Mega Projects Lift May U.S. Nonresidential Construction Starts by One-Third

A Wealth of Mega Projects

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $52.2 billion (green shaded box, Table 3 below). The month-to-month percentage change versus April was +35.2%, or more than one-third. The large jump resulted from start-ups on five mega projects (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – May 2019) valued at more than $1 billion each. The combined value of the five mega project initiations in May of this year was $18.6 billion.

Construction Starts Settled into More Normal Pattern in April, +3% M/M Graphic

The latest month of 2019 included one $10 billion project, an LNG export terminal to be built for Golden Pass Products at Sabine Pass, near Port Arthur, Texas. May of last year, however, also included a $10 billion project, a new plant for Foxconn Technology in Racine, Wisconsin. Therefore, due to an offsetting effect, May 2019’s total nonresidential dollar volume wasn’t much greater than in May 2018. Rather, it was -5.9%. Year-to-date starts in 2019 have been -10.6% compared with the same January-to-May period of 2018.

 
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‘Smoothed’ Series

Since large project groundbreakings can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 3 below.

On a 12-month average basis, May 2019’s total nonresidential starts were -4.3% compared with the previous 12 months (i.e., June-2018-to-May-2019 vs June-2017-to-May-2018). Type-of-structure subcategory starts on the same 12-month-over-prior-12-month basis in May 2019 were: commercial, -8.6%; industrial, -6.2%; institutional, +0.3%; and engineering, -3.5%.

‘Smoothed’ grand total starts, which include residential activity, were -6.6%. Total homebuilding so far this year has been -10.1% on a smoothed basis, but the single-family component, at -5.7%, has not experienced nearly the same degree of difficulty as the multi-family segment, -18.9%.

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator     

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for April, was 59%; the latter’s share was 41%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (May 2019) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (April 2019).

Construction Overview

The number of jobs in the U.S. construction sector rose by only +4,000 in May, according to the latest Employment Situation report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Monthly average ‘on site’ hiring through the first five months of this year, at +16,000, has been less than half (-52.9%) of what was maintained through the same January-to-May time frame last year, +35,000.

On a year-over-year basis, construction is still in top spot for jobs growth (+3.0%) among all major industrial sectors. Bunched closely behind construction are ‘transportation and warehousing’ (+2.7%), ‘leisure and hospitality’, (+2.6%) and ‘education and health’, (+2.5%). The latest year-over-year jobs growth in construction (+3.0%) has been twice as fast as in manufacturing (+1.5%) and nearly double the pace of increase recorded by ‘all jobs’ (+1.6%).

Construction’s NSA unemployment rate in May, at 3.2%, was the lowest it’s been this century.  Furthermore, it was below the latest national unemployment rate, which was just 3.4% NSA.

Year-over-year employment changes in other corners of the economy important to construction in May were: ‘machinery and equipment rental’, +11.1%; ‘oil and gas extraction’, +7.5%; ‘architectural and engineering services’, +3.3%; ‘real estate firms’, +3.1%; ‘building material and supplies dealers’, -1.0%; and ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing’, -1.5%.

Month-To-Month (M/M), Year-Over-Year (Y/Y), and Year-To-Date (YTD) Results

May’s massive +35.2% m/m leap in total nonresidential starts was mainly due to an outsized gain in manufacturing (i.e., the $10 billion LNG facility in Texas). Heavy engineering/civil starts also climbed (+13.9%), while commercial (+1.5%) and institutional (-0.2%) stayed flat.

The -5.9% pullback in total nonresidential starts in May 19 versus May 18 (i.e., y/y) originated in commercial (-30.4%) and institutional (-14.3%), while industrial remained the same (+0.1%) and heavy engineering/civil perked up by more than a fifth, but less than a quarter (+22.2%).

The latest month’s year-to-date (ytd) total nonresidential starts decrease of -10.6% was caused by drops in commercial (-19.2%), engineering (-13.1%) and institutional (-9.7%). Unfortunately, industrial’s positive performance (+25.6%) was not able to overcome the negativity elsewhere.

Year-To-Date for Subsectors

Within institutional work so far this year, the ‘school/college’ subcategory has been dominant, accounting for nearly two-thirds (64%) of the total. Educational facility starts in May were upbeat according to the three yardsticks: +6.2% m/m; +8.0% y/y; and +3.1% ytd. Medical facility starts – combining ‘hospital/clinic’, ‘nursing/assisted living’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’ starts – have been about one-quarter (24%) of total institutional initiations to date in 2019. In May, such health care groundbreakings were -19.2% m/m; -48.0% y/y; and -32.3% ytd.

Five subcategories have accounted for substantial and similar-sized shares of commercial starts so far in 2019: private offices, 20%; ‘miscellaneous’ (e.g., transportation terminals), 17%; warehouses, 16%; hotels and motels, 15%; and retail and shopping, 14%. The metrics for private office building start-ups in May were -69.9% m/m; -48.3% y/y; and -24.5% ytd. For warehouses, the numbers were -72.6% m/m; -73.0% y/y; and -17.2% ytd. Hotels and motels also served up some grim statistics in May: -19.9% m/m; -80.6% y/y; and -44.5% ytd. Retail and shopping starts did somewhat better: -19.6% ytd and -6.0% y/y, but +7.6% m/m. Finally, ‘miscellaneous commercial’, was all good: +787.6% m/m; +397.1% y/y; and +46.0% ytd (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – May 2019).

Roads and highways have accounted for the largest slice of engineering starts to date this year, 41%. Street starts in May were -0.8% m/m and -2.1% ytd, but +10.6% y/y. Water and sewage facility starts (with a 20% share of total engineering) have been -13.5% m/m; -21.2% y/y; and -5.2% ytd. Bridge starts (16% share) in May were -35.9% m/m; -2.3% y/y; and -0.8% ytd.

Trend Graphs and Big JOLTS

The Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – May 2019 sets out 12-month moving average trend graphs for key type-of-structure categories. The nonresidential building and heavy engineering curves in Graph 1 and the commercial and institutional curves in Graph 2 are all demonstrating slight downward-shifting tendencies. Within commercial (Graph 3), retail is still plummeting, but with less abandon, and private office building starts, after a long ascent, have eased off a bit. The school and hospital curves in Graph 4 are moving in opposite directions, the former up and the latter down. Graphs 5 and 6 showcase strength in highway and bridge starts, along with perhaps a minor uplift in water and sewage work. After achieving an extraordinary peak, ‘miscellaneous civil’ has returned to its normal level.

The job opportunities in construction keep expanding. Graph 1 utilizes data from the JOLTS report, published by the BLS, to show construction job openings, as levels and rates. Both measurements have climbed to new heights over the available history of the series. The ratio of construction to manufacturing jobs in the U.S. is currently 0.58. The ratio of ‘openings’, construction to manufacturing, is 0.81. Graph 2 records ‘hires’ levels and rates in construction. The hires-level curve displays a mild rising trend. The shape of the hires-rate curve, though, has been flat. Contractors are hitting a brick wall in their attempts to take on more workers.

Graph 1: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of ‘construction employment plus number of job openings’.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for April, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of hires during month as % of construction employment.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for April, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

But Earnings Growth Not out of the Ordinary

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls; B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

Including supervisory personnel, the y/y ‘all-jobs’ compensation gains for the entire U.S. in May were +3.1% hourly and +2.8% weekly. For construction workers as a subset, they did a little better hourly, +3.2%, but not as well weekly, +2.2%.  Excluding supervisory personnel (i.e., omitting bosses), the all-jobs earnings gains in May were +3.4% hourly and +2.7% weekly. Construction workers kept pace hourly, also at +3.4%, but trailed significantly weekly, +1.9%.

Further on Costing and Grand Total Starts

Further on costing, May 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index’, +0.3% (down from +2.2% in April); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports’, +1.3% (down from +2.9% in April); and ‘final demand construction’, +5.3% (about even with April’s +5.4%).

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were -13.4% m/m; -22.4 y/y and -12.8% ytd. (The multi-family market so far in 2019, at -23.6% ytd, has fallen into decline more than the single-family market, -8.2% ytd). ‘Grand total’ construction starts in May were +16.0% m/m; -11.5% y/y and -11.5% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or rebid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package – May 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – May 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – May 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
MAY 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-may 19 Jan-may 19 vs  may 19 vs may 19 vs
($ billions) Jan-may 18 may 18 apr 19
           
Hotel/Motel 7.253 -44.5% -80.6% -19.9%
Retail 6.801 -19.6% -6.0% 7.6%
Parking Garage 1.252 0.3% -46.6% 2.9%
Amusement 2.195 -34.9% -45.5% -5.3%
Private Office  9.551 -24.5% -48.3% -69.9%
Government Office 3.799 -1.9% -10.1% -3.1%
Laboratory 0.789 -26.8% -75.1% -21.5%
Warehouse 7.391 -17.2% -73.0% -72.6%
Miscellaneous Commercial* 7.890 46.0% 397.1% 787.6%
COMMERCIAL 46.921 -19.2% -30.4% 1.5%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 22.171 25.6% 0.1% 1484.5%
     
Religious 0.710 -17.1% -39.9%   6.4%
Hospital/Clinic 4.672 -39.0% -69.6%   -42.5%
Nursing/Assisted Living 3.734 -21.1% -45.1%   -25.0%
Library/Museum 1.163 5.0% -66.1%   -52.0%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 2.472 -9.5% -7.1%   15.6%
Military 1.379 -14.5% -55.5%   -1.2%
School/College 30.288 3.1% 8.0%   6.2%
Miscellaneous Government 3.054 -32.6% -21.2%   10.8%
INSTITUTIONAL 47.472 -9.7% -14.3%   -0.2%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 2.529 -12.0% -22.5%   -23.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 119.093 -9.2% -16.1%   50.0%
       
Airport 3.167 -3.1% -22.8%   -9.3%
Road/Highway 26.593 -2.1% 10.6%   -0.8%
Bridge 10.424 -0.8% -2.3%   -35.9%
Dam/Marine 3.444 57.2% 216.4%   442.7%
Water/Sewage 13.197 -5.2% -21.2%   -13.5%
Miscellaneous Civil 8.439 -53.2% 141.6%   135.2%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 65.264 -13.1% 22.2%   13.9%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 184.356 -10.6% -5.9% 35.2%

*Includes transportation terminals and sports arenas.

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– MAY 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-May 19 Jan-May 19 vs     May 19 vs May 19 vs
($ billions) Jan-May 18     May 18 Apr 19
           
Summary      
CIVIL 65.264 -13.1%     22.2% 13.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 119.093 -9.2%     -16.1% 50.0%
RESIDENTIAL   108.272 -12.8%     -22.4% -13.4%
GRAND TOTAL   292.628 -11.5%     -11.5% 16.0%
 
Verticals  
Airport 3.167 -3.1%     -22.8% -9.3%
All Other Civil 6.791 -48.3%     191.0% 94.9%
Bridges 10.424 -0.8%     -2.3% -35.9%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 3.444 57.2%     216.4% 442.7%
Power Infrastructure 1.647 -66.3%     60.7% 509.7%
Roads 26.593 -2.1%     10.6% -0.8%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 13.197 -5.2%     -21.2% -13.5%
CIVIL     65.264 -13.1%     22.2% 13.9%
Offices (private) 9.551 -24.5%     -48.3% -69.9%
Parking Garages 1.252 0.3%     -46.6% 2.9%
  Transportation Terminals 5.482 83.0%     1107.3% 1519.1%
Commercial (small subset) 16.285 -3.6%     135.4% 78.3%
Amusement 2.195 -34.9%     -45.5% -5.3%
Libraries / Museums 1.163 5.0%     -66.1% -52.0%
Religious 0.710 -17.1%     -39.9% 6.4%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 2.408 -0.1%     -56.3% -1.0%
Community 6.476 -16.4%     -52.6% -16.0%
College / University 8.011 -2.7%     -7.0% 20.8%
Elementary / Pre School 9.088 5.3%     16.3% 15.4%
Jr / Sr High School 12.394 5.5%     11.7% -4.1%
  Special / Vocational 0.796 5.2%     -0.9% -42.3%
Educational 30.288 3.1%     8.0% 6.2%
Courthouses 0.459 15.3%     -58.9% -59.4%
Fire and Police Stations 1.286 21.3%     45.6% 41.4%
Government Offices 3.799 -1.9%     -10.1% -3.1%
  Prisons 0.726 -42.9%     -36.6% 52.1%
Government 6.271 -5.0%     -8.8% 3.9%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 0.789 -26.8%     -75.1% -21.5%
Manufacturing 22.171 25.6%     0.1% 1484.5%
  Warehouses 7.391 -17.2%     -73.0% -72.6%
Industrial 30.351 9.7%     -15.2% 255.0%
Hospitals / Clinics 4.672 -39.0%     -69.6% -42.5%
Medical Misc. 3.054 -32.6%     -21.2% 10.8%
  Nursing Homes 3.734 -21.1%     -45.1% -25.0%
Medical   11.459 -32.3%     -48.0% -19.2%
Military   1.379 -14.5%     -55.5% -1.2%
Hotels 7.253 -44.5%     -80.6% -19.9%
Retail Misc. 2.529 -12.0%     -22.5% -23.9%
    Shopping 6.801 -19.6%     -6.0% 7.6%
  Retail   16.583 -32.1%     -60.7% -8.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 119.093 -9.2%     -16.1% 50.0%
Multi-Family 28.184 -23.6%     -54.9% -49.0%
    Single-Family 80.087 -8.2%     -9.9% -0.1%
RESIDENTIAL   108.272 -12.8%     -22.4% -13.4%
NONRESIDENTIAL 184.356 -10.6%     -5.9% 35.2%
GRAND TOTAL   292.628 -11.5%     -11.5% 16.0%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial, and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect Insight.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – MAY 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-may JAN-may
mar 19 apr 19 may 19 mar 19 apr 19 may 19 mar 19 apr 19 may 19 2018 2019
Single Family 15.612 18.305 18.290 14.497 15.561 17.402 16.569 16.437 16.269 87.283 80.087
   month-over-month % change 22.3% 17.2% -0.1% 8.0% 7.3% 11.8% -0.9% -0.8% -1.0%    
   year-over-year % change -10.5% -8.0% -9.9% -7.6% -11.0% -9.4% -2.4% -3.8% -5.7% 8.9% -8.2%
Apartment 5.962 6.870 3.504 5.937 6.301 5.445 7.484 7.386 7.030 36.908 28.184
   month-over-month % change -1.8% 15.2% -49.0% -8.8% 6.1% -13.6% -1.1% -1.3% -4.8%    
   year-over-year % change -14.5% -14.6% -54.9% -15.6% -10.6% -28.3% -16.3% -15.6% -18.9% -27.4% -23.6%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 21.574 25.175 21.794 20.434 21.862 22.848 24.053 23.823 23.299 124.191 108.272
   month-over-month % change 14.5% 16.7% -13.4% 2.5% 7.0% 4.5% -1.0% -1.0% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change -11.7% -9.9% -22.4% -10.1% -10.9% -14.8% -7.2% -7.8% -10.1% -5.2% -12.8%
Hotel/Motel 2.132 1.371 1.098 1.595 1.621 1.534 2.135 2.078 1.697 13.070 7.253
   month-over-month % change 56.9% -35.7% -19.9% 8.7% 1.6% -5.4% 2.0% -2.7% -18.4%    
   year-over-year % change 30.4% -33.3% -80.6% -10.4% -7.1% -50.9% 1.5% 4.8% -24.8% -10.7% -44.5%
Retail 1.255 1.466 1.577 1.253 1.362 1.432 1.397 1.359 1.351 8.462 6.801
   month-over-month % change -8.2% 16.8% 7.6% 10.8% 8.8% 5.1% -3.8% -2.7% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -34.3% -23.5% -6.0% -22.8% -17.5% -21.9% -14.3% -17.3% -17.8% -3.3% -19.6%
Parking Garages 0.420 0.245 0.252 0.252 0.257 0.305 0.257 0.254 0.236 1.248 1.252
   month-over-month % change 296.3% -41.8% 2.9% 15.9% 2.0% 18.9% 9.2% -1.1% -7.2%    
   year-over-year % change 164.6% -12.5% -46.6% 52.0% 37.0% 0.7% -6.0% 1.8% -5.6% -29.1% 0.3%
Amusement 0.440 0.425 0.403 0.456 0.406 0.423 0.659 0.640 0.612 3.372 2.195
   month-over-month % change 25.0% -3.4% -5.3% -12.7% -10.9% 4.2% -2.0% -2.9% -4.4%    
   year-over-year % change -26.5% -35.4% -45.5% -30.8% -32.4% -36.5% -2.7% -5.7% -10.1% 10.4% -34.9%
Office 4.360 2.568 0.773 2.070 2.582 2.567 2.250 2.249 2.189 12.649 9.551
   month-over-month % change 433.2% -41.1% -69.9% 48.0% 24.7% -0.6% 10.7% 0.0% -2.7%    
   year-over-year % change 148.1% -0.5% -48.3% -27.6% -11.1% 32.0% 2.2% 0.7% 0.3% -18.1% -24.5%
Governmental Offices 0.632 0.922 0.894 0.661 0.741 0.816 0.900 0.898 0.889 3.873 3.799
   month-over-month % change -5.6% 46.0% -3.1% -2.3% 12.1% 10.1% 1.1% -0.3% -0.9%    
   year-over-year % change 21.9% -3.6% -10.1% 3.2% -3.3% -0.9% 10.3% 9.3% 7.4% -14.1% -1.9%
Laboratories 0.292 0.124 0.098 0.189 0.164 0.171 0.251 0.239 0.215 1.078 0.789
   month-over-month % change 286.4% -57.4% -21.5% 8.6% -13.3% 4.5% -1.6% -4.8% -10.2%    
   year-over-year % change -14.5% -53.7% -75.1% 35.6% -23.5% -48.7% 3.5% 3.6% -7.4% -16.4% -26.8%
Warehouse 1.390 2.773 0.759 1.286 1.794 1.641 1.733 1.833 1.662 8.923 7.391
   month-over-month % change 14.0% 99.5% -72.6% 22.3% 39.5% -8.6% -0.9% 5.7% -9.3%    
   year-over-year % change -11.6% 75.5% -73.0% -14.9% 20.8% -17.4% 1.2% 8.3% -7.1% -1.1% -17.2%
Misc Commercial 0.546 0.534 4.736 0.874 0.462 1.938 1.044 0.904 1.220 5.405 7.890
   month-over-month % change 78.4% -2.3% 787.6% -0.1% -47.1% 319.6% -3.2% -13.4% 34.9%    
   year-over-year % change -43.3% -75.9% 397.1% 16.9% -58.0% 40.9% -25.4% -34.6% 5.4% -50.2% 46.0%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 11.466 10.428 10.589 8.635 9.389 10.828 10.628 10.455 10.070 58.082 46.921
   month-over-month % change 82.8% -9.1% 1.5% 14.9% 8.7% 15.3% 1.6% -1.6% -3.7%    
   year-over-year % change 21.3% -16.6% -30.4% -14.7% -11.9% -12.6% -3.9% -4.2% -8.6% -16.2% -19.2%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 4.080 0.767 12.150 3.085 2.438 5.665 3.387 3.330 3.331 17.653 22.171
   month-over-month % change 65.4% -81.2% 1484.5% 6.9% -21.0% 132.4% 7.4% -1.7% 0.0%    
   year-over-year % change 221.1% -47.0% 0.1% 127.8% 68.4% 14.4% 24.4% 24.7% -6.2% 50.0% 25.6%
Religious 0.151 0.129 0.137 0.148 0.122 0.139 0.185 0.178 0.170 0.857 0.710
   month-over-month % change 76.0% -14.3% 6.4% -15.4% -17.7% 14.2% -1.8% -3.9% -4.3%    
   year-over-year % change -21.2% -39.8% -39.9% 7.3% -26.9% -34.2% 0.7% 1.3% -4.3% -11.8% -17.1%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.518 0.723 0.416 1.177 0.943 0.886 1.348 1.222 1.143 7.656 4.672
   month-over-month % change 158.9% -52.4% -42.5% -22.4% -19.9% -6.0% 4.3% -9.3% -6.5%    
   year-over-year % change 78.3% -67.6% -69.6% -12.9% -30.1% -40.3% 1.1% -9.7% -11.7% -12.5% -39.0%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.743 0.754 0.566 0.805 0.754 0.688 0.863 0.844 0.805 4.735 3.734
   month-over-month % change -2.9% 1.4% -25.0% -9.1% -6.3% -8.8% -0.2% -2.2% -4.6%    
   year-over-year % change -2.4% -23.1% -45.1% -11.4% -5.6% -25.6% -16.3% -15.5% -19.4% 1.7% -21.1%
Libraries/Museums 0.378 0.313 0.150 0.233 0.264 0.280 0.249 0.259 0.235 1.108 1.163
   month-over-month % change 274.8% -17.2% -52.0% 45.3% 13.0% 6.2% 8.2% 4.3% -9.4%    
   year-over-year % change 147.3% 69.9% -66.1% 45.7% 72.4% 7.8% -4.9% 3.8% -9.0% -30.4% 5.0%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.448 0.555 0.642 0.425 0.442 0.548 0.688 0.665 0.661 2.731 2.472
   month-over-month % change 38.9% 24.0% 15.6% -19.9% 3.9% 24.1% 0.6% -3.3% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 12.7% -33.2% -7.1% 5.4% -13.3% -14.3% 21.0% 17.7% 16.1% -37.1% -9.5%
Military 0.244 0.292 0.288 0.266 0.282 0.275 0.436 0.445 0.415 1.613 1.379
   month-over-month % change -21.6% 19.7% -1.2% -16.9% 5.9% -2.7% -0.8% 2.2% -6.7%    
   year-over-year % change -15.4% 64.1% -55.5% 1.5% 6.2% -26.0% 4.5% 10.1% 2.3% 6.3% -14.5%
Schools/Colleges 5.767 7.530 8.000 4.920 5.759 7.099 5.876 5.909 5.959 29.364 30.288
   month-over-month % change 44.9% 30.6% 6.2% 11.5% 17.1% 23.3% -0.8% 0.6% 0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -8.9% 5.5% 8.0% -0.4% -0.5% 2.0% 2.4% 3.0% 6.9% -8.0% 3.1%
Misc Government 0.476 0.704 0.780 0.523 0.499 0.653 0.884 0.833 0.815 4.534 3.054
   month-over-month % change 50.5% 47.9% 10.8% -12.3% -4.6% 31.0% -2.7% -5.8% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change -38.0% -46.7% -21.2% -29.4% -40.0% -36.4% 0.7% -8.9% -8.5% -4.4% -32.6%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 9.724 11.000 10.979 8.498 9.064 10.568 10.529 10.356 10.204 52.597 47.472
   month-over-month % change 50.3% 13.1% -0.2% -1.2% 6.7% 16.6% 0.0% -1.6% -1.5%    
   year-over-year % change -0.2% -15.9% -14.3% -4.6% -8.1% -11.0% 1.1% -0.4% 0.3% -10.1% -9.7%
Misc Non Residential 0.554 0.576 0.438 0.505 0.566 0.523 0.585 0.579 0.569 2.873 2.529
   month-over-month % change -2.1% 3.9% -23.9% 12.3% 11.9% -7.6% -0.8% -0.9% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change -9.1% -10.1% -22.5% -9.1% 0.0% -13.6% -9.8% -10.6% -7.1% -9.8% -12.0%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 25.825 22.770 34.156 20.722 21.456 27.583 25.129 24.720 24.173 131.205 119.093
   month-over-month % change 63.7% -11.8% 50.0% 6.6% 3.5% 28.6% 1.6% -1.6% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change 22.5% -17.7% -16.1% -1.0% -4.8% -7.5% 1.2% 0.3% -4.7% -8.1% -9.2%
Airports 1.116 0.456 0.413 0.766 0.753 0.662 0.604 0.598 0.588 3.267 3.167
   month-over-month % change 62.6% -59.1% -9.3% 52.0% -1.7% -12.1% 3.5% -1.0% -1.7%    
   year-over-year % change 27.8% -13.6% -22.8% 4.3% 28.8% 2.5% -37.7% -38.3% -37.9% -26.5% -3.1%
Roads/Highways 5.091 7.181 7.120 4.097 5.285 6.464 5.158 5.169 5.225 27.176 26.593
   month-over-month % change 42.0% 41.1% -0.8% 15.4% 29.0% 22.3% -2.8% 0.2% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change -25.9% 1.9% 10.6% -10.2% -6.5% -4.8% 16.1% 13.2% 13.3% 9.1% -2.1%
Bridges 1.658 2.823 1.809 1.931 2.302 2.096 1.949 2.000 1.997 10.507 10.424
   month-over-month % change -31.6% 70.3% -35.9% -2.1% 19.2% -8.9% -4.2% 2.6% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change -38.0% 28.0% -2.3% -10.2% 2.8% -6.6% 11.1% 13.9% 15.3% 1.7% -0.8%
Dams/Marine 0.327 0.375 2.034 0.345 0.344 0.912 0.560 0.543 0.659 2.191 3.444
   month-over-month % change -1.2% 14.7% 442.7% -13.6% -0.3% 165.0% 0.1% -3.2% 21.4%    
   year-over-year % change 3.1% -36.2% 216.4% 7.7% -16.6% 76.8% 26.3% 23.5% 47.2% 14.6% 57.2%
Water/Sewage 1.998 3.419 2.957 2.274 2.514 2.791 2.459 2.466 2.399 13.915 13.197
   month-over-month % change -6.0% 71.1% -13.5% 0.1% 10.6% 11.0% -0.6% 0.3% -2.7%    
   year-over-year % change -8.3% 2.5% -21.2% 0.0% 3.4% -9.7% 5.3% 3.3% -2.4% -15.5% -5.2%
Misc Civil 1.494 1.570 3.692 1.059 1.340 2.252 2.014 1.679 1.859 18.021 8.439
   month-over-month % change 56.2% 5.0% 135.2% 24.2% 26.6% 68.0% -21.1% -16.6% 10.7%    
   year-over-year % change -81.2% -71.9% 141.6% -70.9% -71.8% -55.2% -26.0% -42.8% -37.8% 112.5% -53.2%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 11.684 15.822 18.026 10.472 12.538 15.177 12.744 12.454 12.727 75.078 65.264
   month-over-month % change 15.6% 35.4% 13.9% 9.7% 19.7% 21.0% -5.7% -2.3% 2.2%    
   year-over-year % change -44.0% -18.0% 22.2% -23.4% -22.0% -17.1% 0.6% -4.6% -3.5% 12.8% -13.1%
GRAND TOTAL 59.082 63.767 73.977 51.628 55.856 65.609 61.926 60.997 60.200 330.474 292.628
   month-over-month % change 32.1% 7.9% 16.0% 5.5% 8.2% 17.5% -1.0% -1.5% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -11.0% -14.9% -11.5% -10.0% -11.5% -12.5% -2.4% -4.0% -6.6% -2.9% -11.5%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 37.508 38.592 52.182 31.194 33.994 42.761 37.873 37.174 36.900 206.283 184.356
   month-over-month % change 44.9% 2.9% 35.2% 7.6% 9.0% 25.8% -1.0% -1.8% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -10.6% -17.8% -5.9% -9.9% -11.9% -11.2% 1.0% -1.4% -4.3% -1.4% -10.6%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

JAN-may 2018 JAN-may 2019 % Change
Connecticut $1,543,497,705 $2,276,398,978 47.5%
Maine $504,286,445 $718,352,456 42.4%
Massachusetts $3,637,095,589 $4,831,314,407 32.8%
New Hampshire $635,164,517 $614,384,365 -3.3%
Rhode Island $913,821,146 $402,620,459 -55.9%
Vermont $256,534,642 $170,197,071 -33.7%
Total New England $7,490,400,044   $9,013,267,736   20.3%
New Jersey $3,575,366,966 $2,612,183,229 -26.9%
New York $9,760,812,005 $8,167,371,086 -16.3%
Pennsylvania $5,789,836,401 $7,644,407,193 32.0%
Total Middle Atlantic $19,126,015,372   $18,423,961,508   -3.7%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $26,616,415,416   $27,437,229,244   3.1%
Illinois $5,675,835,476 $5,202,299,071 -8.3%
Indiana $3,327,427,320 $2,782,016,891 -16.4%
Michigan $4,976,244,568 $3,140,645,242 -36.9%
Ohio $6,428,312,975 $4,917,698,437 -23.5%
Wisconsin $14,004,372,104 $3,991,209,295 -71.5%
Total East North Central $34,412,192,443   $20,033,868,936   -41.8%
Iowa $2,522,115,369 $1,994,113,242 -20.9%
Kansas $2,667,574,852 $1,641,653,707 -38.5%
Minnesota $3,880,893,444 $5,070,974,664 30.7%
Missouri $4,046,157,775 $2,664,132,943 -34.2%
Nebraska $1,184,963,124 $1,595,079,522 34.6%
North Dakota $1,284,185,746 $632,618,697 -50.7%
South Dakota $848,211,833 $732,294,213 -13.7%
Total West North Central $16,434,102,143   $14,330,866,988   -12.8%
TOTAL MIDWEST $50,846,294,586   $34,364,735,924   -32.4%
Delaware $446,300,803 $423,859,212 -5.0%
District of Columbia $2,125,543,439 $776,740,872 -63.5%
Florida $12,708,530,444 $10,441,212,293 -17.8%
Georgia $5,454,167,256 $8,599,870,441 57.7%
Maryland $3,355,004,760 $3,151,650,169 -6.1%
North Carolina $5,818,038,154 $4,827,607,637 -17.0%
South Carolina $2,759,681,555 $2,911,320,815 5.5%
Virginia $8,152,744,362 $3,396,217,917 -58.3%
West Virginia $5,975,475,431 $760,389,718 -87.3%
Total South Atlantic $46,795,486,204   $35,288,869,074   -24.6%
Alabama $2,747,895,315 $4,861,481,859 76.9%
Kentucky $2,150,631,832 $2,910,235,593 35.3%
Mississippi $1,037,262,604 $1,159,049,443 11.7%
Tennessee $3,193,635,078 $3,020,228,785 -5.4%
Total East South Central $9,129,424,829   $11,950,995,680   30.9%
Arkansas $1,369,683,822 $1,073,192,368 -21.6%
Louisiana $2,561,686,099 $1,790,179,684 -30.1%
Oklahoma $2,484,301,850 $2,408,172,688 -3.1%
Texas $21,096,962,462 $31,423,313,519 48.9%
Total West South Central $27,512,634,233   $36,694,858,259   33.4%
TOTAL SOUTH $83,437,545,266   $83,934,723,013   0.6%
Arizona $5,363,162,901 $2,608,816,258 -51.4%
Colorado $2,959,094,087 $4,253,318,090 43.7%
Idaho $989,556,782 $824,686,571 -16.7%
Montana $588,711,958 $526,744,904 -10.5%
Nevada $2,647,986,527 $2,524,524,070 -4.7%
New Mexico $944,085,703 $594,620,852 -37.0%
Utah $3,224,011,756 $2,145,241,004 -33.5%
Wyoming $533,579,108 $364,307,187 -31.7%
Total Mountain $17,250,188,822   $13,842,258,936   -19.8%
Alaska $919,950,997 $433,850,227 -52.8%
California $18,608,458,736 $14,844,139,259 -20.2%
Hawaii $1,033,747,712 $1,305,157,255 26.3%
Oregon $3,015,315,952 $1,863,226,462 -38.2%
Washington $4,555,073,976 $6,331,050,144 39.0%
Total Pacific $28,132,547,373   $24,777,423,347   -11.9%
TOTAL WEST $45,382,736,195   $38,619,682,283   -14.9%
TOTAL U.S. $206,282,991,463   $184,356,370,464   -10.6%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

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