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By: Alex Carrick on January 9th, 2019

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Nonresidential Construction Starts Ended 2018 Almost Level With 2017

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that December’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $28.6 billion, a minor pullback of -1.7% compared with the level achieved in the preceding month of November. The long-term history of change in starts volumes between November and December, due to seasonality (i.e., worsening weather conditions), has been -5.0%. Nonresidential starts in December 2018 relative to December 2017 were +16.9%.

Nonresidential Construction Starts Ended 2018 Almost Level with 2017 Graphic

December 2018 versus the previous five-year average for December, − i.e., from 2013 through 2017, − was +1.6%. Full-year 2018 nonresidential starts versus full-year 2017 were -2.0%.  

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for October, was 59%; the latter’s was 41%.  


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ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts is usually one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series. At present, however, that one-month gap has been extended due to an extraordinary circumstance. One fallout from the partial federal government shutdown has been an absence of Census Bureau workers to process the November put-in-place numbers. With respect to some other key data releases, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is still managing to keep tabs on jobs growth, unemployment and inflation. 

According to December’s Employment Situation report from the BLS, the U.S. construction sector took on an additional 38,000 workers in the final month of 2018. The average monthly climb in ‘hard hat’ jobs in 2018 was +23,000, a gain of +12.0% compared with 2017’s comparable figure of +21,000. The NSA unemployment rate in construction in 2018’s final month was 5.1%, up somewhat from November’s 3.9%, but better than December 2017’s 5.9%.

On a percentage-change basis, U.S. construction sector employment in December was +4.0% year over year. The latest annual staffing changes in other pockets of the economy important to construction were: ‘machinery and equipment rental’, +9.2%; ‘oil and gas extraction’, +7.1%; ‘architectural and engineering services’, +3.0%; ‘real estate firms’, +2.5%; ‘building material and supplies dealers’, +0.4%; and ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing’, +0.2%.

The slight dip of -1.7% month-to-month (m/m) in total nonresidential starts in December resulted from commercial (-15.2%) and engineering (-23.9%) downturns that weren’t quite matched by an improvement in institutional (+14.9%) and a big jump in industrial (+310.4%). Industrial can display a big swing depending on the timing of a mega project.

The December-2018-versus-December-2017 (y/y) rise in total nonresidential starts of +16.9% was based in the industrial (+510.3%), institutional (+38.7%) and heavy engineering/civil (+25.7%) type-of-structure categories. Commercial (-29.5%), however, fell into retreat.

The small easing (-2.0%) of full-year total nonresidential starts in 2018 versus full-year 2017 came about because commercial (-11.2%), industrial (-6.8%) and institutional (-2.4%) combined for a degree of decline that engineering (+8.8%) tried valiantly, but failed, to completely offset.

‘Roads/highways’ made up the largest portion of engineering’s 2018 initiations (39%, up from 37% in 2017). Such street starts in December 2018 were -10.8% m/m, but +46.3% y/y and +19.7% ytd. ‘Miscellaneous civil’ was the next biggest slice of engineering in 2018 (19%, up from 17% in 2017) and, in December, it was also down m/m (-72.0%), but up y/y (+24.6%) and ytd (+19.6%). (In December, ytd was full-year 2018 versus full-year 2017.) The next most important player within civil, ‘water/sewer’, suffered a significant share decline in 2018 (to 18% from 21%). Its December starts numbers were +2.8% m/m and +20.2% y/y, but -6.9% ytd.

Within commercial starts in full-year 2018 versus full-year 2017, the slices taken by ‘private offices’ (22%, up from 19%) and ‘warehouses’ (16%, up from 14%) widened. In December, the percentage changes for the former were +76.9% m/m and +62.0% y/y, but -3.8% ytd; for the latter, they were -70.9% m/m, -59.2% y/y and -7.3% ytd. Two commercial subcategories with slightly smaller bites in 2018 were ‘hotels/motels’ (20%, down from 21%) and ‘retail/shopping’ (13%, down from 14%). ‘Hotels/motels’ ended 2018 -10.9% ytd; ‘retail/shopping’, -15.8% ytd.

‘School/college’ groundbreakings were even more dominant within institutional starts in 2018 than in 2017 (a 56% share, up from 54%). Educational facility starts in December were +3.5% m/m, +29.3% y/y and +0.9% ytd. The addition of ‘hospital/clinic’, ‘nursing/assisted living’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’ starts to form an overall medical facility subcategory accounted for the next biggest chunk of institutional starts in 2018 (29%, but down from 31% in 2017). Such combined medical facility starts in December were +70.2% m/m and +52.4% y/y, but -8.0% ytd.

The Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – December 2018 sets out 12-month moving average trend graphs for many of the key type-of-structure subcategories. ‘Retail’ is tapering off badly, as shopkeepers continue to replace bricks-and-mortar locations with web-based selling platforms.  ‘Miscellaneous civil’ has also been diving of late, but that’s after skyrocketing higher in 2017 and first-half 2018. Its present lower perch is still well above historical norms. ‘Roads’ and ‘bridges’ are maintaining their upward treks. 

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls; B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

In December, the four economy-wide compensation increases were all in a range of +3.0% to +3.5%. Including bosses (Table B-3), both average hourly and average weekly pay hikes were +3.2%. Excluding bosses (Table B-8), average hourly earnings were +3.3% and average weekly earnings, +3.0%. For construction workers alone (i.e., as a subset of all workers), the earnings advances in December lay between +3.9% y/y and +4.5% y/y. Including supervisory personnel, average hourly and weekly pay raises for on-site employees were +3.9%. Excluding supervisory personnel, construction paycheck flows were even frothier, at +4.2% hourly and +4.5% weekly.

Further on costing, November’s results (y/y) for three key BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index’, +6.7%; ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports’, +4.9%; and ‘final demand construction’, +5.1%.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s single-family plus multi-family residential starts in December were -6.7% m/m; -7.3% y/y; and -9.5% ytd. ‘Grand total’ starts were -3.7% m/m; +6.3% y/y; and -5.0% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - December 2018 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - December 2018.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - December 2018.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS – DECEMBER 2018
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-DEC 18 Jan-DEC 18 vs  DEC 18 vs DEC 18 vs
($ billions) Jan-DEC 17 DEC 17 NOV 18
           
Hotel/Motel 25.524 -10.9% 12.9% -13.8%
Retail 16.835 -15.8% -34.0% -19.3%
Parking Garage 2.785 -20.7% -40.6% -13.8%
Amusement 8.214 4.6% -32.2% 9.4%
Private Office  27.874 -3.8% 62.0% 76.9%
Government Office 10.833 2.5% 35.2% -19.9%
Laboratory 3.066 2.4% -29.2% 33.7%
Warehouse 19.983 -7.3% -59.2% -70.9%
Miscellaneous Commercial 12.208 -36.9% -89.9% -59.3%
COMMERCIAL 127.322 -11.2% -29.5% -15.2%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 34.263 -6.8% 510.3% 310.4%
     
Religious 2.059 -8.3% 25.5%   22.8%
Hospital/Clinic 15.787 -5.1% 197.4%   288.5%
Nursing/Assisted Living 10.181 -14.5% -24.6%   2.5%
Library/Museum 2.746 -23.3% -5.6%   -40.6%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 8.124 -3.8% 39.0%   -7.6%
Military 5.571 16.6% 75.4%   -29.4%
School/College 70.063 0.9% 29.3%   3.5%
Miscellaneous Government 10.337 -5.2% -12.9%   -34.8%
INSTITUTIONAL 124.868 -2.4% 38.7%   14.9%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 6.981 -8.9% -26.2%   -33.1%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 293.434 -7.1% 13.3%   13.4%
       
Airport 7.166 -42.9% 9.9%   -42.0%
Road/Highway 63.579 19.7% 46.3%   -10.8%
Bridge 23.955 16.2% 9.4%   -0.1%
Dam/Marine 6.874 35.1% 3.7%   -17.4%
Water/Sewage 29.836 -6.9% 20.2%   2.8%
Miscellaneous Civil 31.532 19.6% 24.6%   -72.0%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 162.942 8.8% 25.7%   -23.9%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 456.376 -2.0% 16.9% -1.7%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – DECEMBER 2018
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Dec 18 Jan-Dec 18 vs     Dec 18 vs Dec 18 vs
($ billions) Jan-Dec 17     Dec 17 Nov 18
           
Summary      
CIVIL 162.942 8.8%     25.7% -23.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 293.434 -7.1%     13.3% 13.4%
RESIDENTIAL   287.727 -9.5%     -7.3% -6.7%
GRAND TOTAL   744.104 -5.0%     6.3% -3.7%
 
Verticals  
Airport 7.166 -42.9%     9.9% -42.0%
All Other Civil 24.096 54.2%     27.8% -78.8%
Bridges 23.955 16.2%     9.4% -0.1%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 6.874 35.1%     3.7% -17.4%
Power Infrastructure 7.436 -30.7%     16.6% 103.9%
Roads 63.579 19.7%     46.3% -10.8%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 29.836 -6.9%     20.2% 2.8%
CIVIL     162.942 8.8%     25.7% -23.9%
Offices (private) 27.874 -3.8%     62.0% 76.9%
Parking Garages 2.785 -20.7%     -40.6% -13.8%
  Transportation Terminals 5.207 35.6%     -68.3% 9.0%
Commercial (small subset) 35.865 -1.3%     14.7% 51.6%
Amusement 8.214 4.6%     -32.2% 9.4%
Libraries / Museums 2.746 -23.3%     -5.6% -40.6%
Religious 2.059 -8.3%     25.5% 22.8%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 7.001 -54.8%     -93.2% -72.0%
Community 20.020 -31.4%     -68.8% -28.0%
College / University 18.824 -15.5%     46.2% -21.8%
Elementary / Pre School 19.233 1.8%     10.2% 27.4%
Jr / Sr High School 30.287 14.1%     33.1% 19.6%
  Special / Vocational 1.718 -1.8%     -27.6% -29.6%
Educational 70.063 0.9%     29.3% 3.5%
Courthouses 1.833 -32.1%     27.0% 56.0%
Fire and Police Stations 3.048 6.7%     27.5% -10.6%
Government Offices 10.833 2.5%     35.2% -19.9%
  Prisons 3.243 12.4%     96.1% -47.0%
Government 18.957 -0.3%     37.0% -14.4%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 3.066 2.4%     -29.2% 33.7%
Manufacturing 34.263 -6.8%     510.3% 310.4%
  Warehouses 19.983 -7.3%     -59.2% -70.9%
Industrial 57.312 -6.5%     96.3% 52.4%
Hospitals / Clinics 15.787 -5.1%     197.4% 288.5%
Medical Misc. 10.337 -5.2%     -12.9% -34.8%
  Nursing Homes 10.181 -14.5%     -24.6% 2.5%
Medical   36.305 -8.0%     52.4% 70.2%
Military   5.571 16.6%     75.4% -29.4%
Hotels 25.524 -10.9%     12.9% -13.8%
Retail Misc. 6.981 -8.9%     -26.2% -33.1%
    Shopping 16.835 -15.8%     -34.0% -19.3%
  Retail   49.341 -12.4%     -11.2% -18.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 293.434 -7.1%     13.3% 13.4%
Multi-Family 86.532 -26.7%     -8.7% -0.8%
    Single-Family 201.195 0.6%     -6.6% -9.3%
RESIDENTIAL   287.727 -9.5%     -7.3% -6.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL 456.376 -2.0%     16.9% -1.7%
GRAND TOTAL   744.104 -5.0%     6.3% -3.7%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s online product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – DECEMBER 2018 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-DEC JAN-DEC
OCT 18 NOV 18 DEC 18 OCT 18 NOC 18 DEC 18 OCT 18 NOV 18 DEC 18 2017 2018
Single Family 16.497 13.356 12.110 17.071 15.514 13.987 17.059 16.837 16.766 199.943 201.195
   month-over-month % change -1.2% -19.0% -9.3% -3.5% -9.1% -9.8% -0.5% -1.3% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -5.5% -16.6% -6.6% -2.1% -7.2% -9.6% 3.2% 1.1% 0.6% 7.1% 0.6%
Apartment 7.850 5.809 5.763 7.498 6.863 6.474 7.560 7.257 7.211 117.978 86.532
   month-over-month % change 13.3% -26.0% -0.8% 2.8% -8.5% -5.7% -2.6% -4.0% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -23.4% -38.5% -8.7% -22.3% -27.8% -25.3% -21.9% -26.5% -26.7% 35.7% -26.7%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 24.347 19.164 17.873 24.570 22.377 20.461 24.619 24.094 23.977 317.921 287.727
   month-over-month % change 3.1% -21.3% -6.7% -1.6% -8.9% -8.6% -1.1% -2.1% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change -12.1% -24.7% -7.3% -9.3% -14.6% -15.3% -6.1% -9.2% -9.5% 16.2% -9.5%
Hotel/Motel 2.183 1.755 1.514 1.984 2.046 1.817 2.122 2.113 2.127 28.645 25.524
   month-over-month % change -0.8% -19.6% -13.8% 10.4% 3.1% -11.2% -0.7% -0.5% 0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -7.2% -6.2% 12.9% -12.8% -7.1% -2.0% -10.6% -11.7% -10.9% 41.5% -10.9%
Retail 1.047 0.931 0.752 1.230 1.113 0.910 1.472 1.435 1.403 19.999 16.835
   month-over-month % change -23.0% -11.1% -19.3% -15.5% -9.5% -18.2% -4.4% -2.5% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change -43.5% -32.2% -34.0% -27.3% -26.7% -37.5% -13.6% -16.1% -15.8% -43.4% -15.8%
Parking Garages 0.167 0.380 0.328 0.160 0.230 0.292 0.233 0.251 0.232 3.514 2.785
   month-over-month % change 18.3% 127.2% -13.8% -11.3% 43.8% 27.1% -11.3% 7.8% -7.5%    
   year-over-year % change -68.1% 132.5% -40.6% -45.4% -21.9% -29.4% -18.0% -5.3% -20.7% -22.8% -20.7%
Amusement 1.181 0.539 0.590 0.798 0.827 0.770 0.693 0.708 0.684 7.854 8.214
   month-over-month % change 55.3% -54.3% 9.4% 41.2% 3.6% -6.9% 6.5% 2.1% -3.3%    
   year-over-year % change 76.1% 46.9% -32.2% 28.7% 52.5% 21.1% 6.8% 14.0% 4.6% 21.4% 4.6%
Office 2.410 1.157 2.046 1.804 1.701 1.871 2.360 2.258 2.323 28.974 27.874
   month-over-month % change 56.9% -52.0% 76.9% -36.6% -5.7% 10.0% 2.9% -4.3% 2.9%    
   year-over-year % change 48.6% -51.6% 62.0% -3.1% -16.2% 6.4% -0.3% -8.5% -3.8% 11.2% -3.8%
Governmental Offices 0.958 0.914 0.732 1.096 1.045 0.868 0.863 0.887 0.903 10.572 10.833
   month-over-month % change -24.2% -4.6% -19.9% 3.4% -4.7% -16.9% 1.7% 2.8% 1.8%    
   year-over-year % change 22.8% 45.6% 35.2% 41.0% 46.8% 33.6% -10.0% -6.9% 2.5% -19.3% 2.5%
Laboratories 0.203 0.175 0.234 0.255 0.242 0.204 0.263 0.264 0.255 2.994 3.066
   month-over-month % change -41.8% -13.7% 33.7% -33.7% -5.2% -15.7% -0.7% 0.1% -3.1%    
   year-over-year % change -10.0% 1.7% -29.2% 52.5% 19.2% -16.0% 12.3% 12.4% 2.4% -23.6% 2.4%
Warehouse 1.620 1.698 0.493 1.756 1.789 1.271 1.694 1.725 1.665 21.567 19.983
   month-over-month % change -21.0% 4.8% -70.9% -8.6% 1.9% -29.0% -0.3% 1.8% -3.5%    
   year-over-year % change -4.1% 28.1% -59.2% -9.3% 10.3% -9.8% -5.1% -3.3% -7.3% 45.9% -7.3%
Misc Commercial 0.629 0.654 0.266 0.542 0.639 0.516 1.217 1.214 1.017 19.332 12.208
   month-over-month % change -0.8% 4.0% -59.3% -47.7% 17.8% -19.2% -9.0% -0.3% -16.2%    
   year-over-year % change -69.6% -5.5% -89.9% -51.4% -44.3% -71.2% -19.8% -15.7% -36.9% 53.1% -36.9%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 10.397 8.204 6.955 9.626 9.631 8.519 10.918 10.853 10.610 143.452 127.322
   month-over-month % change 1.0% -21.1% -15.2% -14.4% 0.1% -11.5% -1.0% -0.6% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change -11.8% -8.7% -29.5% -10.4% -6.2% -16.6% -8.1% -8.5% -11.2% 4.7% -11.2%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 2.575 0.825 3.385 3.097 1.828 2.261 2.653 2.619 2.855 36.748 34.263
   month-over-month % change 23.4% -68.0% 310.4% 18.1% -41.0% 23.7% -13.1% -1.3% 9.0%    
   year-over-year % change -65.1% -32.6% 510.3% -55.0% -71.9% -25.8% -14.8% -16.7% -6.8% 81.9% -6.8%
Religious 0.115 0.144 0.177 0.159 0.149 0.145 0.166 0.169 0.172 2.246 2.059
   month-over-month % change -39.4% 25.2% 22.8% -2.1% -6.1% -2.9% -4.7% 1.6% 1.8%    
   year-over-year % change -46.4% 27.4% 25.5% -6.9% -2.6% -6.9% -12.8% -10.4% -8.3% 29.2% -8.3%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.059 0.548 2.129 1.121 0.809 1.245 1.234 1.198 1.316 16.628 15.787
   month-over-month % change 29.1% -48.2% 288.5% 6.6% -27.8% 53.9% 0.6% -2.9% 9.8%    
   year-over-year % change 9.3% -44.1% 197.4% 6.7% -20.6% 40.2% -14.6% -14.1% -5.1% -22.4% -5.1%
Nursing/Assisted Living 1.082 0.657 0.673 0.821 0.836 0.804 0.910 0.867 0.848 11.906 10.181
   month-over-month % change 40.7% -39.3% 2.5% 17.1% 1.8% -3.8% 0.4% -4.7% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change 4.6% -43.9% -24.6% -13.9% -20.3% -22.1% -5.5% -12.1% -14.5% 22.4% -14.5%
Libraries/Museums 0.389 0.254 0.151 0.279 0.304 0.264 0.221 0.230 0.229 3.582 2.746
   month-over-month % change 43.7% -34.7% -40.6% 34.0% 8.9% -13.1% 7.0% 4.0% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 81.1% 70.3% -5.6% -9.2% 33.9% 51.6% -31.3% -29.7% -23.3% 11.5% -23.3%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 1.034 0.747 0.690 0.770 0.725 0.824 0.637 0.661 0.677 8.441 8.124
   month-over-month % change 161.1% -27.7% -7.6% 6.8% -5.8% 13.5% 4.1% 3.8% 2.4%    
   year-over-year % change 41.4% 62.6% 39.0% 12.8% 18.3% 46.5% -9.0% -5.7% -3.8% 40.8% -3.8%
Military 0.837 0.685 0.484 0.626 0.694 0.669 0.430 0.447 0.464 4.776 5.571
   month-over-month % change 49.4% -18.1% -29.4% 33.0% 10.9% -3.7% 2.1% 3.9% 3.9%    
   year-over-year % change 14.2% 41.3% 75.4% 10.3% 8.9% 34.3% 7.8% 16.3% 16.6% 2.1% 16.6%
Schools/Colleges 4.388 4.062 4.203 5.055 4.357 4.218 5.731 5.759 5.839 69.453 70.063
   month-over-month % change -5.0% -7.4% 3.5% -14.4% -13.8% -3.2% -0.6% 0.5% 1.4%    
   year-over-year % change -8.9% 9.2% 29.3% 6.1% 0.2% 7.4% -3.9% -3.3% 0.9% -0.9% 0.9%
Misc Government 0.646 0.716 0.467 0.859 0.854 0.610 0.867 0.867 0.861 10.909 10.337
   month-over-month % change -46.1% 10.8% -34.8% -9.3% -0.6% -28.6% -1.5% 0.1% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -19.4% 0.8% -12.9% -17.7% 6.7% -10.7% -5.7% -6.3% -5.2% 39.5% -5.2%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 9.549 7.813 8.974 9.690 8.729 8.779 10.195 10.197 10.406 127.941 124.868
   month-over-month % change 8.2% -18.2% 14.9% -4.7% -9.9% 0.6% 0.0% 0.0% 2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 0.4% 0.3% 38.7% 1.6% -1.4% 10.8% -6.5% -6.1% -2.4% 2.6% -2.4%
Misc Non Residential 0.646 0.473 0.316 0.577 0.569 0.478 0.598 0.591 0.582 7.661 6.981
   month-over-month % change 9.9% -26.8% -33.1% -8.2% -1.5% -15.9% 0.7% -1.1% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 7.9% -14.5% -26.2% -17.5% -10.2% -9.2% -10.0% -9.8% -8.9% -11.5% -8.9%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 23.167 17.314 19.630 22.990 20.758 20.037 24.363 24.260 24.453 315.802 293.434
   month-over-month % change 6.3% -25.3% 13.4% -6.8% -9.7% -3.5% -2.0% -0.4% 0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -20.8% -6.6% 13.3% -17.5% -20.9% -7.7% -8.3% -8.5% -7.1% 8.7% -7.1%
Airports 1.012 0.404 0.235 0.737 0.658 0.550 0.594 0.595 0.597 12.541 7.166
   month-over-month % change 81.8% -60.1% -42.0% 20.3% -10.7% -16.3% -3.8% 0.2% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -21.7% 4.4% 9.9% -65.6% -67.7% -12.8% -44.1% -44.0% -42.9% 88.3% -42.9%
Roads/Highways 4.412 3.982 3.552 5.156 4.296 3.982 5.093 5.205 5.298 53.103 63.579
   month-over-month % change -1.8% -9.7% -10.8% -16.0% -16.7% -7.3% 1.9% 2.2% 1.8%    
   year-over-year % change 34.6% 50.8% 46.3% 32.2% 31.0% 43.1% 12.3% 14.9% 19.7% 3.9% 19.7%
Bridges 1.714 1.785 1.783 1.927 2.060 1.761 1.939 1.983 1.996 20.610 23.955
   month-over-month % change -36.1% 4.2% -0.1% -2.2% 6.9% -14.5% 3.5% 2.3% 0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 84.8% 42.7% 9.4% 37.5% 66.4% 38.7% 17.4% 17.7% 16.2% 42.1% 16.2%
Dams/Marine 1.087 0.585 0.483 0.825 0.818 0.718 0.576 0.571 0.573 5.089 6.874
   month-over-month % change 39.1% -46.2% -17.4% 29.4% -0.8% -12.2% 8.0% -0.8% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 89.7% -8.5% 3.7% 108.0% 64.0% 28.4% 49.8% 38.5% 35.1% 36.1% 35.1%
Water/Sewage 2.434 2.023 2.080 2.241 2.213 2.179 2.435 2.457 2.486 32.041 29.836
   month-over-month % change 11.4% -16.9% 2.8% -3.0% -1.2% -1.6% 0.5% 0.9% 1.2%    
   year-over-year % change 6.6% 14.9% 20.2% -3.9% 7.8% 13.2% -11.6% -10.9% -6.9% 5.2% -6.9%
Misc Civil 2.558 3.022 0.846 1.986 2.717 2.142 2.797 2.614 2.628 26.358 31.532
   month-over-month % change -0.5% 18.1% -72.0% 45.0% 36.8% -21.2% 2.2% -6.6% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 39.8% -42.1% 24.6% -36.1% -27.3% -16.9% 50.0% 18.2% 19.6% 100.1% 19.6%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 13.218 11.801 8.979 12.872 12.763 11.333 13.434 13.426 13.579 149.742 162.942
   month-over-month % change -0.4% -10.7% -23.9% -1.3% -0.8% -11.2% 1.9% -0.1% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 29.8% -0.8% 25.7% -3.1% -0.6% 16.3% 9.6% 6.0% 8.8% 25.1% 8.8%
GRAND TOTAL 60.732 48.280 46.482 60.431 55.898 51.831 62.416 61.780 62.009 783.465 744.104
   month-over-month % change 3.5% -20.5% -3.7% -3.6% -7.5% -7.3% -0.8% -1.0% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -9.6% -13.6% 6.3% -11.4% -14.4% -6.8% -4.0% -6.0% -5.0% 14.5% -5.0%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 36.385 29.115 28.609 35.861 33.521 31.370 37.797 37.686 38.031 465.544 456.376
   month-over-month % change 3.8% -20.0% -1.7% -4.9% -6.5% -6.4% -0.7% -0.3% 0.9%    
   year-over-year % change -7.8% -4.4% 16.9% -12.8% -14.3% -0.3% -2.6% -3.8% -2.0% 13.5% -2.0%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-DEC 2017 Jan-DEC 2018 % Change
Connecticut $5,135,560,001 $3,700,102,931 -28.0%
Maine $1,648,950,487 $2,051,230,061 24.4%
Massachusetts $10,230,114,661 $9,715,649,212 -5.0%
New Hampshire $1,348,484,016 $1,404,471,432 4.2%
Rhode Island $1,244,989,344 $2,646,646,648 112.6%
Vermont $741,034,630 $443,228,351 -40.2%
Total New England $20,349,133,139   $19,961,328,635   -1.9%
New Jersey $9,674,408,184 $7,870,968,568 -18.6%
New York $34,883,124,000 $27,955,760,486 -19.9%
Pennsylvania $21,617,241,359 $13,489,533,515 -37.6%
Total Middle Atlantic $66,174,773,543   $49,316,262,569   -25.5%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $86,523,906,682   $69,277,591,204   -19.9%
Illinois $13,094,365,358 $12,656,831,762 -3.3%
Indiana $6,829,555,050 $8,237,514,089 20.6%
Michigan $15,701,290,443 $10,796,169,190 -31.2%
Ohio $14,533,790,619 $15,935,327,356 9.6%
Wisconsin $9,890,263,383 $19,531,427,745 97.5%
Total East North Central $60,049,264,853   $67,157,270,142   11.8%
Iowa $5,310,165,332 $4,924,365,990 -7.3%
Kansas $3,838,378,647 $5,143,030,952 34.0%
Minnesota $9,056,011,008 $8,241,651,940 -9.0%
Missouri $8,184,207,405 $7,562,307,595 -7.6%
Nebraska $3,127,046,157 $2,584,979,189 -17.3%
North Dakota $1,928,267,725 $3,169,191,308 64.4%
South Dakota $2,275,666,955 $1,537,375,215 -32.4%
Total West North Central $33,719,743,229   $33,162,902,189   -1.7%
TOTAL MIDWEST $93,769,008,082   $100,320,172,331   7.0%
Delaware $1,510,913,661 $1,206,065,559 -20.2%
District of Columbia $2,471,008,245 $3,241,990,845 31.2%
Florida $30,053,583,483 $27,715,771,454 -7.8%
Georgia $12,446,268,586 $11,602,149,629 -6.8%
Maryland $7,441,112,245 $7,158,361,031 -3.8%
North Carolina $14,343,410,587 $14,752,153,434 2.8%
South Carolina $7,920,527,637 $6,117,411,400 -22.8%
Virginia $12,003,139,818 $17,181,904,260 43.1%
West Virginia $1,591,348,152 $7,361,541,142 362.6%
Total South Atlantic $89,781,312,414   $96,337,348,754   7.3%
Alabama $5,522,205,098 $5,599,650,867 1.4%
Kentucky $4,259,911,087 $6,284,720,759 47.5%
Mississippi $2,647,946,340 $2,266,842,810 -14.4%
Tennessee $7,657,531,674 $8,452,544,604 10.4%
Total East South Central $20,087,594,199   $22,603,759,040   12.5%
Arkansas $2,908,585,235 $3,349,954,782 15.2%
Louisiana $5,999,849,449 $4,839,105,034 -19.3%
Oklahoma $6,336,210,925 $5,910,295,614 -6.7%
Texas $59,768,251,909 $52,980,023,748 -11.4%
Total West South Central $75,012,897,518   $67,079,379,178   -10.6%
TOTAL SOUTH $184,881,804,131   $186,020,486,972   0.6%
Arizona $6,800,538,734 $8,855,704,278 30.2%
Colorado $8,850,793,200 $8,381,834,620 -5.3%
Idaho $1,468,091,005 $1,966,929,055 34.0%
Montana $1,067,537,645 $1,463,941,155 37.1%
Nevada $5,020,189,535 $5,422,006,665 8.0%
New Mexico $1,983,466,515 $2,116,447,640 6.7%
Utah $5,398,101,318 $6,270,421,088 16.2%
Wyoming $1,099,712,439 $1,168,897,863 6.3%
Total Mountain $31,688,430,391   $35,646,182,364   12.5%
Alaska $1,681,946,597 $1,558,762,035 -7.3%
California $48,322,432,808 $42,874,313,539 -11.3%
Hawaii $2,011,570,774 $2,299,362,360 14.3%
Oregon $5,649,433,042 $5,926,782,013 4.9%
Washington $11,015,392,733 $12,452,445,632 13.0%
Total Pacific $68,680,775,954   $65,111,665,579   -5.2%
TOTAL WEST $100,369,206,345   $100,757,847,943   0.4%
TOTAL U.S. $465,543,925,240   $456,376,098,450   -2.0%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.