ConstructConnect’s September Nonresidential Starts Were -5% Both M/M and YTD

ConstructConnect announced today that September’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $32.7 billion − a month-to-month change of -4.8%. The history of the starts data records a ‘normal’ change from August to September, due to seasonality, of -3.0%. Starts traditionally perform best in the sunnier-weather months of Spring and early Summer.

2018-10-10-US-Nonresidential-Construction-Starts-September-2018

Compared with September of last year, this year’s latest-month starts volume was -31.0%. September of 2017, however, was exceptionally bullish. It was 2017’s strongest month, bolstered by three mega projects (an Exxon Mobil plastics plant; the Atlantic Sunrise pipeline project; and a new Delta Airlines terminal at LaGuardia Airport). Relative to the five-year average for September, from 2013 through 2017, this year’s latest-month starts volume was +4.8%. Year-to-date starts in 2018 compared with January-to-September of 2017 have been -5.0%.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s August report was 58%; the latter’s was 42%.


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ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., September 2018) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., August 2018.)

Based on the data appearing in the monthly Employment Situation report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), U.S. construction hiring in the latest two months, − +26,000 jobs in August and +23,000 in September – has been in close alignment with the nine-month average climb of +24,000 so far this year. The +24,000 figure is a jump of +44% compared with January-September 2017’s monthly average increase of +17,000.

While the national unemployment rate dipped to a multi-decades-low 3.7% in September, the ‘hard hat’ out-of-work rate increased to 4.1% from 3.4% in both July and August. That 4.1%, however, compares favorably with September 2017’s 4.7% and September 2016’s 5.2%.

The U.S. total jobs count in September was +1.7% year over year. Construction raced ahead much faster, +4.5%. Year-over-year staffing changes in other sectors important to construction have been: ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing’, -0.2%; ‘building material and supplies dealers’, +2.2%; ‘real estate firms’, +2.7%; ‘architectural and engineering services’, +2.8%; ‘oil and gas extraction’, +3.7%; and, leading the pack, ‘machinery and equipment rental’, +12.2%.

The month-to-month (m/m) easing of -4.8% in total nonresidential starts in September was due to substantial pullbacks in the industrial (-61.8%) and institutional (-19.5%) subcategories. On the plus side, commercial (+22.2%) and heavy engineering/civil (+9.3%) were upbeat.

The -31.0% drop year over year (y/y) in total starts in September 2018 versus September 2017 was due to retreats all around: industrial (-86.3%); heavy engineering (-20.0%), commercial (-9.6%) and institutional (-8.9%). Remember that September 2017 was replete with mega projects.

The modest decline year to date (ytd) in total nonresidential starts (-5.0%) in the latest month was the result of engineering (+6.3%) not quite being able to overcome the combined negativity from poorly-performing institutional (-7.2%), industrial (-7.7%) and commercial (-14.0%).

Within engineering, the largest component (with a 40% share) so far this year has been ‘road/highway’. Street starts in September were -33.1% m/m, but +12.0% y/y and +14.9% ytd. There have been three other major players within engineering to date: ‘miscellaneous civil (power, pipelines, etc.)’ (with a 19% slice); ‘water/sewage’ (18% slice); and ‘bridges’ (15%). ‘Miscellaneous civil’ starts in the latest month were +226.6% m/m and +32.2% ytd, but -38.0% y/y. ‘Water/sewage’ starts have been +5.4% m/m and +3.0% y/y, but -11.6% ytd. ‘Bridge’ starts have been: +93.6% m/m; +75.0% y/y; and +10.7% ytd.

The ‘school/college’ subcategory (a 59% share) has been dominant within institutional to date this year. Educational facility starts in September were -29.3% m/m, -2.7% y/y and -1.9% ytd. Medical facility starts – i.e., the summation of ‘hospital/clinic’, ‘nursing/assisted living’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’ work – have accounted for 28% of institutional in 2018. Such combined health care groundbreakings in the latest month were +4.8% m/m, but -8.5% y/y and -13.8% ytd.

Accounting for the largest shares of commercial starts through the first nine months of this year have been the ‘private office’ (22%) and ‘hotel/motel’ (20%) subcategories. The former in September was -34.9% y/y and -10.9% ytd, but +10.7% m/m. The latter was -23.2% y/y and -16.7% ytd, but +35.5% m/m. Also, ‘warehouse (-19.3% y/y and -16.4% ytd, but +14.3% m/m) and ‘retail/shopping’ (-12.5% ytd, but +1.6% y/y and +14.8% m/m) should not be overlooked.

There’s about an even degree of diversity among the 12-month moving average trend graphs. Several of the type-of-structure slopes have been moving upwards – ‘roads/highways’, ‘bridges’ and ‘miscellaneous civil’ (although after shooting way up, it has more recently moderated). Several have been shifting downwards – ‘retail’, ‘private office buildings’ and ‘hospitals/clinics’. And a couple are essentially flat – ‘schools/colleges’ and ‘water/sewage’.

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on non-farm payrolls; B-8 is for ‘production and non-supervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From Table B-3, the average annual compensation hikes in September 2018 for ‘all jobs’ nationally were +2.8% hourly and +3.4% weekly. The pay raises for construction workers, as a subset, were similarly unremarkable, +3.1% both hourly and weekly. From Table B-8 (excluding bosses), the ‘all jobs’ earnings gains were +2.7% hourly and +3.1% weekly. The financial rewards going to construction workers were minimally better, +2.8% hourly and +3.6% weekly.

Further on costing, September’s results for three key BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index’, +7.8%; ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports’, +6.2%; and ‘final demand construction’ +3.4%.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s single-family plus multi-family residential starts in September were -10.8% m/m; -16.3% y/y; and -10.2% ytd. ‘Grand total’ starts were -7.3% m/m; -25.9% y/y; and -7.1% ytd.

ConstructConnect has now moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date. In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package – September 2018 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – September 2018.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – September 2018.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – SEPTEMBER 2018
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-SEP 18 Jan-SEP 18 vs  SEP 18 vs SEP 18 vs
($ billions) Jan-SEP 17 SEP 17 AUG 18
           
Hotel/Motel 19.222 -16.7% -23.2% 35.5%
Retail 13.684 -12.5% 1.6% 14.8%
Parking Garage 1.984 -12.7% -22.0% -38.6%
Amusement 5.957 0.2% 40.1% 78.5%
Private Office  21.129 -10.9% -34.9% 10.7%
Government Office 8.127 -5.8% 75.0% 17.2%
Laboratory 2.307 1.8% -5.6% -7.9%
Warehouse 14.494 -16.4% -19.3% 14.3%
Miscellaneous Commercial 10.149 -27.3% -11.9% 66.6%
COMMERCIAL 97.053 -14.0% -9.6% 22.2%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 25.470 -7.7% -86.3% -61.8%
     
Religious 1.512 -15.0% 19.9%   -3.9%
Hospital/Clinic 11.632 -16.7% -25.1%   -36.4%
Nursing/Assisted Living 7.454 -15.4% -18.6%   33.0%
Library/Museum 2.073 -32.2% -18.2%   51.3%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 5.550 -17.8% -47.1%   -60.1%
Military 3.642 11.0% -16.4%   17.7%
School/College 56.599 -1.9% -2.7%   -29.3%
Miscellaneous Government 8.168 -7.8% 22.7%   60.0%
INSTITUTIONAL 96.631 -7.2% -8.9%   -19.5%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 5.384 -11.5% -29.2%   9.6%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 224.536 -10.4% -36.9%   -12.4%
       
Airport 5.532 -48.0% -87.5%   -14.6%
Road/Highway 51.437 14.9% 12.0%   -33.1%
Bridge 18.591 10.7% 75.0%   93.6%
Dam/Marine 4.696 37.7% 170.2%   32.0%
Water/Sewage 23.231 -11.6% 3.0%   5.4%
Miscellaneous Civil 24.631 32.2% -38.0%   226.6%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 128.118 6.3% -20.0%   9.3%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 352.655 -5.0% -31.0% -4.8%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – SEPTEMBER 2018
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Sep 18 Jan-Sep 18 vs     Sep 18 vs Sep 18 vs
($ billions) Jan-Sep 17     Sep 17 Aug 18
           
Summary      
CIVIL 128.118 6.3%     -20.0% 9.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 224.536 -10.4%     -36.9% -12.4%
RESIDENTIAL   220.471 -10.2%     -16.3% -10.8%
GRAND TOTAL   573.126 -7.1%     -25.9% -7.3%
 
Verticals  
Airport 5.532 -48.0%     -87.5% -14.6%
All Other Civil 19.268 63.0%     -38.6% 294.2%
Bridges 18.591 10.7%     75.0% 93.6%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 4.696 37.7%     170.2% 32.0%
Power Infrastructure 5.363 -21.2%     -16.1% -44.6%
Roads 51.437 14.9%     12.0% -33.1%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 23.231 -11.6%     3.0% 5.4%
CIVIL     128.118 6.3%     -20.0% 9.3%
Offices (private) 21.129 -10.9%     -34.9% 10.7%
Parking Garages 1.984 -12.7%     -22.0% -38.6%
  Transportation Terminals 4.340 52.1%     47.6% 6.2%
Commercial (small subset) 27.453 -4.8%     -28.6% 2.9%
Amusement 5.957 0.2%     40.1% 78.5%
Libraries / Museums 2.073 -32.2%     -18.2% 51.3%
Religious 1.512 -15.0%     19.9% -3.9%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 5.809 -47.7%     -29.4% 156.0%
Community 15.351 -29.8%     3.1% 71.1%
College / University 14.766 -20.0%     -1.9% 7.6%
Elementary / Pre School 16.508 1.1%     5.0% -44.5%
Jr / Sr High School 24.006 11.6%     -6.4% -39.1%
  Special / Vocational 1.320 -3.9%     -30.8% -34.7%
Educational 56.599 -1.9%     -2.7% -29.3%
Courthouses 1.145 -48.9%     -45.5% -79.0%
Fire and Police Stations 2.323 3.9%     -47.7% -41.2%
Government Offices 8.127 -5.8%     75.0% 17.2%
  Prisons 2.082 -8.6%     -46.5% -68.6%
Government 13.677 -11.1%     17.4% -17.0%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 2.307 1.8%     -5.6% -7.9%
Manufacturing 25.470 -7.7%     -86.3% -61.8%
  Warehouses 14.494 -16.4%     -19.3% 14.3%
Industrial 42.271 -10.5%     -75.4% -41.4%
Hospitals / Clinics 11.632 -16.7%     -25.1% -36.4%
Medical Misc. 8.168 -7.8%     22.7% 60.0%
  Nursing Homes 7.454 -15.4%     -18.6% 33.0%
Medical   27.254 -13.8%     -8.5% 4.8%
Military   3.642 11.0%     -16.4% 17.7%
Hotels 19.222 -16.7%     -23.2% 35.5%
Retail Misc. 5.384 -11.5%     -29.2% 9.6%
    Shopping 13.684 -12.5%     1.6% 14.8%
  Retail   38.289 -14.5%     -16.8% 23.2%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 224.536 -10.4%     -36.9% -12.4%
Multi-Family 63.123 -31.4%     -37.4% -15.3%
    Single-Family 157.348 2.5%     -5.1% -9.2%
RESIDENTIAL   220.471 -10.2%     -16.3% -10.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL 352.655 -5.0%     -31.0% -4.8%
GRAND TOTAL   573.126 -7.1%     -25.9% -7.3%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s online product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – SEPTEMBER 2018 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-SEP JAN-SEP
JUL 18 AUG 18 SUP 18 JUL 18 AUG 18 SEP 18 JUL 18 AUG 18 SEP 18 2017 2018
Single Family 17.882 17.398 15.804 18.966 17.960 17.028 17.121 17.053 16.982 153.509 157.348
   month-over-month % change -3.9% -2.7% -9.2% -3.9% -5.3% -5.2% -0.3% -0.4% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -3.8% -4.5% -5.1% 0.2% -5.0% -4.4% 5.3% 3.5% 2.6% 8.4% 2.5%
Apartment 7.031 6.507 5.512 7.703 7.354 6.350 7.961 7.679 7.404 91.975 63.123
   month-over-month % change -17.5% -7.5% -15.3% -2.3% -4.5% -13.6% -1.9% -3.5% -3.6%    
   year-over-year % change -20.6% -34.2% -37.4% -25.9% -31.8% -30.9% -11.3% -17.0% -22.3% 42.4% -31.4%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 24.913 23.905 21.315 26.669 25.314 23.378 25.083 24.732 24.386 245.484 220.471
   month-over-month % change -8.1% -4.0% -10.8% -3.4% -5.1% -7.6% -0.8% -1.4% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change -9.2% -15.0% -16.3% -9.1% -14.7% -13.4% -0.6% -3.9% -6.5% 19.0% -10.2%
Hotel/Motel 1.631 1.351 1.830 2.893 1.516 1.604 2.173 2.111 2.065 23.081 19.222
   month-over-month % change 4.1% -17.2% 35.5% -4.9% -47.6% 5.8% 0.3% -2.8% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change 5.8% -35.4% -23.2% 36.3% -25.1% -20.0% -3.6% -8.9% -12.3% 53.2% -16.7%
Retail 1.709 1.176 1.349 1.515 1.379 1.412 1.561 1.502 1.503 15.634 13.684
   month-over-month % change 36.6% -31.2% 14.8% -3.2% -9.0% 2.4% 1.0% -3.8% 0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 12.7% -37.9% 1.6% -15.2% -25.5% -10.6% -20.6% -15.8% -13.0% -48.2% -12.5%
Parking Garages 0.180 0.247 0.152 0.267 0.196 0.193 0.265 0.272 0.269 2.273 1.984
   month-over-month % change 10.9% 37.0% -38.6% -8.0% -26.4% -1.8% 3.3% 2.7% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change 129.7% 54.4% -22.0% 27.5% 84.9% 33.8% -4.1% -1.5% 3.0% -38.4% -12.7%
Amusement 0.518 0.462 0.825 0.695 0.611 0.602 0.648 0.636 0.656 5.946 5.957
   month-over-month % change -39.3% -10.8% 78.5% -6.0% -12.0% -1.6% -5.0% -1.8% 3.1%    
   year-over-year % change -44.1% -23.3% 40.1% -13.6% -20.3% -14.8% 3.8% 0.3% 0.2% 30.4% 0.2%
Office 5.285 1.223 1.354 2.552 2.525 2.621 2.313 2.258 2.198 23.701 21.129
   month-over-month % change 395.2% -76.9% 10.7% 58.3% -1.1% 3.8% 15.8% -2.4% -2.7%    
   year-over-year % change 251.9% -35.1% -34.9% 19.6% 22.7% 43.9% -5.1% -6.6% -8.7% 13.6% -10.9%
Governmental Offices 0.837 1.086 1.273 0.978 1.008 1.065 0.772 0.794 0.840 8.623 8.127
   month-over-month % change -24.0% 29.8% 17.2% -3.5% 3.1% 5.7% -5.2% 2.8% 5.7%    
   year-over-year % change -38.0% 31.7% 75.0% -15.6% -10.8% 10.1% -23.8% -17.5% -13.1% -14.9% -5.8%
Laboratories 0.591 0.217 0.200 0.401 0.343 0.336 0.241 0.254 0.253 2.266 2.307
   month-over-month % change 167.3% -63.2% -7.9% 36.6% -14.5% -2.0% 16.8% 5.2% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 239.0% 232.7% -5.6% 11.4% 34.5% 123.3% 10.1% 18.1% 13.9% -35.6% 1.8%
Warehouse 1.817 1.307 1.494 1.987 1.487 1.539 1.667 1.587 1.557 17.343 14.494
   month-over-month % change 35.9% -28.1% 14.3% 5.1% -25.2% 3.5% -2.0% -4.8% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change -18.2% -42.4% -19.3% 1.8% -31.0% -27.2% -2.0% -8.9% -13.3% 63.9% -16.4%
Misc Commercial 2.049 0.363 0.604 1.613 1.458 1.005 1.321 1.301 1.294 13.952 10.149
   month-over-month % change 4.5% -82.3% 66.6% -2.8% -9.6% -31.0% 11.9% -1.5% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 473.5% -39.6% -11.9% -11.7% 81.4% 83.5% -5.4% -7.0% -7.3% 42.0% -27.3%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 14.617 7.431 9.080 12.902 10.524 10.376 10.962 10.715 10.635 112.820 97.053
   month-over-month % change 53.5% -49.2% 22.2% 6.6% -18.4% -1.4% 3.9% -2.3% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 51.2% -28.5% -9.6% 4.4% -5.6% 3.4% -7.8% -8.8% -9.8% 4.1% -14.0%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 1.056 3.922 1.497 5.015 2.314 2.158 3.550 3.677 2.893 27.603 25.470
   month-over-month % change -46.3% 271.6% -61.8% -1.8% -53.9% -6.7% -0.4% 3.6% -21.3%    
   year-over-year % change -15.3% 63.6% -86.3% 267.1% 40.6% -55.5% 115.1% 113.2% 13.1% 61.2% -7.7%
Religious 0.119 0.166 0.160 0.197 0.189 0.148 0.163 0.163 0.165 1.778 1.512
   month-over-month % change -57.9% 39.8% -3.9% -11.2% -3.8% -21.6% -4.0% 0.0% 1.4%    
   year-over-year % change -40.6% 0.5% 19.9% -16.7% -15.8% -10.8% -11.2% -13.3% -11.7% 39.8% -15.0%
Hosptials/Clinics 0.887 1.308 0.832 1.173 1.171 1.009 1.195 1.215 1.191 13.963 11.632
   month-over-month % change -32.7% 47.4% -36.4% -24.2% -0.2% -13.8% -5.3% 1.6% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change -47.5% 21.9% -25.1% -31.1% -14.4% -21.8% -24.7% -24.1% -20.1% -20.2% -16.7%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.732 0.577 0.768 0.830 0.690 0.692 0.919 0.894 0.879 8.807 7.454
   month-over-month % change -3.6% -21.2% 33.0% -8.4% -16.9% 0.4% -2.5% -2.8% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -27.5% -34.6% -18.6% -25.9% -35.5% -26.8% -0.4% -4.5% -8.7% 26.1% -15.4%
Libraries/Museums 0.167 0.172 0.260 0.280 0.188 0.200 0.240 0.221 0.217 3.059 2.073
   month-over-month % change -26.2% 3.1% 51.3% -0.5% -32.8% 6.0% -7.8% -7.6% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change -59.3% -55.9% -18.2% -23.7% -50.9% -46.4% -18.9% -29.8% -32.6% 26.8% -32.2%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.858 0.862 0.344 0.776 0.833 0.688 0.612 0.629 0.603 6.754 5.550
   month-over-month % change 9.9% 0.5% -60.1% 1.1% 7.4% -17.5% 5.7% 2.6% -4.1%    
   year-over-year % change 85.0% 29.1% -47.1% 34.0% 41.8% 15.8% -7.2% -6.6% -13.7% 54.6% -17.8%
Military 0.376 0.493 0.580 0.535 0.418 0.483 0.419 0.437 0.428 3.282 3.642
   month-over-month % change -2.0% 31.0% 17.7% 14.1% -21.9% 15.7% 0.3% 4.3% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change 4.1% 79.6% -16.4% 12.8% 17.1% 9.0% 6.7% 13.2% 10.0% -0.3% 11.0%
Schools/Colleges 6.834 6.202 4.386 8.124 7.756 5.807 5.606 5.709 5.699 57.668 56.599
   month-over-month % change -33.2% -9.2% -29.3% -1.5% -4.5% -25.1% 0.5% 1.8% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 4.8% 24.8% -2.7% -5.0% 9.5% 8.9% -7.4% -5.0% -6.1% 5.0% -1.9%
Misc Government 0.904 0.682 1.091 0.976 0.954 0.892 0.897 0.834 0.851 8.861 8.168
   month-over-month % change -29.1% -24.6% 60.0% -11.2% -2.3% -6.5% 1.8% -7.0% 2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 26.7% -52.6% 22.7% -4.2% -11.4% -12.0% 3.1% -9.9% -9.0% 62.1% -7.8%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 10.877 10.462 8.420 12.891 12.199 9.920 10.052 10.102 10.033 104.172 96.631
   month-over-month % change -28.7% -3.8% -19.5% -4.8% -5.4% -18.7% -0.4% 0.5% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -4.3% 6.1% -8.9% -8.2% 0.4% -2.4% -8.3% -8.4% -9.2% 8.2% -7.2%
Misc Non Residential 0.735 0.484 0.530 0.698 0.670 0.583 0.621 0.599 0.580 6.082 5.384
   month-over-month % change -6.9% -34.2% 9.6% 5.3% -4.1% -12.9% 0.5% -3.6% -3.0%    
   year-over-year % change 5.1% -35.6% -29.2% -12.4% -6.4% -20.5% -9.0% -12.1% -14.3% -8.0% -11.5%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 27.286 22.298 19.526 31.506 25.707 23.037 25.185 25.093 24.142 250.676 224.536
   month-over-month % change -0.9% -18.3% -12.4% 0.3% -18.4% -10.4% 1.4% -0.4% -3.8%    
   year-over-year % change 18.7% -4.7% -36.9% 10.3% 0.2% -10.6% 0.0% -0.4% -7.4% 9.8% -10.4%
Airports 0.676 0.650 0.555 0.536 0.576 0.627 0.946 0.942 0.619 10.647 5.532
   month-over-month % change 68.2% -4.0% -14.6% 9.9% 7.4% 8.8% 0.2% -0.5% -34.3%    
   year-over-year % change 4.3% -8.0% -87.5% -13.5% -2.5% -67.5% 17.9% 32.6% -40.1% 117.2% -48.0%
Roads/Highways 7.259 6.569 4.396 6.600 6.637 6.075 4.768 4.941 4.980 44.757 51.437
   month-over-month % change 19.3% -9.5% -33.1% 1.2% 0.6% -8.5% 2.8% 3.6% 0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 27.2% 46.1% 12.0% 14.6% 25.1% 29.0% 2.6% 7.5% 9.6% 8.2% 14.9%
Bridges 1.846 1.388 2.688 1.985 1.826 1.974 1.800 1.771 1.867 16.801 18.591
   month-over-month % change -17.7% -24.8% 93.6% -5.8% -8.0% 8.1% 0.3% -1.6% 5.4%    
   year-over-year % change 3.7% -20.2% 75.0% 11.7% 11.1% 17.1% 17.5% 11.0% 13.0% 46.4% 10.7%
Dams/Marine 0.526 0.580 0.766 0.591 0.572 0.624 0.470 0.491 0.531 3.412 4.696
   month-over-month % change -13.9% 10.4% 32.0% -4.7% -3.1% 9.1% -2.3% 4.4% 8.2%    
   year-over-year % change -19.9% 74.4% 170.2% 23.9% 41.2% 47.2% 29.8% 35.6% 44.4% 24.7% 37.7%
Water/Sewage 2.651 2.066 2.177 2.958 2.390 2.298 2.454 2.409 2.414 26.266 23.231
   month-over-month % change 8.2% -22.1% 5.4% -6.7% -19.2% -3.8% 1.6% -1.8% 0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 21.1% -20.5% 3.0% 10.9% -6.8% -0.1% -12.5% -13.3% -12.5% 11.1% -11.6%
Misc Civil 0.719 0.791 2.583 1.608 1.479 1.364 3.040 2.829 2.697 18.627 24.631
   month-over-month % change -75.5% 10.0% 226.6% -50.3% -8.0% -7.8% -2.1% -6.9% -4.7%    
   year-over-year % change -52.1% -76.2% -38.0% 37.4% -25.8% -54.5% 130.6% 83.7% 50.1% 81.8% 32.2%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 13.677 12.044 13.165 14.277 13.480 12.962 13.478 13.382 13.108 120.510 128.118
   month-over-month % change -7.1% -11.9% 9.3% -11.5% -5.6% -3.8% 0.7% -0.7% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 9.6% -8.7% -20.0% 14.5% 7.8% -7.7% 17.6% 15.5% 7.9% 27.7% 6.3%
GRAND TOTAL 65.876 58.248 54.006 72.452 64.501 59.377 63.746 63.207 61.636 616.670 573.126
   month-over-month % change -5.0% -11.6% -7.3% -3.6% -11.0% -7.9% 0.4% -0.8% -2.5%    
   year-over-year % change 4.7% -10.0% -25.9% 3.0% -4.9% -11.1% 3.0% 1.1% -4.2% 16.6% -7.1%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 40.963 34.343 32.691 45.783 39.187 35.999 38.663 38.475 37.250 371.186 352.655
   month-over-month % change -3.1% -16.2% -4.8% -3.7% -14.4% -8.1% 1.2% -0.5% -3.2%    
   year-over-year % change 15.5% -6.2% -31.0% 11.6% 2.7% -9.6% 5.5% 4.6% -2.6% 15.0% -5.0%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-SEP 2017 Jan-SEP 2018 % Change
Connecticut $4,476,452,182 $2,937,863,022 -34.4%
Maine $1,265,491,231 $1,764,949,147 39.5%
Massachusetts $8,019,528,235 $6,894,693,262 -14.0%
New Hampshire $1,089,622,285 $1,051,128,687 -3.5%
Rhode Island $994,614,105 $2,027,036,359 103.8%
Vermont $625,597,548 $406,858,704 -35.0%
Total New England $16,471,305,586   $15,082,529,181   -8.4%
New Jersey $8,016,145,510 $6,205,656,942 -22.6%
New York $30,404,081,595 $23,153,708,489 -23.8%
Pennsylvania $13,106,104,470 $9,848,454,774 -24.9%
Total Middle Atlantic $51,526,331,575   $39,207,820,205   -23.9%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $67,997,637,161   $54,290,349,386   -20.2%
Illinois $10,800,809,261 $10,273,695,940 -4.9%
Indiana $5,512,180,421 $6,222,263,218 12.9%
Michigan $14,020,021,057 $7,220,878,136 -48.5%
Ohio $11,528,196,243 $11,136,622,154 -3.4%
Wisconsin $8,062,242,446 $17,663,147,885 119.1%
Total East North Central $49,923,449,428   $52,516,607,333   5.2%
Iowa $4,594,626,992 $4,135,281,731 -10.0%
Kansas $2,955,908,830 $4,120,743,000 39.4%
Minnesota $7,351,221,992 $6,925,401,765 -5.8%
Missouri $6,789,065,313 $6,022,145,232 -11.3%
Nebraska $2,589,771,110 $2,050,779,701 -20.8%
North Dakota $1,681,093,166 $2,814,190,836 67.4%
South Dakota $1,880,691,916 $1,202,368,025 -36.1%
Total West North Central $27,842,379,319   $27,270,910,290   -2.1%
TOTAL MIDWEST $77,765,828,747   $79,787,517,623   2.6%
Delaware $1,116,904,843 $823,928,542 -26.2%
District of Columbia $2,081,317,263 $2,650,665,951 27.4%
Florida $23,457,491,851 $21,861,483,766 -6.8%
Georgia $10,330,077,721 $8,727,278,481 -15.5%
Maryland $5,680,180,863 $5,707,391,569 0.5%
North Carolina $10,578,973,237 $10,488,485,550 -0.9%
South Carolina $6,525,381,873 $4,498,125,111 -31.1%
Virginia $8,964,755,565 $12,025,165,220 34.1%
West Virginia $1,119,825,238 $6,705,126,026 498.8%
Total South Atlantic $69,854,908,454   $73,487,650,216   5.2%
Alabama $4,599,807,703 $4,425,559,242 -3.8%
Kentucky $3,215,962,126 $3,693,692,264 14.9%
Mississippi $2,013,290,142 $1,816,829,356 -9.8%
Tennessee $5,844,299,937 $6,222,450,951 6.5%
Total East South Central $15,673,359,908   $16,158,531,813   3.1%
Arkansas $2,218,248,371 $2,350,255,599 6.0%
Louisiana $5,029,422,642 $3,813,588,476 -24.2%
Oklahoma $5,160,770,218 $4,608,493,985 -10.7%
Texas $48,673,813,775 $38,247,002,612 -21.4%
Total West South Central $61,082,255,006   $49,019,340,672   -19.7%
TOTAL SOUTH $146,610,523,368   $138,665,522,701   -5.4%
Arizona $5,325,292,864 $7,136,247,602 34.0%
Colorado $6,125,307,558 $6,521,807,084 6.5%
Idaho $1,217,295,613 $1,476,834,330 21.3%
Montana $923,346,181 $1,161,156,376 25.8%
Nevada $2,343,437,258 $4,281,873,480 82.7%
New Mexico $1,563,357,332 $1,646,218,509 5.3%
Utah $4,597,023,594 $4,533,521,639 -1.4%
Wyoming $875,930,666 $851,754,014 -2.8%
Total Mountain $22,970,991,066   $27,609,413,034   20.2%
Alaska $1,501,565,302 $1,385,258,060 -7.7%
California $38,848,899,258 $33,615,830,854 -13.5%
Hawaii $1,305,044,327 $1,883,648,386 44.3%
Oregon $4,835,569,129 $4,860,406,039 0.5%
Washington $9,349,669,852 $10,556,882,941 12.9%
Total Pacific $55,840,747,868   $52,302,026,280   -6.3%
TOTAL WEST $78,811,738,934   $79,911,439,314   1.4%
TOTAL U.S. $371,185,728,210   $352,654,829,024   -5.0%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

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