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By: Alex Carrick on May 15th, 2019

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Construction Starts Settled into More Normal Pattern in April, +3% M/M

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $37.6 billion (green shaded box, Table 3 below), an increase of +3% versus March. The month-to-month starts gain, however, fell short of the +10% pickup that usually occurs at this time of year when there is warming weather and favorable seasonality.

Construction Starts Settled into More Normal Pattern in April, +3% M/M Graphic

April’s starts, especially in square footage, were lifted by two mega projects originating in the high-tech sector. Amazon greenlit a new distribution center in Kentucky, near Cincinnati’s International Airport, and Google launched a data center in South Carolina (See Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - April 2019.).

The dollar volume of nonresidential starts in the latest month was quite close to its ‘norm’ for the preceding five years. Compared with the average for April from 2014 through 2018, April 2019 was a match, +0.5%. On a year-to-date basis, nonresidential starts through the first third of 2019 are -14.4% compared with their volume in the same January-to-April period of last year.

 
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‘Smoothed’ Series

Since large project initiations can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 4 below.

On a 12-month moving average basis, April 2019’s total nonresidential starts were -2.2% compared with the previous 12 months (i.e., May 2018-to-April 2019 vs May 2017-to-April 2018). Type-of-structure subcategory starts on the same 12-month moving average basis in April 2019 were: commercial, -5.4%; industrial, +23.7%; institutional, -1.9%; and engineering, -4.6%.

‘Smoothed’ grand total starts, which include residential activity, were -4.5%. The health of homebuilding of late has been ‘out of sorts’, -7.9%. Within residential, the apartment/condo market (-17.4%) has caught a worse bout of the flu than the single-family segment (-3.0%),

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars. 

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for March, was 59%; the latter’s share was 41%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (April 2019) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (March 2019).

Construction Overview

Total employment in the U.S. construction sector rose by +33,000 jobs in April, according to the latest Employment Situation report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Monthly average hiring by construction firms so far this year has been +21,000, which is down by a little more than one-third (-37.2%) when compared with the +34,000 figure for same period of last year.

On a year-over-year basis, construction is in top spot for jobs growth (+3.5%) among all major industrial sectors. ‘Transportation and warehousing’ (+3.3%) sits in second place, with ‘leisure and hospitality’ (+2.8%) in third. Construction’s year-over-year +3.5% hike has been nearly double the national all-jobs rate of +1.8% and more than double manufacturing’s +1.6%.

Construction’s NSA unemployment rate in April was 4.7%, down from 5.2% in March and an improvement of almost two percentage points from April 2018’s 6.5%. America’s economy-wide unemployment rate numbers are currently extraordinarily tight at 3.3% NSA and 3.6% SA.

Year-over-year employment changes in other corners of the economy important to construction in April were: ‘machinery and equipment rental’, +11.6%; ‘oil and gas extraction’, +6.1%; ‘real estate firms’, +3.0%; ‘architectural and engineering services’, +2.9%; ‘building material and supplies dealers’, -1.5%; and ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing’, -1.6%.

Month-to-Month (m/m), Year-over-Year (y/y) and Year-to-Date (ytd) Results

The modest month-over-month (m/m) increase in total starts of +2.9% in April was thanks to gains by engineering (+36.1%) and institutional (+17.8%). Weighing down m/m starts in April were industrial (-81.9%) and commercial (-13.8%). Industrial’s sharp drop resulted from groundbreakings on two large auto sector projects in Alabama in the prior month.

April 2019’s -20.0% year-over-year (y/y) total nonresidential starts decline (i.e., versus April 2018) came from pull-backs in all major type-of-structure categories: industrial, -51.3%; commercial, -22.3%; institutional, -18.1%; and heavy engineering/civil, -17.5%.

The latest month’s year-to-date (ytd) total nonresidential starts decrease of -14.4% has been the product of retreats by engineering (-21.8%), commercial (-18.5%) and institutional (-11.5%) that have overwhelmed the noteworthy advance made by industrial (+77.3%). Through the first one-third of 2019, industrial starts have been bolstered by several big project initiations.

Year-to-date (ytd) for Subsectors

Educational and health care facilities have accounted for the two biggest portions of total institutional starts so far this year, with shares of 61% and 26% respectively. ‘School/college’ starts have held up fairly well − +37.4% m/m and +3.5% y/y, but -1.6% ytd. ‘Medical’ starts, however, − as a combination of ‘hospitals/clinics’, ‘nursing/assisted living’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’, − have been dismal: -58.3% y/y; -33.5% ytd; and -24.5% m/m. Ytd, ‘hospital/clinic’ (-40.6%) and ‘miscellaneous medical’ (-36.8%) starts, have plunged more than ‘nursing/assisted living’ (-18.3%).

Within the total commercial category, the largest shares to date in 2019 have been claimed by ‘private offices’ (a 23% slice), ‘warehouses’ (19%), ‘hotels/motels’ (17%) and ‘retail/shopping’ (14%). Among those four, with help from Amazon’s $1.5 billion distribution center groundbreaking in Kentucky, the ‘warehouse’ subcategory has turned in the best performance: +96.7% m/m; +72.7% y/y; and +5.9% ytd. On a ytd basis, ‘retail/shopping’ (-27.3%) and ‘private offices’ (-27.2%) are almost tied on the downside and ‘hotels/motels’ (-19.2%) are only a little less negative.

Engineering starts in 2019 have been dominated by ‘roads/highways’ (a 41% share), followed by ‘water/sewage’ (22%) and ‘bridges’ (18%). The metrics for street starts in April were -6.8% ytd, but +2.2% y/y and +41.7% m/m. ‘Water/sewage’ starts in the latest month were generally okay (+69.3% m/m; +4.5% y/y; and +2.0% ytd), as were ‘bridge’ starts (+70.1% m/m; and +28.0% y/y; but -0.4% ytd).

Trend Graphs, Earnings and JOLTS

The Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - April 2019 sets out 12-month moving average trend graphs for key type-of-structure categories. The nonresidential building and heavy engineering curves (Graph 1) now show a tendency to dip. The same holds true for institutional and commercial (Graph 2). Retail (Graph 3) has been nosediving for years. Hospital/clinic starts (Graph 4) are fading. A couple of major pipeline projects, which began in early 2018, have now dropped out of the latest 12-month average calculation. Those omissions explain the recent plummet in the ‘miscellaneous civil’ category (Graph 6). 

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls; B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

Including supervisory personnel, the y/y ‘all-jobs’ compensation gains for the entire U.S. in April were +3.2% hourly and +2.9% weekly. At +3.1% hourly and +2.3% weekly, workers in the construction sector fell a little behind. Excluding supervisory personnel (i.e., omitting bosses), the all-jobs earnings gains in the latest month were +3.4% hourly and +3.1% weekly. Again, construction workers, at +3.2% hourly and only +2.2% weekly, failed to keep pace.

Construction Job Openings and Hires

A disconnect has emerged between lukewarm wage growth in the construction industry and hot demand for construction workers, as recorded in the Census Bureau’s Job Openings and Labor Turnover (JOLTS) report. Graph 1 below highlights almost unchecked increases in construction job openings, measured as both a level and a rate. The skyward-reaching slopes of the curves in Graph 1, rather than easing, are becoming more pronounced. As for construction worker hires (Graph 2), the level is climbing, but only gradually, and the rate is stuck between 5.0% and 5.5%.

Graph 1: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of 'construction employment plus number of job openings'.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for Mar. 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of hires during month as % of construction employment.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for Mar. 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Costing and Grand Total Starts

Further on costing, April 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index’, +2.2% (down from +3.1% in March); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports’, +2.9% (up from +2.7% in March); and ‘final demand construction’, +5.4% (up from +4.9% in March).

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

The nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were +20.2% m/m; -7.8% y/y and -9.1% ytd. (The multi-family market so far in 2019, at -19.1% ytd, has lost its way more than the single-family market, -4.7% ytd). ‘Grand total’ construction starts in April were +9.3% m/m; -15.5% y/y and -12.3% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - April 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - April 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - April 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
APRIL 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-APR 19 Jan-APR 19 vs  APR 19 vs APR 19 vs
($ billions) Jan-APR 18 APR 18 MAR 19
           
Hotel/Motel 5.973 -19.2% -40.4% -42.1%
Retail 4.934 -27.3% -29.0% 16.4%
Parking Garage 0.951 22.5% -30.2% -53.6%
Amusement 1.741 -33.9% -40.5% -7.8%
Private Office  8.124 -27.2% -19.3% -50.8%
Government Office 2.966 3.0% -2.5% 37.4%
Laboratory 0.673 -2.0% -55.3% -58.9%
Warehouse 6.478 5.9% 72.7% 96.7%
Miscellaneous Commercial* 3.090 -30.6% -69.4% 23.1%
COMMERCIAL 34.931 -18.5% -22.3% -13.8%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 9.770 77.3% -51.3% -81.9%
     
Religious 0.531 -15.4% -40.3%   -8.4%
Hospital/Clinic 3.733 -40.6% -74.7%   -57.2%
Nursing/Assisted Living 3.025 -18.3% -32.2%   -5.8%
Library/Museum 0.989 48.7% 69.8%   -15.1%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 1.811 -11.2% -36.1%   17.5%
Military 1.283 33.0% 160.6%   82.2%
School/College 21.602 -1.6% 3.5%   37.4%
Miscellaneous Government 2.240 -36.8% -50.0%   38.4%
INSTITUTIONAL 35.215 -11.5% -18.1%   17.8%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 2.026 -12.2% -17.9%   -4.5%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 81.941 -9.4% -21.7%   -12.7%
       
Airport 2.770 1.4% -11.5%   -58.1%
Road/Highway 19.321 -6.8% 2.2%   41.7%
Bridge 8.617 -0.4% 28.0%   70.1%
Dam/Marine 1.426 -7.9% -34.7%   14.9%
Water/Sewage 10.365 2.0% 4.5%   69.3%
Miscellaneous Civil 4.699 -71.5% -72.0%   7.9%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 47.198 -21.8% -17.5%   36.1%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 129.139 -14.4% -20.0% 2.9%

*Includes transportation terminals and sports arenas.

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– MARCH 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Apr 19 Jan-Apr 19 vs     Apr 19 vs Apr 19 vs
($ billions) Jan-Apr 18     Apr 18 Mar 19
           
Summary      
CIVIL 47.198 -21.8%     -17.5% 36.1%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 81.941 -9.4%     -21.7% -12.7%
RESIDENTIAL   87.397 -9.1%     -7.8% 20.2%
GRAND TOTAL   216.536 -12.3%     -15.5% 9.3%
 
Verticals  
Airport 2.770 1.4%     -11.5% -58.1%
All Other Civil 3.991 -67.2%     -71.0% 11.3%
Bridges 8.617 -0.4%     28.0% 70.1%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 1.426 -7.9%     -34.7% 14.9%
Power Infrastructure 0.707 -83.6%     -79.1% -17.0%
Roads 19.321 -6.8%     2.2% 41.7%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 10.365 2.0%     4.5% 69.3%
CIVIL     47.198 -21.8%     -17.5% 36.1%
Offices (private) 8.124 -27.2%     -19.3% -50.8%
Parking Garages 0.951 22.5%     -30.2% -53.6%
  Transportation Terminals 1.116 -57.5%     -75.6% 105.3%
Commercial (small subset) 10.191 -30.0%     -40.5% -44.8%
Amusement 1.741 -33.9%     -40.5% -7.8%
Libraries / Museums 0.989 48.7%     69.8% -15.1%
Religious 0.531 -15.4%     -40.3% -8.4%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 1.974 8.0%     -51.4% -22.4%
Community 5.235 -9.0%     -31.7% -14.0%
College / University 5.718 -8.7%     -14.1% -5.9%
Elementary / Pre School 6.341 2.4%     7.8% 44.2%
Jr / Sr High School 8.871 0.1%     7.1% 70.9%
  Special / Vocational 0.672 5.3%     67.7% -13.3%
Educational 21.602 -1.6%     3.5% 37.4%
Courthouses 0.379 53.2%     43.6% 181.9%
Fire and Police Stations 0.869 12.6%     11.2% 35.0%
Government Offices 2.966 3.0%     -2.5% 37.4%
  Prisons 0.563 -44.9%     -77.9% -44.2%
Government 4.777 -2.9%     -18.1% 29.5%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 0.673 -2.0%     -55.3% -58.9%
Manufacturing 9.770 77.3%     -51.3% -81.9%
  Warehouses 6.478 5.9%     72.7% 96.7%
Industrial 16.921 37.4%     7.8% -36.3%
Hospitals / Clinics 3.733 -40.6%     -74.7% -57.2%
Medical Misc. 2.240 -36.8%     -50.0% 38.4%
  Nursing Homes 3.025 -18.3%     -32.2% -5.8%
Medical   8.998 -33.5%     -58.3% -24.5%
Military   1.283 33.0%     160.6% 82.2%
Hotels 5.973 -19.2%     -40.4% -42.1%
Retail Misc. 2.026 -12.2%     -17.9% -4.5%
    Shopping 4.934 -27.3%     -29.0% 16.4%
  Retail   12.933 -21.6%     -32.5% -18.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 81.941 -9.4%     -21.7% -12.7%
Multi-Family 23.584 -19.1%     -16.2% 21.5%
    Single-Family 63.813 -4.7%     -4.5% 19.7%
RESIDENTIAL   87.397 -9.1%     -7.8% 20.2%
NONRESIDENTIAL 129.139 -14.4%     -20.0% 2.9%
GRAND TOTAL   216.536 -12.3%     -15.5% 9.3%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect Insight.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – APRIL 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-apr JAN-apr
feb 19 mar 19 apr 19 feb 19 mar 19 apr 19 feb 19 mar 19 apr 19 2018 2019
Single Family 13.290 15.878 19.003 13.816 14.937 16.057 16.785 16.655 16.580 66.981 63.813
   month-over-month % change -15.0% 19.5% 19.7% -0.5% 8.1% 7.5% -0.9% -0.8% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -12.2% -9.0% -4.5% -2.7% -4.8% -8.2% -0.7% -1.8% -3.0% 8.3% -4.7%
Apartment 5.838 5.550 6.746 6.266 5.613 6.045 7.455 7.336 7.228 29.136 23.584
   month-over-month % change 7.1% -4.9% 21.5% -7.1% -10.4% 7.7% -0.3% -1.6% -1.5%    
   year-over-year % change -4.8% -20.4% -16.2% -8.0% -20.2% -14.3% -20.8% -18.0% -17.4% -30.8% -19.1%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 19.128 21.428 25.749 20.082 20.549 22.102 24.240 23.991 23.808 96.116 87.397
   month-over-month % change -9.3% 12.0% 20.2% -2.6% 2.3% 7.6% -0.7% -1.0% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -10.0% -12.3% -7.8% -4.4% -9.6% -9.9% -7.8% -7.4% -7.9% -7.5% -9.1%
Hotel/Motel 1.324 2.114 1.225 1.470 1.583 1.554 2.099 2.138 2.069 7.395 5.973
   month-over-month % change 1.0% 59.7% -42.1% -10.0% 7.7% -1.8% -0.9% 1.9% -3.2%    
   year-over-year % change -14.4% 29.3% -40.4% -12.6% -11.1% -10.9% -10.3% 1.7% 4.3% -39.6% -19.2%
Retail 1.336 1.170 1.361 1.095 1.191 1.289 1.439 1.377 1.331 6.784 4.934
   month-over-month % change 25.1% -12.4% 16.4% 8.4% 8.8% 8.2% 1.2% -4.3% -3.4%    
   year-over-year % change 18.6% -38.8% -29.0% -19.8% -26.6% -21.9% -10.4% -15.5% -19.1% -3.8% -27.3%
Parking Garages 0.106 0.421 0.195 0.217 0.252 0.241 0.235 0.257 0.250 0.776 0.951
   month-over-month % change -53.9% 296.9% -53.6% -30.5% 16.0% -4.6% -0.6% 9.3% -2.7%    
   year-over-year % change -14.7% 165.0% -30.2% -26.8% 52.2% 28.3% -21.8% -6.3% -0.1% -39.9% 22.5%
Amusement 0.352 0.425 0.391 0.525 0.450 0.389 0.670 0.656 0.634 2.633 1.741
   month-over-month % change -38.5% 20.6% -7.8% -21.6% -14.4% -13.4% -2.3% -2.2% -3.4%    
   year-over-year % change -35.2% -29.1% -40.5% -29.8% -31.7% -35.1% -1.2% -3.3% -6.7% 12.4% -33.9%
Office 0.819 4.235 2.083 1.384 2.014 2.379 2.016 2.222 2.181 11.153 8.124
   month-over-month % change -17.0% 417.3% -50.8% -13.3% 45.5% 18.2% -12.8% 10.2% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change -81.3% 141.0% -19.3% -48.6% -29.5% -18.1% -11.5% 0.9% -2.3% -16.4% -27.2%
Governmental Offices 0.674 0.679 0.934 0.678 0.678 0.762 0.891 0.905 0.903 2.879 2.966
   month-over-month % change -0.8% 0.8% 37.4% -11.0% 0.0% 12.5% -1.4% 1.5% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change -18.1% 31.2% -2.5% 4.5% 5.8% -0.5% 1.1% 10.8% 10.0% -20.0% 3.0%
Laboratories 0.075 0.292 0.120 0.169 0.184 0.162 0.262 0.258 0.245 0.687 0.673
   month-over-month % change -60.1% 291.2% -58.9% -4.2% 9.2% -12.1% 1.3% -1.6% -4.8%    
   year-over-year % change 127.9% -14.6% -55.3% 24.5% 32.3% -24.4% 13.2% 6.1% 6.2% -24.5% -2.0%
Warehouse 1.109 1.387 2.729 0.991 1.250 1.742 1.718 1.702 1.798 6.116 6.478
   month-over-month % change -11.5% 25.1% 96.7% -20.9% 26.1% 39.4% -0.9% -0.9% 5.6%    
   year-over-year % change -14.9% -11.8% 72.7% -28.8% -17.3% 17.3% -3.4% -0.6% 6.2% -17.0% 5.9%
Misc Commercial 0.297 0.549 0.676 0.805 0.805 0.507 1.077 1.043 0.915 4.453 3.090
   month-over-month % change -81.1% 84.9% 23.1% -14.8% 0.0% -37.0% 1.3% -3.2% -12.3%    
   year-over-year % change 130.1% -43.0% -69.4% -38.1% 7.7% -53.9% -30.1% -25.5% -33.9% -38.0% -30.6%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 6.090 11.272 9.713 7.333 8.406 9.025 10.406 10.558 10.325 42.876 34.931
   month-over-month % change -22.5% 85.1% -13.8% -12.3% 14.6% 7.4% -3.0% 1.5% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change -39.1% 19.2% -22.3% -28.5% -17.0% -15.3% -10.6% -4.5% -5.4% -22.5% -18.5%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 2.466 3.899 0.705 2.883 3.021 2.356 3.146 3.365 3.304 5.510 9.770
   month-over-month % change -8.7% 58.1% -81.9% 19.8% 4.8% -22.0% 2.3% 7.0% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change 51.7% 206.8% -51.3% 158.4% 123.1% 62.7% 8.6% 23.6% 23.7% -46.0% 77.3%
Religious 0.052 0.140 0.128 0.165 0.134 0.107 0.185 0.180 0.173 0.628 0.531
   month-over-month % change -75.6% 171.0% -8.4% -20.6% -18.5% -20.7% -1.9% -2.3% -4.0%    
   year-over-year % change -45.1% -26.9% -40.3% 36.1% -2.6% -36.0% 3.0% -1.6% -1.1% -18.6% -15.4%
Hosptials/Clinics 0.587 1.321 0.566 1.461 1.056 0.824 1.257 1.296 1.157 6.286 3.733
   month-over-month % change -53.4% 125.1% -57.2% 0.5% -27.7% -21.9% -2.4% 3.1% -10.7%    
   year-over-year % change -39.1% 55.1% -74.7% 11.8% -21.9% -38.9% -10.6% -2.8% -14.5% -5.8% -40.6%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.761 0.706 0.665 0.853 0.787 0.710 0.851 0.847 0.820 3.705 3.025
   month-over-month % change -15.0% -7.2% -5.8% 0.9% -7.7% -9.7% 1.0% -0.6% -3.1%    
   year-over-year % change 16.1% -7.4% -32.2% -10.4% -13.4% -11.1% -17.0% -17.9% -17.9% 2.3% -18.3%
Libraries/Museums 0.101 0.368 0.313 0.156 0.225 0.261 0.229 0.247 0.257 0.665 0.989
   month-over-month % change -51.2% 265.5% -15.1% -20.3% 44.8% 15.7% -0.8% 7.9% 4.3%    
   year-over-year % change -17.4% 141.2% 69.8% -4.2% 40.6% 70.4% -20.2% -5.7% 3.0% -46.8% 48.7%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.318 0.452 0.531 0.533 0.427 0.434 0.684 0.689 0.664 2.041 1.811
   month-over-month % change -37.6% 42.1% 17.5% -20.8% -19.9% 1.7% 0.2% 0.7% -3.6%    
   year-over-year % change 6.3% 13.8% -36.1% 22.0% 5.8% -14.8% 19.7% 21.2% 17.5% -44.8% -11.2%
Military 0.311 0.254 0.463 0.341 0.273 0.343 0.445 0.442 0.466 0.965 1.283
   month-over-month % change 22.0% -18.2% 82.2% -25.6% -19.9% 25.4% -0.4% -0.6% 5.4%    
   year-over-year % change -6.1% -11.7% 160.6% 32.1% 4.2% 29.0% 8.9% 6.0% 15.2% 8.2% 33.0%
Schools/Colleges 3.937 5.376 7.387 4.373 4.738 5.566 5.904 5.824 5.845 21.959 21.602
   month-over-month % change -19.7% 36.6% 37.4% -1.6% 8.4% 17.5% 0.1% -1.3% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 1.2% -15.1% 3.5% 11.7% -4.1% -3.8% 2.9% 1.5% 1.8% -2.6% -1.6%
Misc Government 0.339 0.477 0.661 0.600 0.526 0.492 0.904 0.880 0.825 3.544 2.240
   month-over-month % change -55.6% 40.9% 38.4% -20.1% -12.2% -6.5% -0.6% -2.7% -6.3%    
   year-over-year % change -16.0% -37.8% -50.0% -9.6% -28.9% -40.8% 2.1% 0.2% -9.8% 2.0% -36.8%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 6.404 9.094 10.713 8.480 8.167 8.737 10.458 10.405 10.207 39.793 35.215
   month-over-month % change -28.9% 42.0% 17.8% -6.1% -3.7% 7.0% -0.3% -0.5% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change -5.2% -6.6% -18.1% 8.5% -8.3% -11.4% -0.4% 0.0% -1.9% -7.3% -11.5%
Misc Non Residential 0.559 0.551 0.526 0.438 0.500 0.545 0.585 0.580 0.570 2.308 2.026
   month-over-month % change 42.9% -1.4% -4.5% 3.7% 14.1% 9.0% 1.6% -0.8% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 25.1% -9.7% -17.9% -11.5% -10.0% -3.6% -9.6% -10.5% -12.0% 5.4% -12.2%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 15.518 24.815 21.658 19.134 20.094 20.664 24.596 24.907 24.406 90.487 81.941
   month-over-month % change -22.2% 59.9% -12.7% -5.3% 5.0% 2.8% -1.1% 1.3% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change -17.6% 17.7% -21.7% -2.8% -4.0% -8.3% -4.2% 0.3% -0.9% -18.2% -9.4%
Airports 0.691 1.116 0.467 0.505 0.768 0.758 0.585 0.605 0.600 2.732 2.770
   month-over-month % change 39.6% 61.4% -58.1% 25.0% 51.9% -1.2% 5.1% 3.5% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 96.0% 27.8% -11.5% -1.8% 4.5% 29.7% -40.6% -37.5% -38.0% -25.2% 1.4%
Roads/Highways 3.406 5.084 7.205 3.494 4.039 5.231 5.294 5.145 5.158 20.735 19.321
   month-over-month % change -6.1% 49.2% 41.7% -6.4% 15.6% 29.5% 0.6% -2.8% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 12.1% -26.0% 2.2% 13.4% -11.5% -7.5% 23.4% 15.8% 13.0% 8.8% -6.8%
Bridges 2.425 1.660 2.823 1.967 1.931 2.303 2.033 1.948 2.000 8.656 8.617
   month-over-month % change 41.9% -31.5% 70.1% 13.9% -1.8% 19.2% 2.5% -4.2% 2.6%    
   year-over-year % change 32.2% -37.9% 28.0% 9.2% -10.2% 2.9% 12.9% 11.1% 13.9% 5.6% -0.4%
Dams/Marine 0.331 0.334 0.384 0.399 0.348 0.349 0.560 0.561 0.544 1.549 1.426
   month-over-month % change -12.6% 0.9% 14.9% -17.5% -13.0% 0.5% 0.0% 0.2% -3.0%    
   year-over-year % change -0.6% 5.3% -34.7% 7.9% 8.4% -15.3% 27.2% 26.5% 23.8% 13.4% -7.9%
Water/Sewage 2.122 2.059 3.486 2.272 2.293 2.556 2.475 2.465 2.477 10.161 10.365
   month-over-month % change -21.4% -3.0% 69.3% -0.4% 0.9% 11.5% 1.2% -0.4% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 19.2% -5.5% 4.5% 6.9% 0.8% 5.1% 5.7% 5.6% 3.8% -25.0% 2.0%
Misc Civil 0.958 1.451 1.565 0.852 1.044 1.325 2.544 2.002 1.666 16.493 4.699
   month-over-month % change 32.2% 51.5% 7.9% -47.0% 22.6% 26.8% 0.8% -21.3% -16.8%    
   year-over-year % change 36.3% -81.8% -72.0% -29.4% -71.3% -72.1% 15.3% -26.4% -43.2% 116.2% -71.5%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 9.932 11.703 15.930 9.490 10.423 12.522 13.490 12.726 12.446 60.325 47.198
   month-over-month % change 3.1% 17.8% 36.1% -7.3% 9.8% 20.1% 1.2% -5.7% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change 23.5% -43.9% -17.5% 4.3% -23.8% -22.1% 11.8% 0.5% -4.6% 12.9% -21.8%
GRAND TOTAL 44.579 57.947 63.337 48.707 51.066 55.288 62.326 61.625 60.660 246.929 216.536
   month-over-month % change -12.0% 30.0% 9.3% -4.6% 4.8% 8.3% -0.5% -1.1% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -7.4% -12.7% -15.5% -2.2% -10.9% -12.4% -2.7% -2.8% -4.5% -7.9% -12.3%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 25.451 36.519 37.588 28.624 30.517 33.186 38.086 37.634 36.852 150.813 129.139
   month-over-month % change -14.0% 43.5% 2.9% -6.0% 6.6% 8.7% -0.3% -1.2% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change -5.3% -12.9% -20.0% -0.6% -11.8% -14.0% 0.9% 0.3% -2.2% -8.1% -14.4%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

JAN-APR 2018 JAN-APR 2019 % Change
Connecticut $997,039,746 $1,863,995,105 87.0%
Maine $321,584,414 $561,483,786 74.6%
Massachusetts $2,235,721,077 $3,135,620,375 40.3%
New Hampshire $452,394,640 $450,929,247 -0.3%
Rhode Island $763,920,486 $268,337,177 -64.9%
Vermont $220,184,751 $111,925,812 -49.2%
Total New England $4,990,845,114   $6,392,291,502   28.1%
New Jersey $3,056,318,807 $1,985,523,271 -35.0%
New York $7,050,616,143 $6,613,472,578 -6.2%
Pennsylvania $4,152,166,909 $4,584,854,453 10.4%
Total Middle Atlantic $14,259,101,859   $13,183,850,302   -7.5%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $19,249,946,973   $19,576,141,804   1.7%
Illinois $4,166,550,913 $3,723,592,166 -10.6%
Indiana $2,697,205,648 $2,077,314,638 -23.0%
Michigan $2,919,813,700 $2,229,017,195 -23.7%
Ohio $4,867,874,867 $3,047,905,604 -37.4%
Wisconsin $2,835,445,392 $2,821,251,747 -0.5%
Total East North Central $17,486,890,520   $13,899,081,350   -20.5%
Iowa $1,957,738,947 $1,466,980,852 -25.1%
Kansas $2,241,392,268 $1,330,126,629 -40.7%
Minnesota $2,269,764,087 $1,889,701,449 -16.7%
Missouri $3,187,737,105 $2,165,901,046 -32.1%
Nebraska $911,875,674 $1,114,493,552 22.2%
North Dakota $658,405,203 $371,793,667 -43.5%
South Dakota $630,747,861 $551,033,995 -12.6%
Total West North Central $11,857,661,145   $8,890,031,190   -25.0%
TOTAL MIDWEST $29,344,551,665   $22,789,112,540   -22.3%
Delaware $365,618,294 $279,786,654 -23.5%
District of Columbia $2,113,037,945 $524,944,226 -75.2%
Florida $9,227,715,431 $8,208,811,536 -11.0%
Georgia $4,153,087,697 $5,593,756,080 34.7%
Maryland $2,845,066,828 $2,534,009,038 -10.9%
North Carolina $4,698,598,395 $4,015,088,931 -14.5%
South Carolina $2,170,580,394 $2,343,969,754 8.0%
Virginia $7,512,233,275 $2,696,047,741 -64.1%
West Virginia $5,809,951,811 $688,170,305 -88.2%
Total South Atlantic $38,895,890,070   $26,884,584,265   -30.9%
Alabama $2,282,624,170 $4,373,879,293 91.6%
Kentucky $1,399,896,270 $2,530,754,188 80.8%
Mississippi $811,368,882 $928,896,316 14.5%
Tennessee $2,173,332,235 $2,222,247,150 2.3%
Total East South Central $6,667,221,557   $10,055,776,947   50.8%
Arkansas $1,098,355,606 $920,602,433 -16.2%
Louisiana $2,166,989,486 $1,552,370,205 -28.4%
Oklahoma $1,969,367,824 $2,117,362,777 7.5%
Texas $17,007,795,842 $17,384,027,317 2.2%
Total West South Central $22,242,508,758   $21,974,362,732   -1.2%
TOTAL SOUTH $67,805,620,385   $58,914,723,944   -13.1%
Arizona $2,668,804,399 $1,936,992,550 -27.4%
Colorado $2,316,844,992 $3,594,340,234 55.1%
Idaho $769,777,391 $647,591,525 -15.9%
Montana $455,313,809 $336,540,656 -26.1%
Nevada $2,291,719,082 $2,202,429,265 -3.9%
New Mexico $806,981,731 $417,275,867 -48.3%
Utah $2,411,675,840 $1,548,423,348 -35.8%
Wyoming $447,399,621 $344,501,492 -23.0%
Total Mountain $12,168,516,865   $11,028,094,937   -9.4%
Alaska $530,162,810 $328,095,568 -38.1%
California $15,103,654,610 $11,883,035,662 -21.3%
Hawaii $887,487,307 $844,230,298 -4.9%
Oregon $2,223,149,867 $1,552,484,909 -30.2%
Washington $3,499,460,046 $2,223,149,150 -36.5%
Total Pacific $22,243,914,640   $16,830,995,587   -24.3%
TOTAL WEST $34,412,431,505   $27,859,090,524   -19.0%
TOTAL U.S. $150,812,550,528   $129,139,068,812   -14.4%

*Figures above are comprised of nonresidential building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.