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By: Alex Carrick on December 13th, 2018

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Rough Patch for Nonresidential Starts in November, But YTD Decline Remained Modest

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that November’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $27.4 billion, the lowest level since February ($26.6 billion) of this year.

2018-12-12-US-Nonresidential-Construction-Starts-November-2018

On a month-to-month basis, November’s nonresidential starts fell by nearly one-quarter (-22.6%). The usual seasonal pullback, due to harsher winter-onset weather, is in a range of -2% to -7%. November 2018 compared with November 2017 was -9.8%. November 2018 relative to the previous five-year average for November, − i.e., from 2013 through 2017, − was +0.9%.

Year-to-date starts in 2018 compared with January-to-November of 2017 have been -4.0%. There is only one month still to go, December, before 2018’s annual results will be tabulated.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  


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‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s October report was 59%; the latter’s was 41%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (i.e., November 2018) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (i.e., October 2018.)

The total number of jobs in the U.S. construction sector rose by only 5,000 in November, according to the latest Employment Situation report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The average monthly increase in ‘hard hat’ jobs so far this year, however, has been +22,000, a gain of +15.4% versus January-to-November 2017’s monthly average of +19,000. The NSA unemployment rate in U.S. construction is presently 3.9%, a little higher than the previous month’s 3.6%, but better than November 2017’s 5.0%. While job openings in the industry, from the JOLTS report, are +25.3% year over year, an available-worker shortage is inhibiting ‘hires’.

On a percentage-change basis, U.S. construction jobs in November were +4.0% year over year. Payroll adjustments in other sectors important to construction, over the past 12 months, have been: ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing’, no change; ‘building material and supplies dealers’, +0.7%; ‘real estate firms’, +2.1%; ‘architectural and engineering services’, +3.3%; ‘oil and gas extraction’, +5.1%; and, setting a blistering pace, ‘machinery and equipment rental’, +12.0%.

The -22.6% month-to-month (m/m) drop in total nonresidential starts in November resulted from weakness in all the major type-of-structure categories. Industrial (-70.5%) fell the most, followed by commercial (-26.6%) and institutional (-19.4%). Engineering (-12.2%) retreated the least.

The November-2018-versus-November-2017 (y/y) decline in total nonresidential starts of -9.8% originated in two main sources. Industrial (-40.1%) was chief villain, with commercial (-16.7%) as its accomplice. Institutional (-3.0%) and engineering (-5.5%) showed less severe softening.

The disappointing percentage change (-4.0%) overall year to date (ytd) has been due to industrial (-15.5%), commercial (-11.3%) and institutional (-5.2%) coming together to present more of an obstacle than heavy engineering/civil (+7.0%) has been able to overcome.  

The largest subcomponent of engineering starts to date this year has been ‘roads/highways’ (with a 39% share). In November, street starts were: -9.6% m/m; but +51.8% y/y; and +18.7% ytd. The second largest slice (20%) of engineering has originated with ‘miscellaneous civil’, which has most recently been -45.8% y/y; but +16.1% m/m; and +16.7% ytd (see Top 10 project starts for a $2.2 billion Phillips 66 oil pipeline in Texas). ‘Water/sewage’ work has also been a major contributor (an 18% slice) to engineering starts with only one month still to go in 2018. In November, ‘water/sewage’ starts were: -14.5% m/m; and -8.3% ytd; but +18.5% y/y.

Within commercial, ‘private offices’ (a 21% slice) and ‘hotels/motels’ (a 20% slice) have played almost equally important roles through the first eleven months of this year. While they may account for high shares of commercial, their percentage-change numbers have been anemic. In November, the former was -56.2% m/m, -58.7% y/y and -9.0% ytd and the latter was -26.0% m/m, -17.9% y/y and -13.7% ytd. Next in line for share of commercial starts (at 16%) has been ‘warehouses’. In November, warehouse starts were: -6.9% ytd; but +4.9% m/m; and +17.3% y/y.

More than half (57%) of institutional starts to date in 2018 have been initiations of work on ‘school/college’ projects. In November, such educational facility starts were -10.7% m/m and -1.4% ytd, but +5.4% y/y. Claiming second place within institutional and accounting for more than one-quarter (28%) of groundbreakings in the category have been projects that are medical in nature. A combined grouping that includes ‘hospitals/clinics’, ‘nursing/assisted living’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’ recorded the following percentage changes in November: -29.6% m/m, -36.2% y/y and -12.3% ytd. Strictly on a ytd-basis, the ‘miscellaneous medical’ subcategory (-6.3%) has declined less than ‘hospitals/clinics’ (-14.0%) and ‘nursing/assisted living’ (-15.7%).

The Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - November 2018. sets out 12-month moving average trend graphs for many of the key type-of-structure subcategories. Since mid-2016, ‘retail’ starts have been displaying a severe downward-sloping curve. Also heading lower of late have been ‘hospitals’ (although to only a minor degree) and ‘miscellaneous civil’ (but from an extreme high). Staying approximately flat have been ‘office buildings’, ‘schools/colleges’ and ‘water/sewage’. Shooting upwards are ‘roads’ and ‘bridges’.

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on non-farm payrolls; B-8 is for ‘production and non-supervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

After compensation rates sped up in October, there was mild deceleration in November. From Table B-3, average earnings y/y for ‘all jobs’ in November were +3.1% hourly and +2.8% weekly. Construction workers stayed a little ahead, at +3.7% hourly and +2.9% weekly. From Table B-8 (leaving out bosses), the y/y ‘all jobs’ earnings climbs were +3.2% both hourly and weekly. Again, construction workers as a subset fared better at +4.2% hourly and +3.4% weekly.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s single-family plus multi-family residential starts in November were -14.3% m/m; -19.6% y/y; and -9.5% ytd. ‘Grand total’ starts were -19.3% m/m; -14.3% y/y; and -6.2% ytd.

ConstructConnect has now moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date. In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or rebid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - November 2018 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - November 2018.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - November 2018.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS – NOVEMBER 2018
(CONSTRUCTCONNECT)

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-NOV 18 Jan-NOV 18 vs  NOV 18 vs NOV 18 vs
($ billions) Jan-NOV 17 NOV 17 OCT 18
           
Hotel/Motel 23.569 -13.7% -17.9% -26.0%
Retail 15.927 -15.6% -36.5% -17.3%
Parking Garage 2.504 -15.5% 108.3% 32.6%
Amusement 7.495 7.3% 20.5% -62.2%
Private Office  25.223 -9.0% -58.7% -56.2%
Government Office 10.073 0.4% 46.0% -4.8%
Laboratory 2.936 10.2% 1.8% -43.1%
Warehouse 18.961 -6.9% 17.3% 4.9%
Miscellaneous Commercial 11.823 -29.2% -5.3% 3.9%
COMMERCIAL 118.510 -11.3% -16.7% -26.6%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 30.595 -15.5% -40.1% -70.5%
     
Religious 1.879 -10.7% 24.0%   16.3%
Hospital/Clinic 13.692 -14.0% -43.3%   -46.9%
Nursing/Assisted Living 9.285 -15.7% -45.1%   -29.9%
Library/Museum 2.685 -21.6% 62.6%   -37.0%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 7.422 -6.6% 59.3%   -28.8%
Military 5.139 14.2% 43.0%   -18.3%
School/College 65.280 -1.4% 5.4%   -10.7%
Miscellaneous Government 9.721 -6.3% -11.8%   0.0%
INSTITUTIONAL 115.103 -5.2% -3.0%   -19.4%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 6.559 -9.3% -20.9%   -30.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 270.768 -9.3% -12.6%   -28.5%
       
Airport 6.931 -43.8% -7.2%   -66.2%
Road/Highway 60.131 18.7% 51.8%   -9.6%
Bridge 21.413 12.8% 9.7%   1.8%
Dam/Marine 6.396 38.3% -7.7%   -45.7%
Water/Sewage 27.790 -8.3% 18.5%   -14.5%
Miscellaneous Civil 29.978 16.7% -45.8%   16.1%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 152.639 7.0% -5.5%   -12.2%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 423.407 -4.0% -9.8% -22.6%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – NOVEMBER 2018
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Nov 18 Jan-Nov 18 vs     Nov 18 vs Nov 18 vs
($ billions) Jan-Nov 17     Nov 17 Oct 18
           
Summary      
CIVIL 152.639 7.0%     -5.5% -12.2%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 270.768 -9.3%     -12.6% -28.5%
RESIDENTIAL   270.388 -9.5%     -19.6% -14.3%
GRAND TOTAL   693.795 -6.2%     -14.3% -19.3%
 
Verticals  
Airport 6.931 -43.8%     -7.2% -66.2%
All Other Civil 23.049 52.2%     45.5% 154.3%
Bridges 21.413 12.8%     9.7% 1.8%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 6.396 38.3%     -7.7% -45.7%
Power Infrastructure 6.929 -34.2%     -96.6% -91.7%
Roads 60.131 18.7%     51.8% -9.6%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 27.790 -8.3%     18.5% -14.5%
CIVIL     152.639 7.0%     -5.5% -12.2%
Offices (private) 25.223 -9.0%     -58.7% -56.2%
Parking Garages 2.504 -15.5%     108.3% 32.6%
  Transportation Terminals 5.049 44.8%     -48.4% -72.2%
Commercial (small subset) 32.776 -4.0%     -48.0% -50.3%
Amusement 7.495 7.3%     20.5% -62.2%
Libraries / Museums 2.685 -21.6%     62.6% -37.0%
Religious 1.879 -10.7%     24.0% 16.3%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 6.774 -48.8%     12.1% 111.8%
Community 18.832 -26.8%     22.8% -28.9%
College / University 17.269 -19.4%     -0.4% 34.6%
Elementary / Pre School 18.262 0.6%     -14.5% -29.4%
Jr / Sr High School 28.116 12.6%     19.9% -22.5%
  Special / Vocational 1.634 -0.4%     23.4% 10.9%
Educational 65.280 -1.4%     5.4% -10.7%
Courthouses 1.489 -39.1%     60.6% 294.5%
Fire and Police Stations 2.848 5.5%     33.4% -24.2%
Government Offices 10.073 0.4%     46.0% -4.8%
  Prisons 3.085 10.2%     84.6% -53.6%
Government 17.495 -2.7%     51.6% -17.2%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 2.936 10.2%     1.8% -43.1%
Manufacturing 30.595 -15.5%     -40.1% -70.5%
  Warehouses 18.961 -6.9%     17.3% 4.9%
Industrial 52.492 -11.4%     -9.5% -42.4%
Hospitals / Clinics 13.692 -14.0%     -43.3% -46.9%
Medical Misc. 9.721 -6.3%     -11.8% 0.0%
  Nursing Homes 9.285 -15.7%     -45.1% -29.9%
Medical   32.698 -12.3%     -36.2% -29.6%
Military   5.139 14.2%     43.0% -18.3%
Hotels 23.569 -13.7%     -17.9% -26.0%
Retail Misc. 6.559 -9.3%     -20.9% -30.3%
    Shopping 15.927 -15.6%     -36.5% -17.3%
  Retail   46.055 -13.8%     -25.1% -24.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 270.768 -9.3%     -12.6% -28.5%
Multi-Family 78.939 -29.3%     -49.3% -35.5%
    Single-Family 191.449 2.4%     -2.0% -4.8%
RESIDENTIAL   270.388 -9.5%     -19.6% -14.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL 423.407 -4.0%     -9.8% -22.6%
GRAND TOTAL   693.795 -6.2%     -14.3% -19.3%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s online product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – NOVEMBER 2018 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-NOV JAN-NOV
SEP 18 OCT 18 NOV 18 SEP 18 OCT 18 NOV 18 SEP 18 OCT 18 NOV 18 2017 2018
Single Family 16.732 16.480 15.694 17.696 17.080 16.302 17.142 17.061 17.034 186.980 191.449
   month-over-month % change -7.2% -1.5% -4.8% -3.9% -3.5% -4.6% 0.0% -0.5% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 0.5% -5.6% -2.0% -0.7% -2.1% -2.4% 3.6% 3.2% 2.3% 7.5% 2.4%
Apartment 6.822 7.425 4.789 7.204 7.300 6.345 7.727 7.493 7.104 111.668 78.939
   month-over-month % change -10.9% 8.8% -35.5% -7.9% 1.3% -13.1% -2.1% -3.0% -5.2%    
   year-over-year % change -22.5% -27.5% -49.3% -21.6% -24.3% -33.2% -18.9% -22.6% -28.1% 39.4% -29.3%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 23.554 23.905 20.484 24.900 24.380 22.648 24.870 24.553 24.138 298.649 270.388
   month-over-month % change -8.3% 1.5% -14.3% -5.1% -2.1% -7.1% -0.6% -1.3% -1.7%    
   year-over-year % change -7.5% -13.7% -19.6% -7.8% -10.0% -13.6% -4.6% -6.3% -9.0% 17.6% -9.5%
Hotel/Motel 2.144 2.076 1.537 1.773 1.924 1.919 2.127 2.104 2.076 27.304 23.569
   month-over-month % change 38.1% -3.2% -26.0% 11.0% 8.5% -0.3% -0.9% -1.1% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change -10.0% -11.7% -17.9% -11.6% -15.4% -12.9% -9.7% -11.4% -13.2% 44.9% -13.7%
Retail 1.346 1.054 0.872 1.437 1.214 1.091 1.530 1.464 1.422 18.861 15.927
   month-over-month % change 8.4% -21.7% -17.3% 0.5% -15.5% -10.2% 0.1% -4.4% -2.9%    
   year-over-year % change 1.4% -43.1% -36.5% -9.0% -28.3% -28.2% -11.5% -14.1% -16.8% -44.0% -15.6%
Parking Garages 0.142 0.257 0.341 0.179 0.205 0.247 0.262 0.240 0.255 2.962 2.504
   month-over-month % change -34.3% 81.7% 32.6% -3.7% 14.0% 20.5% -1.7% -8.5% 6.2%    
   year-over-year % change -27.2% -51.0% 108.3% 24.5% -30.1% -16.2% 0.5% -15.5% -3.8% -31.7% -15.5%
Amusement 0.752 1.170 0.442 0.562 0.792 0.788 0.649 0.691 0.697 6.984 7.495
   month-over-month % change 65.7% 55.7% -62.2% -6.3% 40.9% -0.5% 2.1% 6.4% 0.9%    
   year-over-year % change 27.7% 74.5% 20.5% -20.4% 27.6% 45.3% -0.8% 6.4% 12.3% 16.4% 7.3%
Office 1.484 2.252 0.986 2.796 1.707 1.574 2.272 2.324 2.207 27.711 25.223
   month-over-month % change 7.1% 51.7% -56.2% 4.6% -38.9% -7.8% -2.1% 2.3% -5.0%    
   year-over-year % change -28.6% 38.9% -58.7% 53.5% -8.3% -22.4% -5.7% -1.9% -10.6% 14.8% -9.0%
Governmental Offices 1.268 0.963 0.916 1.058 1.099 1.049 0.845 0.861 0.885 10.031 10.073
   month-over-month % change 19.0% -24.1% -4.8% 6.7% 3.8% -4.5% 5.6% 1.8% 2.8%    
   year-over-year % change 74.4% 23.5% 46.0% 9.4% 41.4% 47.4% -12.5% -10.2% -7.1% -14.3% 0.4%
Laboratories 0.348 0.308 0.175 0.385 0.290 0.277 0.265 0.272 0.272 2.664 2.936
   month-over-month % change 62.0% -11.6% -43.1% 12.4% -24.6% -4.5% 4.5% 2.6% 0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 64.4% 36.6% 1.8% 156.0% 73.3% 36.4% 19.4% 16.0% 16.1% -29.3% 10.2%
Warehouse 2.014 1.481 1.554 1.885 1.673 1.683 1.679 1.662 1.681 20.358 18.961
   month-over-month % change 32.3% -26.5% 4.9% 11.1% -11.3% 0.6% 0.8% -1.0% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 8.8% -12.3% 17.3% -10.9% -13.7% 3.8% -6.5% -6.9% -5.7% 48.1% -6.9%
Misc Commercial 0.637 0.631 0.655 1.038 0.544 0.641 1.326 1.207 1.204 16.710 11.823
   month-over-month % change 74.6% -1.0% 3.9% -31.5% -47.5% 17.8% -0.3% -9.0% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -7.1% -69.5% -5.3% 89.5% -51.3% -44.1% -5.0% -20.5% -16.4% 38.6% -29.2%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 10.134 10.191 7.479 11.113 9.447 9.268 10.956 10.823 10.698 133.584 118.510
   month-over-month % change 26.4% 0.6% -26.6% 0.7% -15.0% -1.9% 0.1% -1.2% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change 0.9% -13.5% -16.7% 10.7% -12.0% -9.8% -7.1% -8.9% -9.8% 4.2% -11.3%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 2.070 2.485 0.732 2.606 3.051 1.762 3.044 2.637 2.596 36.193 30.595
   month-over-month % change -55.0% 20.0% -70.5% -1.2% 17.1% -42.2% -19.5% -13.4% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -81.0% -66.3% -40.1% -46.2% -55.7% -72.9% 19.0% -15.3% -17.5% 94.0% -15.5%
Religious 0.189 0.120 0.140 0.163 0.161 0.150 0.174 0.166 0.168 2.105 1.879
   month-over-month % change 9.5% -36.5% 16.3% -17.3% -1.0% -6.8% 2.8% -4.5% 1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 42.2% -43.8% 24.0% -2.2% -5.8% -2.3% -7.1% -12.7% -10.5% 32.7% -10.7%
Hosptials/Clinics 0.821 1.048 0.556 1.067 1.117 0.808 1.229 1.236 1.201 15.912 13.692
   month-over-month % change -44.6% 27.6% -46.9% -13.4% 4.7% -27.7% -1.9% 0.5% -2.9%    
   year-over-year % change -26.0% 8.2% -43.3% -17.3% 6.3% -20.7% -17.5% -14.5% -13.9% -22.8% -14.0%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.752 0.918 0.643 0.693 0.758 0.771 0.902 0.892 0.848 11.013 9.285
   month-over-month % change 24.1% 22.1% -29.9% -3.1% 9.4% 1.6% -1.7% -1.1% -4.9%    
   year-over-year % change -20.3% -11.3% -45.1% -26.7% -20.5% -26.6% -6.3% -7.3% -14.0% 23.6% -15.7%
Libraries/Museums 0.249 0.384 0.242 0.201 0.270 0.292 0.215 0.229 0.237 3.422 2.685
   month-over-month % change 39.9% 54.4% -37.0% 4.4% 34.5% 7.9% -2.6% 6.6% 3.4%    
   year-over-year % change -21.7% 79.1% 62.6% -46.1% -12.0% 28.5% -33.1% -28.7% -27.4% 26.0% -21.6%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.395 1.028 0.732 0.726 0.770 0.718 0.612 0.637 0.660 7.944 7.422
   month-over-month % change -55.5% 160.3% -28.8% -14.5% 6.0% -6.7% -3.4% 4.0% 3.6%    
   year-over-year % change -39.3% 40.7% 59.3% 22.3% 12.7% 17.1% -12.3% -8.9% -5.8% 43.5% -6.6%
Military 0.568 0.849 0.694 0.473 0.633 0.704 0.424 0.434 0.451 4.500 5.139
   month-over-month % change 18.2% 49.5% -18.3% 16.4% 33.7% 11.3% -2.4% 2.3% 4.0%    
   year-over-year % change -18.1% 15.8% 43.0% 6.7% 11.5% 10.4% 9.0% 8.7% 17.4% -1.5% 14.2%
Schools/Colleges 4.701 4.392 3.920 5.908 5.087 4.338 5.730 5.694 5.711 66.203 65.280
   month-over-month % change -23.8% -6.6% -10.7% -23.4% -13.9% -14.7% 0.3% -0.6% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 4.3% -8.8% 5.4% 10.8% 6.7% -0.2% -5.6% -4.6% -4.1% 2.1% -1.4%
Misc Government 1.186 0.626 0.626 0.943 0.849 0.813 0.876 0.862 0.855 10.373 9.721
   month-over-month % change 61.2% -47.2% 0.0% -7.0% -9.9% -4.3% 2.9% -1.7% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 33.5% -21.9% -11.8% -6.9% -18.5% 1.6% -6.2% -6.3% -7.6% 46.3% -6.3%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 8.861 9.365 7.553 10.175 9.645 8.593 10.163 10.150 10.131 121.473 115.103
   month-over-month % change -17.3% 5.7% -19.4% -17.4% -5.2% -10.9% -0.3% -0.1% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change -4.2% -1.6% -3.0% 0.1% 1.1% -2.9% -8.1% -6.9% -6.7% 4.8% -5.2%
Misc Non Residential 0.574 0.628 0.437 0.618 0.565 0.546 0.589 0.592 0.582 7.233 6.559
   month-over-month % change 16.6% 9.5% -30.3% -9.6% -8.7% -3.2% -2.4% 0.4% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -23.4% 5.0% -20.9% -15.7% -19.3% -13.7% -13.0% -10.9% -11.2% -9.8% -9.3%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 21.639 22.669 16.201 24.512 22.708 20.170 24.752 24.202 24.007 298.484 270.768
   month-over-month % change -9.1% 4.8% -28.5% -8.1% -7.4% -11.2% -3.0% -2.2% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -30.1% -22.5% -12.6% -4.9% -18.5% -23.2% -5.1% -8.9% -9.5% 10.2% -9.3%
Airports 0.558 1.064 0.359 0.612 0.754 0.661 0.617 0.598 0.595 12.327 6.931
   month-over-month % change -12.9% 90.5% -66.2% 9.2% 23.2% -12.4% -34.3% -3.1% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -87.4% -17.7% -7.2% -68.2% -64.8% -67.6% -40.3% -43.8% -44.0% 98.2% -43.8%
Roads/Highways 4.494 4.436 4.009 6.145 5.166 4.313 5.003 5.099 5.213 50.675 60.131
   month-over-month % change -31.6% -1.3% -9.6% -8.0% -15.9% -16.5% 1.0% 1.9% 2.2%    
   year-over-year % change 14.5% 35.3% 51.8% 30.5% 32.5% 31.5% 10.1% 12.4% 15.1% 6.8% 18.7%
Bridges 2.692 1.348 1.372 1.974 1.809 1.804 1.875 1.910 1.920 18.980 21.413
   month-over-month % change 94.1% -49.9% 1.8% 8.1% -8.4% -0.3% 5.4% 1.9% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 75.2% 45.3% 9.7% 17.1% 29.1% 45.7% 13.5% 15.6% 13.9% 43.2% 12.8%
Dams/Marine 0.781 1.086 0.590 0.637 0.824 0.819 0.533 0.576 0.572 4.624 6.396
   month-over-month % change 29.1% 39.0% -45.7% 9.5% 29.3% -0.6% 8.4% 8.0% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 175.5% 89.5% -7.7% 50.3% 107.9% 64.3% 44.9% 49.8% 38.6% 35.5% 38.3%
Water/Sewage 2.183 2.440 2.087 2.312 2.244 2.237 2.420 2.433 2.460 30.310 27.790
   month-over-month % change 3.4% 11.8% -14.5% -3.7% -2.9% -0.3% 0.2% 0.5% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 3.3% 6.8% 18.5% 0.5% -3.8% 9.0% -12.3% -11.7% -10.8% 9.5% -8.3%
Misc Civil 2.556 2.437 2.830 1.356 1.932 2.608 2.704 2.754 2.555 25.680 29.978
   month-over-month % change 218.8% -4.7% 16.1% -9.0% 42.5% 35.0% -4.7% 1.9% -7.2%    
   year-over-year % change -38.6% 33.1% -45.8% -54.7% -37.8% -30.3% 50.5% 47.7% 15.5% 108.6% 16.7%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 13.265 12.811 11.246 13.037 12.730 12.441 13.151 13.370 13.315 142.596 152.639
   month-over-month % change 9.5% -3.4% -12.2% -3.7% -2.4% -2.3% -2.0% 1.7% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -19.4% 25.8% -5.5% -7.2% -4.1% -3.2% 8.2% 9.1% 5.2% 29.3% 7.0%
GRAND TOTAL 58.458 59.385 47.931 62.449 59.818 55.258 62.773 62.126 61.461 739.728 693.795
   month-over-month % change -5.1% 1.6% -19.3% -6.0% -4.2% -7.6% -1.9% -1.0% -1.1%    
   year-over-year % change -19.8% -11.6% -14.3% -6.5% -12.3% -15.4% -2.4% -4.5% -6.5% 16.5% -6.2%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 34.904 35.480 27.447 37.549 35.438 32.610 37.903 37.572 37.323 441.080 423.407
   month-over-month % change -2.9% 1.7% -22.6% -6.6% -5.6% -8.0% -2.7% -0.9% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -26.4% -10.1% -9.8% -5.7% -13.9% -16.6% -0.9% -3.2% -4.8% 15.7% -4.0%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan-NOV 2017 Jan-NOV 2018 % Change
Connecticut $4,991,349,921 $3,429,408,500 -31.3%
Maine $1,609,878,274 $1,892,300,878 17.5%
Massachusetts $9,707,228,167 $8,629,437,472 -11.1%
New Hampshire $1,194,290,352 $1,367,896,521 14.5%
Rhode Island $1,200,854,289 $2,191,334,295 82.5%
Vermont $714,064,332 $433,504,648 -39.3%
Total New England $19,417,665,335   $17,943,882,314   -7.6%
New Jersey $9,221,952,813 $7,258,208,563 -21.3%
New York $33,299,816,990 $26,519,829,979 -20.4%
Pennsylvania $20,786,693,094 $12,343,288,560 -40.6%
Total Middle Atlantic $63,308,462,897   $46,121,327,102   -27.1%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $82,726,128,232   $64,065,209,416   -22.6%
Illinois $12,172,859,942 $11,839,456,850 -2.7%
Indiana $6,462,703,517 $7,718,065,933 19.4%
Michigan $15,379,233,165 $8,842,736,190 -42.5%
Ohio $14,092,961,798 $14,328,415,667 1.7%
Wisconsin $9,441,706,723 $19,229,475,959 103.7%
Total East North Central $57,549,465,145   $61,958,150,599   7.7%
Iowa $5,147,425,487 $4,684,219,711 -9.0%
Kansas $3,595,819,558 $4,804,443,920 33.6%
Minnesota $8,806,254,581 $7,855,624,630 -10.8%
Missouri $7,492,077,905 $7,148,554,506 -4.6%
Nebraska $3,005,044,641 $2,395,417,656 -20.3%
North Dakota $1,887,464,634 $3,105,221,465 64.5%
South Dakota $2,134,083,265 $1,413,786,114 -33.8%
Total West North Central $32,068,170,071   $31,407,268,002   -2.1%
TOTAL MIDWEST $89,617,635,216   $93,365,418,601   4.2%
Delaware $1,394,063,022 $1,129,262,195 -19.0%
District of Columbia $2,298,069,370 $3,158,223,170 37.4%
Florida $28,449,737,929 $26,152,327,735 -8.1%
Georgia $11,762,773,307 $10,872,005,664 -7.6%
Maryland $6,999,271,225 $6,805,871,028 -2.8%
North Carolina $13,650,050,333 $13,838,905,882 1.4%
South Carolina $7,654,518,401 $5,781,377,958 -24.5%
Virginia $11,501,528,977 $13,384,320,644 16.4%
West Virginia $1,519,466,322 $7,269,051,735 378.4%
Total South Atlantic $85,229,478,886   $88,391,346,011   3.7%
Alabama $5,225,022,075 $5,299,432,600 1.4%
Kentucky $4,104,213,429 $6,031,846,082 47.0%
Mississippi $2,505,269,594 $2,128,620,050 -15.0%
Tennessee $7,263,083,939 $7,904,831,868 8.8%
Total East South Central $19,097,589,037   $21,364,730,600   11.9%
Arkansas $2,737,826,688 $3,076,782,749 12.4%
Louisiana $5,741,379,067 $4,572,560,967 -20.4%
Oklahoma $6,093,906,944 $5,546,409,878 -9.0%
Texas $56,935,668,655 $49,129,902,046 -13.7%
Total West South Central $71,508,781,354   $62,325,655,640   -12.8%
TOTAL SOUTH $175,835,849,277   $172,081,732,251   -2.1%
Arizona $6,056,408,556 $8,515,466,201 40.6%
Colorado $8,394,648,726 $7,909,756,617 -5.8%
Idaho $1,430,194,460 $1,858,074,886 29.9%
Montana $1,032,443,866 $1,398,989,519 35.5%
Nevada $2,885,365,744 $5,129,370,271 77.8%
New Mexico $1,889,009,746 $2,021,139,210 7.0%
Utah $5,281,134,397 $5,915,728,160 12.0%
Wyoming $1,000,104,691 $1,101,308,094 10.1%
Total Mountain $27,969,310,186   $33,849,832,958   21.0%
Alaska $1,623,820,387 $1,523,529,197 -6.2%
California $45,662,460,899 $39,262,483,973 -14.0%
Hawaii $1,733,284,701 $2,178,612,979 25.7%
Oregon $5,271,491,895 $5,308,493,981 0.7%
Washington $10,639,738,700 $11,771,916,412 10.6%
Total Pacific $64,930,796,582   $60,045,036,542   -7.5%
TOTAL WEST $92,900,106,768   $93,894,869,500   1.1%
TOTAL U.S. $441,079,719,493   $423,407,229,768   -4.0%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.