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By: Alex Carrick on February 14th, 2020

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January’s Nonresidential Construction Starts -14% M/M and -11% YTD

Economic News | Industry Snapshot | alex carrick

Assessing January Starts is Always a Challenge

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $29.7 billion (green shaded box, Table 3 below), -14.0% versus December 2019’s figure of $34.5 billion (originally reported as $34.0 billion). The decline was greater than the usual step back due to seasonality of -10.0%. ‘Seasonality’ refers to increases or decreases in activity due to favorable or unfavorable weather. Winter qualifies as unfavorable.

January’s Nonresidential Construction Starts -14% M/M and -11% Ytd Graphic

On average, January’s drop relative to December during the most recent five years, from 2015 to 2019, was -6.1%. January is a unique month. It stands alone at the beginning of the year. Based on what has happened previously, most of the shortfall of -6.1% versus prior-five-year-average will likely be recovered as upward revisions to January are made in later months of 2020.


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A mega project carries an estimated value of one billion or more. In 2019, ‘megas’ became more prominent in the ‘starts’ statistics. In January 2020, there was only one such project, a ‘people mover’ at Los Angeles airport ‒ i.e., an ‘elevated guideway train system’ as it is described online by LAX.

January 2020 nonresidential starts versus January 2019 were -10.9%. Usually, at this point in the commentary, year-to-date results are featured. But again, January’s unique status comes to the fore. January and year to date are one and the same.

‘Smoothed’ Series ‒ Grand Total +5.2%

Since large project groundbreakings can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 3 below.

On a 12-month moving average basis, January 2020’s total nonresidential starts were +9.7% versus the previous 12 months (i.e., February-2019-to-January-2020 vs February-2018-to-January-2019). Type-of-structure subcategory starts on the same 12-month-over-prior-12-month basis in January 2020 were: commercial, +3.1%; industrial, +31.4%; institutional, -0.2%; and engineering, +18.3%.

The ‘smoothed’ grand total of starts, which includes residential, was +5.2% in January. As for residential activity, it was -2.0% on a 12-month moving average basis, with more of the drag coming from the multi-family segment (-5.2%) than the single-family market (-0.5%).

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator     

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor have they been altered to remove the effects of price changes, otherwise known as inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report for December 2019 was 60%; the latter’s was 40%. ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (January 2020) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (December 2019).

Construction Overview – Big Jump in Jobs, Just Like January 2019

U.S. total construction employment in January was +44,000 jobs versus December’s level. While the +44,000 compares favorably with the monthly average of only +12,000 achieved throughout last year, it loses luster when held up against January 2019’s figure of +50,000. January 2019’s strength, however, did not hold for the remainder of the year. Particularly in the second half of 2019, there were many instances of weak month-to-month change.

Among major sectors of the economy, construction’s year-over-year jobs growth in January 2020 was tied for second place with ‘transportation and warehousing’ and ‘leisure and hospitality’ at +1.9%. ‘Education and health’ claimed top spot at +2.6%. Total U.S. employment was +1.4%. Construction’s NSA unemployment rate in the latest month was 5.4%, up from December 2019’s 5.0%, but an improvement on January 2019’s level of 6.4%.

The latest year-over-year job count changes in other corners of the economy with close ties to construction have been: ‘oil and gas extraction,’ +11.2%; ‘machinery and equipment rental,’ +7.6%; ‘real estate activities,’ +3.0%;  ‘architectural and engineering services,’ +2.0%; ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing,’ +1.8%; and ‘building material and supplies dealers,’ +1.4%.

M/M & Y/Y Results ― Commercial Starts Surprise on the Upside

The -14.0% contraction in total nonresidential starts month-over-month (m/m) in January 2020 was caused by big slides in the industrial (-52.7%) and heavy engineering (-29.0%) categories, along with a quieter pullback in institutional (-12.9%). Commercial (+20.9%) achieved uplift.

As for the -10.9% drop in total nonresidential starts in latest January versus year-ago January (y/y), industrial (-81.5%) and institutional (-26.5%) were the culprits, as heavy engineering made a positive contribution (+13.9%) and commercial was a bit better than flat (+1.9%)

Share Increases for 3 Key Subcategories

With a 29% share, the subcategory making the biggest contribution to engineering starts in January 2020 was ‘roads/highways.’ Worth noting, though, is that 29% is short of the subsector’s shares in the full years 2019, 2018, and 2017, at 34%, 39%, and 37% respectively. January 2020’s two percentage-change metrics for street starts were -21.4% m/m and -7.2% y/y.

Also figuring prominently in engineering starts in the latest month were ‘miscellaneous civil’ (24% share), ‘bridges’ (20% share) and ‘water/sewage’ (18% share). ‘Miscellaneous civil’ and ‘bridges’ have managed the biggest share increases over the past several years. January 2020 starts were -58.6% m/m but +281.6% y/y in the ‘miscellaneous civil’ subcategory; +55.5% m/m and +3.0% y/y in ‘bridges’; and -29.1% m/m and -22.8% y/y in ‘water/sewage’ work.  

The largest shares of commercial work in January 2020 were seized by ‘private offices’ (23%) and ‘warehouses’ (21%). The share claimed by ‘private offices’ was close to its ‘norm,’ but the share taken by ‘warehouses’ was well up over its 15% average during the past three years. The percentage-change metrics for ‘private offices’ in 2020’s first month were +83.1% m/m and +92.7% y/y. ‘Warehouse’ starts were +2.5% m/m and +40.6% y/y. Moving on to some other key commercial subcategories, ‘retail starts’ in January 2020 were -0.9% m/m and -32.6% y/y, while ‘hotel/motel’ starts were +13.5% m/m and +2.9% y/y.

‘Schools/colleges’ normally account for at least half of institutional starts and they crossed that bar again in January 2020, with a 52% share. Nevertheless, educational facility starts in the latest month were -21.5% m/m and -27.4% y/y. Health care facility starts, as a combination of the ‘hospital/clinic,’ ‘nursing/assisted living,’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’ subsegments, were 23% of institutional in January 2020. In percentage-change terms, they were -28.1% m/m and -52.7% y/y. ‘Hospital/clinic’ starts as a standalone subcategory were +7.7% m/m, but -47.4% y/y.

JOLTS Results Help Explain Construction’s Earnings Trend

JOLTS measurements, as ‘level’ and ‘rate,’ appearing in Graph 1 highlight that while job openings in the construction sector are still relatively elevated, they have been tracking a downward path for nearly the past year. From Graph 2, ‘hires’ have picked up nicely over the past little while, although not as markedly in the latest month, and they are still not that extraordinary when compared with earlier periods, especially prior to the 2008-09 recession. Less than stellar JOLTS results help explain why construction workers aren’t currently reaping big earnings increases.

The Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - January 2020 showcase six graphs featuring 12-month moving averages for a dozen type-of-structure categories. From Graph 1, both the nonresidential building and heavy engineering curves have been moving upwards, the former somewhat more emphatically than the latter. Graph 2 shows starts volumes for commercial and institutional work to be almost tied, while also flattening over the last three years. According to Graph 3, ‘private office building’ starts have turned in a 10-year stretch of strength, but ‘retail’ has been in a steep dive since mid-2016.

In Graph 4, the buoyancy in ‘school/college’ starts is apparent, while ‘hospital/clinic’ initiations have been going nowhere. Graph 5 has ‘roads/highways’ doing better than ‘water/sewage’ after both were at the same level in January 2005. And finally, from Graph 6, ‘bridge’ starts have been through a period of solid improvement, but their success is currently being overshadowed by a surge in ‘miscellaneous civil’ undertakings. ‘Miscellaneous civil’ includes power, pipeline, rapid transit, and railroad projects.   

Graph 1: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of 'construction employment plus number of job openings'.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for November, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of hires during month as % of construction employment.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for November, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Construction’s Relative Wage Gains – Not Much Reason to Celebrate

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on non-farm payrolls. B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From January’s BLS Table B-3 (including supervisory personnel), the ‘all-jobs’ year-over-year earnings increases were +3.1% hourly and +2.5% weekly. Construction workers, as a subset of ‘all jobs,’ fared okay hourly, at +2.9%, but trailed badly weekly, +0.8%. From BLS Table B-8, (leaving out bosses), economy-wide workers realized pay gains of +3.3% hourly and +2.7% weekly. Construction workers, at +2.5% hourly and only +0.7% weekly, had significantly less reason to celebrate.

Construction Costing ‒ 3 Small Shifts: Down, Up, and Down

December 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index,’ -2.7% (sinking a bit more versus November’s -2.6%); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor, and imports,’ +1.5% (climbing upwards from November’s +0.2%); and ‘final demand construction,’ +3.6% (retreating a bit from the previous month’s +3.7%).

The value of construction starts each month is derived from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models. ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are super-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts in the latest month showed little or no movement. They were +0.1% m/m and 0.0 y/y. The performance of multi-family starts, at -24.0% m/m and -32.1% y/y, was bleak. Multiples, though, were counterbalanced by single-family starts, +9.4% m/m and +14.7% y/y. ‘Grand total’ construction starts in January were -8.5% m/m and -6.6% y/y.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or rebid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - January 2020 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - January 2020.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - January 2020.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
JANUARY 2020 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  Previous Annual   Latest Month
          % Change % Change
  2019 % Change   Jan 2020 (Jan 20 vs  (Jan 20 vs
  ($ billions) (2019 vs 2018)   ($ billions) Jan 19) Dec 19)
Hotel/Motel 21.190 -19.3%   1.620 2.9% 13.5%
Retail/Shopping 16.128 -11.9%   0.897 -32.6% -0.9%
Parking Garage 3.137 9.4%   0.184 -41.8% 54.2%
Amusement 7.313 -14.5%   0.643 11.2% 18.4%
Private Office 34.438 15.2%   2.178 92.7% 83.1%
Government Office 11.290 2.5%   0.715 0.0% 5.1%
Laboratory 2.126 -26.9%   0.378 87.2% 494.0%
Warehouse 20.417 -6.1%   1.991 40.6% 2.5%
Misc. Commercial* 19.954 62.5%   0.698 -62.7% -15.6%
COMMERCIAL (big subset) 135.994 1.6%   9.303 1.9% 20.9%
             
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 52.237 45.9%   0.584 -81.5% -52.7%
             
Religious 1.753 -20.0%   0.124 -39.2% -11.9%
Hospital/Clinic 19.220 13.8%   0.803 -47.4% 7.7%
Nursing/Assisted Living 9.569 -9.8%   0.579 -48.2% 31.9%
Library/Museum 3.818 38.9%   0.664 203.0% 253.6%
Fire/Police/Courthouse/Prison 6.894 -15.0%   0.513 -1.6% 1.4%
Military 5.426 3.7%   0.609 119.8% 38.1%
School/College 74.960 4.8%   3.957 -27.4% -21.5%
Misc. Medical 9.519 -15.4%   0.358 -65.5% -71.0%
INSTITUTIONAL 131.160 2.0%   7.606 -26.5% -12.9%
             
Misc. Non-residential 7.246 0.5%   0.512 18.3% 30.8%
NON-RES. BUILDING 326.637 7.0%   18.005 -22.0% -0.3%
             
Airport 7.213 -0.8%   0.176 -64.8% -60.9%
Road/Highway 65.191 3.1%   3.431 -7.2% -21.4%
Bridge 30.205 25.7%   2.285 3.0% 55.5%
Dam/Marine 8.496 27.9%   0.865 128.9% 134.3%
Water/Sewage 31.278 5.5%   2.109 -22.8% -29.1%
Misc. Civil (Power, etc.) 46.784 45.6%   2.832 281.6% -58.6%
HEAVY ENGINEERING (Civil) 189.168 16.1%   11.700 13.9% -29.0%
             
TOTAL 515.805 10.1%   29.705 -10.9% -14.0%

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – JANUARY 2020
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

      Previous Annual   Latest Month
              % Change % Change
      2019 % Change   January 20 Jan 20 vs Jan 20 vs
      ($ billions) (19 vs 18)   ($ billions) Jan 19 Dec 19
                 
Summary              
CIVIL     189.168 16.1%   11.700 13.9% -29.0%
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDING 326.637 7.0%   18.005 -22.0% -0.3%
RESIDENTIAL   290.360 -2.1%   22.026 0.0% 0.1%
GRAND TOTAL   806.165 5.4%   51.730 -6.6% -8.5%
                 
Verticals              
    Airport 7.213 -0.8%   0.176 -64.8% -60.9%
    All Other Civil 32.176 31.7%   2.655 318.6% -53.8%
    Bridges 30.205 25.7%   2.285 3.0% 55.5%
    Dams / Canals / Marine Work 8.496 27.9%   0.865 128.9% 134.3%
    Power Infrastructure 14.608 89.5%   0.177 64.0% -83.8%
    Roads 65.191 3.1%   3.431 -7.2% -21.4%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 31.278 5.5%   2.109 -22.8% -29.1%
CIVIL     189.168 16.1%   11.700 13.9% -29.0%
    Offices (private) 34.438 15.2%   2.178 92.7% 83.1%
    Parking Garages 3.137 9.4%   0.184 -41.8% 54.2%
    Transportation Terminals 10.632 102.4%   0.249 -44.3% -61.7%
  Commercial (small subset) 48.207 26.8%   2.611 37.9% 33.2%
    Amusement 7.313 -14.5%   0.643 11.2% 18.4%
    Libraries / Museums 3.818 38.9%   0.664 203.0% 253.6%
    Religious 1.753 -20.0%   0.124 -39.2% -11.9%
    Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 9.322 32.7%   0.449 -68.4% 155.1%
  Community 22.206 8.2%   1.880 -22.5% 79.5%
    College / University 19.443 -2.8%   1.188 -28.9% -25.0%
    Elementary / Pre School 21.110 9.1%   0.874 -24.1% -32.5%
    Jr / Sr High School 32.514 6.9%   1.735 -30.3% -16.2%
    Special / Vocational 1.894 9.7%   0.160 13.7% 68.3%
  Educational 74.960 4.8%   3.957 -27.4% -21.5%
    Courthouses 1.570 -18.6%   0.092 -0.9% 274.0%
    Fire and Police Stations 3.168 4.3%   0.270 28.9% 19.0%
    Government Offices 11.290 2.5%   0.715 0.0% 5.1%
    Prisons 2.156 -31.5%   0.150 -31.2% -40.9%
  Government 18.184 -4.9%   1.228 -0.7% 3.5%
    Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 2.126 -26.9%   0.378 87.2% 494.0%
    Manufacturing 52.237 45.9%   0.584 -81.5% -52.7%
    Warehouses 20.417 -6.1%   1.991 40.6% 2.5%
  Industrial 74.781 23.7%   2.953 -38.2% -8.9%
    Hospitals / Clinics 19.220 13.8%   0.803 -47.4% 7.7%
    Medical Misc. 9.519 -15.4%   0.358 -65.5% -71.0%
    Nursing Homes 9.569 -9.8%   0.579 -48.2% 31.9%
  Medical   38.308 -1.1%   1.739 -52.7% -28.1%
  Military   5.426 3.7%   0.609 119.8% 38.1%
    Hotels 21.190 -19.3%   1.620 2.9% 13.5%
    Retail Misc. 7.246 0.5%   0.512 18.3% 30.8%
    Shopping 16.128 -11.9%   0.897 -32.6% -0.9%
  Retail   44.564 -13.9%   3.028 -9.3% 11.2%
NON-RESIDENTIAL BUILDING 326.637 7.0%   18.005 -22.0% -0.3%
    Multi-Family 90.505 -3.9%   4.698 -32.1% -24.0%
    Single-Family 199.855 -1.3%   17.328 14.7% 9.4%
RESIDENTIAL   290.360 -2.1%   22.026 0.0% 0.1%
NON-RESIDENTIAL 515.805 10.1%   29.705 -10.9% -14.0%
GRAND TOTAL   806.165 5.4%   51.730 -6.6% -8.5%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect Insight.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – JANUARY 2020 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

  Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
        3-months 12-months JAN JAN
  NOV 19 DEC 19 JAN 20 NOV 19 DEC 19 JAN 20 NOV 19 DEC 19 JAN 20 2019 2020
                       
Single Family 15.859 15.833 17.328 16.913 16.400 16.340 16.366 16.655 16.839 15.113 17.328
   month-over-month % change -9.4% -0.2% 9.4% -3.5% -3.0% -0.4% 1.2% 1.8% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 16.6% 28.0% 14.7% 6.4% 13.9% 19.3% -3.3% -1.3% -0.5% 4.1% 14.7%
Apartment 8.183 6.178 4.698 8.687 7.840 6.353 7.704 7.542 7.357 6.923 4.698
   month-over-month % change -10.7% -24.5% -24.0% -2.4% -9.7% -19.0% 0.7% -2.1% -2.5%    
   year-over-year % change 8.2% -23.9% -32.1% 6.3% -5.0% -15.7% 0.1% -3.9% -5.2% -13.3% -32.1%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 24.042 22.011 22.026 25.600 24.240 22.693 24.070 24.197 24.196 22.037 22.026
   month-over-month % change -9.8% -8.4% 0.1% -3.2% -5.3% -6.4% 1.0% 0.5% 0.0%    
   year-over-year % change 13.6% 7.4% 0.0% 6.4% 7.0% 6.9% -2.2% -2.1% -2.0% -2.0% 0.0%
Hotel/Motel 2.518 1.427 1.620 1.907 1.816 1.855 1.793 1.766 1.770 1.574 1.620
   month-over-month % change 67.5% -43.3% 13.5% 29.7% -4.8% 2.1% 3.1% -1.5% 0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 34.1% -18.4% 2.9% -9.9% -6.7% 7.0% -16.8% -19.3% -17.3% -27.2% 2.9%
Retail 1.105 0.905 0.897 1.149 1.015 0.969 1.360 1.344 1.308 1.331 0.897
   month-over-month % change 6.7% -18.1% -0.9% -4.6% -11.6% -4.6% -0.9% -1.2% -2.7%    
   year-over-year % change -12.3% -17.5% -32.6% -15.3% -13.9% -21.2% -11.1% -11.9% -11.9% -27.3% -32.6%
Parking Garages 0.251 0.119 0.184 0.200 0.213 0.185 0.280 0.261 0.250 0.316 0.184
   month-over-month % change -6.4% -52.4% 54.2% 8.3% 6.2% -13.1% -4.9% -6.5% -4.2%    
   year-over-year % change -40.6% -64.5% -41.8% -16.9% -32.8% -48.4% 8.8% 9.4% 1.2% 47.7% -41.8%
Amusement 0.463 0.543 0.643 0.580 0.588 0.549 0.617 0.609 0.615 0.578 0.643
   month-over-month % change -38.9% 17.3% 18.4% 0.2% 1.3% -6.5% -5.0% -1.2% 0.9%    
   year-over-year % change -45.6% -13.8% 11.2% -36.5% -34.3% -20.0% -15.8% -14.5% -11.1% -30.5% 11.2%
Office 5.165 1.190 2.178 3.853 3.235 2.844 2.998 2.870 2.957 1.130 2.178
   month-over-month % change 54.2% -77.0% 83.1% 39.9% -16.0% -12.1% 11.5% -4.3% 3.0%    
   year-over-year % change 257.6% -56.4% 92.7% 99.4% 41.0% 60.9% 26.6% 15.2% 24.2% -53.7% 92.7%
Governmental Offices 1.080 0.681 0.715 0.907 0.874 0.825 0.939 0.941 0.941 0.715 0.715
   month-over-month % change 25.4% -37.0% 5.1% -2.3% -3.6% -5.6% -2.1% 0.2% 0.0%    
   year-over-year % change -18.5% 4.0% 0.0% -21.3% -8.9% -8.1% 3.3% 2.5% 1.3% 23.1% 0.0%
Laboratories 0.169 0.064 0.378 0.172 0.118 0.203 0.192 0.177 0.192 0.202 0.378
   month-over-month % change 38.7% -62.3% 494.0% -30.8% -31.3% 72.3% 3.2% -7.9% 8.3%    
   year-over-year % change 73.5% -74.2% 87.2% -14.7% -37.7% 11.8% -22.8% -26.9% -24.9% 359.8% 87.2%
Warehouse 1.181 1.941 1.991 1.288 1.401 1.704 1.610 1.701 1.749 1.416 1.991
   month-over-month % change 9.2% 64.4% 2.5% -26.2% 8.8% 21.6% -4.2% 5.7% 2.8%    
   year-over-year % change -41.7% 131.5% 40.6% -37.0% -15.8% 19.5% -12.7% -6.1% -2.4% -14.7% 40.6%
Misc Commercial 1.432 0.827 0.698 1.856 1.089 0.986 1.639 1.663 1.565 1.871 0.698
   month-over-month % change 42.2% -42.2% -15.6% 10.9% -41.3% -9.5% 4.2% 1.5% -5.9%    
   year-over-year % change 125.0% 53.0% -62.7% 220.9% 86.6% -3.0% 36.9% 62.5% 44.4% 62.8% -62.7%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 13.363 7.697 9.303 11.911 10.348 10.121 11.426 11.333 11.347 9.132 9.303
   month-over-month % change 33.8% -42.4% 20.9% 10.4% -13.1% -2.2% 2.6% -0.8% 0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 34.5% -12.7% 1.9% 13.1% 3.2% 8.9% 1.7% 1.6% 3.1% -16.3% 1.9%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 1.733 1.236 0.584 1.613 1.758 1.184 4.546 4.353 4.138 3.162 0.584
   month-over-month % change -24.9% -28.6% -52.7% -68.3% 9.0% -32.6% 1.1% -4.2% -4.9%    
   year-over-year % change 53.5% -65.2% -81.5% -24.7% -32.0% -54.7% 66.3% 45.9% 31.4% 171.1% -81.5%
Religious 0.159 0.141 0.124 0.127 0.130 0.141 0.154 0.146 0.139 0.204 0.124
   month-over-month % change 72.5% -11.5% -11.9% 5.3% 2.8% 8.1% -1.5% -5.0% -4.6%    
   year-over-year % change -15.5% -39.5% -39.2% -22.8% -30.1% -32.2% -12.1% -20.0% -26.2% 58.7% -39.2%
Hosptials/Clinics 2.353 0.745 0.803 2.078 1.827 1.300 1.765 1.602 1.541 1.524 0.803
   month-over-month % change -1.2% -68.3% 7.7% 5.8% -12.1% -28.8% 8.9% -9.2% -3.8%    
   year-over-year % change 277.5% -72.4% -47.4% 124.4% 19.9% -19.6% 42.1% 13.8% 14.4% -31.9% -47.4%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.808 0.439 0.579 0.896 0.719 0.608 0.843 0.797 0.753 1.116 0.579
   month-over-month % change -11.3% -45.7% 31.9% 19.4% -19.8% -15.4% 0.3% -5.4% -5.6%    
   year-over-year % change 4.4% -55.5% -48.2% 3.1% -24.0% -36.5% -3.9% -9.8% -13.3% -14.6% -48.2%
Libraries/Museums 0.319 0.188 0.664 0.397 0.339 0.391 0.316 0.318 0.355 0.219 0.664
   month-over-month % change -37.4% -41.2% 253.6% 24.3% -14.6% 15.2% 3.4% 0.6% 11.7%    
   year-over-year % change 63.8% 14.2% 203.0% 38.6% 35.3% 102.4% 38.3% 38.9% 54.4% 6.5% 203.0%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.595 0.505 0.513 0.765 0.600 0.538 0.591 0.575 0.574 0.521 0.513
   month-over-month % change -15.1% -15.0% 1.4% -0.4% -21.6% -10.4% -2.0% -2.8% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change -19.7% -28.3% -1.6% 6.5% -27.0% -18.0% -10.3% -15.0% -15.2% 1.5% -1.6%
Military 0.804 0.441 0.609 0.851 0.757 0.618 0.451 0.452 0.480 0.277 0.609
   month-over-month % change -21.7% -45.2% 38.1% 22.4% -11.0% -18.4% 2.7% 0.3% 6.1%    
   year-over-year % change 21.4% 4.2% 119.8% 28.5% 18.5% 36.1% 6.4% 3.7% 7.8% 65.0% 119.8%
Schools/Colleges 4.653 5.044 3.957 4.530 4.704 4.551 6.238 6.247 6.122 5.453 3.957
   month-over-month % change 5.4% 8.4% -21.5% -8.1% 3.8% -3.2% 0.6% 0.1% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 10.4% 2.1% -27.4% -0.7% 3.3% -6.5% 7.2% 4.8% 1.5% 18.4% -27.4%
Misc Government 0.383 1.235 0.358 0.639 0.817 0.658 0.749 0.793 0.737 1.037 0.358
   month-over-month % change -54.1% 222.4% -71.0% -18.6% 27.9% -19.5% -4.7% 5.9% -7.1%    
   year-over-year % change -53.6% 75.2% -65.5% -34.8% 3.6% -23.1% -18.9% -15.4% -21.3% -1.3% -65.5%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 10.074 8.737 7.606 10.284 9.894 8.805 11.107 10.930 10.701 10.351 7.606
   month-over-month % change -7.3% -13.3% -12.9% -0.5% -3.8% -11.0% 1.4% -1.6% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change 22.5% -19.5% -26.5% 12.1% 1.9% -10.2% 7.4% 2.0% -0.2% 1.3% -26.5%
Misc Non Residential 0.775 0.391 0.512 0.773 0.730 0.559 0.604 0.604 0.610 0.433 0.512
   month-over-month % change -24.4% -49.5% 30.8% 9.6% -5.5% -23.4% 3.4% 0.0% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 44.5% -0.4% 18.3% 28.6% 34.9% 23.2% 0.1% 0.5% 4.2% -29.2% 18.3%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 25.944 18.061 18.005 24.581 22.732 20.670 27.683 27.220 26.797 23.078 18.005
   month-over-month % change 7.3% -30.4% -0.3% -8.7% -7.5% -9.1% 1.9% -1.7% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change 30.9% -23.5% -22.0% 9.5% -0.6% -6.8% 11.1% 7.0% 5.2% 0.8% -22.0%
Airports 0.342 0.451 0.176 0.572 0.537 0.323 0.593 0.601 0.574 0.501 0.176
   month-over-month % change -58.1% 31.8% -60.9% -15.8% -6.0% -39.8% -0.6% 1.4% -4.5%    
   year-over-year % change -10.9% 27.3% -64.8% -14.5% -10.7% -21.8% -0.2% -0.8% 1.4% -48.8% -64.8%
Roads/Highways 3.889 4.366 3.431 4.559 4.382 3.895 5.356 5.433 5.410 3.699 3.431
   month-over-month % change -20.5% 12.3% -21.4% -10.8% -3.9% -11.1% -0.4% 1.4% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -6.0% 26.7% -7.2% 6.8% 11.3% 3.6% 3.3% 3.1% 2.8% -2.1% -7.2%
Bridges 1.922 1.470 2.285 2.241 1.805 1.892 2.542 2.517 2.523 2.220 2.285
   month-over-month % change -5.0% -23.5% 55.5% -1.8% -19.5% 4.9% 0.7% -1.0% 0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 12.9% -17.1% 3.0% 7.0% -0.2% -0.3% 27.7% 25.7% 24.5% 14.3% 3.0%
Dams/Marine 1.043 0.369 0.865 0.873 0.818 0.759 0.718 0.708 0.749 0.378 0.865
   month-over-month % change 0.2% -64.6% 134.3% 29.5% -6.3% -7.2% 5.6% -1.4% 5.7%    
   year-over-year % change 78.2% -24.5% 128.9% 8.4% 14.2% 56.8% 30.1% 27.9% 33.9% 21.2% 128.9%
Water/Sewage 2.351 2.974 2.109 2.486 2.621 2.478 2.532 2.606 2.554 2.733 2.109
   month-over-month % change -7.4% 26.5% -29.1% 2.6% 5.4% -5.4% 0.7% 3.0% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 9.7% 43.1% -22.8% 14.9% 17.8% 6.9% 3.7% 5.5% 3.9% -4.6% -22.8%
Misc Civil 1.922 6.841 2.832 4.174 5.074 3.865 3.401 3.899 4.073 0.742 2.832
   month-over-month % change -70.2% 256.0% -58.6% -38.0% 21.6% -23.8% -3.5% 14.6% 4.5%    
   year-over-year % change -43.7% 683.3% 281.6% 44.0% 119.0% 130.6% 27.8% 45.6% 59.5% -66.9% 281.6%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 11.470 16.472 11.700 14.904 15.236 13.214 15.142 15.764 15.883 10.273 11.700
   month-over-month % change -35.4% 43.6% -29.0% -16.8% 2.2% -13.3% -0.5% 4.1% 0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -7.3% 82.8% 13.9% 15.5% 31.3% 25.2% 12.8% 16.1% 18.3% -15.2% 13.9%
GRAND TOTAL 61.456 56.544 51.730 65.085 62.208 56.577 66.895 67.180 66.876 55.388 51.730
   month-over-month % change -10.4% -8.0% -8.5% -8.7% -4.4% -9.1% 1.0% 0.4% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 15.2% 6.4% -6.6% 9.5% 8.9% 4.9% 6.2% 5.4% 5.2% -3.7% -6.6%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 37.414 34.533 29.705 39.485 37.968 33.884 42.826 42.984 42.680 33.351 29.705
   month-over-month % change -10.8% -7.7% -14.0% -11.9% -3.8% -10.8% 1.0% 0.4% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 16.2% 5.8% -10.9% 11.7% 10.1% 3.5% 11.7% 10.1% 9.7% -4.8% -10.9%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  JAN 2019   JAN 2020   % Change
           
Connecticut $269,045,100   $139,347,867   -48.2%
Maine $142,989,084   $66,746,066   -53.3%
Massachusetts $858,894,375   $862,845,286   0.5%
New Hampshire $260,356,849   $54,679,812   -79.0%
Rhode Island $39,966,928   $106,088,267   165.4%
Vermont $10,846,092   $11,552,823   6.5%
Total New England $1,582,098,428   $1,241,260,121   -21.5%
New Jersey $415,459,800   $596,295,361   43.5%
New York $2,113,145,361   $1,472,973,266   -30.3%
Pennsylvania $1,441,081,613   $911,566,689   -36.7%
Total Middle Atlantic $3,969,686,774   $2,980,835,316   -24.9%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $5,551,785,202   $4,222,095,437   -24.0%
Illinois $624,931,026   $452,862,333   -27.5%
Indiana $533,379,859   $863,443,147   61.9%
Michigan $380,785,750   $326,337,710   -14.3%
Ohio $795,989,154   $476,439,536   -40.1%
Wisconsin $937,000,140   $429,935,380   -54.1%
Total East North Central $3,272,085,929   $2,549,018,106   -22.1%
Iowa $317,984,443   $154,973,519   -51.3%
Kansas $471,578,695   $288,414,147   -38.8%
Minnesota $326,020,425   $341,975,591   4.9%
Missouri $382,219,486   $556,170,300   45.5%
Nebraska $343,852,626   $178,592,331   -48.1%
North Dakota $49,572,417   $97,692,403   97.1%
South Dakota $76,131,244   $102,392,516   34.5%
Total West North Central $1,967,359,336   $1,720,210,807   -12.6%
TOTAL MIDWEST $5,239,445,265   $4,269,228,913   -18.5%
Delaware $60,571,135   $125,537,469   107.3%
District of Columbia $129,450,000   $36,545,198   -71.8%
Florida $2,318,095,069   $1,400,982,350   -39.6%
Georgia $731,647,992   $1,224,532,915   67.4%
Maryland $624,940,411   $1,295,501,414   107.3%
North Carolina $1,107,138,364   $592,112,897   -46.5%
South Carolina $412,865,652   $406,718,194   -1.5%
Virginia $857,138,327   $1,647,647,417   92.2%
West Virginia $84,959,278   $135,623,825   59.6%
Total South Atlantic $6,326,806,228   $6,865,201,679   8.5%
Alabama $836,990,759   $452,009,965   -46.0%
Kentucky $247,461,761   $188,641,000   -23.8%
Mississippi $162,718,879   $490,697,559   201.6%
Tennessee $876,898,854   $1,260,788,890   43.8%
Total East South Central $2,124,070,253   $2,392,137,414   12.6%
Arkansas $155,215,755   $480,927,510   209.8%
Louisiana $492,084,104   $531,503,167   8.0%
Oklahoma $371,685,529   $258,813,992   -30.4%
Texas $5,760,986,717   $2,811,829,516   -51.2%
Total West South Central $6,779,972,105   $4,083,074,185   -39.8%
TOTAL SOUTH $15,230,848,586   $13,340,413,278   -12.4%
Arizona $959,524,648   $391,731,732   -59.2%
Colorado $816,420,268   $380,658,861   -53.4%
Idaho $104,466,186   $108,888,877   4.2%
Montana $26,994,109   $155,554,886   476.3%
Nevada $544,600,258   $357,477,390   -34.4%
New Mexico $96,461,029   $118,021,401   22.4%
Utah $257,854,670   $303,814,091   17.8%
Wyoming $39,537,267   $75,787,216   91.7%
Total Mountain $2,845,858,435   $1,891,934,454   -33.5%
Alaska $54,370,546   $94,286,057   73.4%
California $2,945,350,808   $4,849,963,891   64.7%
Hawaii $599,471,662   $88,710,119   -85.2%
Oregon $279,205,952   $211,118,089   -24.4%
Washington $605,116,065   $737,011,613   21.8%
Total Pacific $4,483,515,033   $5,981,089,769   33.4%
TOTAL WEST $7,329,373,468   $7,873,024,223   7.4%
TOTAL U.S. $33,351,452,521   $29,704,761,851   -10.9%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.