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By: Alex Carrick on July 15th, 2019

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Nonresidential Construction Starts Land Softly in June after Soaring in May

Industry Snapshot

Hard to Compete With May

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $44.9 billion (green shaded box, Table 3 below).

Nonresidential Construction Starts Land Softly in June after Soaring in May Graphic

The month-to-month percentage change versus May was -18.3%. The large drop, however, was mainly due to May having so many mega-sized project initiations. May’s Top 10 project starts list totaled $20.7 billion, double the figure of $10.3 billion for June’s biggest projects rollcall (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - June 2019).

The latest month’s results benefit from historical perspective. June 2019’s nonresidential starts relative to the average for June in the prior five years, from 2013 to 2017, were +8.0%. Year-to-date total nonresidential starts in 2019 have been -6.4% compared with the first half of 2018.

 
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‘Smoothed’ Series

Since large project groundbreakings can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 5.

On a 12-month average basis, June 2019’s total nonresidential starts were -3.0% compared with the previous 12 months (i.e., July-2018-to-June-2019 vs July-2017-to-June- 2018). Type-of-structure subcategory starts on the same 12-month-over-prior-12-month basis in June 2019 were: commercial, -5.2%; industrial, -11.1%; institutional, +0.3%; and engineering, -1.2%.

‘Smoothed’ grand total starts, which include residential activity, were -5.6% in June. Total homebuilding has been -9.5% on a 12-month moving-average basis. The multi-family corner of residential has been acting as more of a drag, -16.8%, than the single-family component, -6.0%.

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator     

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for May, was 60%; the latter’s share was 40%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (June 2019) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (May 2019).

Construction Overview

The U.S. construction sector managed a nice increase in employment in June, +21,000 jobs. Construction’s monthly average climb in jobs through the first six months of this year, however, has pulled back to +18,000 from +32,000 in the first half of last year. Still, with respect to year-over-year hiring, construction remains the leader among major U.S. industrial subsectors, at +3.1%. Nipping at construction’s heels are ‘transportation and warehousing’, +2.9%, and ‘health care and social assistance’, +2.7%. The all-jobs rate of increase has been +1.5% y/y.

Construction’s NSA unemployment rate in June was 4.0%, up from 3.2% in May, but an improvement on June 2018’s 4.7%. the national jobless rate currently sits at 3.8% NSA.

June’s year-over-year employment changes in other pockets of the economy with close ties to construction were: ‘machinery and equipment rental’, +10.4%; ‘oil and gas extraction’, +8.5%; ‘architectural and engineering services’, +3.1%; ‘real estate firms’, +3.0%; ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing’, -0.2%; and ‘building material and supplies dealers’, -0.6%.

Month-to-Month, Year-Over-Year, and Year-to-Date Results

June’s -18.3% m/m drop in total nonresidential starts originated in the commercial (-13.7%) and industrial (-98.0%) type-of-structure subcategories. Moving in the opposite direction were institutional (+18.7%) and heavy engineering/civil (+7.0%). As for the nearly 100% decline in industrial work, there was no substitute in June for May’s $10 billion LNG facility in Texas.  

The +3.2% gain in total nonresidential starts in June 2019 versus June 2018 (i.e., y/y) arose entirely in engineering work (+38.9%). All the other major type-of-structure subcategories were down y/y: commercial, -4.6%; institutional, -9.6%; and, most notably, industrial, -89.1%.

June’s year-to-date (ytd) modest setback of -6.4% was broadly-based, with engineering (-3.7%), institutional (-7.8%) and commercial (-14.6%) all failing to keep up with their levels in first half 2018. Bolstered by mega project work earlier this year, however, industrial has been +16.2% ytd.

Year-To-Date for Subsectors

‘Road/highway’ work has accounted for the largest slice (39%) of engineering starts so far this year. In June, such ‘street’ starts were -4.2% m/m, but 12.3% y/y and +0.4% ytd. Next in line for importance in engineering (with slices of 18% each) have been ‘water/sewage’ and ‘miscellaneous civil’ (e.g., power plants, pipelines, etc.). Metrics for the former in June were -10.8% m/m and -3.0% ytd, but +8.9% y/y. For the latter, June’s results were +57.0% m/m and +111.6% y/y, but -27.4% ytd. Six of June’s Top 10 starts were engineering projects (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - June 2019).

The ‘school/college’ subcategory has accounted for nearly two-thirds of institutional dollar volume initiations to date in 2019. In June, educational facility starts were -3.4% y/y, but +19.3% m/m and +2.3% ytd. Starts on medical facilities – as the combination of ‘hospital/clinic’, ‘nursing/assisted living’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’ structures – have made an almost one-quarter (23.3%) contribution to the institutional type-of-structure category so far in 2019. Through the first half of this year, they have been +35.7% m/m, but -25.9% y/y and -29.1% ytd.

The major player in commercial starts this year to date has been the ‘private office buildings’ subcategory (with a 24% share), followed by ‘warehouses’ (16%), ‘hotels/motels’ (15%) and ‘retail/shopping’ (13%). Private office building starts in June were +197.7% m/m and +179.6% y/y, but -0.4% ytd. The outsized percent changes m/m and y/y were mainly due to Microsoft’s campus expansion in Redmond, Washington. For ‘warehouse’ starts, June’s percent change lineup was +40.3% m/m, but -6.9% y/y and -11.4% ytd. As for ‘hotels/motels’, June’s starts performances were +7.4% m/m, but -20.0% y/y and -40.0% ytd. Finally, the numbers for ‘retail’ in the latest month were dismal across-the-board: -37.0% m/m, -26.5% y/y and -20.5% ytd.

Trend Graphs and Openings-to-Hires JOLTS Ratio

The Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - June 2019 sets out 12-month moving average trend graphs for key type-of-structure categories. In Graph 1, the nonresidential building curve has lately been showing a tendency to dip, while the engineering curve has been mildly inclining. Further along, retail starts (Graph 3) have been in steep decline for some time, while hospital/clinic starts (Graph 4) have been easing back. Moving steadily higher have been schools (Graph 4), roads/highways (Graph 5) and bridges (Graph 6). Thanks to a couple of mega energy project groundbreakings in June (a wind power plant and a natural gas pipeline –see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - June 2019), ‘miscellaneous civil’ (Graph 6) is now on the mend.

From Graph 1, the trajectory of construction job openings, whether measured as a nominal level or a rate, keeps rising. There are clearly record opportunities for employment in the sector. But personnel departments are being disappointed in their staffing efforts. Graph 2 shows that ‘hires’ levels are gradually ascending, but the ‘hires’ rate is stuck between 5.0% and 5.5%. An excellent way to gauge how difficult it has become for construction firms to find qualified workers is to examine the openings-to-hires ratio. Construction’s openings-to-hires ratio, over its history, has fluctuated mainly between 0.2 and 0.6. In early 2007, it shot up to 0.7, but quickly retreated once again with the onset of the recession. Most recently, construction’s openings-to-hires ratio has risen to never-before-seen heights. During the past three months, it has averaged 1.0.

Graph 1: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of 'construction employment plus number of job openings'.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for May, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of hires during month as % of construction employment.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for May, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Earnings Growth Continues Subdued

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls. B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From June’s BLS Table B-3 (including supervisory personnel), the ‘all-jobs’ compensation increases were +3.1% hourly and +2.8% weekly. Construction workers, as a subset of ‘all-jobs’, beat both those numbers, +3.2% hourly and +3.4% weekly. From June’s BLS Table B-8 (excluding bosses), the all-jobs earnings gains were +3.4% hourly and +2.7% weekly. Construction workers fell a little behind hourly, at +3.3%, but fared better weekly, +3.0%.

Further on Costing and Grand Total Starts

Further on costing, June 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index’, -1.1% (down from +0.3% in May); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports’, +0.1% (down from +1.3% in May); and ‘final demand construction’, +5.3% (the same as May’s +5.3%).

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were -0.3% m/m; -21.4 y/y and -12.9% ytd. To date in 2019, at -23.8%, it’s been the multi-family portion of total residential that has wobbled more than the single-family side,  -8.2%. ‘Grand total’ construction starts in June were -13.2% m/m; -6.4% y/y and -8.9% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - June 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - June 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - June 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
JUNE 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-JUN 19 Jan-JUN 19 vs  JUN 19 vs JUN 19 vs
($ billions) Jan-JUN 18 JUN 18 MAY 19
           
Hotel/Motel 8.871 -40.0% -20.0% 7.4%
Retail 7.803 -20.5% -26.5% -37.0%
Parking Garage 1.527 8.3% 86.4% 21.1%
Amusement 2.746 -35.8% -38.3% 34.0%
Private Office  13.835 -0.4% 179.6% 197.7%
Government Office 5.040 2.0% 13.2% 41.0%
Laboratory 0.840 -35.1% -52.3% 5.3%
Warehouse 9.315 -11.4% -6.9% 40.3%
Miscellaneous Commercial* 8.484 12.8% -81.3% -91.7%
COMMERCIAL 58.460 -14.6% -4.6% -13.7%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 23.104 16.2% -89.1% -98.0%
     
Religious 0.830 -28.0% -61.3%   -19.0%
Hospital/Clinic 6.361 -29.1% 19.5%   218.2%
Nursing/Assisted Living 4.317 -24.0% -59.7%   -47.2%
Library/Museum 1.711 25.4% -25.8%   -63.8%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 3.095 -11.2% -15.0%   1.7%
Military 2.086 5.7% 47.7%   92.6%
School/College 40.434 2.3% -3.4%   19.3%
Miscellaneous Government 3.928 -33.9% -45.9%   -3.3%
INSTITUTIONAL 62.763 -7.8% -9.6%   18.7%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 3.056 -17.4% -39.9%   9.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 147.383 -8.0% -14.8%   -31.6%
       
Airport 4.035 9.8% 42.0%   -14.7%
Road/Highway 33.370 0.4% 12.3%   -4.2%
Bridge 13.283 4.1% 17.5%   30.0%
Dam/Marine 4.552 75.7% 187.3%   -44.3%
Water/Sewage 15.868 -3.0% 8.9%   -10.8%
Miscellaneous Civil 15.286 -27.4% 111.6%   57.0%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 86.393 -3.7% 38.9%   7.0%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 233.776 -6.4% 3.2% -18.3%

*Includes transportation terminals and sports arenas.

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– JUNE 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Jun 19 Jan-Jun 19 vs     Jun 19 vs Jun 19 vs
($ billions) Jan-Jun 18     Jun 18 May 19
           
Summary      
CIVIL 86.393 -3.7%     38.9% 7.0%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 147.383 -8.0%     -14.8% -31.6%
RESIDENTIAL   132.380 -12.9%     -21.4% -0.3%
GRAND TOTAL   366.156 -8.9%     -6.4% -13.2%
 
Verticals  
Airport 4.035 9.8%     42.0% -14.7%
All Other Civil 9.732 -37.7%     18.2% 6.5%
Bridges 13.283 4.1%     17.5% 30.0%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 4.552 75.7%     187.3% -44.3%
Power Infrastructure 5.554 1.9%     527.6% 161.3%
Roads 33.370 0.4%     12.3% -4.2%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 15.868 -3.0%     8.9% -10.8%
CIVIL     86.393 -3.7%     38.9% 7.0%
Offices (private) 13.835 -0.4%     179.6% 197.7%
Parking Garages 1.527 8.3%     86.4% 21.1%
  Transportation Terminals 5.628 47.1%     -85.7% -97.4%
Commercial (small subset) 20.990 9.7%     74.3% -34.0%
Amusement 2.746 -35.8%     -38.3% 34.0%
Libraries / Museums 1.711 25.4%     -25.8% -63.8%
Religious 0.830 -28.0%     -61.3% -19.0%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 2.855 -22.7%     -78.5% -1.1%
Community 8.143 -22.4%     -58.5% -16.4%
College / University 9.650 -6.4%     -28.3% -17.9%
Elementary / Pre School 12.151 1.5%     -16.6% -7.1%
Jr / Sr High School 17.707 9.4%     21.2% 65.2%
  Special / Vocational 0.925 -11.7%     -49.1% -0.5%
Educational 40.434 2.3%     -3.4% 19.3%
Courthouses 0.499 9.7%     -31.6% -38.5%
Fire and Police Stations 1.714 23.6%     35.8% 7.8%
Government Offices 5.040 2.0%     13.2% 41.0%
  Prisons 0.882 -46.4%     -57.1% 1.8%
Government 8.135 -3.5%     1.5% 24.3%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 0.840 -35.1%     -52.3% 5.3%
Manufacturing 23.104 16.2%     -89.1% -98.0%
  Warehouses 9.315 -11.4%     -6.9% 40.3%
Industrial 33.259 5.0%     -54.6% -86.4%
Hospitals / Clinics 6.361 -29.1%     19.5% 218.2%
Medical Misc. 3.928 -33.9%     -45.9% -3.3%
  Nursing Homes 4.317 -24.0%     -59.7% -47.2%
Medical   14.606 -29.1%     -25.9% 35.7%
Military   2.086 5.7%     47.7% 92.6%
Hotels 8.871 -40.0%     -20.0% 7.4%
Retail Misc. 3.056 -17.4%     -39.9% 9.3%
    Shopping 7.803 -20.5%     -26.5% -37.0%
  Retail   19.730 -30.3%     -26.5% -13.5%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 147.383 -8.0%     -14.8% -31.6%
Multi-Family 34.898 -23.8%     -47.6% 4.8%
    Single-Family 97.482 -8.2%     -9.1% -1.6%
RESIDENTIAL   132.380 -12.9%     -21.4% -0.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL 233.776 -6.4%     3.2% -18.3%
GRAND TOTAL   366.156 -8.9%     -6.4% -13.2%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect Insight.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – JUNE 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-JUN JAN-JUN
APR 19 MAY 19 JUN 19 APR 19 MAY 19 JUN 19 APR 19 MAY 19 JUN 19 2018 2019
Single Family 18.757 17.472 17.191 15.902 17.470 17.807 16.522 16.286 16.142 106.194 97.482
   month-over-month % change 15.9% -6.8% -1.6% 8.3% 9.9% 1.9% -0.6% -1.4% -0.9%    
   year-over-year % change -5.7% -13.9% -9.1% -9.1% -9.1% -9.6% -3.3% -5.6% -6.0% 6.1% -8.2%
Apartment 7.347 4.438 4.650 6.578 6.029 5.478 7.515 7.237 6.885 45.780 34.898
   month-over-month % change 16.6% -39.6% 4.8% 6.9% -8.4% -9.1% -0.8% -3.7% -4.9%    
   year-over-year % change -8.7% -42.9% -47.6% -6.7% -20.6% -33.4% -14.1% -16.6% -16.8% -28.9% -23.8%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 26.104 21.911 21.840 22.481 23.499 23.285 24.036 23.523 23.028 151.974 132.380
   month-over-month % change 16.1% -16.1% -0.3% 7.9% 4.5% -0.9% -0.6% -2.1% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change -6.6% -22.0% -21.4% -8.4% -12.4% -16.6% -7.0% -9.3% -9.5% -7.6% -12.9%
Hotel/Motel 1.351 1.277 1.371 1.649 1.616 1.333 2.082 1.715 1.687 14.783 8.871
   month-over-month % change -39.2% -5.5% 7.4% 1.5% -2.0% -17.5% -2.7% -17.6% -1.7%    
   year-over-year % change -34.3% -77.5% -20.0% -5.5% -48.2% -57.7% 5.0% -24.0% -23.2% -13.4% -40.0%
Retail 1.436 1.579 0.994 1.362 1.428 1.336 1.375 1.367 1.337 9.815 7.803
   month-over-month % change 13.1% 9.9% -37.0% 7.7% 4.9% -6.4% -2.8% -0.6% -2.2%    
   year-over-year % change -25.1% -6.0% -26.5% -17.5% -22.2% -19.0% -16.3% -16.8% -15.2% -9.9% -20.5%
Parking Garages 0.219 0.250 0.302 0.249 0.296 0.257 0.254 0.235 0.247 1.410 1.527
   month-over-month % change -47.8% 13.9% 21.1% -1.4% 19.2% -13.2% -1.9% -7.3% 5.0%    
   year-over-year % change -21.5% -47.1% 86.4% 32.6% -2.3% -15.5% 1.6% -5.9% -3.9% -23.4% 8.3%
Amusement 0.404 0.416 0.558 0.400 0.419 0.460 0.639 0.612 0.583 4.276 2.746
   month-over-month % change -7.1% 2.9% 34.0% -12.3% 4.8% 9.8% -3.2% -4.2% -4.7%    
   year-over-year % change -38.6% -43.7% -38.3% -33.4% -37.1% -40.1% -5.9% -10.1% -15.7% 11.7% -35.8%
Office 2.774 1.167 3.473 2.720 2.793 2.471 2.299 2.272 2.457 13.891 13.835
   month-over-month % change -37.5% -57.9% 197.7% 27.1% 2.7% -11.5% 0.7% -1.2% 8.2%    
   year-over-year % change 7.5% -22.0% 179.6% -6.4% 43.6% 39.4% 3.0% 4.1% 19.7% -23.8% -0.4%
Governmental Offices 0.950 0.859 1.211 0.761 0.828 1.007 0.901 0.890 0.902 4.942 5.040
   month-over-month % change 41.1% -9.6% 41.0% 13.1% 8.7% 21.6% -0.1% -1.2% 1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -0.7% -13.5% 13.2% -0.6% 0.6% 0.0% 9.8% 7.5% 10.5% -13.6% 2.0%
Laboratories 0.194 0.098 0.103 0.146 0.157 0.132 0.238 0.214 0.204 1.294 0.840
   month-over-month % change 9.0% -49.6% 5.3% -1.2% 7.1% -16.0% -2.5% -10.3% -4.4%    
   year-over-year % change -27.6% -75.0% -52.3% -31.7% -53.0% -54.9% 3.2% -7.8% -0.8% -28.7% -35.1%
Warehouse 2.832 1.060 1.486 1.838 1.768 1.793 1.846 1.700 1.691 10.519 9.315
   month-over-month % change 100.7% -62.6% 40.3% 40.1% -3.8% 1.4% 6.0% -7.9% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 79.2% -62.2% -6.9% 23.8% -11.0% -10.1% 9.0% -5.0% -3.8% -4.4% -11.4%
Misc Commercial 0.711 4.761 0.395 0.520 2.006 1.956 0.919 1.236 1.093 7.522 8.484
   month-over-month % change 29.8% 569.6% -91.7% -40.4% 285.8% -2.5% -12.0% 34.5% -11.6%    
   year-over-year % change -67.8% 399.7% -81.3% -52.8% 45.8% 11.1% -33.6% 6.9% -9.8% -38.9% 12.8%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 10.873 11.465 9.894 9.645 11.311 10.744 10.553 10.241 10.201 68.454 58.460
   month-over-month % change -6.2% 5.5% -13.7% 10.3% 17.3% -5.0% -1.3% -3.0% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -13.1% -24.6% -4.6% -9.5% -8.7% -15.4% -3.3% -7.0% -5.2% -17.2% -14.6%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 1.121 12.288 0.243 2.572 5.823 4.551 3.379 3.391 3.226 19.876 23.104
   month-over-month % change -72.4% 995.7% -98.0% -18.4% 126.4% -21.8% -0.8% 0.4% -4.9%    
   year-over-year % change -22.5% 1.2% -89.1% 77.6% 17.5% -13.7% 26.5% -4.6% -11.1% 52.2% 16.2%
Religious 0.131 0.142 0.115 0.126 0.143 0.129 0.178 0.170 0.155 1.154 0.830
   month-over-month % change -16.4% 8.7% -19.0% -14.7% 13.6% -9.6% -3.8% -4.1% -8.9%    
   year-over-year % change -39.1% -37.8% -61.3% -24.5% -32.4% -47.6% 1.4% -4.1% -12.1% -9.8% -28.0%
Hosptials/Clinics 0.726 0.496 1.580 0.939 0.905 0.934 1.229 1.156 1.178 8.978 6.361
   month-over-month % change -51.4% -31.7% 218.2% -20.8% -3.6% 3.2% -9.3% -5.9% 1.9%    
   year-over-year % change -67.5% -63.8% 19.5% -30.4% -39.0% -43.1% -9.2% -10.7% -8.9% -11.0% -29.1%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.784 0.721 0.381 0.770 0.755 0.628 0.845 0.819 0.772 5.680 4.317
   month-over-month % change 3.0% -8.0% -47.2% -5.0% -1.9% -16.8% -1.9% -3.0% -5.7%    
   year-over-year % change -20.1% -30.0% -59.7% -3.6% -18.3% -36.2% -15.4% -18.0% -20.2% -4.9% -24.0%
Libraries/Museums 0.291 0.526 0.191 0.259 0.400 0.336 0.255 0.262 0.257 1.365 1.711
   month-over-month % change -24.4% 80.8% -63.8% 10.2% 54.8% -16.2% 3.6% 2.7% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change 57.9% 18.7% -25.8% 69.1% 54.0% 13.9% 2.2% 1.5% 2.5% -29.7% 25.4%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.546 0.631 0.642 0.439 0.542 0.606 0.659 0.654 0.645 3.487 3.095
   month-over-month % change 21.6% 15.7% 1.7% 3.2% 23.5% 11.9% -3.5% -0.7% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change -34.4% -8.6% -15.0% -13.8% -15.3% -20.1% 16.6% 14.9% 11.3% -29.9% -11.2%
Military 0.292 0.276 0.531 0.345 0.333 0.366 0.461 0.430 0.445 1.973 2.086
   month-over-month % change -32.3% -5.3% 92.6% 4.8% -3.4% 10.1% 2.1% -6.7% 3.3%    
   year-over-year % change 64.0% -57.4% 47.7% 29.7% -10.4% -7.3% 14.2% 6.0% 11.2% 1.1% 5.7%
Schools/Colleges 7.692 8.215 9.798 5.819 7.251 8.568 5.966 6.034 6.005 39.510 40.434
   month-over-month % change 31.6% 6.8% 19.3% 18.5% 24.6% 18.2% 0.8% 1.1% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 7.8% 10.9% -3.4% 0.6% 4.2% 4.1% 4.0% 8.2% 7.1% -5.2% 2.3%
Misc Government 0.787 0.789 0.763 0.532 0.690 0.780 0.838 0.822 0.768 5.944 3.928
   month-over-month % change 59.2% 0.3% -3.3% 0.4% 29.6% 13.0% -5.1% -2.0% -6.6%    
   year-over-year % change -40.5% -20.3% -45.9% -36.0% -32.8% -37.2% -8.4% -7.8% -16.5% 2.1% -33.9%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 11.247 11.797 14.000 9.229 11.019 12.348 10.432 10.349 10.224 68.089 62.763
   month-over-month % change 12.3% 4.9% 18.7% 7.6% 19.4% 12.1% -1.4% -0.8% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -14.0% -7.9% -9.6% -6.4% -7.2% -10.5% 0.3% 1.7% 0.3% -7.6% -7.8%
Misc Non Residential 0.575 0.453 0.496 0.569 0.528 0.508 0.582 0.572 0.545 3.698 3.056
   month-over-month % change 3.4% -21.1% 9.3% 11.4% -7.2% -3.8% -0.9% -1.6% -4.8%    
   year-over-year % change -10.3% -19.8% -39.9% 0.6% -12.8% -25.0% -10.3% -6.5% -12.5% -4.8% -17.4%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 23.815 36.003 24.632 22.015 28.681 28.150 24.946 24.553 24.196 160.117 147.383
   month-over-month % change -9.2% 51.2% -31.6% 4.9% 30.3% -1.8% -1.3% -1.6% -1.5%    
   year-over-year % change -13.9% -11.6% -14.8% -2.3% -3.8% -13.2% 1.3% -3.2% -4.0% -7.6% -8.0%
Airports 0.468 0.677 0.577 0.762 0.754 0.574 0.599 0.611 0.626 3.674 4.035
   month-over-month % change -58.1% 44.7% -14.7% -1.2% -1.1% -23.8% -0.8% 2.0% 2.3%    
   year-over-year % change -11.4% 26.4% 42.0% 30.3% 16.8% 17.2% -38.1% -35.4% -33.9% -24.5% 9.8%
Roads/Highways 7.171 7.102 6.801 5.279 6.451 7.025 5.163 5.218 5.280 33.231 33.370
   month-over-month % change 41.1% -1.0% -4.2% 28.8% 22.2% 8.9% 0.2% 1.1% 1.2%    
   year-over-year % change 1.7% 10.3% 12.3% -6.6% -4.9% 7.8% 13.1% 13.1% 13.7% 8.5% 0.4%
Bridges 2.814 2.035 2.645 2.302 2.172 2.498 1.999 2.015 2.048 12.757 13.283
   month-over-month % change 68.7% -27.7% 30.0% 19.3% -5.6% 15.0% 2.6% 0.8% 1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 27.6% 10.0% 17.5% 2.9% -3.2% 18.8% 13.9% 16.3% 13.6% 8.6% 4.1%
Dams/Marine 0.374 2.057 1.147 0.323 0.899 1.192 0.537 0.655 0.718 2.591 4.552
   month-over-month % change 40.5% 450.7% -44.3% -0.5% 178.0% 32.7% -3.2% 21.9% 9.5%    
   year-over-year % change -36.4% 220.1% 187.3% -21.6% 74.3% 119.6% 22.3% 46.5% 55.4% 21.1% 75.7%
Water/Sewage 3.405 2.974 2.654 2.509 2.791 3.011 2.462 2.397 2.415 16.352 15.868
   month-over-month % change 70.7% -12.7% -10.8% 10.1% 11.2% 7.9% 0.2% -2.6% 0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 2.1% -20.8% 8.9% 3.2% -9.7% -5.2% 3.1% -2.5% -0.2% -15.6% -3.0%
Misc Civil 1.577 4.100 6.439 1.341 2.390 4.038 1.679 1.893 2.176 21.064 15.286
   month-over-month % change 5.6% 160.0% 57.0% 26.9% 78.2% 69.0% -16.6% 12.8% 15.0%    
   year-over-year % change -71.8% 168.3% 111.6% -71.8% -52.5% 19.2% -42.8% -36.7% -30.9% 118.6% -27.4%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 15.809 18.944 20.262 12.517 15.457 18.338 12.439 12.789 13.261 89.668 86.393
   month-over-month % change 36.1% 19.8% 7.0% 19.7% 23.5% 18.6% -2.3% 2.8% 3.7%    
   year-over-year % change -18.1% 28.4% 38.9% -22.1% -15.6% 13.1% -4.7% -3.0% -1.2% 14.4% -3.7%
GRAND TOTAL 65.728 76.858 66.735 57.012 67.637 69.773 61.422 60.864 60.485 401.758 366.156
   month-over-month % change 9.0% 16.9% -13.2% 9.1% 18.6% 3.2% -1.2% -0.9% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -12.3% -8.0% -6.4% -9.7% -9.7% -8.9% -3.3% -5.6% -5.6% -3.5% -8.9%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 39.624 54.948 44.894 34.532 44.138 46.489 37.385 37.342 37.458 249.784 233.776
   month-over-month % change 4.7% 38.7% -18.3% 9.8% 27.8% 5.3% -1.6% -0.1% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -15.6% -0.9% 3.2% -10.5% -8.3% -4.4% -0.8% -3.1% -3.0% -0.8% -6.4%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

JAN-JUN 2018 JAN-JUN 2019 % Change
Connecticut $2,130,081,187 $2,683,004,028 26.0%
Maine $1,361,599,280 $806,430,017 -40.8%
Massachusetts $4,733,952,796 $5,977,503,684 26.3%
New Hampshire $926,673,958 $780,098,577 -15.8%
Rhode Island $957,968,993 $450,362,231 -53.0%
Vermont $296,658,123 $220,816,141 -25.6%
Total New England $10,406,934,337   $10,918,214,678   4.9%
New Jersey $4,242,641,308 $3,508,188,116 -17.3%
New York $11,833,770,520 $10,554,584,425 -10.8%
Pennsylvania $7,152,985,562 $8,672,900,552 21.2%
Total Middle Atlantic $23,229,397,390   $22,735,673,093   -2.1%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $33,636,331,727   $33,653,887,771   0.1%
Illinois $7,184,335,516 $7,332,574,110 2.1%
Indiana $4,326,793,029 $3,735,366,591 -13.7%
Michigan $5,781,954,576 $3,884,652,497 -32.8%
Ohio $8,043,527,672 $6,728,296,425 -16.4%
Wisconsin $15,109,610,611 $5,149,976,957 -65.9%
Total East North Central $40,446,221,404   $26,830,866,580   -33.7%
Iowa $3,052,524,532 $2,806,273,521 -8.1%
Kansas $2,959,045,717 $2,293,871,706 -22.5%
Minnesota $5,146,964,355 $6,170,537,825 19.9%
Missouri $4,723,404,473 $3,224,820,478 -31.7%
Nebraska $1,528,976,461 $1,862,913,517 21.8%
North Dakota $1,771,532,533 $850,035,475 -52.0%
South Dakota $950,311,742 $932,911,203 -1.8%
Total West North Central $20,132,759,813   $18,141,363,725   -9.9%
TOTAL MIDWEST $60,578,981,217   $44,972,230,305   -25.8%
Delaware $499,537,444 $662,188,917 32.6%
District of Columbia $2,435,329,705 $809,390,674 -66.8%
Florida $15,342,627,836 $13,212,870,588 -13.9%
Georgia $6,262,806,487 $9,654,944,866 54.2%
Maryland $4,064,243,415 $3,801,163,970 -6.5%
North Carolina $7,293,096,590 $6,147,634,837 -15.7%
South Carolina $3,204,128,464 $3,471,106,444 8.3%
Virginia $9,672,343,587 $4,359,257,809 -54.9%
West Virginia $6,263,366,646 $889,095,342 -85.8%
Total South Atlantic $55,037,480,174   $43,007,653,447   -21.9%
Alabama $3,210,873,995 $5,217,795,431 62.5%
Kentucky $2,676,119,711 $3,413,161,406 27.5%
Mississippi $1,215,088,521 $1,384,330,790 13.9%
Tennessee $3,940,192,122 $3,786,050,025 -3.9%
Total East South Central $11,042,274,349   $13,801,337,652   25.0%
Arkansas $1,529,558,918 $1,251,992,106 -18.1%
Louisiana $2,823,489,305 $1,978,737,769 -29.9%
Oklahoma $3,037,153,859 $2,949,172,599 -2.9%
Texas $24,955,879,446 $38,571,198,400 54.6%
Total West South Central $32,346,081,528   $44,751,100,874   38.4%
TOTAL SOUTH $98,425,836,051   $101,560,091,973   3.2%
Arizona $5,790,304,172 $3,906,653,476 -32.5%
Colorado $3,901,780,102 $4,773,389,487 22.3%
Idaho $1,229,557,504 $1,037,001,498 -15.7%
Montana $723,870,504 $636,683,405 -12.0%
Nevada $3,352,510,598 $2,809,468,786 -16.2%
New Mexico $1,250,965,967 $757,687,675 -39.4%
Utah $3,667,749,132 $2,634,083,025 -28.2%
Wyoming $671,207,825 $3,589,956,801 434.9%
Total Mountain $20,587,945,804   $20,144,924,153   -2.2%
Alaska $1,100,508,436 $578,832,473 -47.4%
California $24,674,855,537 $18,704,358,993 -24.2%
Hawaii $1,243,386,511 $1,490,180,702 19.8%
Oregon $3,744,614,154 $2,768,120,331 -26.1%
Washington $5,792,040,337 $9,903,535,060 71.0%
Total Pacific $36,555,404,975   $33,445,027,559   -8.5%
TOTAL WEST $57,143,350,779   $53,589,951,712   -6.2%
TOTAL U.S. $249,784,499,774   $233,776,161,761   -6.4%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.