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By: Alex Carrick on December 13th, 2019

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November 2019’s Nonresidential Construction Starts +7% Both Y/Y and YTD

Economic News | Industry Snapshot | alex carrick

November’s Starts See Shortage of Mega Projects

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $34.3 billion (green shaded box, Table 3, below), -14.4% versus October’s figure of $40.1 billion (originally reported as $38.7 billion). November’s month-to-month decline was partly due to ‘seasonality’ (i.e., less favorable weather for construction as fall transitions to winter), but more on account of a shortage of ‘mega’ projects of $1 billion or more each. In October, there were three mega project starts with a combined estimated value of $6.1 billion. November’s inventory of such work was only two projects at $1.0 billion each (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - November 2019).

November 2019’s Nonresidential Construction Starts +7% Both Y/Y and Ytd Graphic

November 2019’s total nonresidential start’s level versus November 2018 was ahead by +6.7%. The latest month’s year-to-date performance (i.e., versus January-November 2018) was also upbeat to nearly the exact same degree, +6.8%.

 
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‘Smoothed’ Series ‒ Grand Total +3.3%

Since large project groundbreakings can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 3 below.

On a 12-month moving average basis, November 2019’s total nonresidential starts were +8.3% versus the previous 12 months (i.e., December-2018-to-November-2019 vs December-2017-to-November-2018). Type-of-structure subcategory starts on the same 12-month-over-prior-12-month basis in November 2019 were: commercial, -2.6%; industrial, +60.5%; institutional, +4.8%; and engineering, +9.9%. The ranking of the four subcategories by dollar volume has engineering first, followed by commercial and institutional almost tied, and industrial trailing.

The ‘smoothed’ grand total of starts, which includes residential, was +3.3% in November. Residential activity was -4.5% on a 12-month moving average basis, with multi-family starts retreating (-6.2%) a little more severely than single-family groundbreakings (-3.7%).

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator     

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor have they been altered to remove the effects of price changes, otherwise known as inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report for October was 61%; the latter’s was 39%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (November 2019) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (October 2019).

Construction Overview – Monthly Average Jobs Growth -56%

The U.S. ‘all jobs’ unemployment rates in November were notably tight at 3.5% SA (down from 3.6% in October) and 3.3% NSA (the same as the month before). The construction sector’s jobless rate, however, loosened a little in November to 4.4% NSA. It had been a bit better in October at 4.0%. In November of 2018, it was 3.9%. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the total number of jobs in construction stayed unchanged in the latest month. 2019’s monthly average pickup in construction jobs has dropped back to +12,000, a decline of more than half (-55%) when compared with 2018’s January-to-November average of +26,000 jobs.

Construction’s year-over-year jobs climb of +2.0% is now tied with ‘professional and business services’ for third spot among industrial subsectors, after +2.8% for ‘education and health’ services and +2.5% for ‘leisure and hospitality.' The ‘all jobs’ change has been +1.5%.

November’s annual jobs gains in other corners of the economy with close ties to construction were: ‘oil and gas extraction,’ +11.4%; ‘machinery and equipment rental,’ +8.3%; ‘real estate activities,’ +3.1%; ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing,’ +2.8%; ‘architectural and engineering services,’ +2.5%; and ‘building material and supplies dealers,’ +0.7%.

M/M, Y/Y, and YTD Results ― Apple Campus, Austin and Union Station, Chicago

The -14.4% drop in total nonresidential starts month-over-month (m/m) in November came primarily in heavy engineering/civil work (-35.9%), with industrial (-22.3%) and institutional (-4.0%) also down. Commercial starts, aided by the Union Station redevelopment in Chicago and an Apple Campus in Austin (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - November 2019), moved in the opposite direction (+17.1%).

The +6.7% uplift in November 2019’s nonresidential starts relative to November 2018 (y/y) resulted from improvements in industrial (up by nearly one-third at +30.5%), institutional (ahead by one-fifth, +19.6%), and commercial (+11.7%), while engineering (-9.2%) took a step back.

As for the +6.8% year-to-date (ytd) rise in total nonresidential starts (i.e., Jan-Nov 2019 versus Jan-Nov 2018), industrial was up impressively (+52.3%) and engineering was higher significantly (+9.1%). Institutional (+1.3%) and commercial (-1.9%) were essentially flat.

A Boost to Total Starts from ‘Miscellaneous Civil’ Projects

Within engineering starts to date in 2019, the largest share among subcomponents has come from ‘roads/highways,’ with a 36% slice. November’s three ‘change’ metrics for street starts were -17.0% m/m and -6.9% y/y, but +0.7% ytd. Making a nearly one-quarter contribution (a 24.0% share) to engineering has been the ‘miscellaneous civil’ subcategory, comprised of rapid transit, railroad, electric power, and pipeline projects. In November, the ‘miscellaneous’ combination was -76.0% m/m and -54.8% y/y, but a solidly positive +26.3% ytd.

With only one month remaining in 2019, ‘water/sewage’ (17% share) and ‘bridges’ (15% share) have also figured prominently in engineering. The former, in November, was +11.5% m/m, +32.0% y/y, and +4.6% ytd, while the latter was -18.3% m/m and -2.8% y/y, but +10.4% ytd.

Dominating institutional starts in 2019 has been the ‘school/college’ subcategory (with a 57% share). Educational facility starts in November were +17.7% m/m, +9.3% y/y, and +2.7% ytd. Health care facility starts, ‒ as the combination of the subcategories ‘hospital/clinic,’ ‘nursing/assisted living,’ and ‘miscellaneous medical’ ‒ have made up 29% of institutional in 2019. In November, their composite starts were -17.7% m/m and -0.7% ytd, but +48.0% y/y.    

The commercial starts designation has a wide mix of significant subsegments. This year, it’s been ‘private office buildings’ that has played the biggest role, with a 24% share. Private office building starts in the latest month were +1.2% m/m, +124.3% y/y, and +9.8% ytd. Other significant contributors to the commercial starts total have turned in tough year-to-date results.  ‘Hotel/motel’ starts have been -23.9% ytd; ‘warehouses,’ -16.5%; and ‘retail/shopping,’ -7.9%.

Construction Employment Struggling to Match Previous Peak

Since updated JOLTS data will not be published until after this Industry Snapshot is released, usual Graphs 1 and 2 have been replaced in favor of employment charts for ‘all jobs’ and construction. While the level of total employment now sits far beyond its former prerecession peak, construction employment has still not quite regained its previous high-water mark. In 2006-07, there was a frothy bubble in housing starts that soon burst with the credit crunch.

The 12-month moving-average trend graphs (see Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - November 2019) showcase what has been happening in specific type-of-structure markets. From Graph 2, commercial and institutional starts have been scooting sideways for the past three years. Within commercial (Graph 3), though, private office buildings have been on a winning track, while retail has hit the skids. Within institutional (Graph 4), ‘schools/colleges’ are on recess after a nice ascent from 2014-17. But hospitals/clinics have yet to break free from a narrow and low dollar volume range. In engineering (Graphs 5 and 6), ‘roads/highways,’ ‘bridges,’ and ‘miscellaneous civil’ have all demonstrated good strength.

Graph 1: U.S. Employment: Total

U.S. Employment: Total graph

Gray shadings denote recessions, Q2-Q3 2001 ('dot.com' collapse) & Q1 2008-Q2 2009 ('Great' Recession).
Latest data points are for November, 2019 / Based on seasonally adjusted (SA) data.

Data source: Payroll Survey, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Employment: Construction

U.S. Employment: Construction graph

Gray shadings denote recessions, Q2-Q3 2001 ('dot.com' collapse) & Q1 2008-Q2 2009 ('Great' Recession).
Latest data points are for November, 2019 / Based on seasonally adjusted (SA) data.

Data source: Payroll Survey, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Wage Gains – Construction Workers Being Left Behind

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the BLS’ monthly Employment Situation report set out average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls. B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From November’s BLS Table B-3 (including supervisory personnel), the ‘all-jobs’ earnings climbs, both hourly and weekly, were +3.1% year over year. Construction workers as a subset of ‘all-jobs’ underperformed hourly, +2.7%, but outperformed weekly, +3.8%. From the latest Table B-8 (excluding bosses), the all-jobs compensation jumps were +3.7% hourly and +3.0% weekly. Construction workers, at +2.0% and +2.5%, fared less well, especially hourly.

Construction Costing ‒ Mainly Downward Momentum

November 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index,’ -2.6% (a further softening from October’s -2.1%); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor, and imports,’ +0.2% (turning around October’s  -0.4%); and ‘final demand construction,’ +3.7% (a pullback from the previous month’s +3.9%).

The value of construction starts each month is derived from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models. ConstructConnect’s non-residential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are super-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were -23.9% m/m, -6.2 y/y, and -5.2% ytd. To date in 2019, the multi-family segment of residential (-8.8%) has taken more of a tumble than the single-family (-3.6%) market. ‘Grand total’ construction starts in November were -18.2% m/m, +1.6% y/y, and +2.2% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or rebid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - November 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - November 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - November 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
NOVEMBER 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

    % Change   % Change   % Change
  Jan-NOV 19 Jan-NOV 19 vs    NOV 19 vs   NOV 19 vs
  ($ billions) Jan-NOV 18   NOV 18   oct 19
             
Hotel/Motel 18.651 -23.9%   -2.9%   21.0%
Retail 15.857 -7.9%   56.7%   101.0%
Parking Garage 2.925 15.6%   -38.4%   38.5%
Amusement 6.593 -16.8%   -45.3%   -36.3%
Private Office  29.827 9.8%   124.3%   1.2%
Government Office 10.514 1.5%   -17.4%   28.5%
Laboratory 2.085 -21.6%   55.7%   26.2%
Warehouse 17.451 -16.5%   -63.5%   -26.9%
Miscellaneous Commercial* 18.677 59.1%   113.4%   52.2%
COMMERCIAL 122.580 -1.9%   11.7%   17.1%
             
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 49.094 52.3%   30.5%   -22.3%
             
Religious 1.574 -19.6%   -25.6%   45.7%
Hospital/Clinic 17.678 24.6%   257.9%   -2.4%
Nursing/Assisted Living 8.676 -9.9%   -8.3%   -17.3%
Library/Museum 3.580 38.6%   65.0%   -33.8%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 6.522 -11.9%   -11.7%   -5.5%
Military 5.054 5.1%   23.5%   -22.3%
School/College 68.333 2.7%   9.3%   17.7%
Miscellaneous Government 7.779 -26.2%   -57.6%   -59.1%
INSTITUTIONAL 119.198 1.3%   19.6%   -4.0%
             
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 6.660 -2.3%   33.3%   -29.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 297.532 5.6%   16.6%   2.2%
             
Airport 6.688 -3.3%   -24.5%   -65.1%
Road/Highway 60.230 0.7%   -6.9%   -17.0%
Bridge 24.566 10.4%   -2.8%   -18.3%
Dam/Marine 8.189 33.0%   79.6%   1.0%
Water/Sewage 28.832 4.6%   32.0%   11.5%
Miscellaneous Civil 39.487 26.3%   -54.8%   -76.0%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 167.992 9.1%   -9.2%   -35.9%
             
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 465.525 6.8%   6.7%   -14.4%

*Includes transportation terminals and sports arenas.

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – NOVEMBER 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

        % Change     % Change % Change
      Jan-Nov 19 Jan-Nov 19 vs     Nov 19 vs Nov 19 vs
      ($ billions) Jan-Nov 18     Nov 18 Oct 19
                 
Summary              
CIVIL     167.992 9.1%     -9.2% -35.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 297.532 5.6%     16.6% 2.2%
RESIDENTIAL   261.700 -5.2%     -6.2% -23.9%
GRAND TOTAL   727.224 2.2%     1.6% -18.2%
                 
Verticals              
    Airport 6.688 -3.3%     -24.5% -65.1%
    All Other Civil 26.524 11.4%     -70.4% -83.9%
    Bridges 24.566 10.4%     -2.8% -18.3%
    Dams / Canals / Marine Work 8.189 33.0%     79.6% 1.0%
    Power Infrastructure 12.963 73.7%     218.9% 19.2%
    Roads 60.230 0.7%     -6.9% -17.0%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 28.832 4.6%     32.0% 11.5%
CIVIL     167.992 9.1%     -9.2% -35.9%
    Offices (private) 29.827 9.8%     124.3% 1.2%
    Parking Garages 2.925 15.6%     -38.4% 38.5%
    Transportation Terminals 9.866 94.3%     239.2% 62.5%
  Commercial (small subset) 42.618 22.6%     103.1% 10.2%
    Amusement 6.593 -16.8%     -45.3% -36.3%
    Libraries / Museums 3.580 38.6%     65.0% -33.8%
    Religious 1.574 -19.6%     -25.6% 45.7%
    Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 8.811 32.2%     49.4% 41.8%
  Community 20.559 7.5%     -6.0% -11.3%
    College / University 16.878 -5.8%     -9.9% 6.0%
    Elementary / Pre School 19.767 6.2%     64.8% -4.3%
    Jr / Sr High School 29.927 5.5%     9.6% 46.3%
    Special / Vocational 1.761 5.7%     -42.5% -2.2%
  Educational 68.333 2.7%     9.3% 17.7%
    Courthouses 1.613 5.9%     8.2% 102.2%
    Fire and Police Stations 2.997 5.3%     26.0% -16.6%
    Government Offices 10.514 1.5%     -17.4% 28.5%
    Prisons 1.913 -37.0%     -52.3% -38.9%
  Government 17.037 -4.1%     -15.4% 13.3%
    Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 2.085 -21.6%     55.7% 26.2%
    Manufacturing 49.094 52.3%     30.5% -22.3%
    Warehouses 17.451 -16.5%     -63.5% -26.9%
  Industrial 68.631 23.0%     -27.3% -21.9%
    Hospitals / Clinics 17.678 24.6%     257.9% -2.4%
    Medical Misc. 7.779 -26.2%     -57.6% -59.1%
    Nursing Homes 8.676 -9.9%     -8.3% -17.3%
  Medical   34.133 -0.7%     48.0% -17.7%
  Military   5.054 5.1%     23.5% -22.3%
    Hotels 18.651 -23.9%     -2.9% 21.0%
    Retail Misc. 6.660 -2.3%     33.3% -29.7%
    Shopping 15.857 -7.9%     56.7% 101.0%
  Retail   41.168 -15.2%     22.8% 28.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 297.532 5.6%     16.6% 2.2%
    Multi-Family 78.545 -8.8%     -23.1% -26.7%
    Single-Family 183.155 -3.6%     3.2% -22.7%
RESIDENTIAL   261.700 -5.2%     -6.2% -23.9%
NONRESIDENTIAL 465.525 6.8%     6.7% -14.4%
GRAND TOTAL   727.224 2.2%     1.6% -18.2%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks non-residential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect Insight.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – NOVEMBER 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

  Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
        3-months 12-months JAN-NOV JAN-NOV
  SEP 19 OCT 19 NOV 19 SEP 19 OCT 19 NOV 19 SEP 19 OCT 19 NOV 19 2018 2019
                       
Single Family 17.702 18.143 14.026 17.883 17.851 16.623 16.183 16.258 16.293 190.061 183.155
   month-over-month % change 0.0% 2.5% -22.7% -0.8% -0.2% -6.9% 0.4% 0.5% 0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 5.2% 5.2% 3.2% 1.2% 2.8% 4.6% -5.6% -5.0% -3.7% 1.6% -3.6%
Apartment 8.371 7.942 5.819 7.621 8.216 7.378 7.462 7.368 7.222 86.086 78.545
   month-over-month % change 0.5% -5.1% -26.7% 6.8% 7.8% -10.2% 0.6% -1.3% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 6.4% -12.5% -23.1% -3.4% -2.1% -9.7% -6.2% -6.2% -6.2% -22.9% -8.8%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 26.074 26.085 19.845 25.504 26.066 24.001 23.645 23.625 23.516 276.147 261.700
   month-over-month % change 0.1% 0.0% -23.9% 1.4% 2.2% -7.9% 0.5% -0.1% -0.5%    
   year-over-year % change 5.6% -0.9% -6.2% -0.2% 1.2% -0.3% -5.8% -5.4% -4.5% -7.5% -5.2%
Hotel/Motel 1.700 1.507 1.823 1.433 1.469 1.676 1.764 1.704 1.700 24.504 18.651
   month-over-month % change 41.5% -11.3% 21.0% -1.1% 2.5% 14.1% -2.5% -3.4% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -24.5% -32.0% -2.9% -23.6% -27.6% -20.8% -18.5% -20.8% -21.1% -10.3% -23.9%
Retail 1.237 0.983 1.976 1.212 1.163 1.398 1.370 1.353 1.413 17.210 15.857
   month-over-month % change -2.5% -20.6% 101.0% -12.0% -4.0% 20.3% -2.3% -1.2% 4.4%    
   year-over-year % change -24.0% -16.8% 56.7% -26.6% -19.7% 3.1% -14.1% -12.0% -7.6% -8.8% -7.9%
Parking Garages 0.143 0.187 0.260 0.237 0.166 0.197 0.286 0.285 0.272 2.531 2.925
   month-over-month % change -14.7% 31.4% 38.5% -19.2% -30.0% 18.6% 1.0% -0.1% -4.7%    
   year-over-year % change 30.4% -1.8% -38.4% 39.8% 5.7% -18.3% 8.5% 21.2% 5.8% -14.5% 15.6%
Amusement 0.530 0.730 0.466 0.704 0.567 0.575 0.674 0.634 0.602 7.923 6.593
   month-over-month % change 20.3% 37.7% -36.3% -7.0% -19.5% 1.4% -1.9% -5.9% -5.1%    
   year-over-year % change -22.7% -39.3% -45.3% 32.8% -27.0% -37.0% 3.9% -8.4% -17.9% 13.4% -16.8%
Office 2.960 3.200 3.239 2.564 2.588 3.133 2.523 2.563 2.713 27.159 29.827
   month-over-month % change 84.5% 8.1% 1.2% -17.1% 0.9% 21.1% 4.6% 1.6% 5.8%    
   year-over-year % change 80.2% 18.1% 124.3% -15.6% 26.7% 62.1% 7.1% 4.7% 14.5% -2.0% 9.8%
Governmental Offices 0.740 0.852 1.095 1.180 0.906 0.895 0.954 0.950 0.931 10.361 10.514
   month-over-month % change -34.3% 15.1% 28.5% -10.5% -23.2% -1.2% -4.1% -0.4% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change -40.0% -5.2% -17.4% 10.8% -16.6% -22.3% 13.5% 11.7% 2.4% 3.3% 1.5%
Laboratories 0.225 0.120 0.151 0.269 0.261 0.165 0.199 0.190 0.194 2.661 2.085
   month-over-month % change -48.7% -46.6% 26.2% 17.3% -3.1% -36.6% -2.4% -4.4% 2.4%    
   year-over-year % change -20.5% -46.5% 55.7% -22.7% 10.5% -17.9% -22.3% -25.7% -22.1% -0.1% -21.6%
Warehouse 1.569 1.011 0.739 1.849 1.703 1.106 1.725 1.631 1.524 20.908 17.451
   month-over-month % change -37.9% -35.6% -26.9% -3.4% -7.9% -35.0% -2.0% -5.4% -6.6%    
   year-over-year % change -20.8% -52.5% -63.5% -11.0% -16.4% -45.9% -1.3% -8.6% -17.3% 2.7% -16.5%
Misc Commercial 3.112 0.892 1.358 2.105 1.639 1.787 1.515 1.541 1.601 11.741 18.677
   month-over-month % change 240.6% -71.3% 52.2% 71.0% -22.1% 9.0% 16.6% 1.8% 3.9%    
   year-over-year % change 491.8% 55.8% 113.4% 109.8% 234.0% 209.1% 14.2% 28.3% 33.8% -29.7% 59.1%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 12.215 9.482 11.106 11.553 10.462 10.934 11.007 10.853 10.950 124.997 122.580
   month-over-month % change 26.1% -22.4% 17.1% -0.9% -9.4% 4.5% 1.4% -1.4% 0.9%    
   year-over-year % change 18.1% -16.3% 11.7% -1.7% 1.5% 3.8% -1.7% -2.7% -2.6% -6.4% -1.9%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 0.569 1.896 1.473 6.625 4.877 1.313 4.457 4.359 4.387 32.246 49.094
   month-over-month % change -95.3% 233.2% -22.3% -1.3% -26.4% -73.1% -3.0% -2.2% 0.7%    
   year-over-year % change -74.4% -38.3% 30.5% 143.3% 46.6% -38.7% 43.8% 59.0% 60.5% -10.9% 52.3%
Religious 0.128 0.096 0.140 0.117 0.118 0.121 0.158 0.155 0.151 1.958 1.574
   month-over-month % change -1.3% -24.9% 45.7% -15.5% 0.5% 2.9% -1.9% -2.3% -2.6%    
   year-over-year % change -22.8% -31.5% -25.6% -26.2% -26.3% -26.3% -9.5% -8.3% -13.9% -7.0% -19.6%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.174 2.286 2.231 1.897 1.809 1.897 1.478 1.564 1.698 14.185 17.678
   month-over-month % change -40.3% 94.7% -2.4% -12.4% -4.6% 4.9% 1.5% 5.9% 8.6%    
   year-over-year % change 28.7% 83.9% 257.9% 70.3% 47.3% 104.8% 18.3% 23.0% 36.8% -10.9% 24.6%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.893 0.859 0.710 0.650 0.690 0.820 0.829 0.810 0.805 9.628 8.676
   month-over-month % change 180.8% -3.8% -17.3% 21.2% 6.1% 18.9% 1.4% -2.2% -0.7%    
   year-over-year % change 18.4% -20.5% -8.3% -6.9% -12.7% -5.6% -8.5% -10.9% -8.2% -12.6% -9.9%
Libraries/Museums 0.356 0.486 0.322 0.299 0.304 0.388 0.294 0.301 0.312 2.583 3.580
   month-over-month % change 397.1% 36.5% -33.8% 0.0% 1.9% 27.4% 2.5% 2.6% 3.5%    
   year-over-year % change 31.1% 23.8% 65.0% 41.9% 8.2% 35.4% 39.9% 34.1% 36.5% -24.5% 38.6%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.989 0.692 0.654 0.702 0.781 0.778 0.637 0.609 0.602 7.407 6.522
   month-over-month % change 49.1% -30.1% -5.5% 22.5% 11.3% -0.4% 8.4% -4.3% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change 151.1% -32.4% -11.7% -2.4% 2.0% 8.2% 4.3% -4.1% -8.6% -6.8% -11.9%
Military 0.713 1.054 0.818 0.463 0.701 0.862 0.425 0.443 0.456 4.808 5.054
   month-over-month % change 111.5% 47.7% -22.3% 34.3% 51.5% 22.9% 4.5% 4.3% 2.9%    
   year-over-year % change 44.7% 26.6% 23.5% 3.6% 17.1% 30.1% 6.1% 8.5% 7.7% 6.8% 5.1%
Schools/Colleges 4.470 3.914 4.606 5.547 4.677 4.330 6.123 6.073 6.106 66.558 68.333
   month-over-month % change -20.9% -12.4% 17.7% -27.4% -15.7% -7.4% -0.7% -0.8% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change -10.1% -13.2% 9.3% -9.2% -11.3% -5.1% 5.5% 5.1% 5.0% 0.5% 2.7%
Misc Government 0.601 0.856 0.350 0.631 0.736 0.602 0.745 0.747 0.707 10.544 7.779
   month-over-month % change -20.2% 42.5% -59.1% -18.5% 16.8% -18.2% -7.1% 0.2% -5.3%    
   year-over-year % change -53.1% 2.3% -57.6% -35.6% -22.5% -38.6% -18.2% -18.3% -23.4% 1.7% -26.2%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 9.323 10.241 9.830 10.305 9.817 9.798 10.688 10.704 10.838 117.672 119.198
   month-over-month % change -5.7% 9.8% -4.0% -17.4% -4.7% -0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 1.3%    
   year-over-year % change 0.9% 1.9% 19.6% -1.3% -2.3% 6.8% 4.1% 3.8% 4.8% -3.1% 1.3%
Misc Non Residential 0.502 1.017 0.715 0.537 0.689 0.744 0.546 0.573 0.588 6.814 6.660
   month-over-month % change -8.5% 102.6% -29.7% -4.4% 28.2% 8.0% -1.1% 4.9% 2.6%    
   year-over-year % change -12.5% 46.3% 33.3% -14.5% 16.0% 23.8% -8.5% -5.3% -2.6% -5.8% -2.3%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 22.609 22.635 23.123 29.021 25.846 22.789 26.698 26.488 26.763 281.730 297.532
   month-over-month % change -30.0% 0.1% 2.2% -7.6% -10.9% -11.8% 0.1% -0.8% 1.0%    
   year-over-year % change 1.0% -10.0% 16.6% 13.6% 6.5% 1.5% 6.1% 6.7% 7.4% -5.6% 5.6%
Airports 0.556 0.831 0.290 0.751 0.683 0.559 0.614 0.595 0.587 6.914 6.688
   month-over-month % change -15.9% 49.4% -65.1% -1.6% -9.1% -18.1% 0.0% -3.2% -1.3%    
   year-over-year % change 0.1% -22.0% -24.5% 25.8% -8.4% -16.3% 0.2% 0.1% -1.2% -43.9% -3.3%
Roads/Highways 4.971 4.640 3.853 6.133 5.057 4.488 5.296 5.330 5.306 59.812 60.230
   month-over-month % change -10.6% -6.7% -17.0% -8.5% -17.5% -11.3% 0.8% 0.6% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 11.9% 9.7% -6.9% 1.0% -0.1% 5.1% 6.3% 5.3% 2.3% 18.0% 0.7%
Bridges 2.674 2.025 1.655 2.250 2.254 2.118 2.193 2.199 2.195 22.256 24.566
   month-over-month % change 29.6% -24.3% -18.3% -0.9% 0.2% -6.0% 0.2% 0.3% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 1.7% 3.8% -2.8% 15.5% 13.4% 1.1% 17.4% 12.6% 10.3% 17.3% 10.4%
Dams/Marine 0.536 1.042 1.052 0.514 0.678 0.876 0.687 0.684 0.723 6.156 8.189
   month-over-month % change 17.5% 94.5% 1.0% -28.1% 31.8% 29.3% -2.6% -0.4% 5.7%    
   year-over-year % change -29.1% -3.0% 79.6% -19.1% -17.3% 8.9% 33.5% 23.0% 31.0% 33.1% 33.0%
Water/Sewage 2.565 2.538 2.830 2.597 2.421 2.645 2.511 2.519 2.576 27.567 28.832
   month-over-month % change 18.8% -1.1% 11.5% 0.2% -6.8% 9.2% 2.3% 0.3% 2.3%    
   year-over-year % change 35.3% 3.5% 32.0% 17.7% 12.4% 22.2% 4.8% 4.5% 5.5% -9.1% 4.6%
Misc Civil 4.084 6.426 1.544 5.124 6.704 4.018 3.206 3.519 3.363 31.266 39.487
   month-over-month % change -57.5% 57.4% -76.0% -13.4% 30.8% -40.1% 4.0% 9.8% -4.4%    
   year-over-year % change 56.1% 141.2% -54.8% 272.7% 230.0% 38.7% 16.9% 25.1% 26.3% 21.8% 26.3%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 15.386 17.502 11.224 17.369 17.796 14.704 14.507 14.846 14.750 153.971 167.992
   month-over-month % change -24.9% 13.8% -35.9% -8.4% 2.5% -17.4% 1.5% 2.3% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 19.3% 30.3% -9.2% 35.3% 39.0% 14.0% 10.6% 10.9% 9.9% 8.0% 9.1%
GRAND TOTAL 64.068 66.222 54.192 71.894 69.708 61.494 64.850 64.959 65.029 711.848 727.224
   month-over-month % change -18.7% 3.4% -18.2% -4.8% -3.0% -11.8% 0.5% 0.2% 0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 6.8% 2.0% 1.6% 12.4% 11.0% 3.5% 2.3% 2.8% 3.3% -3.8% 2.2%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 37.995 40.137 34.347 46.390 43.642 37.493 41.204 41.334 41.513 435.701 465.525
   month-over-month % change -28.0% 5.6% -14.4% -7.9% -5.9% -14.1% 0.6% 0.3% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 7.7% 4.0% 6.7% 20.9% 17.7% 6.1% 7.7% 8.2% 8.3% -1.2% 6.8%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  JAN-NOV 2018   JAN-NOV 2019   % Change
           
Connecticut $3,491,313,953   $4,636,820,967   32.8%
Maine $1,970,227,183   $1,665,415,282   -15.5%
Massachusetts $8,888,688,061   $11,103,397,362   24.9%
New Hampshire $1,405,694,366   $1,383,451,575   -1.6%
Rhode Island $2,724,311,736   $876,521,713   -67.8%
Vermont $439,090,157   $374,840,073   -14.6%
Total New England $18,919,325,456   $20,040,446,972   5.9%
New Jersey $7,297,850,105   $8,170,635,069   12.0%
New York $27,046,450,310   $24,915,558,583   -7.9%
Pennsylvania $13,074,233,745   $13,883,127,487   6.2%
Total Middle Atlantic $47,418,534,160   $46,969,321,139   -0.9%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $66,337,859,616   $67,009,768,111   1.0%
Illinois $12,170,056,807   $15,711,502,096   29.1%
Indiana $7,799,542,576   $7,083,799,040   -9.2%
Michigan $9,674,743,355   $11,902,912,039   23.0%
Ohio $15,385,417,127   $12,999,395,908   -15.5%
Wisconsin $19,813,853,521   $9,714,754,437   -51.0%
Total East North Central $64,843,613,386   $57,412,363,520   -11.5%
Iowa $4,706,327,850   $5,469,731,269   16.2%
Kansas $5,062,383,750   $4,223,263,479   -16.6%
Minnesota $8,224,398,444   $10,424,448,455   26.8%
Missouri $7,298,754,848   $7,120,419,334   -2.4%
Nebraska $2,465,632,565   $3,394,971,846   37.7%
North Dakota $3,128,235,673   $2,485,009,994   -20.6%
South Dakota $1,534,788,060   $2,733,528,267   78.1%
Total West North Central $32,420,521,190   $35,851,372,644   10.6%
TOTAL MIDWEST $97,264,134,576   $93,263,736,164   -4.1%
Delaware $1,125,474,955   $1,006,253,436   -10.6%
District of Columbia $3,148,488,248   $1,838,869,508   -41.6%
Florida $26,801,172,086   $30,163,843,643   12.5%
Georgia $11,296,137,327   $17,034,446,402   50.8%
Maryland $7,326,413,616   $6,445,535,558   -12.0%
North Carolina $14,127,829,538   $13,970,591,450   -1.1%
South Carolina $6,128,259,177   $6,875,051,911   12.2%
Virginia $13,427,792,069   $10,211,252,429   -24.0%
West Virginia $7,276,418,639   $1,779,398,029   -75.5%
Total South Atlantic $90,657,985,655   $89,325,242,366   -1.5%
Alabama $5,471,016,702   $6,958,829,883   27.2%
Kentucky $6,091,720,250   $5,660,396,701   -7.1%
Mississippi $2,102,173,170   $2,564,406,126   22.0%
Tennessee $8,085,811,656   $7,637,898,484   -5.5%
Total East South Central $21,750,721,778   $22,821,531,194   4.9%
Arkansas $3,164,938,766   $2,848,154,367   -10.0%
Louisiana $4,621,844,561   $8,237,880,663   78.2%
Oklahoma $5,374,873,860   $5,076,322,161   -5.6%
Texas $50,481,079,668   $75,495,104,922   49.6%
Total West South Central $63,642,736,855   $91,657,462,113   44.0%
TOTAL SOUTH $176,051,444,288   $203,804,235,673   15.8%
Arizona $8,880,859,452   $7,862,832,148   -11.5%
Colorado $7,888,652,910   $8,745,020,915   10.9%
Idaho $1,917,716,755   $1,987,469,132   3.6%
Montana $1,407,314,299   $1,325,849,215   -5.8%
Nevada $5,192,295,384   $5,910,995,028   13.8%
New Mexico $2,000,451,855   $2,322,642,272   16.1%
Utah $6,047,457,578   $5,270,040,192   -12.9%
Wyoming $1,035,791,527   $4,120,001,796   297.8%
Total Mountain $34,370,539,760   $37,544,850,698   9.2%
Alaska $1,511,224,012   $1,007,554,508   -33.3%
California $40,266,273,474   $36,959,060,804   -8.2%
Hawaii $2,299,091,857   $1,976,594,599   -14.0%
Oregon $5,616,404,945   $5,721,350,198   1.9%
Washington $11,983,747,561   $18,237,594,774   52.2%
Total Pacific $61,676,741,849   $63,902,154,883   3.6%
TOTAL WEST $96,047,281,609   $101,447,005,581   5.6%
TOTAL U.S. $435,700,720,089   $465,524,745,529   6.8%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.