
Amusement 0.414 0.433 0.306 0.375 0.384 0.384 0.514 0.510 0.496 6.251 5.951
month-over-month % change 35.6% 4.7% -29.5% -8.0% 2.4% 0.0% -0.8% -0.7% -2.8%    
year-over-year % change -10.9% -9.5% -35.7% -7.3% -4.6% -18.7% -0.1% -1.0% -4.8% -51.8% -4.8%
Office 1.911 0.777 1.130 1.630 1.440 1.273 1.617 1.601 1.539 16.715 18.469
month-over-month % change 17.2% -59.3% 45.4% 26.5% -11.7% -11.6% 2.4% -1.0% -3.8%    
year-over-year % change 31.5% -20.6% -39.5% -22.7% -26.9% -11.2% 18.4% 18.2% 10.5% -16.6% 10.5%
Governmental Offices 0.823 0.745 1.146 1.007 0.775 0.905 0.983 0.994 1.042 10.382 12.503
month-over-month % change 8.4% -9.5% 53.9% -6.4% -23.0% 16.7% 0.5% 1.2% 4.8%    
year-over-year % change 7.8% 22.3% 98.8% 3.9% 3.6% 39.3% 7.8% 12.3% 20.4% -8.0% 20.4%
Laboratories 0.046 0.106 2.018 0.095 0.100 0.723 0.177 0.182 0.339 2.205 4.073
month-over-month % change -68.6% 130.3% 1803.7% -5.4% 5.4% 626.4% 0.1% 3.0% 86.5%    
year-over-year % change 3.7% 144.3% 1466.4% -60.0% -52.3% 901.8% -9.4% -0.8% 84.7% -7.2% 84.7%
Warehouse 0.973 0.688 1.128 0.993 0.828 0.930 1.031 0.938 0.958 12.106 11.494
month-over-month % change 18.2% -29.3% 63.9% -28.7% -16.6% 12.3% -4.4% -9.0% 2.1%    
year-over-year % change -37.0% -61.8% 26.1% -9.2% -41.4% -34.2% 19.5% -3.6% -5.1% 62.3% -5.1%
Misc Commercial 0.600 1.123 0.216 0.609 0.818 0.647 1.006 1.041 0.976 13.174 11.718
month-over-month % change -17.8% 87.2% -80.7% 4.4% 34.3% -20.9% -6.2% 3.4% -6.2%    
year-over-year % change -57.1% 58.4% -78.1% -34.9% -8.4% -37.3% -17.6% -15.1% -11.1% 4.1% -11.1%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 8.004 7.405 8.093 8.586 7.524 7.834 9.467 9.445 9.433 102.384 113.199
month-over-month % change 11.8% -7.5% 9.3% -7.1% -12.4% 4.1% -0.2% -0.2% -0.1%    
year-over-year % change -2.9% -3.4% -1.7% -4.4% -15.5% -2.6% 13.2% 11.1% 10.6% 5.6% 10.6%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 0.635 0.298 0.945 0.809 0.445 0.626 0.868 0.878 0.878 12.138 10.534
month-over-month % change 58.0% -53.1% 217.2% 14.8% -45.0% 40.6% 5.3% 1.1% 0.0%    
year-over-year % change 479.9% 62.2% 0.3% 201.3% 103.5% 52.1% -18.0% -8.1% -13.2% 14.3% -13.2%
Religious 0.130 0.145 0.139 0.124 0.137 0.138 0.123 0.127 0.128 1.607 1.534
month-over-month % change -5.5% 11.3% -3.8% 3.2% 11.1% 0.4% -1.0% 3.1% 0.5%    
year-over-year % change -10.7% 45.7% 5.8% 10.5% 17.9% 10.0% -6.7% -4.3% -4.5% 9.9% -4.5%
Hosptials/Clinics 0.980 1.386 0.760 1.381 1.377 1.042 1.508 1.477 1.450 15.502 17.403
month-over-month % change -44.5% 41.4% -45.2% -17.5% -0.3% -24.3% -2.4% -2.0% -1.8%    
year-over-year % change -31.5% -20.7% -30.1% 22.1% 3.4% -26.7% 16.4% 12.0% 12.3% 9.4% 12.3%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.877 0.725 0.487 0.638 0.688 0.696 0.597 0.619 0.618 5.372 7.415
month-over-month % change 89.3% -17.4% -32.8% 3.8% 7.8% 1.2% 6.5% 3.5% -0.1%    
year-over-year % change 100.4% 53.4% -1.5% 28.5% 35.7% 48.7% 40.0% 41.1% 38.0% 25.6% 38.0%
Libraries/Museums 0.194 0.092 0.371 0.175 0.165 0.219 0.216 0.210 0.229 2.906 2.749
month-over-month % change -6.4% -52.9% 304.6% 6.6% -6.0% 33.0% -5.0% -2.9% 9.2%    
year-over-year % change -41.3% -44.9% 167.1% -56.9% -50.1% 3.3% -11.7% -15.7% -5.4% 24.9% -5.4%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.686 0.342 0.540 0.517 0.459 0.523 0.512 0.488 0.503 6.122 6.037
month-over-month % change 96.1% -50.1% 57.8% 3.2% -11.2% 13.8% 5.2% -4.7% 3.1%    
year-over-year % change 79.1% -46.0% 49.9% 25.0% -7.8% 13.9% 3.5% -7.0% -1.4% 51.2% -1.4%
Military 1.248 0.703 0.055 0.790 0.926 0.669 0.519 0.521 0.496 5.836 5.949
month-over-month % change 50.7% -43.6% -92.2% 21.4% 17.2% -27.8% 2.5% 0.4% -4.8%    
year-over-year % change 13.6% 3.7% -84.6% -3.5% 11.8% -6.0% 1.2% 11.2% 1.9% -45.9% 1.9%
Schools/Colleges 4.963 3.558 3.841 4.793 3.987 4.121 5.467 5.408 5.391 58.981 64.697
month-over-month % change 44.3% -28.3% 7.9% -9.9% -16.8% 3.3% 1.9% -1.1% -0.3%    
year-over-year % change 32.7% -16.6% -5.0% 9.9% -0.3% 2.6% 9.8% 7.0% 9.7% 1.1% 9.7%
Misc Government 0.750 0.481 0.558 0.588 0.580 0.596 0.424 0.442 0.454 3.427 5.450
month-over-month % change 47.7% -35.9% 16.1% -0.2% -1.5% 2.9% 13.3% 4.2% 2.8%    
year-over-year % change 388.3% 80.1% 36.2% 216.2% 218.8% 115.4% 53.4% 67.2% 59.0% 27.1% 59.0%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 9.829 7.432 6.751 9.007 8.320 8.004 9.367 9.292 9.269 99.753 111.233
month-over-month % change 27.7% -24.4% -9.2% -6.5% -7.6% -3.8% 1.9% -0.8% -0.2%    
year-over-year % change 27.3% -10.8% -3.9% 13.6% 6.8% 4.1% 12.0% 10.0% 11.5% 1.7% 11.5%
Misc Non Residential 0.695 0.538 0.463 0.617 0.590 0.565 0.658 0.669 0.671 4.809 8.055
month-over-month % change 29.2% -22.7% -13.9% -5.4% -4.3% -4.2% 2.8% 1.6% 0.3%    
year-over-year % change 44.6% 30.3% 6.4% 31.2% 45.0% 27.7% 67.7% 71.1% 67.5% 21.3% 67.5%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 19.164 15.672 16.251 19.019 16.879 17.029 20.360 20.284 20.252 219.084 243.021
month-over-month % change 21.3% -18.2% 3.7% -6.0% -11.2% 0.9% 1.1% -0.4% -0.2%    
year-over-year % change 15.8% -5.5% -2.3% 7.8% -2.6% 2.6% 12.0% 10.9% 10.9% 4.5% 10.9%
Airports 0.994 0.413 0.353 1.195 0.656 0.587 0.535 0.549 0.574 4.456 6.889
month-over-month % change 77.3% -58.5% -14.5% 7.0% -45.1% -10.6% 2.7% 2.6% 4.6%    
year-over-year % change 20.1% 67.4% 648.2% 26.2% -19.7% 57.0% 41.9% 48.0% 54.6% -38.6% 54.6%
Roads/Highways 4.691 3.074 3.022 4.755 3.993 3.596 4.419 4.370 4.346 51.338 52.150
month-over-month % change 11.3% -34.5% -1.7% 0.2% -16.0% -10.0% 2.2% -1.1% -0.5%    
year-over-year % change 31.8% -16.2% -8.7% 3.0% 5.7% 2.4% 3.5% 1.7% 1.6% 8.6% 1.6%
Bridges 1.112 0.967 1.162 1.217 1.220 1.081 1.244 1.216 1.198 12.741 14.381
month-over-month % change -29.6% -13.0% 20.1% -2.6% 0.3% -11.4% 1.9% -2.3% -1.4%    
year-over-year % change 33.3% -26.0% -15.2% 35.4% 21.5% -7.7% 22.3% 16.5% 12.9% 11.7% 12.9%
Dams/Marine 0.516 0.328 0.410 0.352 0.339 0.418 0.340 0.326 0.329 5.911 3.943
month-over-month % change 197.1% -36.5% 24.9% 18.7% -3.5% 23.2% -7.7% -4.1% 0.9%    
year-over-year % change -39.6% -34.0% 9.6% -41.5% -44.7% -27.3% -34.3% -35.6% -33.3% 16.5% -33.3%
Water/Sewage 2.527 1.755 2.141 2.868 2.471 2.141 2.579 2.543 2.550 28.657 30.604
month-over-month % change -19.3% -30.6% 22.0% -4.4% -13.8% -13.4% -0.3% -1.4% 0.3%    
year-over-year % change -3.2% -19.7% 4.0% 2.0% -0.6% -6.3% 6.6% 4.7% 6.8% 10.8% 6.8%
Misc Civil 1.155 0.970 0.634 0.810 0.930 0.920 1.338 1.307 1.225 20.130 14.704
month-over-month % change 73.4% -16.0% -34.6% -40.3% 14.8% -1.1% -3.4% -2.4% -6.2%    
year-over-year % change -32.6% -28.1% -60.6% -61.6% -49.3% -41.0% -21.6% -21.9% -27.0% 11.1% -27.0%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 10.996 7.507 7.722 11.196 9.610 8.741 10.455 10.310 10.223 123.234 122.671
month-over-month % change 6.5% -31.7% 2.9% -4.8% -14.2% -9.0% 0.5% -1.4% -0.8%    
year-over-year % change 5.7% -18.9% -12.0% -6.6% -8.8% -7.7% 1.4% -0.1% -0.5% 7.1% -0.5%
GRAND TOTAL 53.751 42.066 41.875 51.350 47.324 45.897 51.265 50.997 50.777 572.930 609.319
month-over-month % change 16.5% -21.7% -0.5% -1.9% -7.8% -3.0% 1.4% -0.5% -0.4%    
year-over-year % change 18.5% -7.1% -5.9% 5.0% 0.8% 1.9% 8.7% 7.4% 6.4% 8.3% 6.4%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 30.159 23.178 23.973 30.214 26.489 25.770 30.816 30.594 30.474 342.318 365.692
month-over-month % change 15.4% -23.1% 3.4% -5.6% -12.3% -2.7% 0.9% -0.7% -0.4%    
year-over-year % change 11.9% -10.3% -5.6% 2.0% -4.9% -1.1% 8.2% 6.9% 6.8% 5.4% 6.8%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION
* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-DEC 2015 Jan-DEC 2016 % Change
Connecticut $3,408,277,874 $3,159,738,924 -7.3%
Maine $930,150,393 $989,614,451 6.4%
Massachusetts $8,136,135,408 $9,477,490,182 16.5%
New Hampshire $968,527,964 $1,476,922,036 52.5%
Rhode Island $1,010,303,925 $687,922,671 -31.9%
Vermont $818,867,604 $696,555,091 -14.9%
Total New England $15,272,263,168   $16,488,243,355   8.0%
New Jersey $6,691,359,662 $6,345,310,481 -5.2%
New York $25,755,021,924 $21,797,690,311 -15.4%
Pennsylvania $11,814,823,847 $12,323,815,067 4.3%
Total Middle Atlantic $44,261,205,433   $40,466,815,859   -8.6%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $59,533,468,601   $56,955,059,214   -4.3%
Illinois $12,929,167,309 $11,061,046,797 -14.4%
Indiana $4,249,739,543 $6,379,386,687 50.1%
Michigan $8,167,951,508 $9,555,536,875 17.0%
Ohio $11,018,364,335 $12,548,271,260 13.9%
Wisconsin $5,761,237,359 $6,921,043,962 20.1%
Total East North Central $42,126,460,054   $46,465,285,581   10.3%
Iowa $4,794,566,283 $4,443,320,886 -7.3%
Kansas $4,169,204,349 $3,572,060,381 -14.3%
Minnesota $5,897,168,158 $6,930,785,184 17.5%
Missouri $5,360,899,293 $6,239,510,509 16.4%
Nebraska $2,478,135,803 $2,871,440,970 15.9%
North Dakota $3,707,928,796 $2,250,089,918 -39.3%
South Dakota $1,915,155,858 $1,271,512,897 -33.6%
Total West North Central $28,323,058,540   $27,578,720,745   -2.6%
TOTAL MIDWEST $70,449,518,594   $74,044,006,326   5.1%
Delaware $781,956,226 $800,966,317 2.4%
District of Columbia $1,644,680,823 $3,256,924,336 98.0%
Florida $17,499,471,175 $23,495,434,263 34.3%
Georgia $7,995,658,841 $12,069,069,170 50.9%
Maryland $5,662,445,482 $9,575,386,148 69.1%
North Carolina $9,586,362,207 $12,336,879,716 28.7%
South Carolina $4,769,307,126 $6,280,204,480 31.7%
Virginia $7,676,931,781 $10,189,142,645 32.7%
West Virginia $1,992,031,977 $1,944,256,033 -2.4%
Total South Atlantic $57,608,845,638   $79,948,263,108   38.8%
Alabama $3,747,783,254 $5,508,073,737 47.0%
Kentucky $4,456,257,333 $5,245,259,699 17.7%
Mississippi $3,037,204,028 $2,546,608,795 -16.2%
Tennessee $6,579,502,050 $6,004,088,842 -8.7%
Total East South Central $17,820,746,665   $19,304,031,073   8.3%
Arkansas $2,862,772,556 $2,964,239,436 3.5%
Louisiana $9,938,405,306 $3,656,007,576 -63.2%
Oklahoma $4,692,509,931 $6,194,790,205 32.0%
Texas $40,873,844,608 $45,863,783,590 12.2%
Total West South Central $58,367,532,401   $58,678,820,807   0.5%
TOTAL SOUTH $133,797,124,704   $157,931,114,988   18.0%
Arizona $3,257,839,932 $5,673,469,072 74.1%
Colorado $7,692,055,068 $5,447,940,797 -29.2%
Idaho $1,503,707,449 $1,351,541,607 -10.1%
Montana $1,328,947,159 $1,229,227,304 -7.5%
Nevada $7,001,905,106 $3,348,199,875 -52.2%
New Mexico $1,906,042,868 $1,646,507,866 -13.6%
Utah $3,923,527,273 $4,494,227,673 14.5%
Wyoming $2,156,268,289 $1,235,596,799 -42.7%
Total Mountain $28,770,293,144   $24,426,710,993   -15.1%
Alaska $1,800,331,602 $1,463,077,047 -18.7%
California $33,127,288,697 $33,923,244,617 2.4%
Hawaii $2,940,620,268 $2,707,215,905 -7.9%
Oregon $3,920,551,147 $5,179,062,163 32.1%
Washington $7,978,810,119 $9,062,211,570 13.6%
Total Pacific $49,767,601,833   $52,334,811,302   5.2%
TOTAL WEST $78,537,894,977   $76,761,522,295   -2.3%
TOTAL U.S. $342,318,006,876   $365,691,702,823   6.8%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.