After Two Weak Opening Months, Starts Deliver Upbeat Change in March

After disappointing ‘groundbreaking’ results in the first two months of 2019, March delivered a solidly upbeat change. ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $35.0 billion (green shaded box, Table 3 below), an increase of +42.6% versus February, and way above the usual gain as winter makes way for spring.

A Second Month of Construction Starts Weakness Early in 2019 Graphic

Much of the credit for the surge in starts, month-to-month, goes to initiations of work on several projects with estimated values higher than a billion dollars each (See Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – March 2019.).

While the four recent mega project start-ups helped in March’s comparison with February, they still couldn’t lift March 2019 enough to match the same month of last year, which included a $5.5 billion pipeline project. March 2019 nonresidential starts relative to March 2018 were -16.5%.

This latest month, however, was quite close to the ‘norm’ for March in the preceding five years. Compared with the average for March from 2014 through 2018, March 2019 underperformed only slightly, -1.7%.

 
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Year-to-date nonresidential starts are now -14.1% compared with the same period of last year (i.e., Q1 2019 versus Q1 2018).    

‘Smoothed’ Series:

Since large project initiations can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 4 below.

On a 12-month moving average basis, March 2019’s total nonresidential starts were -0.5% compared with the previous 12 months (i.e., April 2018-to-March 2019 vs April 2017-to-March 2018). Type-of-structure subcategory starts on the same 12-month moving average basis in March 2019 were: commercial, -5.5; industrial, +22.2%; institutional, -1.1%; and engineering, +0.2%.

‘Smoothed’ grand total starts, which include residential activity, were -3.5%, as residential work showed weakness, -7.9%. Within residential, it was the apartment/condo market (-20.3%) that caught the hiccups far more than the single-family segment (-1.3%)

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator:     

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor are they altered for inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for February, was 59%; the latter’s share was 41%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (March 2019) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (February 2019).

Construction Overview:

According to the latest Employment Situation report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the U.S. construction sector’s record of employment in the first three months of this year has been varied to say the least: +56,000 jobs in January; -25,000 in February; and +16,000 in March. The monthly average of ‘hard hat’ hiring through the first quarter of this year was +16,000, down by more than half versus the +36,000 figure for Q1 of last year.

Construction has re-taken top spot for fastest year-over-year growth in employment among major industrial sectors. Its +3.4% in March edged out transportation and warehousing’s +3.3%. Also, construction added to payrolls at twice the speed of manufacturing (+1.7%).

Construction’s NSA unemployment rate in the latest month was a tight 5.2%, a full percentage point better than February’s 6.2% and a marked improvement versus March 2018’s 7.4%. (The national jobless rate is 3.9% NSA, but the figure more commonly quoted is 3.8% SA.)   

March 2019’s year-over-year staffing changes in other segments of the economy important to construction were as follows: ‘machinery and equipment rental’, +8.6%; ‘oil and gas extraction’, +6.9%; ‘architectural and engineering services’, +3.6%; ‘real estate firms’, +2.6%; ‘building material and supplies dealers’, -1.3%; and ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing’, -1.4%;

Month-to-Month (m/m), Year-over-Year (y/y) and Year-to-Date (ytd) Results:

The sizable m/m leap upwards of +42.6% in total nonresidential starts in March was led by commercial, +83.3%, with all the other subcategories also showing good gains: industrial, +52.1%; institutional, +37.4%; and heavy engineering/civil, +21.5%.

March 2019’s y/y total nonresidential starts decline of -16.5% (i.e., versus March 2018) originated in the engineering (-44.4%) and institutional (-12.0%) subcategories, as commercial (+13.6%), and to a greater extent, industrial (+184.5%), both beat their year-prior performances.

The latest month’s total nonresidential starts drop year to date (ytd) of -14.1% was due to engineering (-25.0%), commercial (-18.9%) and institutional (-11.5%) pullbacks that were not fully compensated by industrial’s level more than doubling (+113.7%).   

Year-to-date (ytd) for Subsectors:

‘Road/highway’ starts have accounted for the largest share (39%) of engineering work so far this year. Street starts in March 2019 were -26.6% y/y and -11.7% ytd, but +47.9% m/m. ‘Water/sewage’ and ‘bridge’ starts have made up the second and third largest slices of engineering starts to-date in 2019 (22% and 19% respectively). The former, in the latest month, was -3.8% y/y and -0.3% m/m, but +1.1% ytd; the latter was -37.7% y/y, -31.0% m/m and -10.3% ytd.

‘Private office building’ starts have constituted a quarter of commercial starts so far this year. In March, extra office space starts were -28.9% ytd, but +135.0% y/y and +429.4% m/m. As set out in the Top 10 list, a $2.5 billion data center in Georgia provided a great deal of lift to private office space starts in March.

‘Hotel/motel’ starts were one-fifth of commercial starts in Q1. Accommodation’s percentage change numbers in March were -9.7% ytd, but +29.1% y/y and +53.4% m/m. ‘Warehouse’ and  ‘retail/shopping’ accounted for nearly equal third- and fourth-place shares of commercial in Q1 (14% and 13% respectively). ‘Retail/shopping’ in March was down across the board: -46.6% y/y; -32.3% ytd; and -16.5% m/m. ‘Warehouse’ was a little better: -22.4% ytd; -18.0% y/y; but +27.3% m/m.

With a 58% share of institutional, ‘school/college’ starts were a dominant force in Q1. In March, educational facility groundbreakings were -18.6% y/y and -7.3% ytd, but +34.2% m/m. ‘Medical facility’ starts, as a combination of ‘hospitals/clinics’, ‘nursing/assisted living’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’, were about one-quarter (24%) of institutional in Q1. The broad medical category metrics in March were -24.6% ytd and -5.5% y/y, but +38.6% m/m. As a subset, ‘hospital/clinic’ starts in the latest month were -24.8% ytd, but +50.8% y/y and +151.4% m/m. 

Trend Graphs, Earnings and JOLTS:

The Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – March 2019 sets out 12-month moving average trend graphs for key type-of-structure categories. Many of the curves have been flattening out of late, although ‘retail’ continues to descend dramatically. The big plunge in ‘miscellaneous civil’ starts in the latest month was because March 2018’s multi-billion-dollar pipeline project has just dropped out of the moving 12-month average calculation.

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls; B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

In March, the eight percentage changes were all spaced in a remarkably narrow range from +3.0% to +3.6%. There have been improvements in compensation over the past couple of years, but the progress has been slow and construction workers have fared neither worse nor better than their compatriots throughout the labor force.

Job openings Graph 1 below, derived from the Census Bureau’s JOLTS report, highlights why the inertia in wage gains is surprising. Job openings, as both a level and a rate, are at historical highs. Meanwhile, the construction ‘hires’ level (Graph 2), from the same JOLTS report, is barely on an incline, while the construction ‘hires’ rate continues to be flat. Reducing the gap between ‘openings’ and ‘hires’ may soon require heftier monetary incentives.  

Graph 1: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of ‘construction employment plus number of job openings’.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for Feb. 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of hires during month as % of construction employment.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for Feb. 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Further on Costing and Grand Total Starts:

Further on costing, March 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index’, +3.1% (down from +4.2% in February); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports’, +2.7% (up from +2.4% in February); and ‘final demand construction’, +4.9% (about even with +4.8% in February).

The value of construction starts each month is summarized from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models.

ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are ultra-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were +18.8% m/m; -9.4% y/y and -10.4% ytd. (The multi-family market so far in 2019, at -28.2% ytd, has fallen into a bigger pothole than the single-family market, -2.5% ytd). ‘Grand total’ construction starts in March were +32.3% m/m; -13.9% y/y and -12.7% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package – March 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. – March 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs – March 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
MARCH 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

% Change % Change % Change
Jan-MAR 19 Jan-MAR 19 vs  MAR 19 vs MAR 19 vs
($ billions) Jan-MAR 18 MAR 18 FEB 19
           
Hotel/Motel 4.824 -9.7% 29.1% 53.4%
Retail 3.296 -32.3% -46.6% -16.5%
Parking Garage 0.729 46.7% 154.2% 320.3%
Amusement 1.227 -37.8% -46.2% -3.6%
Private Office  6.093 -28.9% 135.0% 429.4%
Government Office 2.043 6.3% 33.2% 2.9%
Laboratory 0.554 32.5% -14.4% 292.5%
Warehouse 3.521 -22.4% -18.0% 27.3%
Miscellaneous Commercial* 2.357 5.1% -49.2% 64.5%
COMMERCIAL 24.645 -18.9% 13.6% 83.3%
     
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 8.680 113.7% 184.5% 52.1%
     
Religious 0.360 -12.9% -43.1%   115.3%
Hospital/Clinic 3.047 -24.8% 50.8%   151.4%
Nursing/Assisted Living 2.244 -17.6% -28.6%   -32.1%
Library/Museum 0.680 41.4% 142.5%   267.5%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 1.264 4.5% 10.0%   38.4%
Military 0.819 4.0% -12.1%   -18.6%
School/College 13.734 -7.3% -18.6%   34.2%
Miscellaneous Government 1.494 -32.8% -45.1%   35.7%
INSTITUTIONAL 23.641 -11.5% -12.0%   37.4%
       
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 1.405 -15.7% -21.0%   -10.4%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 58.371 -7.1% 11.1%   55.9%
       
Airport 1.975 -10.4% 29.6%   224.9%
Road/Highway 12.084 -11.7% -26.6%   47.9%
Bridge 5.789 -10.3% -37.7%   -31.0%
Dam/Marine 1.048 9.0% 6.4%   1.4%
Water/Sewage 6.897 1.1% -3.8%   -0.3%
Miscellaneous Civil 2.990 -72.6% -83.2%   41.4%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 30.783 -25.0% -44.4%   21.5%
     
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 89.154 -14.1% -16.5% 42.6%

*Includes transportation terminals and sports arenas.

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION
– MARCH 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

  % Change     % Change % Change
Jan-Mar 19 Jan-Mar 19 vs     Mar 19 vs Nar 19 vs
($ billions) Jan-Mar 18     Mar 18 Feb 19
           
Summary      
CIVIL 30.783 -25.0%     -44.4% 21.5%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 58.371 -7.1%     11.1% 55.9%
RESIDENTIAL   61.075 -10.4%     -9.4% 18.8%
GRAND TOTAL   150.229 -12.7%     -13.9% 32.3%
 
Verticals  
Airport 1.975 -10.4%     29.6% 224.9%
All Other Civil 2.560 -64.8%     -79.0% 99.8%
Bridges 5.789 -10.3%     -37.7% -31.0%
Dams / Canals / Marine Work 1.048 9.0%     6.4% 1.4%
Power Infrastructure 0.430 -88.1%     -97.5% -84.7%
Roads 12.084 -11.7%     -26.6% 47.9%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 6.897 1.1%     -3.8% -0.3%
CIVIL     30.783 -25.0%     -44.4% 21.5%
Offices (private) 6.093 -28.9%     135.0% 429.4%
Parking Garages 0.729 46.7%     154.2% 320.3%
  Transportation Terminals 0.724 -26.0%     -58.3% 176.5%
Commercial (small subset) 7.546 -24.9%     97.0% 398.7%
Amusement 1.227 -37.8%     -46.2% -3.6%
Libraries / Museums 0.680 41.4%     142.5% 267.5%
Religious 0.360 -12.9%     -43.1% 115.3%
  Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 1.634 29.2%     -39.9% 27.6%
Community 3.901 -5.6%     -23.4% 53.2%
College / University 4.212 -8.9%     -4.0% 25.3%
Elementary / Pre School 3.731 -4.2%     -7.2% 57.0%
Jr / Sr High School 5.316 -8.0%     -38.9% 19.2%
  Special / Vocational 0.475 -8.9%     145.9% 115.9%
Educational 13.734 -7.3%     -18.6% 34.2%
Courthouses 0.246 59.8%     -31.4% -52.7%
Fire and Police Stations 0.556 9.2%     21.6% 26.8%
Government Offices 2.043 6.3%     33.2% 2.9%
  Prisons 0.462 -15.5%     16.7% 238.1%
Government 3.307 5.6%     23.1% 14.3%
Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 0.554 32.5%     -14.4% 292.5%
Manufacturing 8.680 113.7%     184.5% 52.1%
  Warehouses 3.521 -22.4%     -18.0% 27.3%
Industrial 12.756 41.5%     63.1% 50.0%
Hospitals / Clinics 3.047 -24.8%     50.8% 151.4%
Medical Misc. 1.494 -32.8%     -45.1% 35.7%
  Nursing Homes 2.244 -17.6%     -28.6% -32.1%
Medical   6.784 -24.6%     -5.5% 38.6%
Military   0.819 4.0%     -12.1% -18.6%
Hotels 4.824 -9.7%     29.1% 53.4%
Retail Misc. 1.405 -15.7%     -21.0% -10.4%
    Shopping 3.296 -32.3%     -46.6% -16.5%
  Retail   9.525 -19.8%     -13.1% 15.2%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 58.371 -7.1%     11.1% 55.9%
Multi-Family 15.150 -28.2%     -25.7% 0.4%
    Single-Family 45.925 -2.5%     -2.9% 25.9%
RESIDENTIAL   61.075 -10.4%     -9.4% 18.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL 89.154 -14.1%     -16.5% 42.6%
GRAND TOTAL   150.229 -12.7%     -13.9% 32.3%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s online product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES
NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – MARCH 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
    3-months 12-months JAN-MAR JAN-MAR
JAN 19 FEB 19 MAR 19 JAN 19 FEB 19 MAR 19 JAN 19 FEB 19 MAR 19 2018 2019
Single Family 15.527 13.458 16.940 13.841 13.834 15.308 16.929 16.790 16.748 47.084 45.925
   month-over-month % change 24.1% -13.3% 25.9% -3.2% 0.0% 10.7% 0.5% -0.8% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 7.0% -11.0% -2.9% -4.5% -2.6% -2.5% 0.7% -0.6% -1.3% 8.5% -2.5%
Apartment 4.795 5.168 5.187 6.353 5.716 5.050 7.357 7.276 7.127 21.090 15.150
   month-over-month % change -33.3% 7.8% 0.4% -16.1% -10.0% -11.7% -3.5% -1.1% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change -39.9% -15.7% -25.7% -19.7% -16.0% -28.2% -24.0% -22.7% -20.3% -33.5% -28.2%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 20.323 18.625 22.127 20.193 19.550 20.358 24.285 24.066 23.875 68.174 61.075
   month-over-month % change 3.2% -8.4% 18.8% -7.7% -3.2% 4.1% -0.7% -0.9% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -9.7% -12.4% -9.4% -9.9% -6.9% -10.4% -8.3% -8.5% -7.9% -9.2% -10.4%
Hotel/Motel 1.339 1.376 2.110 1.633 1.489 1.608 2.105 2.091 2.131 5.341 4.824
   month-over-month % change -23.6% 2.8% 53.4% -15.1% -8.8% 8.0% -3.2% -0.7% 1.9%    
   year-over-year % change -38.0% -11.0% 29.1% -8.8% -11.5% -9.7% -13.5% -10.6% 1.3% -39.0% -9.7%
Retail 1.055 1.221 1.020 0.987 1.048 1.099 1.411 1.419 1.345 4.867 3.296
   month-over-month % change 21.7% 15.7% -16.5% -1.3% 6.2% 4.9% -4.4% 0.6% -5.2%    
   year-over-year % change -42.4% 8.5% -46.6% -31.8% -23.3% -32.3% -16.4% -11.7% -17.5% -8.2% -32.3%
Parking Garages 0.230 0.096 0.403 0.313 0.214 0.243 0.233 0.231 0.251 0.497 0.729
   month-over-month % change -27.4% -58.2% 320.3% 6.8% -31.6% 13.6% 0.6% -1.0% 8.8%    
   year-over-year % change 7.3% -22.7% 154.2% 1.0% -27.9% 46.7% -21.5% -23.0% -8.2% -31.3% 46.7%
Amusement 0.571 0.334 0.322 0.668 0.518 0.409 0.687 0.670 0.647 1.975 1.227
   month-over-month % change -12.1% -41.4% -3.6% -24.1% -22.4% -21.0% -3.1% -2.5% -3.4%    
   year-over-year % change -31.4% -38.5% -46.2% -3.2% -30.8% -37.8% 0.8% -1.3% -4.6% 16.7% -37.8%
Office 1.184 0.780 4.129 1.634 1.427 2.031 2.308 2.008 2.205 8.573 6.093
   month-over-month % change -48.9% -34.1% 429.4% -22.6% -12.6% 42.3% -4.3% -13.0% 9.8%    
   year-over-year % change -51.4% -82.2% 135.0% -19.5% -47.0% -28.9% -3.4% -11.8% 0.2% -22.9% -28.9%
Governmental Offices 0.683 0.670 0.690 0.769 0.689 0.681 0.903 0.890 0.904 1.922 2.043
   month-over-month % change -4.4% -1.9% 2.9% -10.3% -10.4% -1.2% 1.0% -1.4% 1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 17.6% -18.6% 33.2% 31.9% 6.3% 6.3% 6.1% 0.9% 10.8% -28.8% 6.3%
Laboratories 0.187 0.075 0.293 0.176 0.169 0.185 0.258 0.262 0.258 0.418 0.554
   month-over-month % change -23.8% -60.1% 292.5% 0.5% -4.2% 9.3% 4.8% 1.3% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 326.3% 127.9% -14.4% -3.2% 24.5% 32.5% 6.2% 13.2% 6.2% -16.1% 32.5%
Warehouse 1.219 1.013 1.289 1.241 0.951 1.174 1.706 1.682 1.658 4.536 3.521
   month-over-month % change 96.5% -16.9% 27.3% -16.4% -23.4% 23.4% -2.1% -1.4% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change -26.6% -22.2% -18.0% -11.3% -31.6% -22.4% -6.0% -5.5% -3.2% -18.3% -22.4%
Misc Commercial 1.570 0.298 0.490 0.932 0.792 0.786 1.073 1.087 1.047 2.242 2.357
   month-over-month % change 209.1% -81.0% 64.5% 57.2% -15.0% -0.8% 3.4% 1.3% -3.6%    
   year-over-year % change 36.6% 130.7% -49.2% -37.4% -39.1% 5.1% -32.5% -29.5% -25.2% -53.0% 5.1%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 8.038 5.862 10.745 8.352 7.297 8.215 10.684 10.339 10.447 30.371 24.645
   month-over-month % change 0.6% -27.1% 83.3% -10.4% -12.6% 12.6% -2.2% -3.2% 1.0%    
   year-over-year % change -26.3% -41.4% 13.6% -15.8% -28.9% -18.9% -10.9% -11.1% -5.5% -26.1% -18.9%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 2.689 2.377 3.615 2.382 2.847 2.893 3.069 3.132 3.327 4.062 8.680
   month-over-month % change -22.7% -11.6% 52.1% -2.2% 19.5% 1.6% 4.3% 2.0% 6.2%    
   year-over-year % change 130.5% 46.2% 184.5% 142.8% 155.3% 113.7% 8.3% 8.1% 22.2% -50.0% 113.7%
Religious 0.201 0.050 0.109 0.200 0.161 0.120 0.184 0.180 0.173 0.414 0.360
   month-over-month % change -13.0% -74.9% 115.3% 15.8% -19.6% -25.4% 3.4% -2.0% -3.8%    
   year-over-year % change 56.4% -46.3% -43.1% 57.1% 32.9% -12.9% 0.3% 0.5% -5.5% -10.0% -12.9%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.252 0.511 1.284 1.440 1.421 1.016 1.278 1.240 1.276 4.053 3.047
   month-over-month % change -49.9% -59.2% 151.4% 3.4% -1.3% -28.5% -6.0% -2.9% 2.9%    
   year-over-year % change -44.1% -47.0% 50.8% 9.8% 8.8% -24.8% -11.3% -11.8% -4.2% -13.5% -24.8%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.897 0.802 0.544 0.842 0.855 0.748 0.843 0.855 0.837 2.724 2.244
   month-over-month % change 3.7% -10.6% -32.1% -7.8% 1.6% -12.5% -3.9% 1.5% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change -31.4% 22.4% -28.6% -25.1% -10.2% -17.6% -20.5% -16.6% -18.8% 20.7% -17.6%
Libraries/Museums 0.208 0.101 0.370 0.200 0.156 0.227 0.232 0.230 0.248 0.481 0.680
   month-over-month % change 31.9% -51.6% 267.5% -23.0% -22.2% 45.5% 0.1% -0.8% 7.9%    
   year-over-year % change 1.3% -17.4% 142.5% 16.7% -4.2% 41.4% -17.9% -19.8% -5.1% -48.1% 41.4%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.511 0.316 0.437 0.671 0.532 0.421 0.682 0.683 0.686 1.209 1.264
   month-over-month % change -33.4% -38.3% 38.4% -20.9% -20.7% -20.7% 0.0% 0.2% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change -0.3% 5.5% 10.0% 36.9% 21.8% 4.5% 1.6% 19.5% 20.7% -57.2% 4.5%
Military 0.255 0.311 0.253 0.469 0.349 0.273 0.449 0.447 0.444 0.787 0.819
   month-over-month % change -47.3% 22.1% -18.6% -29.1% -25.5% -21.9% 1.6% -0.4% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 51.7% -6.1% -12.1% 51.6% 35.3% 4.0% 15.8% 9.6% 6.6% 39.9% 4.0%
Schools/Colleges 4.743 3.839 5.152 4.407 4.270 4.578 5.871 5.867 5.769 14.821 13.734
   month-over-month % change 12.2% -19.1% 34.2% 2.3% -3.1% 7.2% 0.2% -0.1% -1.7%    
   year-over-year % change 3.0% -1.3% -18.6% 14.2% 9.1% -7.3% 2.6% 2.3% 0.6% -4.0% -7.3%
Misc Government 0.761 0.311 0.422 0.743 0.584 0.498 0.898 0.890 0.861 2.222 1.494
   month-over-month % change 12.0% -59.2% 35.7% 2.3% -21.4% -14.7% -2.6% -0.9% -3.2%    
   year-over-year % change -27.5% -23.0% -45.1% -3.0% -12.0% -32.8% -3.6% 0.5% -2.0% -14.2% -32.8%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 8.829 6.241 8.572 8.972 8.328 7.880 10.436 10.393 10.296 26.712 23.641
   month-over-month % change -10.9% -29.3% 37.4% -3.4% -7.2% -5.4% -1.1% -0.4% -0.9%    
   year-over-year % change -13.6% -7.6% -12.0% 10.0% 6.6% -11.5% -2.3% -1.0% -1.1% -10.2% -11.5%
Misc Non Residential 0.385 0.538 0.482 0.416 0.428 0.468 0.570 0.578 0.567 1.667 1.405
   month-over-month % change 6.4% 39.7% -10.4% -18.3% 2.9% 9.3% -3.2% 1.3% -1.8%    
   year-over-year % change -36.9% 20.5% -21.0% -21.5% -13.5% -15.7% -12.0% -10.7% -12.4% 7.4% -15.7%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 19.940 15.018 23.413 20.123 18.900 19.457 24.760 24.442 24.637 62.812 58.371
   month-over-month % change -8.3% -24.7% 55.9% -6.6% -6.1% 2.9% -1.0% -1.3% 0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -12.9% -20.3% 11.1% 2.7% -4.0% -7.1% -5.3% -4.8% -0.8% -22.0% -7.1%
Airports 0.495 0.348 1.132 0.402 0.388 0.658 0.558 0.558 0.579 2.204 1.975
   month-over-month % change 54.4% -29.6% 224.9% -28.2% -3.5% 69.7% -6.7% -0.1% 3.9%    
   year-over-year % change -49.4% -1.2% 29.6% -23.7% -24.7% -10.4% -49.6% -43.4% -40.2% -29.2% -10.4%
Roads/Highways 3.635 3.408 5.040 3.737 3.500 4.028 5.266 5.297 5.145 13.687 12.084
   month-over-month % change 5.2% -6.2% 47.9% -5.4% -6.3% 15.1% -0.2% 0.6% -2.9%    
   year-over-year % change -3.8% 12.2% -26.6% 26.7% 13.6% -11.7% 19.5% 23.5% 15.8% 1.6% -11.7%
Bridges 1.708 2.414 1.666 1.727 1.963 1.930 1.983 2.031 1.947 6.451 5.789
   month-over-month % change -3.4% 41.3% -31.0% -4.3% 13.7% -1.7% -1.0% 2.4% -4.1%    
   year-over-year % change -12.0% 31.6% -37.7% 7.4% 9.0% -10.3% 13.3% 12.9% 11.0% 7.3% -10.3%
Dams/Marine 0.378 0.333 0.337 0.484 0.400 0.349 0.560 0.560 0.562 0.962 1.048
   month-over-month % change -22.7% -12.0% 1.4% -32.7% -17.4% -12.7% 1.0% 0.0% 0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 21.2% 0.0% 6.4% 2.6% 8.1% 9.0% 31.9% 27.4% 26.7% 32.0% 9.0%
Water/Sewage 2.702 2.101 2.095 2.299 2.275 2.299 2.451 2.478 2.471 6.824 6.897
   month-over-month % change 33.5% -22.2% -0.3% 4.6% -1.0% 1.0% -0.6% 1.1% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -5.8% 18.1% -3.8% 8.5% 7.1% 1.1% 2.0% 5.8% 5.8% -37.1% 1.1%
Misc Civil 0.713 0.943 1.334 1.603 0.842 0.997 2.521 2.541 1.989 10.900 2.990
   month-over-month % change -18.1% 32.3% 41.4% -27.5% -47.5% 18.3% -4.8% 0.8% -21.7%    
   year-over-year % change -68.2% 34.2% -83.2% -40.9% -30.2% -72.6% 8.8% 15.2% -26.9% 136.4% -72.6%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 9.631 9.547 11.605 10.252 9.369 10.261 13.340 13.465 12.693 41.027 30.783
   month-over-month % change 7.9% -0.9% 21.5% -10.4% -8.6% 9.5% -1.5% 0.9% -5.7%    
   year-over-year % change -20.5% 18.7% -44.4% -1.3% 3.0% -25.0% 7.5% 11.6% 0.2% 5.8% -25.0%
GRAND TOTAL 49.894 43.190 57.145 50.568 47.819 50.076 62.385 61.973 61.205 172.013 150.229
   month-over-month % change -1.0% -13.4% 32.3% -7.8% -5.4% 4.7% -1.0% -0.7% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -13.3% -10.3% -13.9% -3.5% -4.0% -12.7% -4.1% -3.2% -3.5% -11.5% -12.7%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 29.571 24.565 35.018 30.375 28.270 29.718 38.100 37.907 37.330 103.839 89.154
   month-over-month % change -3.6% -16.9% 42.6% -7.9% -6.9% 5.1% -1.2% -0.5% -1.5%    
   year-over-year % change -15.6% -8.6% -16.5% 1.3% -1.8% -14.1% -1.2% 0.4% -0.5% -13.0% -14.1%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

JAN-MAR 2018 JAN-MAR 2019 % Change
Connecticut $692,056,831 $1,330,807,837 92.3%
Maine $202,489,845 $395,315,754 95.2%
Massachusetts $1,430,944,240 $1,886,338,849 31.8%
New Hampshire $135,220,105 $347,725,446 157.2%
Rhode Island $350,727,002 $204,275,417 -41.8%
Vermont $113,472,639 $38,370,561 -66.2%
Total New England $2,924,910,662   $4,202,833,864   43.7%
New Jersey $1,178,643,605 $1,250,863,530 6.1%
New York $4,573,327,538 $4,192,234,638 -8.3%
Pennsylvania $2,906,130,595 $3,196,382,870 10.0%
Total Middle Atlantic $8,658,101,738   $8,639,481,038   -0.2%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $11,583,012,400   $12,842,314,902   10.9%
Illinois $2,422,345,040 $2,754,161,452 13.7%
Indiana $1,771,694,565 $1,219,380,029 -31.2%
Michigan $1,818,008,996 $1,120,323,453 -38.4%
Ohio $3,538,835,671 $1,787,594,100 -49.5%
Wisconsin $1,462,242,416 $1,902,932,271 30.1%
Total East North Central $11,013,126,688   $8,784,391,305   -20.2%
Iowa $1,064,445,353 $674,923,229 -36.6%
Kansas $1,184,276,611 $880,935,461 -25.6%
Minnesota $1,298,166,572 $976,865,327 -24.8%
Missouri $2,358,785,201 $1,600,754,374 -32.1%
Nebraska $531,752,328 $660,342,380 24.2%
North Dakota $463,775,543 $141,702,457 -69.4%
South Dakota $444,534,804 $273,405,603 -38.5%
Total West North Central $7,345,736,412   $5,208,928,831   -29.1%
TOTAL MIDWEST $18,358,863,100   $13,993,320,136   -23.8%
Delaware $244,356,076 $162,166,177 -33.6%
District of Columbia $802,145,384 $322,876,242 -59.7%
Florida $6,907,763,967 $6,177,172,980 -10.6%
Georgia $2,665,296,720 $4,440,515,199 66.6%
Maryland $2,096,104,203 $1,588,670,881 -24.2%
North Carolina $3,019,825,943 $2,825,737,797 -6.4%
South Carolina $1,581,996,677 $1,219,888,596 -22.9%
Virginia $3,117,081,568 $2,139,863,518 -31.4%
West Virginia $5,732,673,227 $433,232,891 -92.4%
Total South Atlantic $26,167,243,765   $19,310,124,281   -26.2%
Alabama $1,868,943,749 $3,948,802,883 111.3%
Kentucky $890,265,696 $749,962,885 -15.8%
Mississippi $557,078,982 $661,553,074 18.8%
Tennessee $1,573,915,885 $1,665,641,790 5.8%
Total East South Central $4,890,204,312   $7,025,960,632   43.7%
Arkansas $884,768,286 $496,293,869 -43.9%
Louisiana $1,861,977,980 $1,221,850,949 -34.4%
Oklahoma $1,707,113,152 $1,673,094,845 -2.0%
Texas $12,832,323,259 $12,858,091,074 0.2%
Total West South Central $17,286,182,677   $16,249,330,737   -6.0%
TOTAL SOUTH $48,343,630,754   $42,585,415,650   -11.9%
Arizona $2,052,377,292 $1,559,785,833 -24.0%
Colorado $1,590,449,796 $2,759,223,373 73.5%
Idaho $362,060,927 $334,501,042 -7.6%
Montana $355,593,229 $232,993,793 -34.5%
Nevada $1,907,939,399 $1,884,039,728 -1.3%
New Mexico $513,125,581 $286,226,213 -44.2%
Utah $1,859,378,598 $836,771,983 -55.0%
Wyoming $239,916,461 $128,894,119 -46.3%
Total Mountain $8,880,841,283   $8,022,436,084   -9.7%
Alaska $344,740,097 $136,179,928 -60.5%
California $11,739,552,214 $8,500,802,041 -27.6%
Hawaii $707,161,342 $710,291,820 0.4%
Oregon $1,562,590,868 $1,174,600,568 -24.8%
Washington $2,318,974,829 $1,188,739,701 -48.7%
Total Pacific $16,673,019,350   $11,710,614,058   -29.8%
TOTAL WEST $25,553,860,633   $19,733,050,142   -22.8%
TOTAL U.S. $103,839,366,887   $89,154,100,830   -14.1%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

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