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By: Alex Carrick on December 16th, 2016

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ConstructConnect’s November Starts Stumbled by Nearly One-Quarter

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that November’s level of U.S. construction starts, excluding residential activity, was $23.4 billion, a plunge of -22.2% versus the dollar volume in the period before. October-to-November’s long-term average decline, on account of seasonality, has been a much smaller -2%. (Looking ahead, November to December is usually a bigger drop, -5.0%).

2016-12-15-US Nonresidential-Construction-Starts-Nov-2016

November of this year compared with November of last year was also a decline, but one that was less dramatic -8.5%. Year-to-date starts, though, stayed on the positive side of the ledger, at +8.0% versus their volume through the same January-to-November time frame of 2015.

The monthly starts statistics have been sharply up and down of late. They were -24.3% in September, but +16.5% in October. Compared with November’s average performance during the previous five years, 2011 to 2015, the latest result was remarkably consistent, +1.6%.  

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a considerably larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s October report was 60%; the latter’s was 40%.


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ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., November 2016) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., October 2016.)

After month-to-month net jobs gains in September (+26,000) and October (+14,000), employment in construction rose again in November (+19,000), according to the latest Employment Situation Report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The last time the sector’s payroll contracted was in August, -6,000. The year-over-year employment gain in construction has been +2.4%, which has been faster than the total U.S. jobs advance of +1.6%. But job creation in construction has been slowing since December 2014’s best rise of +6.1%.

There are two other data series with close ties to construction work that appear in Table B-1 of the monthly Employment Situation Report. As a ‘leading’ indicator, – i.e., before there can be field activity, projects must be rendered into working drawings by design professionals − the total number of jobs in architectural and engineering services in November was +2.1% year over year. In nominal terms, they have now climbed to a perch near the same level as when they were at their previous peak in February 2008.  And as a ‘coincident’ indicator, the total number of positions at retail outlets specializing in selling building materials and supplies was +3.5%.

Construction’s November jobless rate (NSA) was 5.7%, down from 6.2% 12 months ago.  

November’s pullback in total month-to-month starts (-22.2%) resulted from widespread declines among the three major type-of-structure categories. Heavy engineering/civil (-31.1%) was worst. Institutional (-23.0%) was also down markedly. Commercial (-6.3%) wasn’t as bad. Smaller-volume industrial (-52.4%) was less by half, but this is a category that often displays wide swings in any given month, depending on the presence or absence of a mega project or two.

November 2016’s -8.5% descent relative to November 2015 was also led by engineering (-18.1%), followed by institutional (-7.7%) and commercial (-1.6%). Industrial was +64.1%.

As for year-to-date starts in 2016 (+8.0%), there have been almost equal measures of improvement in institutional (+12.9%) and commercial (+12.1%) work, with engineering staying essentially flat (+0.6%). Industrial (-18.0%) has strayed off the path and fallen behind.

At nearly 60%, the ‘schools/colleges’ subcategory has dominated institutional work so far this year. November, however, was a spotty month for starts on educational facilities. They were -28.2% month over month (m/m); and -15.7% year over year (y/y); but +10.6% year to date (ytd).

The next biggest slice of the institutional pie belongs to ‘hospital/clinic’ starts (a 16% share). In the latest month, they surged ahead +52.2% m/m, which lifted them to +14.9% ytd, even though they fell -14.4% compared with November of last year. ‘Nursing and assisted living’ starts were -16.8% m/m in the latest period, but were an impressive +53.4% y/y and +41.8% ytd.

Within commercial work, ‘retail/shopping’ starts have occupied first place (with a 26% share) among subcategories with 2016 almost over. In November, they faltered -42.4% m/m and -30.3% y/y, but were still up +26.8% ytd. ‘Private offices’ (a 16% share) displayed a similar pattern: -58.9% m/m; and -10.5% y/y; but a resounding +17.6% ytd. ‘Government offices’ (an 11% portion) were -7.3% m/m; but +25.5% y/y; and +17.6% ytd. ‘Hotel/motel’ starts (a 14% slice) were uniformly and pleasingly upbeat: +115.9% m/m; +65.9% y/y; and +12.2% ytd.

‘Road/highway’ starts are the biggest subcomponent (a 43% share) of the heavy engineering type-of-structure category. In the latest month, they disappointed m/m (-33.6%) and y/y (-15.0%), but they retained an improvement ytd (+2.4%). ‘Bridges’ likewise faltered m/m (-13.0%) and y/y (-25.9%), while staying better ytd (+17.1%). ‘Water/sewage’ starts (with a 25% or one-quarter share) also followed a familiar route; -30.6% m/m; and -19.4% y/y; but +7.1% ytd.

Table 2 re-orders and provides more detail on some of the type-of-structure categories in Table 1. The reasons for this ‘second view’ are set out in the footnote.

Among the 12-month moving average trend graphsp, the ‘miscellaneous civil (e.g., power, etc.)’ curve has seriously nosedived over the past several months, ‘retail’ has more recently retreated after a lofty climb and private office buildings have eased somewhat. ‘Schools/colleges’, ‘roads/highways’ and ‘bridges’ appear uncertain as to the direction to take.

With respect to compensation increases as reported in November’s Employment Situation Report, construction nearly matched or bettered economy-wide gains. Including supervisory personnel, average year-over-year earnings increases were +2.5% hourly and +2.2% weekly for all jobs. For the ‘hard hat’ contingent on its own, they were +2.4% and +2.7% respectively. For production workers only (i.e., omitting bosses), the all-jobs earnings jumps were +2.4% hourly and +2.1% weekly. Construction was a nice step ahead at +3.2% both hourly and weekly.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy.

A “start” is determined by taking the announced bid date and adding a short time lag (30 to 60 days). ConstructConnect continues to follow the project via its network of researchers. If it is abandoned or re-bid, the start date is updated to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - November 2016 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 featured construction projects in the U.S. - November 2016.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - November 2016.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – NOVEMBER 2016
YEAR TO DATE
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-Nov 16 Jan-Nov 16 vs  Nov 16 vs Nov 16 vs
($ billions) Jan-Nov 15 Nov 15 Oct 16
           
Hotel/Motel 15.001 12.2% 65.9% 115.9%
Retail 27.667 26.8% -30.3% -42.4%
Parking Garage 4.262 40.9% 128.9% 61.1%
Amusement 5.718 -0.3% -9.5% 4.6%
Private Office  17.191 17.6% -10.5% -58.9%
Government Office 11.383 17.6% 25.5% -7.3%
Laboratory 2.043 -1.2% 144.3% 130.3%
Warehouse 10.272 -8.4% -61.4% -25.5%
Miscellaneous Commercial 11.540 -5.3% 57.9% 75.7%
COMMERCIAL 105.077 12.1% -1.6% -6.3%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 9.177 -18.0% 64.1% -52.4%
     
Religious 1.395 -5.4% 45.7%   12.1%
Hospital/Clinic 16.550 14.9% -14.4%   52.2%
Nursing/Assisted Living 6.871 41.8% 53.4%   -16.8%
Library/Museum 2.416 2.1% -43.8%   -54.7%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 5.456 -5.3% -45.7%   -49.9%
Military 5.940 8.4% 3.5%   -43.7%
School/College 60.557 10.6% -15.7%   -28.2%
Miscellaneous Government 4.707 62.1% 215.4%   -32.5%
INSTITUTIONAL 103.892 12.9% -7.7%   -23.0%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 7.591 73.6% 29.8%   -23.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 225.737 12.2% -3.1%   -17.1%
       
Airport 6.515 47.8% 77.3%   -54.3%
Road/Highway 49.192 2.4% -15.0%   -33.6%
Bridge 13.232 17.1% -25.9%   -13.0%
Dam/Marine 3.529 -36.3% -34.9%   -37.4%
Water/Sewage 28.505 7.1% -19.4%   -30.6%
Miscellaneous Civil 14.134 -23.7% -28.1%   -17.9%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 115.107 0.6% -18.1%   -31.1%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 340.844 8.0% -8.5% -22.2%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– NOVEMBER 2016
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Nov 16 Jan-Nov 16 vs     Nov 16 vs Nov 16 vs
($ billions) Jan-Nov 15     Nov 15 Oct 16
           
Summary      
CIVIL 115.107 0.6%     -18.1% -31.1%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 225.737 12.2%     -3.1% -17.1%
RESIDENTIAL   225.090 6.7%     -0.8% -17.3%
GRAND TOTAL   565.934 7.5%     -5.2% -20.1%
 
Verticals  
Airport 6.515 47.8%     77.3% -54.3%
All Other Civil 13.299 -22.1%     -28.7% -6.8%
Bridges 13.232 17.1%     -25.9% -13.0%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 3.529 -36.3%     -34.9% -37.4%
Power Infrastructure 0.835 -41.7%     -13.9% -76.9%
Roads 49.192 2.4%     -15.0% -33.6%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 28.505 7.1%     -19.4% -30.6%
CIVIL     115.107 0.6%     -18.1% -31.1%
Offices (private) 17.191 17.6%     -10.5% -58.9%
Parking Garages 4.262 40.9%     128.9% 61.1%
  Transportation Terminals 3.435 -43.8%     -82.6% -77.2%
Commercial (small subset) 24.888 4.7%     -17.9% -50.0%
Amusement 5.718 -0.3%     -9.5% 4.6%
Libraries / Museums 2.416 2.1%     -43.8% -54.7%
Religious 1.395 -5.4%     45.7% 12.1%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 8.105 33.5%     369.1% 290.7%
Community 17.634 12.7%     76.8% 68.1%
College / University 20.516 10.9%     -8.1% -46.5%
Elementary / Pre School 18.499 4.9%     -19.9% -6.5%
Jr / Sr High School 20.240 16.8%     -15.3% -9.3%
  Special / Vocational 1.303 0.9%     -67.5% -66.5%
Educational 60.557 10.6%     -15.7% -28.2%
Courthouses 1.178 6.0%     -55.6% -28.2%
Fire and Police Stations 2.515 33.1%     -41.1% -64.6%
Government Offices 11.383 17.6%     25.5% -7.3%
  Prisons 1.763 -36.1%     -45.6% -16.7%
Government 16.839 9.1%     -10.8% -26.7%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 2.043 -1.2%     144.3% 130.3%
Manufacturing 9.177 -18.0%     64.1% -52.4%
  Warehouses 10.272 -8.4%     -61.4% -25.5%
Industrial 21.492 -12.2%     -45.6% -31.6%
Hospitals / Clinics 16.550 14.9%     -14.4% 52.2%
Medical Misc. 4.707 62.1%     215.4% -32.5%
  Nursing Homes 6.871 41.8%     53.4% -16.8%
Medical   28.127 26.9%     13.9% 5.2%
Military   5.940 8.4%     3.5% -43.7%
Hotels 15.001 12.2%     65.9% 115.9%
Retail Misc. 7.591 73.6%     29.8% -23.7%
    Shopping 27.667 26.8%     -30.3% -42.4%
  Retail   50.259 27.1%     12.1% 0.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 225.737 12.2%     -3.1% -17.1%
Multi-Family 50.785 1.4%     -21.8% -24.5%
    Single-Family 174.305 8.3%     7.5% -14.9%
RESIDENTIAL   225.090 6.7%     -0.8% -17.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL 340.844 8.0%     -8.5% -22.2%
GRAND TOTAL   565.934 7.5%     -5.2% -20.1%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – OCTOBER 2016 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months Nov Nov
Sep 16 Oct 16 Nov 16 Sep 16 Oct 16 Nov 16 Sep 16 Oct 16 Nov 16 2015 2016
Single Family 15.886 17.472 14.869 16.264 16.354 16.076 15.190 15.461 15.547 160.903 174.305
   month-over-month % change 1.2% 10.0% -14.9% -3.7% 0.6% -1.7% 0.2% 1.8% 0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 2.3% 22.9% 7.5% 0.7% 7.5% 10.7% 7.8% 9.3% 8.2% 15.1% 8.3%
Apartment 3.908 5.670 4.279 3.984 4.511 4.619 4.639 4.763 4.664 50.085 50.785
   month-over-month % change -1.2% 45.1% -24.5% -2.0% 13.2% 2.4% 0.1% 2.7% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change 1.9% 35.7% -21.8% -13.1% 10.6% 2.7% 5.4% 6.3% 4.1% 1.8% 1.4%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 19.794 23.143 19.148 20.248 20.866 20.695 19.829 20.224 20.211 210.988 225.090
   month-over-month % change 0.7% 16.9% -17.3% -3.4% 3.1% -0.8% 0.2% 2.0% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 2.2% 25.8% -0.8% -2.4% 8.2% 8.8% 7.2% 8.6% 7.3% 11.7% 6.7%
Hotel/Motel 1.046 0.913 1.972 1.440 1.051 1.311 1.292 1.319 1.384 13.367 15.001
   month-over-month % change -12.4% -12.7% 115.9% 4.4% -27.0% 24.7% 1.1% 2.1% 4.9%    
   year-over-year % change 19.9% 54.2% 65.9% 52.4% 19.1% 48.1% 11.8% 16.8% 18.8% 56.6% 12.2%
Retail 1.473 2.032 1.171 2.631 2.554 1.559 2.457 2.473 2.431 21.813 27.667
   month-over-month % change -64.6% 37.9% -42.4% -31.1% -2.9% -39.0% -5.5% 0.7% -1.7%    
   year-over-year % change -53.7% 11.0% -30.3% 20.1% 14.6% -30.2% 34.6% 31.8% 27.1% 22.9% 26.8%
Parking Garages 0.243 0.243 0.392 0.300 0.236 0.293 0.340 0.348 0.366 3.025 4.262
   month-over-month % change 9.9% 0.3% 61.1% -26.2% -21.6% 24.2% 2.9% 2.3% 5.3%    
   year-over-year % change 88.2% 62.3% 128.9% -37.0% 99.7% 95.1% 20.4% 22.1% 30.4% 69.2% 40.9%
Amusement 0.370 0.414 0.434 0.428 0.394 0.406 0.523 0.519 0.516 5.732 5.718
   month-over-month % change -6.9% 12.0% 4.6% 0.7% -8.0% 3.1% 1.7% -0.8% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 39.9% -10.7% -9.5% 0.7% -2.7% 0.9% -1.0% 1.7% 0.8% -54.3% -0.3%
Office 1.565 1.889 0.776 1.265 1.601 1.410 1.560 1.596 1.588 14.622 17.191
   month-over-month % change 16.0% 20.7% -58.9% 2.0% 26.6% -11.9% -9.3% 2.3% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change -55.0% 29.9% -10.5% -33.7% -24.1% -27.0% 12.9% 17.7% 18.9% -21.6% 17.6%
Governmental Offices 0.742 0.825 0.765 1.077 1.001 0.777 0.978 0.984 0.997 9.681 11.383
   month-over-month % change -48.4% 11.2% -7.3% -11.2% -7.0% -22.4% -0.3% 0.5% 1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -4.2% 8.1% 25.5% -12.8% 7.0% 8.6% 5.0% 9.1% 13.8% -7.3% 17.6%
Laboratories 0.147 0.046 0.106 0.100 0.095 0.100 0.175 0.176 0.181 2.067 2.043
   month-over-month % change 61.6% -68.6% 130.3% -56.5% -5.4% 5.4% -15.7% 0.5% 3.0%    
   year-over-year % change -72.8% 32.7% 144.3% -60.6% -59.4% -51.6% -11.1% -9.6% -0.9% -8.2% -1.2%
Warehouse 0.780 0.933 0.695 1.374 0.963 0.803 1.074 1.023 0.931 11.212 10.272
   month-over-month % change -33.5% 19.6% -25.5% 2.2% -30.0% -16.6% -0.9% -4.7% -9.0%    
   year-over-year % change -12.6% -39.6% -61.4% 0.2% -12.0% -43.2% 36.1% 18.6% -4.4% 60.4% -8.4%
Misc Commercial 0.730 0.637 1.119 0.583 0.621 0.829 1.073 1.010 1.044 12.186 11.540
   month-over-month % change 47.5% -12.8% 75.7% -56.1% 6.5% 33.5% 1.2% -5.9% 3.4%    
   year-over-year % change 27.8% -54.4% 57.9% -30.4% -33.6% -7.1% -11.3% -17.3% -14.8% 20.3% -5.3%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 7.096 7.932 7.430 9.197 8.514 7.486 9.471 9.447 9.437 93.705 105.077
   month-over-month % change -32.5% 11.8% -6.3% -19.2% -7.4% -12.1% -3.1% -0.3% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change -33.7% -3.6% -1.6% -4.6% -4.8% -15.2% 14.1% 13.3% 11.5% 5.2% 12.1%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 0.402 0.632 0.301 0.691 0.801 0.445 0.790 0.833 0.843 11.195 9.177
   month-over-month % change -70.6% 57.1% -52.4% 5.2% 16.0% -44.4% 0.4% 5.5% 1.2%    
   year-over-year % change 10.8% 477.2% 64.1% 17.3% 198.5% 103.6% -29.5% -21.3% -11.7% 8.2% -18.0%
Religious 0.137 0.129 0.145 0.120 0.123 0.137 0.125 0.123 0.127 1.475 1.395
   month-over-month % change 33.0% -6.2% 12.1% 0.7% 3.0% 11.1% 2.2% -1.1% 3.1%    
   year-over-year % change 31.2% -11.3% 45.7% 10.6% 10.2% 17.6% -3.7% -6.7% -4.3% 9.9% -5.4%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.613 0.983 1.496 1.602 1.309 1.364 1.528 1.491 1.470 14.408 16.550
   month-over-month % change 21.1% -39.1% 52.2% -13.6% -18.3% 4.2% 4.5% -2.4% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 97.6% -31.0% -14.4% -2.0% 16.0% 2.6% 20.9% 15.1% 11.5% 13.1% 14.9%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.454 0.871 0.725 0.602 0.623 0.683 0.557 0.591 0.613 4.847 6.871
   month-over-month % change -16.4% 91.7% -16.8% -3.4% 3.5% 9.7% -2.2% 6.2% 3.6%    
   year-over-year % change -24.5% 90.4% 53.4% 30.8% 24.5% 33.9% 32.1% 39.4% 40.6% 24.7% 41.8%
Libraries/Museums 0.208 0.206 0.093 0.164 0.179 0.169 0.213 0.219 0.213 2.367 2.416
   month-over-month % change 68.7% -0.7% -54.7% -40.8% 9.0% -5.5% -10.0% 3.0% -2.8%    
   year-over-year % change -57.8% 57.5% -43.8% -50.9% -47.3% -35.7% 0.7% 3.7% -1.2% 12.0% 2.1%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.350 0.687 0.344 0.492 0.517 0.460 0.483 0.509 0.485 5.759 5.456
   month-over-month % change -32.1% 96.4% -49.9% -15.9% 5.1% -11.0% -2.2% 5.3% -4.7%    
   year-over-year % change -26.7% 80.6% -45.7% -22.6% 25.3% -7.4% -0.9% 2.9% -7.6% 64.2% -5.3%
Military 0.805 1.248 0.702 0.643 0.783 0.918 0.510 0.523 0.525 5.478 5.940
   month-over-month % change 173.1% 54.9% -43.7% 30.5% 21.7% 17.3% 1.6% 2.4% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 13.6% 13.6% 3.5% 12.4% -4.5% 10.9% 4.3% 2.0% 12.1% -48.6% 8.4%
Schools/Colleges 3.450 4.981 3.575 5.281 4.798 4.002 5.333 5.439 5.383 54.757 60.557
   month-over-month % change -42.2% 44.4% -28.2% -19.2% -9.1% -16.6% -0.7% 2.0% -1.0%    
   year-over-year % change -11.6% 34.2% -15.7% 3.0% 11.0% 1.3% 3.7% 9.5% 6.9% 4.0% 10.6%
Misc Government 0.422 0.715 0.483 0.540 0.533 0.540 0.352 0.399 0.426 2.904 4.707
   month-over-month % change -8.2% 69.4% -32.5% 12.7% -1.4% 1.4% 7.6% 13.3% 6.9%    
   year-over-year % change 238.4% 365.5% 215.4% 136.4% 186.3% 275.5% 25.3% 44.3% 67.4% 14.3% 62.1%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 7.439 9.820 7.562 9.445 8.866 8.274 9.101 9.294 9.241 91.994 103.892
   month-over-month % change -20.3% 32.0% -23.0% -13.9% -6.1% -6.7% 0.2% 2.1% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 3.0% 30.9% -7.7% 3.8% 13.3% 8.3% 8.0% 11.8% 10.2% 2.9% 12.9%
Misc Non Residential 0.533 0.701 0.535 0.651 0.618 0.590 0.640 0.659 0.669 4.373 7.591
   month-over-month % change -14.0% 31.5% -23.7% -14.2% -5.1% -4.6% 2.7% 2.9% 1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 62.6% 45.7% 29.8% 45.5% 31.5% 44.9% 69.9% 67.7% 71.1% 19.9% 73.6%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 15.471 19.086 15.829 19.984 18.799 16.795 20.002 20.232 20.190 201.267 225.737
   month-over-month % change -29.2% 23.4% -17.1% -15.9% -5.9% -10.7% -1.3% 1.2% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change -16.9% 16.9% -3.1% 1.0% 7.4% -1.7% 9.8% 11.8% 11.0% 4.6% 12.2%
Airports 0.561 0.958 0.437 1.115 1.181 0.652 0.520 0.531 0.547 4.409 6.515
   month-over-month % change -72.3% 70.7% -54.3% 3.5% 5.9% -44.8% -11.6% 2.1% 3.0%    
   year-over-year % change -59.3% 15.7% 77.3% 45.1% 24.7% -20.2% 55.1% 40.9% 47.5% -38.9% 47.8%
Roads/Highways 4.229 4.692 3.116 4.754 4.761 4.012 4.327 4.421 4.375 48.025 49.192
   month-over-month % change -21.1% 11.0% -33.6% -5.4% 0.1% -15.7% 0.2% 2.2% -1.0%    
   year-over-year % change 2.9% 31.8% -15.0% -10.2% 3.2% 6.2% 0.7% 3.5% 1.9% 9.8% 2.4%
Bridges 1.579 1.113 0.968 1.249 1.218 1.220 1.222 1.245 1.217 11.298 13.232
   month-over-month % change 64.4% -29.5% -13.0% 11.6% -2.5% 0.2% 5.1% 1.9% -2.3%    
   year-over-year % change 81.4% 33.5% -25.9% 34.5% 35.5% 21.5% 24.4% 23.2% 17.3% 10.3% 17.1%
Dams/Marine 0.174 0.516 0.323 0.296 0.352 0.338 0.368 0.340 0.325 5.537 3.529
   month-over-month % change -52.3% 197.1% -37.4% -23.8% 18.6% -3.9% -6.7% -7.7% -4.3%    
   year-over-year % change -64.4% -39.6% -34.9% -33.3% -41.5% -44.9% -26.9% -34.3% -35.7% 21.9% -36.3%
Water/Sewage 3.132 2.539 1.763 2.999 2.870 2.478 2.589 2.582 2.547 26.614 28.505
   month-over-month % change 6.5% -18.9% -30.6% 6.0% -4.3% -13.7% 1.5% -0.3% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 17.6% -3.2% -19.4% 1.8% 1.9% -0.5% 8.3% 6.7% 4.8% 14.1% 7.1%
Misc Civil 0.673 1.182 0.970 1.366 0.827 0.941 1.388 1.344 1.312 18.514 14.134
   month-over-month % change 7.3% 75.7% -17.9% -20.3% -39.5% 13.8% -9.6% -3.2% -2.4%    
   year-over-year % change -72.4% -31.1% -28.1% -34.6% -60.8% -48.6% -16.1% -21.3% -21.5% 11.7% -23.7%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 10.347 11.000 7.577 11.780 11.208 9.641 10.414 10.463 10.323 114.398 115.107
   month-over-month % change -15.7% 6.3% -31.1% -3.1% -4.9% -14.0% -1.3% 0.5% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -13.4% 5.6% -18.1% -5.5% -6.5% -8.5% 2.5% 1.6% 0.1% 8.3% 0.6%
GRAND TOTAL 45.612 53.229 42.554 52.012 50.873 47.131 50.245 50.919 50.725 526.653 565.934
   month-over-month % change -15.2% 16.7% -20.1% -8.6% -2.2% -7.4% -0.7% 1.3% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -8.6% 17.9% -5.2% -1.9% 4.3% 1.0% 7.2% 8.3% 7.1% 8.1% 7.5%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 25.818 30.086 23.406 31.764 30.007 26.436 30.416 30.695 30.513 315.665 340.844
   month-over-month % change -24.3% 16.5% -22.2% -11.6% -5.5% -11.9% -1.3% 0.9% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -15.5% 12.5% -8.5% -1.5% 1.8% -4.3% 7.1% 8.1% 7.0% 5.9% 8.0%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION
* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-Nov 2015 Jan-Nov 2016 % Change
Connecticut $2,993,773,789 $2,936,547,051 -1.9%
Maine $895,857,654 $820,547,384 -8.4%
Massachusetts $7,447,936,938 $8,902,888,915 19.5%
New Hampshire $931,814,589 $1,275,169,470 36.8%
Rhode Island $977,921,457 $645,901,586 -34.0%
Vermont $743,105,372 $649,212,924 -12.6%
Total New England $13,990,409,799   $15,230,267,330   8.9%
New Jersey $6,329,884,570 $5,775,208,601 -8.8%
New York $24,052,423,170 $20,062,750,839 -16.6%
Pennsylvania $11,156,749,068 $11,426,054,452 2.4%
Total Middle Atlantic $41,539,056,808   $37,264,013,892   -10.3%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $55,529,466,607   $52,494,281,222   -5.5%
Illinois $12,123,499,941 $10,612,072,079 -12.5%
Indiana $3,929,431,963 $6,010,946,358 53.0%
Michigan $7,318,632,692 $8,501,683,533 16.2%
Ohio $10,440,673,415 $11,275,464,190 8.0%
Wisconsin $5,638,764,770 $6,662,875,837 18.2%
Total East North Central $39,451,002,781   $43,063,041,997   9.2%
Iowa $4,450,159,831 $4,259,471,377 -4.3%
Kansas $3,964,137,996 $3,343,839,649 -15.6%
Minnesota $5,616,289,022 $6,680,791,849 19.0%
Missouri $5,023,512,407 $5,810,791,039 15.7%
Nebraska $2,148,002,590 $2,684,103,270 25.0%
North Dakota $3,532,432,808 $2,061,020,467 -41.7%
South Dakota $1,838,570,902 $1,287,513,312 -30.0%
Total West North Central $26,573,105,556   $26,127,530,963   -1.7%
TOTAL MIDWEST $66,024,108,337   $69,190,572,960   4.8%
Delaware $537,255,909 $767,995,693 42.9%
District of Columbia $1,452,412,717 $3,167,427,639 118.1%
Florida $15,910,624,689 $22,197,249,320 39.5%
Georgia $7,403,039,104 $11,437,312,582 54.5%
Maryland $5,082,173,004 $9,161,141,726 80.3%
North Carolina $8,956,838,199 $9,760,488,114 9.0%
South Carolina $4,334,821,708 $5,937,414,171 37.0%
Virginia $6,838,746,575 $9,592,213,737 40.3%
West Virginia $1,678,748,952 $1,863,449,468 11.0%
Total South Atlantic $52,194,660,857   $73,884,692,450   41.6%
Alabama $3,601,268,176 $5,318,672,539 47.7%
Kentucky $4,231,290,610 $4,817,751,249 13.9%
Mississippi $2,909,825,944 $2,301,854,681 -20.9%
Tennessee $5,505,950,489 $5,430,681,300 -1.4%
Total East South Central $16,248,335,219   $17,868,959,769   10.0%
Arkansas $2,580,949,049 $2,754,312,577 6.7%
Louisiana $9,592,546,261 $3,224,623,258 -66.4%
Oklahoma $4,515,509,975 $5,765,608,940 27.7%
Texas $37,372,769,641 $42,804,481,633 14.5%
Total West South Central $54,061,774,926   $54,549,026,408   0.9%
TOTAL SOUTH $122,504,771,002   $146,302,678,627   19.4%
Arizona $2,850,660,154 $5,190,694,574 82.1%
Colorado $6,443,614,303 $5,121,046,379 -20.5%
Idaho $1,409,928,576 $1,190,679,439 -15.6%
Montana $1,199,182,466 $1,066,914,857 -11.0%
Nevada $6,761,300,547 $3,113,140,636 -54.0%
New Mexico $1,709,396,603 $1,542,108,320 -9.8%
Utah $3,504,698,007 $4,289,579,385 22.4%
Wyoming $2,079,685,532 $1,168,687,635 -43.8%
Total Mountain $25,958,466,188   $22,682,851,225   -12.6%
Alaska $1,667,222,003 $1,418,510,343 -14.9%
California $30,083,807,186 $32,648,816,309 8.5%
Hawaii $2,722,902,350 $2,617,810,693 -3.9%
Oregon $3,787,070,910 $4,827,075,195 27.5%
Washington $7,387,432,292 $8,661,647,136 17.2%
Total Pacific $45,648,434,741   $50,173,859,676   9.9%
TOTAL WEST $71,606,900,929   $72,856,710,901   1.7%
TOTAL U.S. $315,665,246,875   $340,844,243,710   8.0%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.