By: Alex Carrick on February 13th, 2019

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A Slow Beginning for 2019 Construction Starts

Industry Snapshot

ConstructConnect announced today that January’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $27.8 billion, a change of -6.7% compared with December 2018’s level of $29.7 billion. The latest month-to-month adjustment was in close alignment with the usual shift in starts volumes between December and January, due to seasonality, of -8.5%.

A Slow Beginning for 2019 Construction Starts Graphic

Nonresidential starts in January 2019 relative to the previous five-year average for January, i.e., from 2014 through 2018, were -4.5%. January 2019 compared with January 2018 was -20.6%. At $35.0 billion, January 2018 managed an abnormally high volume of starts activity.

The starts figures throughout this report are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for November, was 59%; the latter’s was 41%.

 
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ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts is usually one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series. The normal one-month lag in the timing of data releases has currently been stretched out. Census Bureau workers were off the job for 35 days due to the partial shutdown. Now that they have returned to work, the put-in-place numbers have been updated through November, which leaves them two months behind the starts data.

The U.S. construction sector (+52,000 jobs) undertook exceptionally strong hiring in January, according to the latest Employment Situation report from the BLS. The year-over-year change in construction jobs was +4.7%, a faster pace of gain than for any other major industrial subsector. ‘Transportation and warehousing’ (+4.1%) firms were next quickest to add staff. By sub-categories of construction work, the year-over-year climb in jobs was +7.2% for both residential and heavy/civil engineering concerns. Nonresidential builders were more restrained, at +2.9%.

Construction’s NSA unemployment rate in January was 6.4%, which marked a continuation of tightening (i.e., improvement) versus January 2018’s figure of 7.3% and January 2017’s 9.4%.

January 2019’s year-over-year payroll changes in other pockets of the economy important to construction were as follows: ‘machinery and equipment rental,’ +6.9%; ‘oil and gas extraction,’ +6.2%; ‘real estate firms,&rsquo, +3.3%; ‘architectural and engineering services,&rsquo, +2.5%; ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing,&rsquo, +0.9%; and ‘building material and supplies dealers,&rsquo, -0.3%.

The month-to-month decline (-6.7%) in total nonresidential starts in January was caused by a fall in industrial (-23.3%) and similar-sized drops in institutional (-11.0%) and commercial (-13.3%). Only the heavy engineering type-of-structure category (+9.3%) managed a gain.
The more substantial year-over-year (y/y) decrease (-20.6%) in total nonresidential starts in the latest month (i.e., January 2018 versus January 2017) was due to shortfalls in commercial (-39.7%), heavy engineering (-19.2%), and institutional (-17.3%). Industrial (+125.3%), on the other hand, chose to dance to a different drumbeat and more than doubled.

For every month of the year except January, the narrative in this Industry Snapshot report would now move along to a discussion about year-to-date results. But January is unique in that its individual monthly numbers and its year-to-date (ytd) statistics are exactly the same.

The -23.3% drop in industrial starts m/m in January 2019 was due to the absence of a project as large as Micron Technology’s plant expansion in Virginia, estimated at $3.0 billion, which appeared in December 2018’s starts. January 2019 groundbreakings did, however, include several notable industrial projects, led by an ethane exporting facility in Texas, valued at $1.5 billion. On a y/y basis, January 2019 industrial starts were +125.3%.  

The two primary contributors to ‘heavy engineering/civil’ starts in January 2019 were ‘roads and highways’ (a 38% share) and ‘water and sewer’ works (a 28% slice). Groundbreakings on the former in the latest month were +6.1% m/m, but -1.1% y/y; on the latter, they were a more robust +36.5% m/m, but faltered as well y/y, at -4.7%. Bridge starts, which have been setting a torrid pace over the past couple of years, cooled a bit in the latest month: -4.4% m/m and -12.3% y/y. 

By a wide margin, the front-ranking share (57%) among institutional subcategories in January belonged to ‘schools/colleges’. Furthermore, the dollar volume of educational facility starts-ups in the latest month was notably positive: +10.6% m/m and +4.1% y/y. The dollar-volume starts performance of a combined medical facility subcategory, – i.e., embracing ‘hospitals/clinics,&rsquo‘nursing/assisted living,’ and ‘medical miscellaneous’ (and jointly accounting for 31% of institutional in January 2019) was deeply negative: -26.0% m/m and -43.4% y/y.

Under the commercial umbrella in January 2019, there were numerous subcategories with starts shortcomings. ‘Hotel/motel’ groundbreakings (20% of commercial in January) were -21.2% m/m and -38.9% y/y. ‘Retail/shopping’ starts (15% share) were +11.0% m/m, but -47.7% y/y. Warehouse starts (13%) were +40.6% m/m, but -48.9% y/y. ‘Private office building’ starts were -71.2% m/m and -74.6% y/y. The private-office dollar volume dipped below government offices.

The Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – January 2019 sets out 12-month moving average trend graphs for key type-of-structure categories. In Graph 1, the nonresidential building curve is gently descending while heavy engineering is gradually ascending. In Graph 2, the commercial and institutional lines are almost on top of one another, with mild weakness developing in 2018. In Graphs 3 through 6, the structure types showing the most uplift of late have been roads/highways and bridges. Those demonstrating a tendency to retreat have been retail and hospitals/clinics. ‘Miscellaneous civil’ in Graph 6 is coming back down to earth but remains one-third higher than its best levels from 2010 to 2015.    

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls; B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From January’s Table B-3, the ‘all jobs’ pay increases were +3.2% hourly and +3.5% weekly. Construction workers did worse hourly, +2.8%, but considerably better weekly, +4.9%. From Table B-8, which omits supervisory personnel, the economy-wide compensation increases were +3.4% hourly and +3.7% weekly. Again, construction workers, as a subset, fell behind (but only slightly) in their hourly earnings, +3.3%, but they more than made up for it weekly, +5.6%.   

Further on costing, December 2018’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index’, +6.3%; ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports’, +3.8%; and ‘final demand construction’, +5.1%.

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s single-family plus multi-family residential starts in January were -3.4% m/m; and -20.3% y/y. ‘Grand total’ starts were -5.4% m/m; and -20.5% ytd. With respect to single-family housing starts during the last couple of months, Census Bureau statisticians, who were sidelined for 35 days by the shutdown, have not been able to provide in-depth guidance. ContstructConnect’s single-family starts numbers for December and January are best estimates.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or rebid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - January 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - January 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - January 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
JANUARY 2019
– CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  Previous Annual   Latest Month
      % Change % Change
2018 % Change   Jan 2019 (Jan 19 vs  (Jan 19 vs
($ billions) (2018 vs 2017)   ($ billions) Jan 18) Dec 18)
Hotel/Motel 25.797 -9.9%   1.319 -38.9% -21.2%
Retail/Shopping 17.618 -11.9%   0.958 -47.7% 11.0%
Parking Garage 2.763 -21.4%   0.231 7.9% -24.3%
Amusement 8.373 6.6%   0.475 -42.9% -25.1%
Private Office 28.514 -1.6%   0.618 -74.6% -71.2%
Government Office 10.837 2.5%   0.787 35.5% 10.8%
Laboratory 3.033 1.3%   0.201 358.8% -13.7%
Warehouse 20.209 -6.3%   0.849 -48.9% 40.6%
Misc. Commercial* 12.336 -36.2%   1.143 -0.6% 174.4%
COMMERCIAL (big subset) 129.480 -9.7%   6.581 -39.7% -13.3%
         
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 34.886 -5.1%   2.627 125.3% -23.3%
     
Religious 2.122 -5.5%   0.163 26.9% -26.0%
Hospital/Clinic 16.009 -3.7%   1.182 -47.2% -46.9%
Nursing/Assisted Living 10.319 -13.3%   0.930 -28.9% 23.0%
Library/Museum 2.751 -23.2%   0.125 -39.2% -20.9%
Fire/Police/Courthouse/Prison 8.182 -3.1%   0.504 -1.7% -34.9%
Military 5.562 16.5%   0.257 53.0% -46.9%
School/College 70.131 1.0%   4.795 4.1% 10.6%
Misc. Medical 10.666 -2.2%   0.490 -53.3% -7.8%
INSTITUTIONAL 125.742 -1.7%   8.446 -17.3% -11.0%
       
Misc. Non-residential 6.972 -9.0%   0.375 -38.6% 8.2%
NON-RES. BUILDING 297.080 -5.9%   18.030 -21.3% -13.5%
       
Airport 7.227 -42.4%   0.499 -49.0% 53.0%
Road/Highway 63.584 19.7%   3.734 -1.1% 6.1%
Bridge 24.040 16.6%   1.702 -12.3% -4.4%
Dam/Marine 6.850 34.6%   0.381 22.0% -21.7%
Water/Sewage 29.453 -8.1%   2.732 -4.7% 36.5%
Misc. Civil (Power, etc.) 31.622 20.0%   0.736 -67.1% -11.8%
HEAVY ENGINEERING (Civil) 162.777 8.7%   9.784 -19.2% 9.3%
         
TOTAL 459.856 -1.2%   27.814 -20.6% -6.7%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– JANUARY 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

Previous Annual   Latest Month
      % Change % Change
2018 % Change   January 19 Jan 19 vs Jan 19 vs
($ billions) (18 vs 17)   ($ billions) Jan 18 Dec 18
           
Summary      
CIVIL 162.777 8.7%   9.784 -19.2% 9.3%
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDING 297.080 -5.9%   18.030 -21.3% -13.5%
RESIDENTIAL   289.770 -8.9%   17.935 -20.3% -3.4%
GRAND TOTAL   749.626 -4.3%   45.749 -20.5% -5.4%
   
Verticals    
Airport 7.227 -42.4%   0.499 -49.0% 53.0%
All Other Civil 24.199 54.9%   0.600 -16.5% -3.2%
Bridges 24.040 16.6%   1.702 -12.3% -4.4%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 6.850 34.6%   0.381 22.0% -21.7%
Power Infrastructure 7.423 -30.8%   0.135 -91.1% -36.6%
Roads 63.584 19.7%   3.734 -1.1% 6.1%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 29.453 -8.1%   2.732 -4.7% 36.5%
CIVIL     162.777 8.7%   9.784 -19.2% 9.3%
Offices (private) 28.514 -1.6%   0.618 -74.6% -71.2%
Parking Garages 2.763 -21.4%   0.231 7.9% -24.3%
  Transportation Terminals 5.111 33.1%   0.227 -49.2% 136.8%
Commercial (small subset) 36.388 0.2%   1.076 -65.3% -57.8%
Amusement 8.373 6.6%   0.475 -42.9% -25.1%
Libraries / Museums 2.751 -23.2%   0.125 -39.2% -20.9%
Religious 2.122 -5.5%   0.163 26.9% -26.0%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 7.225 -53.4%   0.916 30.3% 185.6%
Community 20.471 -29.8%   1.679 -10.2% 26.0%
College / University 18.982 -14.8%   1.575 -5.0% 15.5%
Elementary / Pre School 19.201 1.7%   0.982 -13.4% 22.7%
Jr / Sr High School 30.221 13.8%   2.052 26.9% -2.3%
  Special / Vocational 1.727 -1.3%   0.185 -5.6% 157.1%
Educational 70.131 1.0%   4.795 4.1% 10.6%
Courthouses 1.904 -29.4%   0.091 235.5% -76.7%
Fire and Police Stations 3.047 6.6%   0.209 1.2% -1.1%
Government Offices 10.837 2.5%   0.787 35.5% 10.8%
  Prisons 3.231 12.0%   0.204 -27.0% 19.4%
Government 19.019 0.0%   1.292 18.1% -13.0%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 3.033 1.3%   0.201 358.8% -13.7%
Manufacturing 34.886 -5.1%   2.627 125.3% -23.3%
  Warehouses 20.209 -6.3%   0.849 -48.9% 40.6%
Industrial 58.128 -5.2%   3.677 28.1% -13.7%
Hospitals / Clinics 16.009 -3.7%   1.182 -47.2% -46.9%
Medical Misc. 10.666 -2.2%   0.490 -53.3% -7.8%
  Nursing Homes 10.319 -13.3%   0.930 -28.9% 23.0%
Medical   36.994 -6.2%   2.602 -43.4% -26.0%
Military   5.562 16.5%   0.257 53.0% -46.9%
Hotels 25.797 -9.9%   1.319 -38.9% -21.2%
Retail Misc. 6.972 -9.0%   0.375 -38.6% 8.2%
    Shopping 17.618 -11.9%   0.958 -47.7% 11.0%
  Retail   50.387 -10.5%   2.652 -42.4% -8.0%
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDING 297.080 -5.9%   18.030 -21.3% -13.5%
Multi-Family 88.710 -24.8%   4.845 -39.3% -25.5%
    Single-Family 201.060 0.6%   13.090 -9.8% 8.6%
RESIDENTIAL   289.770 -8.9%   17.935 -20.3% -3.4%
NON-RESIDENTIAL 459.856 -1.2%   27.814 -20.6% -6.7%
GRAND TOTAL   749.626 -4.3%   45.749 -20.5% -5.4%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s online product Insight.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – JANUARY 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN JAN
nov 18 dec 18 JAN 19 NOV 18 DEC 18 JAN 19 NOV 18 DEC 18 JAN 19 2018 2019
Single Family 13.276 12.054 13.090 15.488 13.942 12.807 16.831 16.755 16.637 14.509 13.090
   month-over-month % change -19.5% -9.2% 8.6% -9.3% -10.0% -8.1% -1.3% -0.4% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -17.1% -7.0% -9.8% -7.3% -9.9% -11.6% 1.1% 0.6% -1.0% 13.8% -9.8%
Apartment 6.311 6.504 4.845 7.218 6.982 5.887 7.376 7.392 7.131 7.984 4.845
   month-over-month % change -22.4% 3.1% -25.5% -6.6% -3.3% -15.7% -3.4% 0.2% -3.5%    
   year-over-year % change -33.2% 3.1% -39.3% -24.0% -19.5% -25.6% -25.3% -24.8% -26.4% -18.1% -39.3%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 19.587 18.559 17.935 22.706 20.924 18.694 24.207 24.147 23.768 22.494 17.935
   month-over-month % change -20.5% -5.2% -3.4% -8.4% -7.8% -10.7% -2.0% -0.2% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -23.1% -3.7% -20.3% -13.4% -13.3% -16.6% -8.7% -8.9% -10.3% 0.0% -20.3%
Hotel/Motel 1.800 1.674 1.319 2.055 1.869 1.598 2.122 2.150 2.080 2.160 1.319
   month-over-month % change -15.6% -7.0% -21.2% 4.3% -9.0% -14.5% -0.3% 1.3% -3.3%    
   year-over-year % change -3.8% 24.8% -38.9% -6.7% 0.8% -10.8% -11.3% -9.9% -14.6% 35.2% -38.9%
Retail 1.066 0.863 0.958 1.251 1.003 0.962 1.491 1.468 1.395 1.832 0.958
   month-over-month % change -1.1% -19.1% 11.0% -10.1% -19.9% -4.0% -1.7% -1.5% -5.0%    
   year-over-year % change -22.3% -24.2% -47.7% -17.6% -31.1% -33.5% -12.8% -11.9% -17.3% 15.8% -47.7%
Parking Garages 0.381 0.305 0.231 0.221 0.285 0.306 0.251 0.230 0.232 0.214 0.231
   month-over-month % change 124.6% -19.8% -24.3% 46.6% 29.3% 7.2% 7.8% -8.2% 0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 132.6% -44.7% 7.9% -25.0% -31.0% -1.4% -5.2% -21.4% -22.1% 34.1% 7.9%
Amusement 0.648 0.634 0.475 0.865 0.823 0.585 0.717 0.698 0.668 0.832 0.475
   month-over-month % change -45.4% -2.2% -25.1% 8.5% -4.9% -28.8% 3.4% -2.8% -4.3%    
   year-over-year % change 76.4% -27.2% -42.9% 59.5% 29.3% -15.1% 15.6% 6.6% -2.1% 65.8% -42.9%
Office 1.342 2.150 0.618 1.796 2.005 1.370 2.302 2.376 2.224 2.438 0.618
   month-over-month % change -46.8% 60.2% -71.2% -5.2% 11.6% -31.7% -3.6% 3.2% -6.4%    
   year-over-year % change -43.8% 70.2% -74.6% -11.5% 14.1% -32.5% -6.7% -1.6% -6.9% -11.5% -74.6%
Governmental Offices 0.907 0.710 0.787 1.043 0.856 0.802 0.889 0.903 0.920 0.581 0.787
   month-over-month % change -4.7% -21.7% 10.8% -5.7% -17.9% -6.4% 2.7% 1.6% 1.9%    
   year-over-year % change 44.5% 31.2% 35.5% 46.5% 31.9% 37.4% -6.7% 2.5% 8.1% -38.2% 35.5%
Laboratories 0.175 0.233 0.201 0.242 0.204 0.203 0.261 0.253 0.266 0.044 0.201
   month-over-month % change -13.6% 33.1% -13.7% -5.1% -15.8% -0.2% 0.1% -3.1% 5.2%    
   year-over-year % change 1.8% -29.5% 358.8% 19.2% -16.1% 11.5% 11.2% 1.3% 9.3% -63.2% 358.8%
Warehouse 1.822 0.604 0.849 1.804 1.361 1.091 1.735 1.684 1.616 1.660 0.849
   month-over-month % change 9.8% -66.9% 40.6% 3.8% -24.5% -19.8% 2.4% -2.9% -4.0%    
   year-over-year % change 37.5% -50.1% -48.9% 11.2% -3.3% -21.9% -2.7% -6.3% -10.9% 13.7% -48.9%
Misc Commercial 0.710 0.416 1.143 0.632 0.560 0.756 1.212 1.028 1.027 1.149 1.143
   month-over-month % change 28.2% -41.3% 174.4% 22.3% -11.4% 35.1% 0.1% -15.2% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 2.5% -84.1% -0.6% -45.0% -68.8% -49.2% -15.9% -36.2% -35.3% -19.0% -0.6%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 8.851 7.589 6.581 9.908 8.966 7.674 10.980 10.790 10.429 10.911 6.581
   month-over-month % change -15.4% -14.3% -13.3% 0.9% -9.5% -14.4% -0.1% -1.7% -3.3%    
   year-over-year % change -1.5% -23.1% -39.7% -3.5% -12.2% -22.6% -7.5% -9.7% -13.0% 3.6% -39.7%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 0.905 3.427 2.627 1.911 2.344 2.319 2.668 2.907 3.029 1.166 2.627
   month-over-month % change -66.5% 278.8% -23.3% -40.1% 22.7% -1.1% -1.0% 9.0% 4.2%    
   year-over-year % change -26.0% 517.9% 125.3% -70.6% -23.1% 136.4% -15.2% -5.1% 6.9% -70.3% 125.3%
Religious 0.161 0.220 0.163 0.155 0.166 0.181 0.170 0.177 0.180 0.128 0.163
   month-over-month % change 39.2% 37.0% -26.0% -2.6% 6.6% 9.6% 2.4% 3.9% 1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 42.4% 56.6% 26.9% 1.2% 6.1% 42.4% -9.5% -5.5% -2.0% -26.5% 26.9%
Hosptials/Clinics 0.548 2.227 1.182 0.843 1.296 1.319 1.208 1.334 1.246 2.238 1.182
   month-over-month % change -50.7% 306.3% -46.9% -27.0% 53.6% 1.8% -2.9% 10.4% -6.6%    
   year-over-year % change -44.1% 211.0% -47.2% -17.3% 45.9% 0.6% -13.4% -3.7% -13.5% 41.6% -47.2%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.759 0.756 0.930 0.863 0.852 0.815 0.871 0.860 0.828 1.307 0.930
   month-over-month % change -27.1% -0.4% 23.0% 8.1% -1.3% -4.3% -3.8% -1.3% -3.7%    
   year-over-year % change -35.2% -15.4% -28.9% -17.8% -17.5% -27.5% -11.6% -13.3% -21.9% 166.3% -28.9%
Libraries/Museums 0.254 0.158 0.125 0.305 0.268 0.179 0.229 0.229 0.223 0.206 0.125
   month-over-month % change -35.3% -37.8% -20.9% 8.8% -12.1% -33.3% 4.0% -0.1% -2.9%    
   year-over-year % change 70.5% -1.1% -39.2% 34.3% 53.8% 4.4% -29.8% -23.2% -21.1% -48.9% -39.2%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.743 0.775 0.504 0.716 0.843 0.674 0.659 0.682 0.681 0.513 0.504
   month-over-month % change -26.4% 4.3% -34.9% -6.1% 17.6% -20.0% 3.7% 3.5% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 61.7% 55.9% -1.7% 16.7% 49.8% 37.6% -6.0% -3.1% 1.5% -43.1% -1.7%
Military 0.682 0.483 0.257 0.691 0.666 0.474 0.446 0.463 0.471 0.168 0.257
   month-over-month % change -18.1% -29.2% -46.9% 10.7% -3.5% -28.8% 3.8% 3.9% 1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 40.7% 75.3% 53.0% 8.4% 33.8% 53.2% 16.1% 16.5% 21.4% -42.1% 53.0%
Schools/Colleges 4.117 4.336 4.795 4.392 4.289 4.416 5.754 5.844 5.860 4.604 4.795
   month-over-month % change -6.7% 5.3% 10.6% -13.9% -2.4% 3.0% 0.6% 1.6% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 10.7% 33.4% 4.1% 1.0% 9.2% 14.5% -3.4% 1.0% 2.4% -14.4% 4.1%
Misc Government 0.675 0.532 0.490 0.866 0.634 0.566 0.889 0.889 0.842 1.051 0.490
   month-over-month % change -2.6% -21.2% -7.8% -2.1% -26.8% -10.7% -0.3% 0.0% -5.3%    
   year-over-year % change -4.9% -0.7% -53.3% 8.2% -7.2% -26.1% -3.9% -2.2% -9.5% 33.4% -53.3%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 7.939 9.487 8.446 8.831 9.013 8.624 10.227 10.478 10.331 10.216 8.446
   month-over-month % change -17.4% 19.5% -11.0% -9.5% 2.1% -4.3% 0.1% 2.5% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 2.0% 46.7% -17.3% -0.2% 13.7% 5.7% -5.8% -1.7% -3.3% 2.1% -17.3%
Misc Non Residential 0.488 0.347 0.375 0.563 0.496 0.403 0.588 0.581 0.561 0.611 0.375
   month-over-month % change -25.3% -29.0% 8.2% -0.7% -11.9% -18.7% -0.9% -1.2% -3.4%    
   year-over-year % change -11.7% -19.1% -38.6% -11.0% -5.8% -24.0% -10.3% -9.0% -13.4% 24.0% -38.6%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 18.183 20.849 18.030 21.213 20.819 19.021 24.462 24.757 24.351 22.904 18.030
   month-over-month % change -22.4% 14.7% -13.5% -9.1% -1.9% -8.6% -0.1% 1.2% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -1.9% 20.4% -21.3% -19.2% -4.1% -2.9% -7.8% -5.9% -6.9% -8.2% -21.3%
Airports 0.385 0.326 0.499 0.658 0.570 0.403 0.593 0.602 0.562 0.978 0.499
   month-over-month % change -61.5% -15.3% 53.0% -10.9% -13.4% -29.2% 0.0% 1.6% -6.6%    
   year-over-year % change -0.6% 52.8% -49.0% -67.7% -9.7% -23.3% -44.3% -42.4% -49.2% 326.7% -49.0%
Roads/Highways 4.200 3.519 3.734 4.338 4.021 3.818 5.208 5.299 5.295 3.778 3.734
   month-over-month % change -3.3% -16.2% 6.1% -15.3% -7.3% -5.0% 2.6% 1.7% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 59.0% 45.0% -1.1% 32.2% 44.5% 29.5% 15.0% 19.7% 20.1% -5.3% -1.1%
Bridges 1.696 1.781 1.702 2.093 1.801 1.726 1.991 2.003 1.983 1.942 1.702
   month-over-month % change -12.0% 5.0% -4.4% 5.2% -14.0% -4.1% 1.9% 0.6% -1.0%    
   year-over-year % change 35.6% 9.3% -12.3% 69.1% 41.9% 7.4% 18.1% 16.6% 13.4% 24.8% -12.3%
Dams/Marine 0.587 0.486 0.381 0.809 0.718 0.485 0.569 0.571 0.577 0.312 0.381
   month-over-month % change -45.7% -17.3% -21.7% -0.7% -11.2% -32.6% -0.7% 0.3% 1.0%    
   year-over-year % change -8.1% 4.4% 22.0% 62.2% 28.5% 2.6% 37.9% 34.6% 35.8% 1.8% 22.0%
Water/Sewage 2.008 2.002 2.732 2.111 2.137 2.247 2.432 2.454 2.443 2.866 2.732
   month-over-month % change -16.4% -0.3% 36.5% -1.9% 1.2% 5.2% 0.9% 0.9% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 14.1% 15.7% -4.7% 2.8% 11.0% 6.0% -11.9% -8.1% 1.7% -52.8% -4.7%
Misc Civil 3.124 0.834 0.736 2.748 2.168 1.565 2.622 2.635 2.510 2.240 0.736
   month-over-month % change 22.7% -73.3% -11.8% 38.6% -21.1% -27.8% -6.3% 0.5% -4.8%    
   year-over-year % change -40.2% 22.9% -67.1% -26.5% -15.9% -42.3% 18.6% 20.0% 8.3% 187.6% -67.1%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 12.000 8.948 9.784 12.757 11.415 10.244 13.415 13.565 13.370 12.116 9.784
   month-over-month % change -9.8% -25.4% 9.3% -0.3% -10.5% -10.3% 0.1% 1.1% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change 0.8% 25.2% -19.2% -0.7% 17.2% -1.4% 6.0% 8.7% 7.7% -6.3% -19.2%
GRAND TOTAL 49.770 48.356 45.749 56.677 53.158 47.958 62.084 62.469 61.489 57.513 45.749
   month-over-month % change -18.9% -2.8% -5.4% -7.0% -6.2% -9.8% -0.8% 0.6% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -11.0% 10.6% -20.5% -13.2% -4.4% -8.5% -5.5% -4.3% -5.5% -4.8% -20.5%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 30.183 29.797 27.814 33.971 32.234 29.265 37.877 38.321 37.721 35.019 27.814
   month-over-month % change -17.8% -1.3% -6.7% -6.0% -5.1% -9.2% -0.1% 1.2% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -0.9% 21.8% -20.6% -13.1% 2.5% -2.4% -3.3% -1.2% -2.2% -7.6% -20.6%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

Jan 2018 Jan 2019 % Change
Connecticut $111,685,191 $167,001,580 49.5%
Maine $54,130,318 $103,952,716 92.0%
Massachusetts $645,056,508 $494,552,456 -23.3%
New Hampshire $57,970,064 $224,415,510 287.1%
Rhode Island $170,045,775 $39,531,624 -76.8%
Vermont $45,258,756 $10,943,092 -75.8%
Total New England $1,084,146,612   $1,040,396,978   -4.0%
New Jersey $448,468,365 $394,786,321 -12.0%
New York $1,591,843,326 $1,697,721,272 6.7%
Pennsylvania $1,147,550,728 $1,511,454,582 31.7%
Total Middle Atlantic $3,187,862,419   $3,603,962,175   13.1%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $4,272,009,031   $4,644,359,153   8.7%
Illinois $573,659,582 $609,382,121 6.2%
Indiana $310,767,130 $458,178,905 47.4%
Michigan $457,723,631 $346,312,777 -24.3%
Ohio $1,802,892,324 $463,056,718 -74.3%
Wisconsin $618,979,587 $853,739,308 37.9%
Total East North Central $3,764,022,254   $2,730,669,829   -27.5%
Iowa $245,717,021 $165,123,383 -32.8%
Kansas $711,501,707 $305,068,664 -57.1%
Minnesota $497,572,387 $255,744,757 -48.6%
Missouri $932,454,273 $368,828,123 -60.4%
Nebraska $107,734,180 $348,077,760 223.1%
North Dakota $360,319,133 $49,950,482 -86.1%
South Dakota $176,802,417 $65,425,998 -63.0%
Total West North Central $3,032,101,118   $1,558,219,167   -48.6%
TOTAL MIDWEST $6,796,123,372   $4,288,888,996   -36.9%
Delaware $25,820,142 $54,124,635 109.6%
District of Columbia $55,708,656 $70,000,000 25.7%
Florida $2,146,860,485 $1,699,694,686 -20.8%
Georgia $900,822,278 $500,524,409 -44.4%
Maryland $1,082,831,503 $519,887,918 -52.0%
North Carolina $1,063,437,620 $885,084,880 -16.8%
South Carolina $717,370,481 $320,692,522 -55.3%
Virginia $513,404,778 $780,745,768 52.1%
West Virginia $75,171,168 $78,533,096 4.5%
Total South Atlantic $6,581,427,111   $4,909,287,914   -25.4%
Alabama $1,168,772,390 $656,240,853 -43.9%
Kentucky $320,424,952 $217,137,473 -32.2%
Mississippi $184,175,850 $142,291,150 -22.7%
Tennessee $703,702,026 $648,066,523 -7.9%
Total East South Central $2,377,075,218   $1,663,735,999   -30.0%
Arkansas $333,283,458 $186,342,364 -44.1%
Louisiana $1,349,697,549 $448,503,215 -66.8%
Oklahoma $1,050,572,989 $341,921,410 -67.5%
Texas $4,264,371,996 $4,987,835,018 17.0%
Total West South Central $6,997,925,992   $5,964,602,007   -14.8%
TOTAL SOUTH $15,956,428,321   $12,537,625,920   -21.4%
Arizona $1,081,820,008 $552,853,291 -48.9%
Colorado $443,230,507 $860,848,117 94.2%
Idaho $90,735,740 $104,520,107 15.2%
Montana $36,374,884 $26,061,358 -28.4%
Nevada $333,055,485 $434,514,825 30.5%
New Mexico $234,917,433 $93,997,856 -60.0%
Utah $1,008,772,483 $160,750,818 -84.1%
Wyoming $29,828,812 $35,641,119 19.5%
Total Mountain $3,258,735,352   $2,269,187,491   -30.4%
Alaska $143,734,449 $53,230,560 -63.0%
California $3,375,677,020 $2,660,676,857 -21.2%
Hawaii $199,122,291 $605,887,581 204.3%
Oregon $301,362,568 $240,084,271 -20.3%
Washington $716,186,770 $514,234,913 -28.2%
Total Pacific $4,736,083,098   $4,074,114,182   -14.0%
TOTAL WEST $7,994,818,450   $6,343,301,673   -20.7%
TOTAL U.S. $35,019,379,174   $27,814,175,742   -20.6%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.