ConstructConnect’s Soft December Starts Barely Blunt 2017’s Full Year Gain of +9.9%

ConstructConnect announced today that December’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential activity, was $21.1 billion. The month-to-month change versus November 2017 was -21.5%. The usual November-to-December pullback in starts, due to seasonality (i.e., the onset of winter weather), is -5.0%. December 2017 compared with December 2016 was -27.8%.

2018-01-12-US-Nonresidential-Construction-Starts-December-2017

The latest month’s weakness notwithstanding, ConstructConnect’s 2017 full year performance of starts was +9.9%. There were seven subcategories of construction work for which their 2017 volumes were both new highs (since 2005) and outsized in year-over-year terms: ‘hotel/motel’, +38.0%; ‘warehouse’, +26.2%; ‘sports stadiums and convention centers’, +89.9%; ‘industrial’, +69.6% (thanks to petrochemical mega projects rather than new manufacturing investment); ‘fire/police/courthouse/prison’, +40.3%; ‘airports’, +87.1%; and ‘bridges’, +41.4%.  

Three other subcategories continued their patterns of long gradually-upward-sloping paths: ‘nursing/assisted living’, +12.2%; ‘road/highway’, +7.6%; and ‘water/sewage’, +5.4%.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  


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‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s November report was 58%; the latter’s was 42%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., December 2017) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., November 2017.)

The +30,000 net climb in construction employment in December, as reported in the latest Employment Situation report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), lifted the 2017 12-month improvement to +210,000 ‘hard hat’ jobs. In 2016, the annual gain had been only three-quarters as strong, at +155,000. Construction’s NSA unemployment rate in December 2017 was 5.9%, down 1.5 percentage points from December 2016’s 7.4%. While total jobs in the U.S. economy are currently +1.4% year over year, construction is doing much better at +3.1%.

In several other employment categories with close ties to construction, the year-over-year jobs record has also been upbeat: ‘building material and garden equipment suppliers’, +2.2%; and ‘real estate companies’, +2.0%. Most significant, however, has been the hiring undertaken by firms engaged in ‘architectural and engineering services’. It has proceeded at a +3.0% year-over-year pace for the past ten months. Design work is a leading indicator for onsite activity since a set of assembly instructions must be compiled before construction can proceed.

December’s one-fifth drop in total nonresidential starts (-21.5%) month to month (m/m) resulted from matching declines in industrial (-20.4%) and institutional (-19.9%) and a twice-as-severe pullback in heavy engineering/civil (-40.7%), with commercial providing an increase (+6.8%).

December 2017’s total nonresidential starts retreat (-27.8%) relative to December 2016 (y/y) originated in all the major type of structure categories, with industrial worst (-80.2%), followed by institutional (-36.5%) and engineering (-26.5%). Commercial (-10.5%) wasn’t quite as bad.

Qualifying as better news, however, there was a respectable full year (i.e., same as year-to-date or ytd) gain (+9.9%) in total nonresidential starts, led by industrial (+69.6%) and engineering (+25.6%), while institutional (0.0%) stayed flat and commercial (-2.1%) took a small step back.

Disaggregating type-of-structure categories further, ‘road/highway’ work accounted for the largest share (37%) of engineering/civil starts in 2017. In December, ‘street starts’ were -16.5% m/m; and -37.9% y/y; but +7.6% ytd. ‘Water/sewage’ was the second largest component (a 21% slice) of engineering in 2017 and most recently, it was -4.6% m/m; -37.8% y/y; but +5.4% ytd.

‘Miscellaneous civil’ (i.e., energy projects) and ‘bridges’ were also noteworthy within engineering in December 2017. The former was -88.7% m/m; and -34.1% y/y; but +92.1% ytd. The latter was uniformly positive: +28.2% m/m; +27.9% y/y; and +41.4% ytd. Plus, ‘airport’ work stood out ytd in the latest month, +87.1%, despite being -36.7% m/m and -53.5% y/y.

‘School/college’ starts made up more than half (54%) of institutional in 2017. In December, educational facility work was -5.4% m/m; -40.2% y/y; and -3.8% ytd. ‘Hospital/clinic’ starts accounted for the next biggest portion of institutional last year (14%). In the latest month, such medical facility starts were also all negative: -25.4% m/m; -31.1% y/y; and -20.6% ytd.

Two other subcategories within institutional warrant mention. In December, ‘nursing/assisted living’ was -57.5% m/m; -47.2% y/y; but +12.2% ytd. And the ‘fire/police/courthouse/prison’ grouping saw rises across the board: +41.0% m/m; +19.9% y/y; and +40.3% ytd. Delving deeper, ‘courthouse’ starts doubled (+106.8%) ytd and ‘prisons’ rose by more than half (+57.1%) ytd.  

Within commercial, two dominant subcategories had nearly equal shares in 2017, ‘hotel/motel’ (21%) and ‘private office’ (19%). In December, accommodation work was -23.8% m/m; and -11.9% y/y; but +38.0% ytd. Office tower starts were -63.1% m/m; -63.7% y/y; and -0.2% ytd.

Elsewhere in commercial, ‘retail/shopping’ struggled (-5.9% m/m; -43.0% y/y; and -47.0% ytd) and ‘warehouse’ had mixed results (-31.5% m/m; and -29.8% y/y; but a good +26.2% ytd). Finally, driven by ‘stadiums’, it was a good year for ‘miscellaneous commercial’ (+49.0% ytd).  

The six graphs show 12-month moving average trend lines for several major types-of-structure. The slopes of many of the nonresidential building subcategories have been dipping lower of late. Moving sharply higher, though, have been ‘bridges’ and ‘miscellaneous civil’.

The restraint in wage gains for all workers throughout the U.S. economy continued to be evident in the results appearing in Table B-3 of the latest Employment Situation report. Table B-3 is for all workers, including supervisory personnel, and it records December average earnings increases of +2.5% y/y hourly and +2.8% weekly. Construction, however, broke away from the pack, at +3.0% hourly and +4.0% weekly. Field-work labor shortages are fueling stronger spikes. 

The disparities are even greater when supervisory personnel are omitted (Table B-8 of the BLS report). The economy-wide compensation gains in December, excluding bosses, were +2.3% y/y hourly and +2.9% weekly. For construction, the corresponding climbs were +3.1% and +4.7%.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect has now moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date. In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or rebid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package – December 2017 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – December 2017.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – December 2017.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – DECEMBER 2017
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-DEC 17 Jan-DEC 17 vs  DEC 17 vs DEC 17 vs
($ billions) Jan-DEC 16 DEC 16 NOV 17
           
Hotel/Motel 27.920 38.0% -11.9% -23.8%
Retail 18.717 -47.0% -43.0% -5.9%
Parking Garage 3.223 -29.1% 126.3% 377.0%
Amusement 7.666 18.5% 98.5% 181.7%
Private Office  25.988 -0.2% -63.7% -63.1%
Government Office 10.515 -18.9% -66.2% -28.3%
Laboratory 2.593 -33.8% 24.3% 13.5%
Warehouse 18.656 26.2% -29.8% -31.5%
Miscellaneous Commercial 18.814 49.0% 284.5% 290.5%
COMMERCIAL 134.092 -2.1% -10.5% 6.8%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 34.274 69.6% -80.2% -20.4%
     
Religious 2.116 21.7% -24.5%   12.1%
Hospital/Clinic 17.014 -20.6% -31.1%   -25.4%
Nursing/Assisted Living 10.917 12.2% -47.2%   -57.5%
Library/Museum 3.393 5.6% -75.4%   -19.1%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 8.412 40.3% 19.9%   41.0%
Military 4.980 6.4% 87.4%   -65.3%
School/College 67.424 -3.8% -40.2%   -5.4%
Miscellaneous Government 10.519 34.5% -34.2%   -27.8%
INSTITUTIONAL 124.776 0.0% -36.5%   -19.9%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 7.457 -13.8% -36.7%   -15.1%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 300.598 3.5% -28.4%   -6.9%
       
Airport 12.461 87.1% -53.5%   -36.7%
Road/Highway 54.974 7.6% -37.9%   -16.5%
Bridge 20.502 41.4% 27.9%   28.2%
Dam/Marine 4.890 30.7% 47.2%   13.5%
Water/Sewage 32.109 5.4% -37.8%   -4.6%
Miscellaneous Civil 25.301 92.1% -34.1%   -88.7%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 150.238 25.6% -26.5%   -40.7%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 450.836 9.9% -27.8% -21.5%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– decEMBER 2017
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Dec 17 Jan-Dec 17 vs     Dec 17 vs Dec 17 vs
($ billions) Jan-Dec 16     Dec 16 Nov 17
           
Summary      
CIVIL 150.238 25.6%     -26.5% -40.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 300.598 3.5%     -28.4% -6.9%
RESIDENTIAL   309.006 12.9%     -12.9% -25.2%
GRAND TOTAL   759.842 11.1%     -21.8% -23.2%
 
Verticals  
Airport 12.461 87.1%     -53.5% -36.7%
All Other Civil 15.353 33.2%     -32.1% -72.6%
Bridges 20.502 41.4%     27.9% 28.2%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 4.890 30.7%     47.2% 13.5%
Power Infrastructure 9.948 505.3%     -43.8% -97.5%
Roads 54.974 7.6%     -37.9% -16.5%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 32.109 5.4%     -37.8% -4.6%
CIVIL     150.238 25.6%     -26.5% -40.7%
Offices (private) 25.988 -0.2%     -63.7% -63.1%
Parking Garages 3.223 -29.1%     126.3% 377.0%
  Transportation Terminals 3.583 -22.2%     58.3% 14.6%
Commercial (small subset) 32.794 -6.9%     -38.8% -36.1%
Amusement 7.666 18.5%     98.5% 181.7%
Libraries / Museums 3.393 5.6%     -75.4% -19.1%
Religious 2.116 21.7%     -24.5% 12.1%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 15.231 89.9%     346.3% 409.4%
Community 28.407 46.1%     102.9% 225.0%
College / University 21.357 -13.4%     -59.5% -28.6%
Elementary / Pre School 18.356 -9.7%     -34.4% 12.2%
Jr / Sr High School 25.965 10.6%     -22.1% 1.7%
  Special / Vocational 1.746 5.8%     -59.4% 6.2%
Educational 67.424 -3.8%     -40.2% -5.4%
Courthouses 2.639 106.8%     269.1% 529.5%
Fire and Police Stations 2.855 -0.3%     -27.4% 14.6%
Government Offices 10.515 -18.9%     -66.2% -28.3%
  Prisons 2.918 57.1%     -4.5% -39.5%
Government 18.927 -0.2%     -44.9% -2.4%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 2.593 -33.8%     24.3% 13.5%
Manufacturing 34.274 69.6%     -80.2% -20.4%
  Warehouses 18.656 26.2%     -29.8% -31.5%
Industrial 55.523 42.7%     -55.3% -24.2%
Hospitals / Clinics 17.014 -20.6%     -31.1% -25.4%
Medical Misc. 10.519 34.5%     -34.2% -27.8%
  Nursing Homes 10.917 12.2%     -47.2% -57.5%
Medical   38.450 -1.4%     -37.6% -39.4%
Military   4.980 6.4%     87.4% -65.3%
Hotels 27.920 38.0%     -11.9% -23.8%
Retail Misc. 7.457 -13.8%     -36.7% -15.1%
    Shopping 18.717 -47.0%     -43.0% -5.9%
  Retail   54.093 -15.7%     -30.2% -16.6%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 300.598 3.5%     -28.4% -6.9%
Multi-Family 108.405 24.7%     -45.3% -45.2%
    Single-Family 200.601 7.4%     4.5% -16.6%
RESIDENTIAL   309.006 12.9%     -12.9% -25.2%
NONRESIDENTIAL 450.836 9.9%     -27.8% -21.5%
GRAND TOTAL   759.842 11.1%     -21.8% -23.2%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s online product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – DECEMBER 2017 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-DEC JAN-DEC
OCT 17 NOV 17 DEC 17 OCT 17 NOV 17 DEC 17 OCT 17 NOV 17 DEC 17 2016 2017
Single Family 17.625 16.004 13.347 17.475 16.713 15.659 16.555 16.669 16.717 186.757 200.601
   month-over-month % change 6.7% -9.2% -16.6% -2.1% -4.4% -6.3% 0.0% 0.7% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -0.3% 9.4% 4.5% 6.7% 4.1% 4.2% 7.1% 7.4% 7.4% 7.8% 7.4%
Apartment 9.208 6.838 3.745 8.764 7.896 6.597 9.316 9.292 9.034 86.923 108.405
   month-over-month % change 20.5% -25.7% -45.2% 3.1% -9.9% -16.5% 0.8% -0.3% -2.8%    
   year-over-year % change 10.0% -4.0% -45.3% 28.2% 12.7% -11.4% 26.2% 26.7% 24.7% 32.0% 24.7%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 26.832 22.841 17.093 26.240 24.609 22.256 25.871 25.961 25.750 273.680 309.006
   month-over-month % change 11.1% -14.9% -25.2% -0.4% -6.2% -9.6% 0.3% 0.4% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 3.0% 5.0% -12.9% 13.0% 6.7% -1.0% 13.3% 13.6% 12.9% 14.5% 12.9%
Hotel/Motel 2.302 1.608 1.226 2.229 2.088 1.712 2.346 2.340 2.327 20.239 27.920
   month-over-month % change -2.2% -30.2% -23.8% 12.3% -6.3% -18.0% 0.7% -0.2% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 8.8% -3.7% -11.9% 24.0% 9.8% -0.8% 37.5% 35.9% 38.0% 35.8% 38.0%
Retail 1.693 1.004 0.945 1.591 1.349 1.214 1.644 1.619 1.560 35.308 18.717
   month-over-month % change 25.4% -40.7% -5.9% 5.7% -15.2% -10.0% -2.2% -1.5% -3.7%    
   year-over-year % change -21.1% -23.1% -43.0% -41.9% -25.5% -28.7% -46.5% -45.8% -47.0% 45.3% -47.0%
Parking Garages 0.438 0.102 0.484 0.262 0.242 0.341 0.270 0.246 0.269 4.549 3.223
   month-over-month % change 133.4% -76.8% 377.0% 83.3% -7.4% 40.8% 6.1% -9.0% 9.2%    
   year-over-year % change 75.2% -74.2% 126.3% -0.5% -29.0% 19.3% -23.7% -33.8% -29.1% 39.9% -29.1%
Amusement 0.684 0.328 0.924 0.592 0.530 0.645 0.633 0.601 0.639 6.467 7.666
   month-over-month % change 18.5% -52.0% 181.7% -11.8% -10.6% 21.8% -0.6% -5.1% 6.4%    
   year-over-year % change -6.1% -54.0% 98.5% 14.3% -11.0% 1.5% 2.7% -5.5% 18.5% -49.5% 18.5%
Office 1.008 1.874 0.691 1.370 1.569 1.191 2.210 2.267 2.166 26.052 25.988
   month-over-month % change -44.8% 86.0% -63.1% -14.3% 14.6% -24.1% -4.0% 2.6% -4.5%    
   year-over-year % change -52.1% 57.5% -63.7% -36.0% -14.2% -31.2% -0.6% 2.2% -0.2% 34.5% -0.2%
Governmental Offices 0.818 0.660 0.473 0.782 0.721 0.650 0.957 0.953 0.876 12.962 10.515
   month-over-month % change 19.4% -19.4% -28.3% -18.0% -7.8% -9.8% -0.5% -0.3% -8.1%    
   year-over-year % change -6.4% -5.7% -66.2% -21.8% -4.3% -34.4% -4.7% -5.8% -18.9% 23.3% -18.9%
Laboratories 0.143 0.166 0.188 0.094 0.128 0.166 0.214 0.213 0.216 3.918 2.593
   month-over-month % change 87.0% 15.9% 13.5% -10.3% 36.1% 29.0% 2.7% -0.2% 1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 86.9% -3.5% 24.3% -10.9% 3.1% 24.4% -32.0% -34.4% -33.8% 68.0% -33.8%
Warehouse 1.326 1.068 0.732 1.578 1.265 1.042 1.603 1.581 1.555 14.785 18.656
   month-over-month % change -5.4% -19.4% -31.5% -12.9% -19.8% -17.6% -2.5% -1.4% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -27.3% -20.2% -29.8% -1.8% -13.1% -25.7% 20.5% 28.2% 26.2% -2.9% 26.2%
Misc Commercial 1.979 0.566 2.210 1.048 1.056 1.585 1.519 1.432 1.568 12.630 18.814
   month-over-month % change 217.7% -71.4% 290.5% 89.4% 0.7% 50.1% 8.1% -5.8% 9.5%    
   year-over-year % change 222.9% -65.1% 284.5% 67.1% 7.9% 69.3% 32.9% 17.4% 49.0% -22.8% 49.0%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 10.391 7.375 7.873 9.545 8.949 8.546 11.395 11.251 11.174 136.910 134.092
   month-over-month % change 14.4% -29.0% 6.8% 2.4% -6.2% -4.5% -0.3% -1.3% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -3.2% -19.0% -10.5% -11.6% -8.6% -10.5% -3.1% -4.0% -2.1% 15.0% -2.1%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 6.801 0.386 0.308 6.538 5.943 2.498 2.998 2.960 2.856 20.204 34.274
   month-over-month % change -36.1% -94.3% -20.4% 41.9% -9.1% -58.0% 20.5% -1.3% -3.5%    
   year-over-year % change 882.2% -54.0% -80.2% 530.5% 629.9% 143.1% 81.9% 77.4% 69.6% 34.3% 69.6%
Religious 0.175 0.103 0.115 0.149 0.132 0.131 0.183 0.179 0.176 1.738 2.116
   month-over-month % change 49.9% -41.3% 12.1% -6.4% -11.9% -0.4% 0.0% -1.7% -1.7%    
   year-over-year % change -0.1% -26.1% -24.5% 4.5% -13.5% -15.8% 27.7% 23.7% 21.7% 2.5% 21.7%
Hosptials/Clinics 0.928 0.763 0.569 0.913 0.817 0.753 1.508 1.439 1.418 21.431 17.014
   month-over-month % change 22.1% -17.8% -25.4% -21.4% -10.5% -7.8% -3.1% -4.5% -1.5%    
   year-over-year % change -38.7% -51.8% -31.1% -43.7% -55.7% -42.4% -19.8% -21.6% -20.6% 48.7% -20.6%
Nursing/Assisted Living 1.001 1.020 0.433 0.901 0.950 0.818 0.931 0.942 0.910 9.731 10.917
   month-over-month % change 20.9% 1.8% -57.5% 0.7% 5.4% -13.9% -0.3% 1.2% -3.4%    
   year-over-year % change -3.4% 15.0% -47.2% 13.0% 11.9% -10.6% 22.7% 19.0% 12.2% 71.8% 12.2%
Libraries/Museums 0.213 0.151 0.122 0.297 0.234 0.162 0.309 0.314 0.283 3.213 3.393
   month-over-month % change -37.0% -28.9% -19.1% -17.7% -21.2% -30.7% 0.0% 1.6% -9.9%    
   year-over-year % change -0.6% 67.8% -75.4% 45.8% 27.1% -39.3% 21.1% 27.1% 5.6% 6.9% 5.6%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.703 0.392 0.553 0.680 0.582 0.550 0.698 0.693 0.701 5.997 8.412
   month-over-month % change 7.8% -44.2% 41.0% 13.0% -14.3% -5.6% -0.1% -0.7% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change -1.6% -13.0% 19.9% 30.1% 15.7% 1.4% 37.1% 40.5% 40.3% -1.3% 40.3%
Military 0.778 0.606 0.211 0.579 0.688 0.531 0.412 0.407 0.415 4.679 4.980
   month-over-month % change 14.3% -22.1% -65.3% 21.3% 18.8% -22.8% 3.5% -1.2% 2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 27.1% -8.7% 87.4% 6.7% 6.5% 14.9% -0.7% -1.9% 6.4% -19.5% 6.4%
Schools/Colleges 4.621 3.329 3.148 4.528 4.037 3.699 5.838 5.795 5.619 70.112 67.424
   month-over-month % change 11.0% -28.0% -5.4% -10.8% -10.8% -8.4% -2.0% -0.7% -3.0%    
   year-over-year % change -23.9% -13.4% -40.2% -11.3% -11.4% -26.9% 0.2% 0.2% -3.8% 14.8% -3.8%
Misc Government 0.749 0.664 0.479 0.993 0.742 0.631 0.896 0.897 0.877 7.820 10.519
   month-over-month % change -8.0% -11.3% -27.8% 2.2% -25.3% -15.0% -2.1% 0.2% -2.3%    
   year-over-year % change -23.9% 3.3% -34.2% 17.6% -7.5% -19.7% 49.8% 42.6% 34.5% 100.7% 34.5%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 9.168 7.027 5.630 9.040 8.181 7.275 10.773 10.667 10.398 124.721 124.776
   month-over-month % change 9.8% -23.3% -19.9% -6.8% -9.5% -11.1% -1.6% -1.0% -2.5%    
   year-over-year % change -19.0% -15.3% -36.5% -7.6% -14.2% -23.4% 3.7% 3.2% 0.0% 22.7% 0.0%
Misc Non Residential 0.533 0.470 0.399 0.647 0.577 0.468 0.657 0.641 0.621 8.654 7.457
   month-over-month % change -26.6% -11.8% -15.1% -7.4% -10.8% -18.9% -2.7% -2.4% -3.0%    
   year-over-year % change -29.2% -28.9% -36.7% -16.2% -21.5% -31.4% -6.0% -10.5% -13.8% 77.2% -13.8%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 26.893 15.259 14.210 25.770 23.650 18.787 25.823 25.519 25.050 290.490 300.598
   month-over-month % change -6.6% -43.3% -6.9% 5.9% -8.2% -20.6% 1.1% -1.2% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change 14.4% -19.3% -28.4% 15.1% 13.3% -9.5% 5.4% 4.4% 3.5% 20.7% 3.5%
Airports 1.225 0.323 0.204 2.148 1.999 0.584 1.063 1.058 1.038 6.659 12.461
   month-over-month % change -72.5% -73.7% -36.7% 9.9% -7.0% -70.8% 2.3% -0.5% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change 31.1% -15.5% -53.5% 95.1% 221.8% -0.2% 106.3% 100.9% 87.1% 47.7% 87.1%
Roads/Highways 3.291 2.720 2.271 3.858 3.261 2.760 4.699 4.697 4.581 51.114 54.974
   month-over-month % change -12.8% -17.4% -16.5% -17.5% -15.5% -15.4% -0.1% 0.0% -2.5%    
   year-over-year % change -2.0% -1.0% -37.9% -11.0% -8.2% -15.2% 8.5% 10.4% 7.6% -1.0% 7.6%
Bridges 0.965 1.243 1.594 1.313 1.149 1.267 1.647 1.680 1.708 14.503 20.502
   month-over-month % change -22.1% 28.8% 28.2% -17.1% -12.5% 10.3% 0.2% 2.0% 1.7%    
   year-over-year % change 3.2% 46.7% 27.9% 42.6% 30.7% 25.6% 29.1% 35.9% 41.4% 10.8% 41.4%
Dams/Marine 0.571 0.426 0.483 0.396 0.427 0.493 0.384 0.395 0.407 3.740 4.890
   month-over-month % change 100.9% -25.4% 13.5% -6.6% 7.8% 15.5% 4.5% 2.7% 3.3%    
   year-over-year % change 52.7% 41.3% 47.2% 28.6% 44.3% 47.5% 17.4% 26.7% 30.7% -40.3% 30.7%
Water/Sewage 2.193 1.823 1.738 2.302 2.040 1.918 2.755 2.764 2.676 30.466 32.109
   month-over-month % change 4.2% -16.9% -4.6% -0.4% -11.4% -6.0% -0.4% 0.3% -3.2%    
   year-over-year % change -5.3% 6.0% -37.8% -8.9% -4.4% -15.8% 8.2% 10.8% 5.4% 5.7% 5.4%
Misc Civil 1.512 5.042 0.569 2.909 3.521 2.375 1.800 2.133 2.108 13.171 25.301
   month-over-month % change -62.3% 233.6% -88.7% 1.3% 21.0% -32.6% 2.4% 18.5% -1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 49.6% 378.9% -34.1% 216.1% 235.2% 143.4% 50.2% 81.8% 92.1% -35.0% 92.1%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 9.756 11.576 6.860 12.926 12.396 9.397 12.349 12.726 12.520 119.653 150.238
   month-over-month % change -38.5% 18.7% -40.7% -6.5% -4.1% -24.2% 0.6% 3.1% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 9.3% 64.2% -26.5% 27.8% 45.3% 11.4% 21.1% 27.3% 25.6% -3.9% 25.6%
GRAND TOTAL 63.481 49.676 38.163 64.936 60.655 50.440 64.042 64.206 63.320 683.823 759.842
   month-over-month % change -7.7% -21.7% -23.2% 0.7% -6.6% -16.8% 0.7% 0.3% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 8.5% 4.1% -21.8% 16.6% 15.6% -2.4% 11.3% 12.1% 11.1% 13.2% 11.1%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 36.649 26.835 21.070 38.697 36.046 28.185 38.171 38.245 37.570 410.142 450.836
   month-over-month % change -17.9% -26.8% -21.5% 1.4% -6.8% -21.8% 0.9% 0.2% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change 13.0% 3.4% -27.8% 19.1% 22.6% -3.4% 10.0% 11.0% 9.9% 12.3% 9.9%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION
* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-DEC 2016 Jan-DEC 2017 % Change
Connecticut $3,361,908,470 $5,154,714,312 53.3%
Maine $1,078,865,325 $1,457,546,279 35.1%
Massachusetts $9,460,389,609 $9,777,121,693 3.3%
New Hampshire $1,680,292,834 $1,138,105,255 -32.3%
Rhode Island $767,388,772 $1,171,173,295 52.6%
Vermont $818,940,392 $704,898,188 -13.9%
Total New England $17,167,785,402   $19,403,559,022   13.0%
New Jersey $9,381,175,018 $9,383,342,239 0.0%
New York $23,996,246,076 $34,425,931,315 43.5%
Pennsylvania $13,732,897,389 $22,684,630,327 65.2%
Total Middle Atlantic $47,110,318,483   $66,493,903,881   41.1%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $64,278,103,885   $85,897,462,903   33.6%
Illinois $13,383,315,558 $12,825,015,487 -4.2%
Indiana $7,640,540,363 $6,459,355,692 -15.5%
Michigan $10,129,846,872 $14,963,942,461 47.7%
Ohio $13,052,479,049 $13,933,591,049 6.8%
Wisconsin $7,586,299,486 $9,518,536,070 25.5%
Total East North Central $51,792,481,328   $57,700,440,759   11.4%
Iowa $5,118,469,511 $5,293,988,130 3.4%
Kansas $3,962,238,815 $3,720,038,908 -6.1%
Minnesota $7,845,165,363 $8,398,096,748 7.0%
Missouri $7,848,181,043 $7,624,357,939 -2.9%
Nebraska $2,945,283,283 $3,302,832,222 12.1%
North Dakota $2,255,345,823 $1,711,125,437 -24.1%
South Dakota $1,440,094,265 $2,217,309,719 54.0%
Total West North Central $31,414,778,103   $32,267,749,103   2.7%
TOTAL MIDWEST $83,207,259,431   $89,968,189,862   8.1%
Delaware $961,225,225 $1,402,500,158 45.9%
District of Columbia $2,521,670,622 $2,360,848,013 -6.4%
Florida $24,890,470,190 $29,072,026,644 16.8%
Georgia $14,799,884,892 $12,149,993,599 -17.9%
Maryland $10,459,130,698 $6,600,210,372 -36.9%
North Carolina $14,081,187,641 $13,976,706,176 -0.7%
South Carolina $6,948,569,885 $7,456,025,456 7.3%
Virginia $10,811,901,511 $11,738,953,158 8.6%
West Virginia $1,202,598,474 $1,445,495,797 20.2%
Total South Atlantic $86,676,639,138   $86,202,759,373   -0.5%
Alabama $5,038,388,227 $5,205,289,489 3.3%
Kentucky $6,998,179,915 $4,062,396,142 -42.0%
Mississippi $2,863,645,953 $2,382,882,592 -16.8%
Tennessee $8,006,544,992 $6,978,070,138 -12.8%
Total East South Central $22,906,759,087   $18,628,638,361   -18.7%
Arkansas $3,621,338,834 $2,824,685,413 -22.0%
Louisiana $7,419,566,705 $6,040,135,328 -18.6%
Oklahoma $5,213,025,111 $6,210,017,211 19.1%
Texas $50,941,152,429 $56,989,510,642 11.9%
Total West South Central $67,195,083,079   $72,064,348,594   7.2%
TOTAL SOUTH $176,778,481,304   $176,895,746,328   0.1%
Arizona $6,871,353,055 $6,440,712,168 -6.3%
Colorado $6,415,566,167 $8,345,941,452 30.1%
Idaho $1,544,167,428 $1,445,821,567 -6.4%
Montana $1,318,921,087 $1,145,960,476 -13.1%
Nevada $3,845,458,189 $4,907,681,564 27.6%
New Mexico $2,044,856,435 $2,019,486,183 -1.2%
Utah $5,384,308,933 $5,151,360,753 -4.3%
Wyoming $1,496,550,954 $1,075,571,488 -28.1%
Total Mountain $28,921,182,248   $30,532,535,651   5.6%
Alaska $1,463,276,309 $1,641,177,999 12.2%
California $37,740,099,845 $48,216,996,765 27.8%
Hawaii $2,647,484,004 $1,746,827,893 -34.0%
Oregon $5,027,359,595 $5,480,385,491 9.0%
Washington $10,079,228,518 $10,456,441,397 3.7%
Total Pacific $56,957,448,271   $67,541,829,545   18.6%
TOTAL WEST $85,878,630,519   $98,074,365,196   14.2%
TOTAL U.S. $410,142,475,139   $450,835,764,289   9.9%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

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