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By: Alex Carrick on October 18th, 2016

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More than Seasonal Retreat in ConstructConnect’s September Starts

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that September’s level of U.S. construction starts, excluding residential work, was $26.4 billion, a month-to-month change of -20.5% versus the period before. The drop was considerably greater than the usual August-to-September decline, due to seasonality, of -3.0%. During the 12 months of the year, the month-to-month tendency, due to seasonality, is positive in March through July, then negative in August through February.

2016 10 17 US Non-residential Construction Starts September 2016

When September of this year is compared with September of last year, however, the result is more satisfying. Their volumes were almost the same (-0.2%). And when September of 2016 is compared with the average for each September during the preceding five years, 2011 through 2015, there was an increase of +11.4%. On a year-to-date basis, starts through the first nine months of this year are +11.1% compared with the same January-to-September period of 2015.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a considerably larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s August report was 60%; the latter’s was 40%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., September 2016) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., August 2016.)


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The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), in its latest Employment Situation Report, records a nice jump in the number of construction jobs in September, +23,000. The average monthly gain in the sector so far this year has been +8,000. Although that is down from +17,000 for the first three quarters of last year, the jobless rate in construction has now fallen to 5.2%, which is tighter than the 5.5% at the same time in 2015. The economy-wide unemployment rate is presently 5.0%.

Year-over-year employment in construction is presently +3.4%, which is double the pace for all jobs in the economy, +1.7%. There are two other data series with close ties to ‘hard hat’ activity that appear in Table B-1 of the monthly Employment Situation Report. As a ‘leading’ indicator, – i.e., before there can be field activity, projects must be rendered into working drawings by design professionals − the total number of jobs in architectural and engineering services in September was +2.2% year over year. And as a ‘coincident’ indicator, the total number of positions at retail outlets specializing in selling building materials and supplies was a quite buoyant +4.1%.

The most severe decline in month-to-month starts in September occurred in the commercial type-of-structure category (-31.3%). At the same time, neither institutional (-21.6%) nor heavy engineering/civil (-12.3%) starts escaped unscathed. Only the smaller-volume category of industrial recorded an increase (+32.9%), but it should be noted that this kind of work can often display wild percentage swings depending on the presence or absence of a mega project or two.

September 2016’s flat or on-a-par (-0.2%) performance relative to September 2015 was a combination of small pullbacks in commercial (-2.6%) and engineering (-2.4%) being offset by a minor uptick in institutional (+1.4%) and a more significant rise in industrial (+21.2%).

With respect to year-to-date starts in 2016 (+11.1%), the commercial type-of-structure category (+20.6%) has led the way, followed by institutional (+15.1%). Engineering/civil (+3.7%) starts have also contributed, but to a lesser extent. Industrial starts (-39.8%) have failed to keep up.

Delving deeper into the year-to-date statistics, ‘retail/shopping’ (a 28% share) is the largest sub-category of commercial. The store component in September was -57.3% month to month (m/m); and -39.8% year over year (y/y); but +33.1% year to date (ytd). ‘Private offices’ are the second largest sub-component (16%) and they were -8.7% m/m; but +147.4% y/y; and +47.2% ytd.

‘Hotel/motel’ work (a 14% share) also plays an important role in commercial work and in September, it was -24.5% m/m; but +5.9% y/y; and +20.4% ytd. ‘Government office building’ starts (with an 11% share) were -42.4% m/m; but +7.4% y/y; and +18.1% ytd. ‘Warehouse’ starts (with a 10% share of commercial) were -34.6% m/m; and -13.2% y/y; but +16.3% ytd.

The ‘school/college’ sub-category (with a 61% share) is dominant in the institutional type-of-structure category. In the latest month, starts on academic facilities were -40.9% m/m; and -10.0% y/y; but +10.8% ytd. ‘Hospital/clinic’ work (16%) is the runner-up in institutional work and its latest starts were all on the plus side: +13.3% m/m; +85.7% y/y; and +41.7% ytd.

The ‘road/highway’ sub-component accounts for an outsized portion (43%) of the heavy engineering/civil type-of-structure category. Street work’s percentage changes in September were -21.4% m/m; but +2.5% y/y; and +1.4% ytd. ‘Water/sewage’ starts are also big (25%) in civil. Their most recent readings were positive: +9.0% m/m; +21.7% y/y; and +12.2% ytd.

Table 2 on reorders and provides more detail on some of the type-of-structure categories in Table 1. The reasons for this ‘second view’ are set out in the footnote.

Among the 12-month trend graphs, ‘bridges’ is the category most clearly maintaining an upward trek, while ‘roads/highways’ and ‘miscellaneous civil’ are stepping off a ledge. ‘Retail’ has also had a sharp correction, but that’s only for one observation point. Results from a few more months will be needed before a definitive determination as to direction can be made.

In the earnings data included with September’s Employment Situation Report, a fair amount of separation appeared between the compensation levels for workers in construction versus those throughout the entire labor force. For all workers in the U.S. economy, year-over-year average hourly and weekly wages were +2.6% and +2.3% respectively. For construction jobs, the comparable percentage changes, both hourly and weekly, were +3.4%. Exclusive of supervisory personnel, the differences were far more dramatic. For all workers (omitting bosses), wages were +2.7% hourly and +2.0% weekly. In construction, the pay hikes were +5.1% and +5.6%.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy.

A “start” is determined by taking the announced bid date and adding a short time lag (30 to 60 days). ConstructConnect continues to follow the project via its network of researchers. If it is abandoned or rebid, the start date is updated to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - September 2016 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 featured construction projects in the U.S. - September 2016.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - September 2016.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – SEPTEMBER 2016
YEAR TO DATE
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-SEP 16 Jan-SEP 16 vs SEP 16 vs SEP 16 vs
($ billions) Jan-SEP 15 SEP 15 AUG 16
           
Hotel/Motel 12.524 20.4% 5.9% -24.5%
Retail 24.313 33.1% -39.8% -57.3%
Parking Garage 3.662 82.1% 117.7% 30.0%
Amusement 5.110 7.0% 154.5% 69.3%
Private Office 13.531 47.2% 147.4% -8.7%
Government Office 9.708 18.1% 7.4% -42.4%
Laboratory 1.872 -6.2% -72.5% 63.2%
Warehouse 8.733 16.3% -13.2% -34.6%
Miscellaneous Commercial 7.853 -21.7% 29.0% 27.9%
COMMERCIAL 87.306 20.6% -2.6% -31.3%
   
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 6.562 -39.8% 21.2% 32.9%
   
Religious 1.123 -8.8% 31.3%   33.1%
Hospital/Clinic 13.421 41.7% 85.7%   13.3%
Nursing/Assisted Living 5.176 35.0% -32.9%   -25.8%
Library/Museum 1.942 -5.8% -64.4%   115.8%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 4.456 -3.9% -23.4%   -29.5%
Military 4.127 11.6% 13.5%   117.8%
School/College 51.460 10.8% -10.0%   -40.9%
Miscellaneous Government 3.344 30.7% 226.4%   -13.2%
INSTITUTIONAL 85.049 15.1% 1.4%   -21.6%
     
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 6.372 89.1% 69.8%   -7.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 185.289 15.4% 1.4%   -25.3%
     
Airport 5.552 125.6% 87.3%   -54.6%
Road/Highway 41.372 1.4% 2.5%   -21.4%
Bridge 11.135 21.6% 79.6%   63.8%
Dam/Marine 2.645 -36.8% -64.4%   -48.2%
Water/Sewage 24.449 12.2% 21.7%   9.0%
Miscellaneous Civil 12.184 -21.1% -72.5%   9.8%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 97.337 3.7% -2.4%   -12.3%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 282.626 11.1% -0.2% -20.5%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– SEPTEMBER 2016
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Sep 16 Jan-Sep 16 vs     Sep 16 vs Sep 16 vs
($ billions) Jan-Sep 15     Sep 15 Aug 16
           
Summary      
CIVIL 97.337 3.7%     -2.4% -12.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 185.289 15.4%     1.4% -25.3%
RESIDENTIAL   178.656 3.8%     -1.2% -1.3%
GRAND TOTAL   461.281 8.2%     -0.6% -13.5%
 
Verticals  
Airport 5.552 125.6%     87.3% -54.6%
All Other Civil 11.584 -17.9%     -62.1% 15.7%
Bridges 11.135 21.6%     79.6% 63.8%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 2.645 -36.8%     -64.4% -48.2%
Power Infrastructure 0.600 -55.0%     -95.1% -40.7%
Roads 41.372 1.4%     2.5% -21.4%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 24.449 12.2%     21.7% 9.0%
CIVIL     97.337 3.7%     -2.4% -12.3%
Offices (private) 13.531 47.2%     147.4% -8.7%
Parking Garages 3.662 82.1%     117.7% 30.0%
  Transportation Terminals 2.988 -32.1%     -75.3% -49.5%
Commercial (small subset) 20.181 29.3%     42.1% -9.7%
Amusement 5.110 7.0%     154.5% 69.3%
Libraries / Museums 1.942 -5.8%     -64.4% 115.8%
Religious 1.123 -8.8%     31.3% 33.1%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 4.865 -13.5%     933.8% 87.5%
Community 13.040 -4.7%     73.6% 75.9%
College / University 16.537 5.2%     -16.1% -29.8%
Elementary / Pre School 16.487 9.2%     -27.2% -46.0%
Jr / Sr High School 17.436 19.6%     11.2% -48.4%
  Special / Vocational 1.000 -2.8%     68.7% 54.5%
Educational 51.460 10.8%     -10.0% -40.9%
Courthouses 1.039 12.1%     -9.5% -31.1%
Fire and Police Stations 1.935 45.4%     27.9% -24.0%
Government Offices 9.708 18.1%     7.4% -42.4%
  Prisons 1.482 -37.7%     -67.2% -40.8%
Government 14.164 10.2%     -4.1% -39.1%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 1.872 -6.2%     -72.5% 63.2%
Manufacturing 6.562 -39.8%     21.2% 32.9%
  Warehouses 8.733 16.3%     -13.2% -34.6%
Industrial 17.168 -15.9%     -24.1% -15.1%
Hospitals / Clinics 13.421 41.7%     85.7% 13.3%
Medical Misc. 3.344 30.7%     226.4% -13.2%
  Nursing Homes 5.176 35.0%     -32.9% -25.8%
Medical   21.942 38.3%     50.9% -1.1%
Military   4.127 11.6%     13.5% 117.8%
Hotels 12.524 20.4%     5.9% -24.5%
Retail Misc. 6.372 89.1%     69.8% -7.8%
    Shopping 24.313 33.1%     -39.8% -57.3%
  Retail   43.209 34.9%     -22.4% -46.2%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 185.289 15.4%     1.4% -25.3%
Multi-Family 38.331 -2.2%     5.7% -0.4%
    Single-Family 140.325 5.6%     -2.8% -1.5%
RESIDENTIAL   178.656 3.8%     -1.2% -1.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL 282.626 11.1%     -0.2% -20.5%
GRAND TOTAL   461.281 8.2%     -0.6% -13.5%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL
CONSTRUCTION STARTS – SEPTEMBER 2016 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date.
    3-months 12-months SEP SEP
JUL 16 AUG 16 SEP 16 JUL 16 AUG 16 SEP 16 JUL 16 AUG 16 SEP 16 2015 2016
Single Family 16.886 15.321 15.092 17.070 16.621 15.767 15.137 15.090 15.053 132.853 140.325
month-over-month % change -4.4% -9.3% -1.5% -0.8% -2.6% -5.1% -0.1% -0.3% -0.2%    
year-over-year % change -1.0% -3.6% -2.8% 2.2% 0.1% -2.4% 10.4% 8.4% 6.8% 15.6% 5.6%
Apartment 3.711 3.757 3.744 3.903 3.766 3.738 4.375 4.353 4.369 39.191 38.331
month-over-month % change -3.0% 1.2% -0.4% -7.3% -3.5% -0.7% -3.6% -0.5% 0.4%    
year-over-year % change -34.4% -6.6% 5.7% -22.4% -20.7% -15.2% -1.0% -0.1% 2.2% -4.9% -2.2%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 20.598 19.079 18.836 20.973 20.387 19.504 19.512 19.442 19.423 172.044 178.656
month-over-month % change -4.1% -7.4% -1.3% -2.1% -2.8% -4.3% -0.9% -0.4% -0.1%    
year-over-year % change -9.3% -4.2% -1.2% -3.5% -4.5% -5.2% 7.6% 6.4% 5.7% 10.2% 3.8%
Hotel/Motel 2.068 1.165 0.880 1.543 1.478 1.371 1.317 1.315 1.319 10.402 12.524
month-over-month % change 72.3% -43.7% -24.5% 25.0% -4.2% -7.2% 8.9% -0.1% 0.3%    
year-over-year % change 165.7% -1.5% 5.9% -2.0% -14.7% 47.3% 26.2% 25.6% 24.9% 60.9% 20.4%
Retail 2.631 4.345 1.853 3.214 3.919 2.943 2.315 2.537 2.435 18.264 24.313
month-over-month % change -45.0% 65.2% -57.3% 6.4% 21.9% -24.9% 3.0% 9.6% -4.0%    
year-over-year % change 44.1% 159.4% -39.8% 20.1% 61.7% 34.2% 23.7% 35.1% 32.6% 8.3% 33.1%
Parking Garages 0.438 0.216 0.281 0.590 0.406 0.311 0.318 0.330 0.343 2.011 3.662
month-over-month % change -22.3% -50.7% 30.0% 18.2% -31.3% -23.3% -2.5% 3.7% 3.8%    
year-over-year % change -18.4% 193.5% 117.7% 52.4% 39.8% 26.5% 27.7% 47.2% 52.6% 43.7% 82.1%
Amusement 0.510 0.397 0.673 0.439 0.424 0.527 0.517 0.509 0.543 4.774 5.110
month-over-month % change 39.4% -22.0% 69.3% -0.2% -3.4% 24.1% -0.2% -1.4% 6.7%    
year-over-year % change -2.9% -18.1% 154.5% -22.7% -22.5% 23.9% -21.8% -16.3% 3.2% -22.6% 7.0%
Office 0.844 1.297 1.184 1.129 1.168 1.109 1.419 1.411 1.470 9.194 13.531
month-over-month % change -37.9% 53.6% -8.7% -3.9% 3.4% -5.0% 0.0% -0.6% 4.2%    
year-over-year % change -0.6% -7.4% 147.4% 13.5% 1.6% 21.9% 21.1% 18.5% 30.9% -38.4% 47.2%
Governmental Offices 1.057 1.435 0.826 1.072 1.215 1.106 0.944 0.962 0.967 8.218 9.708
month-over-month % change -8.3% 35.8% -42.4% -0.6% 13.3% -8.9% -5.0% 1.9% 0.5%    
year-over-year % change -36.1% 18.2% 7.4% -2.7% -1.1% -8.8% 1.2% 0.9% 4.6% -1.8% 18.1%
Laboratories 0.064 0.091 0.148 0.326 0.223 0.101 0.209 0.206 0.173 1.996 1.872
month-over-month % change -87.7% 42.8% 63.2% -2.2% -31.6% -54.8% -1.6% -1.4% -15.8%    
year-over-year % change -38.3% -27.8% -72.5% 265.0% 120.1% -60.6% 26.6% 27.7% -12.2% -0.4% -6.2%
Warehouse 2.170 1.184 0.774 1.251 1.367 1.376 1.016 1.061 1.051 7.506 8.733
month-over-month % change 190.8% -45.4% -34.6% 68.4% 9.2% 0.7% -1.7% 4.4% -0.9%    
year-over-year % change -8.8% 84.2% -13.2% 6.4% 9.6% 5.5% 27.0% 37.8% 38.5% 28.1% 16.3%
Misc Commercial 0.523 0.576 0.737 0.666 0.678 0.612 0.930 0.908 0.922 10.025 7.853
month-over-month % change -44.0% 10.2% 27.9% -28.2% 1.8% -9.6% -4.9% -2.3% 1.5%    
year-over-year % change -52.6% -31.2% 29.0% -54.9% -44.6% -26.9% -27.6% -25.1% -23.5% 22.0% -21.7%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 10.304 10.706 7.357 10.231 10.875 9.456 8.984 9.239 9.223 72.390 87.306
month-over-month % change -11.3% 3.9% -31.3% 8.3% 6.3% -13.1% 0.5% 2.8% -0.2%    
year-over-year % change 5.7% 40.2% -2.6% 1.9% 9.4% 13.7% 9.8% 14.9% 17.5% 3.0% 20.6%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 0.301 0.331 0.440 0.451 0.310 0.357 0.640 0.641 0.647 10.900 6.562
month-over-month % change 1.0% 10.0% 32.9% -49.8% -31.2% 15.3% -9.1% 0.0% 1.0%    
year-over-year % change -71.9% 0.2% 21.2% -71.9% -65.6% -39.3% -45.5% -41.6% -42.3% 35.1% -39.8%
Religious 0.117 0.103 0.138 0.137 0.119 0.119 0.121 0.122 0.125 1.231 1.123
month-over-month % change -13.0% -12.0% 33.1% 0.5% -13.7% 0.7% -1.2% 1.2% 2.2%    
year-over-year % change -12.8% 21.2% 31.3% -24.9% -27.3% 10.4% -10.4% -7.7% -3.6% 8.3% -8.8%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.668 1.339 1.516 1.678 1.728 1.508 1.397 1.413 1.471 9.471 13.421
month-over-month % change -23.3% -19.8% 13.3% 10.0% 3.0% -12.7% 2.7% 1.2% 4.1%    
year-over-year % change 36.8% 17.0% 85.7% 72.4% 50.8% 42.2% 19.0% 20.8% 31.8% -7.4% 41.7%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.743 0.544 0.404 0.623 0.602 0.564 0.554 0.564 0.547 3.833 5.176
month-over-month % change 43.4% -26.7% -25.8% 0.0% -3.4% -6.3% 6.5% 1.8% -2.9%    
year-over-year % change 120.2% 28.2% -32.9% 83.7% 59.2% 24.0% 36.9% 39.6% 32.2% 26.1% 35.0%
Libraries/Museums 0.150 0.081 0.175 0.337 0.259 0.135 0.251 0.225 0.198 2.061 1.942
month-over-month % change -72.6% -45.7% 115.8% -6.2% -23.1% -47.7% 1.2% -10.5% -11.7%    
year-over-year % change 29.9% -79.5% -64.4% 66.2% 21.1% -59.5% 38.5% 21.0% -5.0% 10.4% -5.8%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.613 0.499 0.352 0.669 0.596 0.488 0.485 0.495 0.486 4.637 4.456
month-over-month % change -9.4% -18.5% -29.5% 13.6% -10.9% -18.1% -7.0% 2.0% -1.8%    
year-over-year % change -41.7% 31.1% -23.4% -5.6% -12.7% -22.6% 4.4% 6.2% 1.6% 58.1% -3.9%
Military 0.825 0.369 0.804 0.484 0.515 0.666 0.537 0.514 0.522 3.699 4.127
month-over-month % change 134.9% -55.2% 117.8% 73.5% 6.3% 29.3% 7.8% -4.3% 1.5%    
year-over-year % change 130.5% -43.0% 13.5% -19.1% -15.1% 16.6% -0.1% 4.9% 6.7% -57.1% 11.6%
Schools/Colleges 6.397 5.867 3.469 7.030 6.498 5.244 5.265 5.309 5.277 46.424 51.460
month-over-month % change -11.5% -8.3% -40.9% -0.6% -7.6% -19.3% 0.7% 0.8% -0.6%    
year-over-year % change 6.8% 9.8% -10.0% 12.3% 6.9% 3.6% 4.6% 6.0% 5.7% 7.2% 10.8%
Misc Government 0.735 0.470 0.407 0.426 0.482 0.537 0.299 0.315 0.338 2.559 3.344
month-over-month % change 205.6% -36.1% -13.2% 62.2% 12.9% 11.6% 14.5% 5.3% 7.5%    
year-over-year % change 161.5% 67.9% 226.4% 15.9% 32.5% 135.1% 11.1% 13.0% 25.6% 34.4% 30.7%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 11.248 9.273 7.266 11.385 10.797 9.262 8.908 8.956 8.964 73.914 85.049
month-over-month % change -5.3% -17.6% -21.6% 5.0% -5.2% -14.2% 1.7% 0.5% 0.1%    
year-over-year % change 18.6% 6.6% 1.4% 18.2% 12.1% 9.6% 8.7% 10.1% 10.7% 1.2% 15.1%
Misc Nonresidential 0.836 0.597 0.550 0.811 0.763 0.661 0.614 0.622 0.641 3.370 6.372
month-over-month % change -2.3% -28.7% -7.8% 15.1% -5.9% -13.4% 6.1% 1.4% 3.0%    
year-over-year % change 102.4% 20.2% 69.8% 91.3% 67.6% 60.8% 71.1% 69.5% 74.6% 15.4% 89.1%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 22.689 20.907 15.613 22.877 22.746 19.736 19.146 19.458 19.476 160.574 185.289
month-over-month % change -7.9% -7.9% -25.3% 4.5% -0.6% -13.2% 0.9% 1.6% 0.1%    
year-over-year % change 9.5% 21.8% 1.4% 5.4% 8.7% 11.1% 6.9% 10.3% 11.7% 4.1% 15.4%
Airports 0.748 2.076 0.942 0.489 1.094 1.255 0.400 0.520 0.557 2.461 5.552
month-over-month % change 63.0% 177.6% -54.6% 79.0% 124.0% 14.7% 10.5% 30.0% 7.0%    
year-over-year % change 156.7% 226.2% 87.3% 78.2% 158.2% 163.2% 63.1% 105.1% 112.2% -62.6% 125.6%
Roads/Highways 4.720 5.363 4.213 5.362 5.064 4.766 4.385 4.317 4.326 40.786 41.372
month-over-month % change -7.6% 13.6% -21.4% 0.1% -5.6% -5.9% -1.6% -1.5% 0.2%    
year-over-year % change -15.7% -13.1% 2.5% -5.1% -12.4% -10.0% 3.5% 0.0% 0.7% 11.7% 1.4%
Bridges 1.209 0.954 1.563 1.150 1.118 1.242 1.166 1.163 1.221 9.156 11.135
month-over-month % change 1.5% -21.1% 63.8% -3.5% -2.7% 11.1% 2.1% -0.3% 5.0%    
year-over-year % change 30.6% -3.7% 79.6% 18.3% 21.1% 33.7% 21.2% 18.0% 24.3% 4.4% 21.6%
Dams/Marine 0.351 0.336 0.174 0.396 0.372 0.287 0.401 0.390 0.364 4.186 2.645
month-over-month % change -18.2% -4.2% -48.2% -3.9% -6.0% -22.8% -0.7% -2.6% -6.7%    
year-over-year % change -9.1% -26.8% -64.4% 4.2% 1.3% -35.4% -22.1% -22.9% -27.6% 30.0% -36.8%
Water/Sewage 2.939 2.973 3.240 2.976 2.862 3.051 2.577 2.562 2.610 21.788 24.449
month-over-month % change 9.9% 1.2% 9.0% -7.1% -3.8% 6.6% -0.2% -0.6% 1.9%    
year-over-year % change -2.1% -5.9% 21.7% 4.2% -5.7% 3.7% 13.3% 9.6% 9.7% 14.7% 12.2%
Misc Civil 2.831 0.610 0.670 1.999 1.727 1.370 1.682 1.551 1.404 15.450 12.184
month-over-month % change 62.6% -78.5% 9.8% 26.2% -13.6% -20.7% 6.2% -7.8% -9.5%    
year-over-year % change 71.6% -72.0% -72.5% 2.1% -5.3% -34.4% 9.2% -1.7% -15.2% 12.6% -21.1%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 12.798 12.313 10.801 12.371 12.238 11.971 10.610 10.503 10.481 93.827 97.337
month-over-month % change 10.3% -3.8% -12.3% 2.9% -1.1% -2.2% 0.7% -1.0% -0.2%    
year-over-year % change 7.9% -9.5% -2.4% 2.3% -0.9% -1.7% 8.6% 5.2% 4.0% 6.9% 3.7%
GRAND TOTAL 56.084 52.298 45.250 56.221 55.371 51.211 49.269 49.404 49.379 426.445 461.281
month-over-month % change -2.8% -6.8% -13.5% 1.6% -1.5% -7.5% 0.1% 0.3% 0.0%    
year-over-year % change 1.4% 3.2% -0.6% 1.2% 1.4% 1.4% 7.5% 7.6% 7.6% 7.1% 8.2%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 35.487 33.219 26.414 35.248 34.984 31.707 29.757 29.961 29.956 254.401 282.626
month-over-month % change -2.1% -6.4% -20.5% 3.9% -0.7% -9.4% 0.8% 0.7% 0.0%    
year-over-year % change 8.9% 8.0% -0.2% 4.3% 5.1% 5.9% 7.5% 8.5% 8.9% 5.1% 11.1%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION
* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-SEP 2015 Jan-SEP 2016 % Change
Connecticut $2,549,668,912 $2,545,498,437 -0.2%
Maine $780,745,990 $700,820,024 -10.2%
Massachusetts $6,451,780,593 $5,645,385,255 -12.5%
New Hampshire $838,465,001 $1,108,894,233 32.3%
Rhode Island $743,620,153 $478,382,673 -35.7%
Vermont $527,589,300 $411,705,621 -22.0%
Total New England $11,891,869,949   $10,890,686,243   -8.4%
New Jersey $5,014,156,631 $4,487,219,269 -10.5%
New York $17,838,939,272 $17,307,898,420 -3.0%
Pennsylvania $8,797,752,675 $9,742,870,849 10.7%
Total Middle Atlantic $31,650,848,578   $31,537,988,538   -0.4%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $43,542,718,527   $42,428,674,781   -2.6%
Illinois $10,425,135,794 $9,007,463,072 -13.6%
Indiana $3,162,767,832 $4,286,180,718 35.5%
Michigan $6,188,218,765 $6,596,774,923 6.6%
Ohio $7,839,639,950 $9,781,756,293 24.8%
Wisconsin $4,826,520,750 $5,244,407,352 8.7%
Total East North Central $32,442,283,091   $34,916,582,358   7.6%
Iowa $4,027,286,499 $3,458,359,667 -14.1%
Kansas $3,228,501,205 $2,611,690,409 -19.1%
Minnesota $4,897,630,357 $5,630,943,199 15.0%
Missouri $4,359,378,937 $4,891,044,445 12.2%
Nebraska $1,793,207,613 $2,248,132,147 25.4%
North Dakota $3,310,746,979 $1,779,902,985 -46.2%
South Dakota $1,709,502,413 $1,091,591,456 -36.1%
Total West North Central $23,326,254,003   $21,711,664,308   -6.9%
TOTAL MIDWEST $55,768,537,094   $56,628,246,666   1.5%
Delaware $412,761,704 $637,920,118 54.5%
District of Columbia $1,201,046,547 $2,273,137,920 89.3%
Florida $12,870,187,270 $18,216,493,127 41.5%
Georgia $5,789,792,805 $9,996,678,075 72.7%
Maryland $3,772,543,602 $8,350,025,853 121.3%
North Carolina $7,472,513,990 $7,344,716,516 -1.7%
South Carolina $3,413,812,332 $4,450,801,001 30.4%
Virginia $5,799,551,546 $8,073,776,187 39.2%
West Virginia $1,378,995,810 $1,588,460,616 15.2%
Total South Atlantic $42,111,205,606   $60,932,009,413   44.7%
Alabama $3,047,577,722 $4,501,541,914 47.7%
Kentucky $3,491,408,203 $4,114,696,923 17.9%
Mississippi $2,419,803,761 $1,885,779,157 -22.1%
Tennessee $4,652,792,620 $4,578,089,037 -1.6%
Total East South Central $13,611,582,306   $15,080,107,031   10.8%
Arkansas $2,034,122,221 $2,069,826,280 1.8%
Louisiana $8,056,508,484 $2,674,617,851 -66.8%
Oklahoma $3,602,965,036 $4,992,787,102 38.6%
Texas $29,360,941,039 $35,811,201,620 22.0%
Total West South Central $43,054,536,780   $45,548,432,853   5.8%
TOTAL SOUTH $98,777,324,692   $121,560,549,297   23.1%
Arizona $2,248,932,750 $5,082,816,540 126.0%
Colorado $4,070,660,514 $4,171,147,923 2.5%
Idaho $1,183,332,974 $904,613,418 -23.6%
Montana $816,464,309 $946,339,563 15.9%
Nevada $6,054,001,211 $2,848,058,777 -53.0%
New Mexico $1,303,009,521 $1,349,438,413 3.6%
Utah $2,987,694,150 $3,812,538,126 27.6%
Wyoming $1,846,518,731 $1,026,281,078 -44.4%
Total Mountain $20,510,614,160   $20,141,233,838   -1.8%
Alaska $1,335,174,887 $1,221,994,339 -8.5%
California $23,646,605,231 $26,526,461,385 12.2%
Hawaii $1,436,033,818 $2,504,681,974 74.4%
Oregon $3,214,890,900 $4,301,593,278 33.8%
Washington $6,168,966,766 $7,312,172,659 18.5%
Total Pacific $35,801,671,602   $41,866,903,635   16.9%
TOTAL WEST $56,312,285,762   $62,008,137,473   10.1%
TOTAL U.S. $254,400,866,075   $282,625,608,217   11.1%

*Figures above are comprised of nonresidential building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.