By: Alex Carrick on October 10th, 2019

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Through 3 Quarters of 2019, Total Nonresidential Construction Starts +3.0%

Industry Snapshot | alex carrick

A Dearth of Mega Projects in September Versus August

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $34.7 billion (green shaded box, Table 3 below),-32.9% compared with August’s figure of $51.6 billion (originally reported as $50.2 billion). The decline of nearly one-third (or -$16.9 billion) was due to a disparity in ‘mega project’ start-ups. Whereas August featured 5 projects of a billion dollars or more each, totaling $18.7 billion, September had only two such undertakings, combining for $2.3 billion (yielding a gap of -$16.4 billion).

Construction Starts Settled into More Normal Pattern in April, +3% M/M Graphic

September 2019’s total nonresidential starts relative to September 2018 were -1.8%. September of this year’s level compared with the five-year average for September from 2014 through 2018 inclusive was +2.2%. September 2019 year-to-date total nonresidential starts have been +3.0%.

 
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‘Smoothed’ Series ‒ Grand Total -1.3%

Since large project groundbreakings can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 3 below.

On a 12-month moving average basis, September 2019’s total nonresidential starts were +4.1% versus the previous 12 months (i.e., October-2018-to-September-2019 vs October-2017-to-September-2018). Type-of-structure sub-category starts on the same 12-month-over-prior-12-month terms in September 2019 were: commercial, -6.6%; industrial, +39.5%; institutional, +0.2%; and engineering, +8.5%. Industrial and civil work have sustained total starts.

The ‘smoothed’ grand total of starts, which includes residential, was -1.3% in September. Residential activity has been -9.5% on a 12-month moving average basis, with multi-family starts sliding backwards (-15.1%) more precipitously than the single-family market (-6.8%).

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor have they been altered to remove the effects of price changes, otherwise known as inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for August, was 60%; the latter’s was 40%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (September 2019) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (August 2019).

Construction Overview – Jobs Growth Slows but Unemployment Rate Ultra-Tight

Total employment in the U.S. construction sector rose by only +7,000 jobs in September, lowering the year-to-date monthly average for 2019 to +12,000, well under last year’s comparable figure of +26,000. The latest year-over-year increase in ‘hard hat’ jobs was +2.1%, the slowest rate of advance since January 2013 (also +2.1%). The most recent peak annual employment gain occurred in December 2014, at +6.1%. Construction’s NSA unemployment rate in September, however, was extremely tight at 3.2%. A level of 3.2%, which also occurred in May of this year, is the lowest figure for construction’s unemployment rate this century.

Returning to year-over-year jobs growth, the increase economywide in September was +1.4% with health care, at +2.6%, taking over as the sector with the speediest increase.

September’s year-over-year employment changes in subsegments of the economy with close ties to construction were: ‘oil and gas extraction,’ +10.6%; ‘machinery and equipment rental,’ +9.6%;  ‘architectural and engineering services,’ +2.8%; ‘real estate activities,’ +2.5%; ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing,’ +1.6%; and ‘building material and supplies dealers,’ +0.5%.

M/M, Y/Y, and YTD Results ― Strength in Stadium Projects

The -32.9% drop in total nonresidential starts month-over-month (m/m) in September originated mainly in the industrial (-97.5%) and engineering (-29.6%) categories, with a decline in institutional (-8.2%) occurring as well. Commercial, however, registered a good gain (+17.2%). Commercial had help from two stadium projects (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - September 2019), but they were no match for August’s scroll of ethane cracker, railroad, rapid transit, power, and auto plant work.

The minor dip of -1.8% in total nonresidential starts in September 2019 versus September 2018 (y/y) was due to big and small hiccups in industrial and institutional, of -86.4% and -4.9% respectively, that sidelined the pickups in engineering and commercial, +10.3% and +4.9%.

As for the year-to-date (ytd) improvement of +3.0% in total nonresidential starts through September of this year, thanks are owed to industrial (+57.5%) and heavy engineering/civil (+6.3%), as institutional (-4.6%) and commercial (-7.4%) have failed to keep up.

K-12 and Electric Power Starts Surprise on Upside

The ‘road/highway’ subcategory has accounted for more than a third (37%) of heavy engineering/civil groundbreakings to date in 2019. The three metrics for such street starts in September were: -24.8% m/m; -4.9% y/y; and -1.6% ytd. ‘Miscellaneous civil’ (22%) has made up the second largest chunk of engineering work through 2019’s first three quarters and its results have been: -57.1% m/m; but +51.1% y/y; and +19.5% ytd. The ‘electric power infrastructure’ portion of ‘miscellaneous civil,’ at +86.6% ytd, has been nearly double last year.

Within institutional, the ‘school/college’ component (a 61% slice) to date in 2019 has fallen at little short of its usual two-thirds share. Educational facility starts through September were: -20.4% m/m; -11.4% y/y; and -0.1% ytd. While groundbreakings on kindergarten through grade 12 structures have been positive at +3.9% ytd, they’ve been negative for universities and colleges, -11.8%. Next most important for institutional have been health care facility starts (with a 25.9%, or about one-quarter, share). ‘Hospital/clinic,’ plus ‘nursing/assisted living,’ plus ‘miscellaneous medical’ starts in September were: -24.6% m/m; -28.2% y/y; and -15.1% ytd.

The ‘private office building’ subcategory has made the large contribution (22%) to commercial starts so far this year. In September, ‘private office building’ starts ‒ with an assist from a Google data center in Texas (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - September 2019) ‒ were mostly upbeat: +66.1% m/m; and +53.9% y/y; but -6.1% ytd. In three other subcategories of commercial work, carrying nearly equal weights of between 12% and 15%, the results in the latest month were disappointing for the most part. ‘Warehouses’ were -41.0% m/m; -32.3% y/y; and -11.3% ytd. ‘Hotels/motels’ were +7.7% m/m; but -41.7% y/y; and -30.8% ytd. ‘Retail/shopping’ was -7.8% m/m; -31.2% y/y; and -19.4% ytd.

Moderation in JOLTS & Engineering the Star in Trend Graphs

From Graph 1, construction sector job openings, whether measured as a three-month-moving-average ‘level’ or ‘rate,’ continue to be elevated to an extreme degree, although they have taken a minor step back from their May peaks. The job hires picture in construction from Graph 2 is less bullish. The ‘level’ is staying on a gradually upwards climbing path that began in early 2014, but the ‘rate’ remains locked in the same range of 5.0% to 5.5% that has prevailed for six years.

Among the 12-month-moving-average trend lines (Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - September 2019), most of the excitement ties to Graph 6. The ‘miscellaneous civil’ curve, after a sharp drop early this year, has skyrocketed again due to a recent spate of railroad, rapid transit and power project go-aheads. The ‘bridges’ slope also continues to display commendable uplift. ‘Retail’ in Graph 3 is the one type-of-structure most clearly moving in a downwards direction of no benefit to contractors looking for new work. The slopes of most of the other categories have been leveling off lately.

Graph 1: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of 'construction employment plus number of job openings'.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for August, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of hires during month as % of construction employment.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for August, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Wage Gains – Construction Workers Lagged Hourly but Soared Weekly

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on non-farm payrolls. B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From September’s BLS Table B-3 (including supervisory personnel), the ‘all-jobs’ earnings increases were +2.9% hourly and +2.6% weekly. Construction workers as a subset of ‘all-jobs’ fared poorly hourly, +2.2%, but took center stage weekly, +4.0%. From the latest Table B-8 (excluding bosses), the all-jobs compensation jumps were +3.5% hourly and +3.1% weekly. Again, construction was shaded hourly, +2.3%, but grabbed the spotlight weekly, +3.8%.

Construction Costing ‒ Material Inputs Lower, but ‘Final Demand’ Higher

September 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index,’ -2.1% (a bit more negative than -2.0% in August); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports,’ +0.3% (a tad below +0.4% in August); and ‘final demand construction,’ +5.5% (a slight uptick from August’s +5.4%).

The value of construction starts each month is derived from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models. ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are super-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were -6.5% m/m, -10.7 y/y and -10.4% ytd. To date in 2019, the multi-family segment of residential (-18.6%) has been in a deeper hole than the single-family (-6.8%) market. ‘Grand total’ construction starts in September were -24.6% m/m, -5.5% y/y and -2.1% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - September 2019 PDF.

Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - September 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - September 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
AUGUST 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

    % Change   % Change   % Change
  Jan-SEP 19 Jan-SEP 19 vs    SEP 19 vs   SEP 19 vs
  ($ billions) Jan-SEP 18   SEP 18   AUG 19
             
Hotel/Motel 14.117 -30.8%   -41.7%   7.7%
Retail 11.903 -19.4%   -31.2%   -7.8%
Parking Garage 2.245 17.0%   31.4%   -7.8%
Amusement 4.980 -15.1%   -24.0%   12.2%
Private Office  21.603 -6.1%   53.9%   66.1%
Government Office 8.612 5.8%   -37.2%   -32.2%
Laboratory 1.782 -23.8%   -11.7%   -38.1%
Warehouse 14.865 -11.3%   -32.3%   -41.0%
Miscellaneous Commercial* 15.925 51.2%   442.9%   234.4%
COMMERCIAL 96.031 -7.4%   4.9%   17.2%
             
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 44.174 57.5%   -86.4%   -97.5%
             
Religious 1.218 -25.3%   -24.9%   -12.8%
Hospital/Clinic 12.437 1.0%   17.9%   -41.9%
Nursing/Assisted Living 6.480 -16.7%   -20.0%   110.4%
Library/Museum 2.760 38.3%   35.7%   304.9%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 5.231 -7.3%   159.1%   53.1%
Military 3.268 -1.4%   52.0%   128.7%
School/College 57.776 -0.1%   -11.4%   -20.4%
Miscellaneous Government 5.689 -36.0%   -65.8%   -34.5%
INSTITUTIONAL 94.859 -4.6%   -4.9%   -8.2%
             
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 4.731 -15.3%   -13.6%   -9.3%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 239.795 1.3%   -8.7%   -35.0%
             
Airport 5.322 -2.6%   -8.1%   -22.1%
Road/Highway 50.633 -1.6%   -4.9%   -24.8%
Bridge 20.609 10.8%   -3.4%   22.0%
Dam/Marine 6.051 34.5%   -35.2%   7.4%
Water/Sewage 23.495 2.3%   32.3%   14.8%
Miscellaneous Civil 30.106 19.5%   51.1%   -57.1%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 136.216 6.3%   10.3%   -29.6%
             
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 376.011 3.0%   -1.8%   -32.9%

*Includes transportation terminals and sports arenas.

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – SEPTEMBER 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

        % Change     % Change % Change
      Jan-Sep 19 Jan-Sep 19 vs     Sep 19 vs Sep 19 vs
      ($ billions) Jan-Sep 18     Sep 18 Aug 19
                 
Summary              
CIVIL     136.216 6.3%     10.3% -29.6%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 239.795 1.3%     -8.7% -35.0%
RESIDENTIAL   204.917 -10.4%     -10.7% -6.5%
GRAND TOTAL   580.928 -2.1%     -5.5% -24.6%
                 
Verticals              
    Airport 5.322 -2.6%     -8.1% -22.1%
    All Other Civil 19.276 -0.6%     -35.5% -76.3%
    Bridges 20.609 10.8%     -3.4% 22.0%
    Dams / Canals / Marine Work 6.051 34.5%     -35.2% 7.4%
    Power Infrastructure 10.829 86.6%     2316.8% -0.4%
    Roads 50.633 -1.6%     -4.9% -24.8%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 23.495 2.3%     32.3% 14.8%
CIVIL     136.216 6.3%     10.3% -29.6%
    Offices (private) 21.603 -6.1%     53.9% 66.1%
    Parking Garages 2.245 17.0%     31.4% -7.8%
    Transportation Terminals 8.604 88.3%     -45.5% -62.6%
  Commercial (small subset) 32.452 10.0%     37.2% 32.5%
    Amusement 4.980 -15.1%     -24.0% 12.2%
    Libraries / Museums 2.760 38.3%     35.7% 304.9%
    Religious 1.218 -25.3%     -24.9% -12.8%
    Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 7.320 22.8%     1219.3% 599.6%
  Community 16.279 5.3%     178.5% 241.6%
    College / University 13.460 -11.8%     -42.0% -6.9%
    Elementary / Pre School 17.333 2.1%     0.4% -24.7%
    Jr / Sr High School 25.452 5.2%     1.3% -31.9%
    Special / Vocational 1.532 8.4%     141.1% 213.4%
  Educational 57.776 -0.1%     -11.4% -20.4%
    Courthouses 1.287 2.2%     168.0% 126.1%
    Fire and Police Stations 2.355 1.5%     60.0% 7.9%
    Government Offices 8.612 5.8%     -37.2% -32.2%
    Prisons 1.589 -23.0%     395.0% 33.9%
  Government 13.843 0.4%     10.4% -0.8%
    Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 1.782 -23.8%     -11.7% -38.1%
    Manufacturing 44.174 57.5%     -86.4% -97.5%
    Warehouses 14.865 -11.3%     -32.3% -41.0%
  Industrial 60.821 29.0%     -57.8% -87.1%
    Hospitals / Clinics 12.437 1.0%     17.9% -41.9%
    Medical Misc. 5.689 -36.0%     -65.8% -34.5%
    Nursing Homes 6.480 -16.7%     -20.0% 110.4%
  Medical   24.605 -15.1%     -28.2% -24.6%
  Military   3.268 -1.4%     52.0% 128.7%
    Hotels 14.117 -30.8%     -41.7% 7.7%
    Retail Misc. 4.731 -15.3%     -13.6% -9.3%
    Shopping 11.903 -19.4%     -31.2% -7.8%
  Retail   30.751 -24.6%     -34.2% -1.8%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 239.795 1.3%     -8.7% -35.0%
    Multi-Family 56.508 -18.6%     -25.7% -7.9%
    Single-Family 148.409 -6.8%     -3.7% -5.9%
RESIDENTIAL   204.917 -10.4%     -10.7% -6.5%
NONRESIDENTIAL 376.011 3.0%     -1.8% -32.9%
GRAND TOTAL   580.928 -2.1%     -5.5% -24.6%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks non-residential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s on-line product ‘Insight’.

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – SEPTEMBER 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

  Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
        3-months 12-months JAN-SEP JAN-SEP
  JUL 19 AUG 19 SEP 19 JUL 19 AUG 19 SEP 19 JUL 19 AUG 19 SEP 19 2018 2019
                       
Single Family 17.749 17.228 16.205 17.534 17.562 17.060 16.085 16.020 15.968 159.220 148.409
   month-over-month % change 0.2% -2.9% -5.9% -1.3% 0.2% -2.9% -0.2% -0.4% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -2.5% -4.3% -3.7% -8.4% -4.4% -3.5% -6.2% -6.4% -6.8% 3.7% -6.8%
Apartment 5.444 6.347 5.845 5.544 6.010 5.879 7.074 6.917 6.749 69.441 56.508
   month-over-month % change -12.7% 16.6% -7.9% -11.6% 8.4% -2.2% -2.4% -2.2% -2.4%    
   year-over-year % change -28.1% -22.9% -25.7% -31.3% -26.9% -25.5% -13.4% -13.9% -15.1% -24.5% -18.6%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 23.192 23.575 22.050 23.078 23.572 22.939 23.159 22.938 22.717 228.662 204.917
   month-over-month % change -3.2% 1.7% -6.5% -4.0% 2.1% -2.7% -0.9% -1.0% -1.0%    
   year-over-year % change -10.0% -10.1% -10.7% -15.2% -11.4% -10.3% -8.5% -8.8% -9.5% -6.9% -10.4%
Hotel/Motel 1.442 1.220 1.313 1.544 1.434 1.325 1.773 1.740 1.662 20.409 14.117
   month-over-month % change -12.1% -15.4% 7.7% -1.4% -7.1% -7.6% -1.5% -1.9% -4.5%    
   year-over-year % change -17.9% -24.6% -41.7% -49.4% -15.4% -29.3% -20.0% -20.0% -23.2% -11.6% -30.8%
Retail 1.081 1.216 1.121 1.400 1.307 1.139 1.347 1.320 1.278 14.769 11.903
   month-over-month % change -33.4% 12.5% -7.8% -7.6% -6.6% -12.8% -4.2% -2.0% -3.2%    
   year-over-year % change -39.6% -20.8% -31.2% -12.9% -16.2% -31.0% -15.8% -15.9% -19.9% -5.5% -19.4%
Parking Garages 0.401 0.156 0.144 0.328 0.289 0.233 0.263 0.262 0.264 1.919 2.245
   month-over-month % change 28.6% -61.1% -7.8% 22.6% -11.8% -19.3% 5.8% -0.5% 1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 75.4% -8.4% 31.4% 14.1% 54.8% 37.8% -2.5% -3.2% 0.5% -15.6% 17.0%
Amusement 1.058 0.465 0.521 0.711 0.717 0.681 0.648 0.650 0.636 5.868 4.980
   month-over-month % change 68.4% -56.1% 12.2% 38.2% 0.8% -5.0% 8.3% 0.3% -2.1%    
   year-over-year % change 127.5% 5.4% -24.0% 1.2% 18.8% 28.4% -0.9% 1.5% -1.9% -1.3% -15.1%
Office 2.959 1.521 2.527 2.836 2.847 2.336 2.309 2.288 2.361 23.004 21.603
   month-over-month % change -27.1% -48.6% 66.1% -0.6% 0.4% -18.0% -9.0% -0.9% 3.2%    
   year-over-year % change -48.1% -14.2% 53.9% 0.9% -2.0% -23.1% -3.9% -4.4% 0.2% -2.9% -6.1%
Governmental Offices 1.603 1.143 0.774 1.237 1.313 1.173 0.994 0.996 0.958 8.137 8.612
   month-over-month % change 34.3% -28.7% -32.2% 19.9% 6.1% -10.7% 6.9% 0.1% -3.8%    
   year-over-year % change 91.9% 1.4% -37.2% 28.1% 29.9% 10.2% 28.6% 24.7% 13.9% -5.6% 5.8%
Laboratories 0.142 0.403 0.250 0.149 0.216 0.265 0.182 0.199 0.196 2.339 1.782
   month-over-month % change 36.6% 184.8% -38.1% -10.5% 44.7% 22.5% -16.1% 9.2% -1.4%    
   year-over-year % change -74.7% 100.0% -11.7% -61.6% -33.7% -24.0% -23.7% -20.5% -23.4% 3.2% -23.8%
Warehouse 1.373 2.275 1.342 1.487 1.808 1.663 1.675 1.698 1.645 16.753 14.865
   month-over-month % change -22.8% 65.7% -41.0% -24.9% 21.6% -8.0% -4.2% 1.4% -3.1%    
   year-over-year % change -39.0% 13.6% -32.3% -32.9% -7.2% -20.0% -4.8% -2.3% -5.9% -3.4% -11.3%
Misc Commercial 2.254 0.854 2.855 2.548 1.181 1.988 1.228 1.268 1.462 10.532 15.925
   month-over-month % change 418.6% -62.1% 234.4% 24.7% -53.7% 68.3% 1.0% 3.3% 15.3%    
   year-over-year % change 6.8% 128.4% 442.9% 47.6% -23.0% 98.1% -9.6% -5.3% 10.3% -24.5% 51.2%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 12.312 9.252 10.847 12.241 11.113 10.804 10.418 10.419 10.461 103.729 96.031
   month-over-month % change 4.6% -24.8% 17.2% 2.5% -9.2% -2.8% -2.6% 0.0% 0.4%    
   year-over-year % change -21.5% 0.1% 4.9% -11.0% -5.6% -8.1% -7.5% -6.7% -6.6% -8.1% -7.4%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 6.957 12.040 0.302 6.642 6.507 6.433 3.869 4.482 4.322 28.046 44.174
   month-over-month % change 1225.3% 73.1% -97.5% 40.0% -2.0% -1.1% 14.0% 15.8% -3.6%    
   year-over-year % change 450.8% 157.1% -86.4% 27.5% 139.0% 136.2% 6.5% 17.3% 39.5% 1.6% 57.5%
Religious 0.082 0.143 0.124 0.125 0.123 0.116 0.154 0.152 0.148 1.630 1.218
   month-over-month % change -43.5% 74.7% -12.8% -12.0% -1.7% -5.5% -2.9% -1.7% -2.3%    
   year-over-year % change -40.4% -18.1% -24.9% -43.4% -39.4% -26.9% -10.0% -11.9% -15.2% -8.3% -25.3%
Hosptials/Clinics 2.519 1.852 1.076 1.668 2.012 1.816 1.365 1.392 1.405 12.319 12.437
   month-over-month % change 51.3% -26.5% -41.9% 56.6% 20.6% -9.8% 11.0% 2.0% 1.0%    
   year-over-year % change 179.9% 21.2% 17.9% 39.3% 60.9% 63.0% 11.2% 10.0% 12.5% -11.8% 1.0%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.738 0.287 0.603 0.680 0.495 0.542 0.810 0.789 0.777 7.775 6.480
   month-over-month % change 60.4% -61.1% 110.4% -3.3% -27.3% 9.7% -0.7% -2.6% -1.6%    
   year-over-year % change -8.3% -46.6% -20.0% -26.6% -35.1% -22.3% -14.8% -14.4% -14.3% -11.7% -16.7%
Libraries/Museums 0.466 0.091 0.369 0.431 0.286 0.309 0.292 0.284 0.293 1.996 2.760
   month-over-month % change 54.1% -80.5% 304.9% 13.0% -33.6% 7.7% 8.9% -2.5% 2.8%    
   year-over-year % change 159.0% -49.4% 35.7% 47.1% 39.4% 46.6% 26.2% 33.0% 39.4% -34.7% 38.3%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.497 0.667 1.021 0.584 0.602 0.728 0.607 0.589 0.642 5.645 5.231
   month-over-month % change -22.5% 34.0% 53.1% -2.0% 3.1% 21.0% -5.0% -2.9% 8.9%    
   year-over-year % change -43.6% -24.3% 159.1% -24.8% -28.3% 1.3% -1.2% -6.8% 5.0% -16.4% -7.3%
Military 0.345 0.328 0.749 0.327 0.344 0.474 0.423 0.411 0.432 3.313 3.268
   month-over-month % change -3.7% -5.2% 128.7% 8.7% 5.0% 37.8% -0.6% -2.9% 5.2%    
   year-over-year % change -8.0% -30.6% 52.0% -29.0% -14.6% 6.1% 5.5% -1.6% 7.9% 1.0% -1.4%
Schools/Colleges 6.157 5.536 4.405 8.309 7.384 5.366 6.029 5.962 5.915 57.838 57.776
   month-over-month % change -41.1% -10.1% -20.4% -6.1% -11.1% -27.3% -1.2% -1.1% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -12.3% -12.6% -11.4% 1.4% -5.8% -12.2% 6.7% 3.5% 2.0% 0.3% -0.1%
Misc Government 0.459 0.669 0.438 0.739 0.649 0.522 0.746 0.741 0.671 8.882 5.689
   month-over-month % change -44.0% 45.6% -34.5% -13.5% -12.1% -19.6% -4.9% -0.7% -9.5%    
   year-over-year % change -50.4% -8.8% -65.8% -33.3% -36.5% -46.7% -20.3% -15.6% -26.4% 0.2% -36.0%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 11.264 9.571 8.785 12.863 11.895 9.873 10.427 10.321 10.282 99.398 94.859
   month-over-month % change -24.1% -15.0% -8.2% -0.2% -7.5% -17.0% 0.0% -1.0% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 0.4% -11.7% -4.9% -2.4% -5.0% -5.4% 2.4% 0.5% 0.2% -4.6% -4.6%
Misc Non Residential 0.539 0.546 0.495 0.520 0.545 0.527 0.533 0.536 0.530 5.583 4.731
   month-over-month % change -2.3% 1.3% -9.3% -4.8% 5.0% -3.4% -3.9% 0.5% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -32.5% 6.2% -13.6% -28.8% -23.4% -16.2% -15.5% -12.3% -11.3% -8.2% -15.3%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 31.071 31.410 20.429 32.266 30.060 27.637 25.248 25.758 25.596 236.756 239.795
   month-over-month % change 12.2% 1.1% -35.0% 7.1% -6.8% -8.1% 0.7% 2.0% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 7.2% 24.2% -8.7% -1.8% 8.4% 8.2% -1.8% -0.4% 1.7% -5.6% 1.3%
Airports 0.855 0.656 0.511 0.707 0.696 0.674 0.592 0.595 0.591 5.465 5.322
   month-over-month % change 47.9% -23.3% -22.1% 18.4% -1.5% -3.2% 3.4% 0.6% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change 37.9% 6.6% -8.1% 35.8% 27.2% 12.9% -37.3% -36.4% -3.6% -48.7% -2.6%
Roads/Highways 7.540 5.618 4.224 7.103 6.619 5.794 5.298 5.222 5.204 51.445 50.633
   month-over-month % change 12.6% -25.5% -24.8% 1.9% -6.8% -12.5% 0.5% -1.4% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 4.0% -13.8% -4.9% 7.9% 0.2% -4.6% 11.0% 5.7% 4.4% 14.9% -1.6%
Bridges 2.020 2.082 2.540 2.316 2.278 2.214 2.120 2.178 2.171 18.602 20.609
   month-over-month % change -26.1% 3.1% 22.0% -10.0% -1.6% -2.8% 0.7% 2.8% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change 10.1% 50.7% -3.4% 17.1% 25.0% 13.6% 17.4% 22.6% 16.2% 10.7% 10.8%
Dams/Marine 0.550 0.456 0.490 1.252 0.715 0.499 0.720 0.705 0.683 4.497 6.051
   month-over-month % change -51.7% -17.1% 7.4% 5.0% -42.9% -30.3% 0.3% -2.0% -3.1%    
   year-over-year % change 5.4% -27.4% -35.2% 140.1% 38.5% -21.5% 59.7% 48.4% 32.8% 31.8% 34.5%
Water/Sewage 3.097 2.185 2.509 2.873 2.621 2.597 2.449 2.455 2.506 22.970 23.495
   month-over-month % change 20.0% -29.5% 14.8% -3.0% -8.8% -0.9% 1.7% 0.2% 2.1%    
   year-over-year % change 18.7% 3.4% 32.3% -2.1% 9.8% 17.7% -0.2% 1.7% 4.6% -12.5% 2.3%
Misc Civil 1.543 9.206 3.953 4.042 5.737 4.900 2.262 2.961 3.073 25.189 30.106
   month-over-month % change -76.1% 496.8% -57.1% -0.3% 41.9% -14.6% 3.2% 30.9% 3.8%    
   year-over-year % change 121.8% 1032.8% 51.1% 130.3% 278.2% 256.4% -26.6% 3.1% 12.0% 35.2% 19.5%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 15.605 20.204 14.226 18.292 18.667 16.679 13.440 14.117 14.228 128.168 136.216
   month-over-month % change -22.7% 29.5% -29.6% -0.3% 2.1% -10.7% 1.3% 5.0% 0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 15.3% 67.4% 10.3% 28.0% 39.3% 30.0% -0.5% 5.3% 8.5% 6.4% 6.3%
GRAND TOTAL 69.869 75.189 56.705 73.636 72.299 67.254 61.846 62.814 62.541 593.586 580.928
   month-over-month % change -2.7% 7.6% -24.6% 1.6% -1.8% -7.0% 0.2% 1.6% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 2.3% 18.3% -5.5% -1.0% 6.8% 5.2% -4.2% -2.5% -1.3% -3.7% -2.1%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 46.677 51.614 34.655 50.558 48.728 44.315 38.687 39.876 39.824 364.924 376.011
   month-over-month % change -2.5% 10.6% -32.9% 4.3% -3.6% -9.1% 0.9% 3.1% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change 9.8% 38.2% -1.8% 7.2% 18.5% 15.5% -1.4% 1.5% 4.1% -1.7% 3.0%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  JAN-SEP 2018   JAN-SEP 2019   % Change
           
Connecticut $3,023,764,126   $3,558,767,242   17.7%
Maine $1,709,802,380   $1,274,885,982   -25.4%
Massachusetts $7,299,526,917   $9,741,351,791   33.5%
New Hampshire $1,167,172,845   $1,246,413,058   6.8%
Rhode Island $1,997,193,872   $686,714,915   -65.6%
Vermont $413,619,248   $322,477,557   -22.0%
Total New England $15,611,079,388   $16,830,610,545   7.8%
New Jersey $6,336,366,384   $5,129,161,505   -19.1%
New York $23,571,852,145   $18,792,966,893   -20.3%
Pennsylvania $10,324,724,628   $11,901,635,293   15.3%
Total Middle Atlantic $40,232,943,157   $35,823,763,691   -11.0%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $55,844,022,545   $52,654,374,236   -5.7%
Illinois $10,589,484,948   $12,526,092,826   18.3%
Indiana $6,369,745,057   $5,407,683,987   -15.1%
Michigan $7,811,999,753   $11,004,760,320   40.9%
Ohio $12,098,546,161   $9,790,657,559   -19.1%
Wisconsin $18,558,651,798   $7,822,071,953   -57.9%
Total East North Central $55,428,427,717   $46,551,266,645   -16.0%
Iowa $4,178,515,530   $5,082,646,119   21.6%
Kansas $4,475,739,688   $3,432,787,537   -23.3%
Minnesota $7,282,879,703   $8,762,321,302   20.3%
Missouri $6,556,394,956   $6,220,474,952   -5.1%
Nebraska $2,148,755,953   $2,735,530,117   27.3%
North Dakota $2,903,867,712   $1,822,887,468   -37.2%
South Dakota $1,341,100,559   $1,699,310,662   26.7%
Total West North Central $28,887,254,101   $29,755,958,157   3.0%
TOTAL MIDWEST $84,315,681,818   $76,307,224,802   -9.5%
Delaware $749,113,171   $920,201,371   22.8%
District of Columbia $2,758,969,918   $1,483,435,323   -46.2%
Florida $22,306,343,030   $25,177,465,907   12.9%
Georgia $8,985,354,170   $13,940,920,598   55.2%
Maryland $5,738,792,707   $5,242,592,599   -8.6%
North Carolina $11,322,576,975   $11,118,636,951   -1.8%
South Carolina $5,175,179,875   $4,921,947,516   -4.9%
Virginia $12,067,852,348   $7,809,889,733   -35.3%
West Virginia $6,731,331,786   $1,350,236,619   -79.9%
Total South Atlantic $75,835,513,980   $71,965,326,617   -5.1%
Alabama $4,511,444,008   $6,050,563,793   34.1%
Kentucky $3,801,017,594   $4,613,465,947   21.4%
Mississippi $1,793,682,145   $1,992,088,249   11.1%
Tennessee $6,402,089,327   $6,207,192,696   -3.0%
Total East South Central $16,508,233,074   $18,863,310,685   14.3%
Arkansas $2,543,937,659   $2,313,829,278   -9.0%
Louisiana $3,873,783,005   $7,578,261,277   95.6%
Oklahoma $4,603,728,246   $3,913,028,703   -15.0%
Texas $40,032,128,745   $64,285,562,782   60.6%
Total West South Central $51,053,577,655   $78,090,682,040   53.0%
TOTAL SOUTH $143,397,324,709   $168,919,319,342   17.8%
Arizona $7,551,902,164   $5,503,464,709   -27.1%
Colorado $6,552,791,311   $7,331,787,033   11.9%
Idaho $1,526,479,044   $1,691,169,898   10.8%
Montana $1,217,524,054   $933,341,817   -23.3%
Nevada $4,483,176,672   $4,932,238,660   10.0%
New Mexico $1,711,099,282   $2,040,235,098   19.2%
Utah $4,670,860,396   $3,732,501,430   -20.1%
Wyoming $841,744,223   $3,963,342,788   370.8%
Total Mountain $28,555,577,146   $30,128,081,433   5.5%
Alaska $1,359,967,741   $870,155,671   -36.0%
California $33,835,277,714   $28,287,532,395   -16.4%
Hawaii $1,978,368,351   $1,552,155,305   -21.5%
Oregon $4,927,585,652   $4,383,470,034   -11.0%
Washington $10,710,360,398   $12,908,772,687   20.5%
Total Pacific $52,811,559,856   $48,002,086,092   -9.1%
TOTAL WEST $81,367,137,002   $78,130,167,525   -4.0%
TOTAL U.S. $364,924,166,074   $376,011,085,905   3.0%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.