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By: Alex Carrick on November 14th, 2019

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October 2019’s Nonresidential Construction Starts +7% M/M and +5% YTD

Industry Snapshot | alex carrick

October’s Starts Defied the Usual Seasonality

ConstructConnect announced today that the latest month’s volume of construction starts, excluding residential work, was $38.7 billion (green shaded box, Table 3 below),+6.5% versus September’s figure of $36.3 billion (originally reported as $34.7 billion). From September to October, there is usually a change of -4% in total nonresidential starts due to seasonality. October’s result was supported by $6 billion in mega project startups (i.e., 3 projects of more than $1 billion each), surpassing $2.3 billion of such work (from 2 projects) in September.

October 2019’s Nonresidential Construction Starts +7% M/M and +5% Ytd Graphic

To date in 2019, there have been 29 mega project initiations with a total estimated valuation of $72 billion compared with 16 such projects in the first 10 months of last year, for $40 billion.

October 2019’s total nonresidential starts level was almost an exact match for October 2018 (+0.3%). October 2019’s year-to-date volume was +4.5% above January-October of last year.

 
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‘Smoothed’ Series ‒ Grand Total Neither Up Nor Down

Since large project groundbreakings can often introduce notable volatility in the monthly ‘starts’ numbers and their period-to-period percentage changes, it is informative to also study ‘smoothed’ series, such as are set out in the middle columns of Table 3 below.

On a 12-month moving average basis, October 2019’s total nonresidential starts were +6.0% versus the previous 12 months (i.e., November-2018-to-October-2019 vs November-2017-to-October-2018). Type-of-structure sub-category starts on the same 12-month-over-prior-12-month terms in October 2019 were: commercial, -5.7%; industrial, +57.4%; institutional, +1.6%; and engineering, +9.2%. In nominal dollars, engineering starts have been three times greater than industrial year to date.

The ‘smoothed’ grand total of starts, which includes residential, was flat (+0.2%) in October. Residential activity has been -8.7% on a 12-month moving average basis, with multi-family starts reversing (-12.8%) about twice as quickly as single-family groundbreakings (-6.8%).

‘Starts’ as a Leading Indicator     

The ‘starts’ figures appearing in this report’s tables and graphs are not seasonally adjusted (NSA). Nor have they been altered to remove the effects of price changes, otherwise known as inflation. They are expressed in what are termed ‘current’ as opposed to ‘constant’ dollars.  

‘Nonresidential building’ plus ‘engineering/civil’ work accounts for a larger share of total construction than residential activity. The former’s combined proportion of total put-in-place construction in the Census Bureau’s latest report, for September, was 61%; the latter’s was 39%.

ConstructConnect’s construction starts are leading indicators for the Census Bureau’s capital investment or put-in-place series. Also, the reporting period for starts (October 2019) is one month ahead of the reporting period for the investment series (September 2019).

Construction Overview – Monthly Average Jobs Growth -56%

The total number of jobs in the U.S. construction sector rose by +10,000 in October, cutting the year-to-date monthly average to +13,000. This year’s monthly average jobs increase has fallen more than 50% below last year’s pace of +29,000. The NSA unemployment rate in the sector has bobbed up to 4.0% from 3.2% the month before. A year ago, in October 2018, it had been 3.6%.

Construction’s year-over-year jobs climb of +2.0% is still beating the economy-wide ‘all-jobs’ performance of +1.4%, but it has not kept up with ‘education and health,’ at +2.7%, and ‘leisure and hospitality,’ +2.4%. Nevertheless, +2.0% is far better than manufacturing’s +0.4% or retail’s -0.1%.

October’s year-over-year employment changes in subsegments of the economy with close ties to construction were: ‘oil and gas extraction,’ +11.8%; ‘machinery and equipment rental,’ +8.9%; ‘real estate activities,’ +2.7%; ‘architectural and engineering services,’ +2.4%; ‘cement and concrete product manufacturing,’ +1.3%; and ‘building material and supplies dealers,’ +0.7%.

M/M, Y/Y, and YTD Results ― Strength in Rapid Transit and Mixed-Use Industrial Work

The +6.5% elevation in total nonresidential starts month-over-month (m/m) in October arose in almost every type-of-structure subcategory with only commercial, at -23.4%, holding back. Industrial was +232.1%; heavy engineering/civil, +15.1%; and institutional, +11.8%. October’s starts featured strength in rapid transit and mixed-use industrial work (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - October 2019).

The flatline record (+0.3%) of October 2019’s nonresidential starts relative to October 2018 (y/y) resulted from declines in industrial (-40.5%) and commercial (-21.4%) that were entirely counterbalanced by a surge in engineering (+8.8%), while institutional (-0.4%) was sidelined.

Concerning the +3.5% improvement in total nonresidential starts, January-October 2019 versus January-October 2018 (ytd), industrial (+51.3%) and engineering (+26.0%) have been the drivers, with commercial (-6.3%) and, to a lesser extent, institutional (-2.2%), acting as anchors.

Higher Education a Drag; Passenger Terminals and Arenas Provide Pizzazz

At more than one-third, ‘road/highway’ work has accounted for the largest share (36%) of engineering starts to date in 2019. In percentage-change terms, however, street starts in October were underwhelming: +7.2% y/y, but -1.7% m/m and -0.4% ytd. The standout among engineering subcomponents this year (with a 24% share) has been ‘miscellaneous civil.’ Its metrics in the latest month were +141.1% y/y, +61.6% m/m and +33.3% ytd. Light rail extension projects appear prominently among October’s Top 10 groundbreakings (see Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - October 2019).

‘Private office’ work has made up about one-quarter (24%) of total commercial starts so far this year. In October, such starts were +15.7% m/m and +8.4% y/y, but they were little changed from 2018 ytd, -0.9%. ‘Hotels/motels,’ ‘warehouses,’ and ‘miscellaneous’ have been carrying almost equal weight (15% to 16%) within commercial so far this year. ‘Hotel/motel’ starts in October were -0.9% m/m, but more severely depressed y/y, -30.8%, and ytd, -28.5%. ‘Warehouse’ work has been -59.8% y/y and -50.2% m/m, but not as much in the hole ytd, -13.7%. ‘Miscellaneous commercial’ has been -69.8% m/m, but +56.7% y/y and +53.6% ytd, with support for the ytd percentage change coming from ‘passenger terminals,’ +86.7% ytd, and ‘sports arenas,’ +27.9% ytd.   

‘School/college’ starts have contributed 59% to the institutional total to date in 2019, but their performance has been restrained: -9.3% y/y and -7.3% m/m, while managing a minuscule gain of +0.7% ytd. ‘College/university’ starts, at -7.0% ytd, have been the source of lethargy. In the medical field, ‘hospital/clinic’ starts had a good month in October: +107.3% m/m; +82.6% y/y; and +12.3% ytd. ‘Nursing/assisted living’ starts have been -17.0% ytd and ‘miscellaneous medical’ starts, -28.2% ytd. Combined medical work has provided a 28% share towards total institutional.

JOLTS’ Message More Muted and a Flattening in Trend Graphs

From Graph 1, construction job openings, measured as either a ‘rate’ or a ‘level,’ continue to be historically high. Worth noting, though, is that openings for all jobs in the economy, while also high, have been slightly receding over the past 12 months. One might suppose that construction job hires would also be above previous peaks. Such is not the case, however, as is made clear in Graph 2. The ‘level’ continues to slowly rise, but is still well below where it was in the early 00s. The hires ‘rate’ remains anemic, stuck in a range between 5.0% and 5.5%. The all-jobs hires numbers have ceased soaring rapidly, but they are still even with or above prior summits.

Most of the 12-month-moving-average trend lines (Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - October 2019), have been displaying either a flattening or a mild tendency to slope downwards of late. That’s certainly been the case for ‘nonresidential buildings’ (Graph 1), ‘institutional’ and ‘commercial’ (Graph 2) ‘private office buildings’ (Graph 3), ‘schools’ and ‘hospitals’ (Graph 4) ‒ with the former showing some recent downdraft and the latter some recent uplift ‒ and ‘water/sewage’ (Graph 5). ‘Retail’ (Graph 3) continues to plummet. ‘Heavy engineering’, though, has some subcategories with curves that are moving smartly higher, especially ‘bridges’ and ‘miscellaneous civil’ (Graph 6).

Graph 1: U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Openings (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of job openings end-of-month as % of 'construction employment plus number of job openings'.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for September, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Graph 2: U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)
(3-month Moving Averages placed in Latest Month)

U.S. Construction Job Hires (from JOLTS Report)

*Rate is number of hires during month as % of construction employment.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. Latest seasonally adjusted (SA) data points are for September, 2019.

Data Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Chart: ConstructConnect.

Wage Gains – Nothing Special for Construction Workers

Tables B-3 and B-8 of the monthly Employment Situation report record average hourly and average weekly wages for industry sectors. B-3 is for all employees (i.e., including bosses) on nonfarm payrolls. B-8 is for ‘production and nonsupervisory personnel’ only (i.e., it excludes bosses). For ‘all jobs’ and construction, there are eight relevant percentage changes to consider.

From October’s BLS Table B-3 (including supervisory personnel), the ‘all-jobs’ earnings increases were +3.0% hourly and +2.7% weekly. Construction workers as a subset of ‘all-jobs’ did less well hourly, +2.4%, but outperformed weekly, +3.7%. From the latest Table B-8 (excluding bosses), the all-jobs compensation leaps were +3.5% hourly and +3.2% weekly. Relatively speaking, construction workers fell behind both hourly, +2.0%, and weekly, +2.8%.

Construction Costing ‒ Quieter Results in October vs September

October 2019’s y/y results for three BLS Producer Price Index (PPI) series were: ‘construction materials special index,’ -2.1% (the same decline as in September); ‘inputs to new construction index, excluding capital investment, labor and imports,’ -0.4% (a worsening from September’s +0.3%); and ‘final demand construction,’ +3.9% (down from the previous month’s +5.5%).

The value of construction starts each month is derived from ConstructConnect’s database of all active construction projects in the U.S. Missing project values are estimated with the help of RSMeans’ building cost models. ConstructConnect’s nonresidential construction starts series, because it is comprised of total-value estimates for individual projects, some of which are super-large, has a history of being more volatile than many other leading indicators for the economy. 

ConstructConnect’s total residential starts (i.e., single-family plus multi-family starts) in the latest month were -4.7% m/m, -12.1 y/y and -9.0% ytd. To date in 2019, the multi-family segment of residential (-15.1%) has gone in arrears even more than the single-family (-6.2%) market. ‘Grand total’ construction starts in October were +2.0% m/m, -4.8% y/y, and -0.7% ytd.

ConstructConnect has moved to a better-targeted and research-assigned ‘start’ date. (Prior to January 2017, the ‘start’ date was recorded as occurring within 30 to 60 days of the announced bid date.) In concept, a ‘start’ is equivalent to ground being broken for a project to proceed. If work is abandoned or re-bid, the ‘start’ date is revised to reflect the new information.

Click here to download the Construction Industry Snapshot Package - October 2019 PDF.


Click here for the Top 10 Project Starts in the U.S. - October 2019.

Click here for the Nonresidential Construction Starts Trend Graphs - October 2019.

TABLE 1: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
OCTOBER 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT

    % Change   % Change   % Change
  Jan-OCT 19 Jan-OCT 19 vs    OCT 19 vs   OCT 19 vs
  ($ billions) Jan-OCT 18   OCT 18   SEP 19
             
Hotel/Motel 16.174 -28.5%   -30.8%   -0.9%
Retail 13.134 -17.7%   -26.5%   -28.8%
Parking Garage 2.500 18.5%   -1.8%   31.4%
Amusement 5.812 -17.8%   -44.8%   27.6%
Private Office  25.482 -0.9%   8.4%   15.7%
Government Office 9.401 4.0%   -4.8%   14.7%
Laboratory 1.893 -26.2%   -52.1%   -52.8%
Warehouse 16.300 -13.7%   -59.8%   -50.2%
Miscellaneous Commercial* 17.061 53.6%   56.7%   -69.8%
COMMERCIAL 107.757 -6.3%   -21.4%   -23.4%
             
INDUSTRIAL (Manufacturing) 47.087 51.3%   -40.5%   232.1%
             
Religious 1.362 -23.0%   -39.4%   -32.7%
Hospital/Clinic 15.226 12.3%   82.6%   107.3%
Nursing/Assisted Living 7.350 -17.0%   -31.8%   14.2%
Library/Museum 3.099 29.7%   -22.4%   -14.4%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 5.857 -12.2%   -35.2%   -34.8%
Military 4.370 5.4%   28.4%   49.2%
School/College 62.789 0.7%   -9.3%   -7.3%
Miscellaneous Government 6.981 -28.2%   -4.2%   34.3%
INSTITUTIONAL 107.032 -2.2%   -0.4%   11.8%
             
Miscellaneous Nonresidential 5.830 -7.1%   45.9%   104.1%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 267.706 2.2%   -13.5%   0.6%
             
Airport 6.221 -4.7%   -25.5%   41.1%
Road/Highway 55.464 -0.4%   7.2%   -1.7%
Bridge 22.334 8.7%   -11.0%   -31.6%
Dam/Marine 7.138 28.1%   -2.5%   97.1%
Water/Sewage 25.759 1.3%   -2.4%   -3.7%
Miscellaneous Civil 37.140 33.3%   141.1%   61.6%
HEAVY ENGINEERING 154.055 8.8%   26.0%   15.1%
             
TOTAL NONRESIDENTIAL 421.761 4.5%   0.3%   6.5%

*Includes transportation terminals and sports arenas.

Source: ConstructConnect Research Group and ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 2: VALUE OF UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION STARTS
CONSTRUCTCONNECT INSIGHT VERSION – OCTOBER 2019
Arranged to match the alphabetical category drop-down menus in INSIGHT

        % Change     % Change % Change
      Jan-Oct 19 Jan-Oct 19 vs     Oct 19 vs Oct 19 vs
      ($ billions) Jan-Oct 18     Oct 18 Sept 19
                 
Summary              
CIVIL     154.055 8.8%     26.0% 15.1%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 267.706 2.2%     -13.5% 0.6%
RESIDENTIAL   232.150 -9.0%     -12.1% -4.7%
GRAND TOTAL   653.911 -0.7%     -4.8% 2.0%
                 
Verticals              
    Airport 6.221 -4.7%     -25.5% 41.1%
    All Other Civil 25.322 23.1%     401.0% 242.5%
    Bridges 22.334 8.7%     -11.0% -31.6%
    Dams / Canals / Marine Work 7.138 28.1%     -2.5% 97.1%
    Power Infrastructure 11.818 62.3%     -68.0% -78.9%
    Roads 55.464 -0.4%     7.2% -1.7%
    Water and Sewage Treatment 25.759 1.3%     -2.4% -3.7%
CIVIL     154.055 8.8%     26.0% 15.1%
    Offices (private) 25.482 -0.9%     8.4% 15.7%
    Parking Garages 2.500 18.5%     -1.8% 31.4%
    Transportation Terminals 9.078 86.7%     54.4% 132.3%
  Commercial (small subset) 37.060 13.4%     12.0% 24.3%
    Amusement 5.812 -17.8%     -44.8% 27.6%
    Libraries / Museums 3.099 29.7%     -22.4% -14.4%
    Religious 1.362 -23.0%     -39.4% -32.7%
    Sports Arenas / Convention Centers 7.983 27.9%     59.1% -83.9%
  Community 18.256 4.5%     -25.6% -60.3%
    College / University 15.239 -7.0%     19.5% 26.5%
    Elementary / Pre School 18.477 2.8%     11.7% -7.0%
    Jr / Sr High School 27.434 3.7%     -30.5% -15.4%
    Special / Vocational 1.639 6.1%     -49.2% -77.8%
  Educational 62.789 0.7%     -9.3% -7.3%
    Courthouses 1.385 5.1%     90.1% -76.0%
    Fire and Police Stations 2.704 3.2%     15.0% 33.2%
    Government Offices 9.401 4.0%     -4.8% 14.7%
    Prisons 1.767 -35.2%     -68.9% -30.2%
  Government 15.258 -2.8%     -21.0% -13.8%
    Industrial Labs / Labs / School Labs 1.893 -26.2%     -52.1% -52.8%
    Manufacturing 47.087 51.3%     -40.5% 232.1%
    Warehouses 16.300 -13.7%     -59.8% -50.2%
  Industrial 65.280 24.2%     -48.6% 11.7%
    Hospitals / Clinics 15.226 12.3%     82.6% 107.3%
    Medical Misc. 6.981 -28.2%     -4.2% 34.3%
    Nursing Homes 7.350 -17.0%     -31.8% 14.2%
  Medical   29.557 -8.0%     20.5% 63.0%
  Military   4.370 5.4%     28.4% 49.2%
    Hotels 16.174 -28.5%     -30.8% -0.9%
    Retail Misc. 5.830 -7.1%     45.9% 104.1%
    Shopping 13.134 -17.7%     -26.5% -28.8%
  Retail   35.138 -21.7%     -16.5% 4.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING 267.706 2.2%     -13.5% 0.6%
    Multi-Family 66.661 -15.1%     -29.4% -12.2%
    Single-Family 165.489 -6.2%     -3.0% -1.5%
RESIDENTIAL   232.150 -9.0%     -12.1% -4.7%
NONRESIDENTIAL 421.761 4.5%     0.3% 6.5%
GRAND TOTAL   653.911 -0.7%     -4.8% 2.0%

Table 1 conforms to the type-of-structure ordering adopted by many firms and organizations in the industry. Specifically, it breaks nonresidential building into ICI work (i.e., industrial, commercial and institutional), since each has its own set of economic and demographic drivers. Table 2 presents an alternative, perhaps more user-friendly and intuitive type-of-structure ordering that matches how the data appears in ConstructConnect’s online product ‘Insight.’

Source: ConstructConnect.
Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 3: VALUE OF UNITED STATES NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION STARTS – OCTOBER 2019 – CONSTRUCTCONNECT
Billions of current $s, not seasonally adjusted (NSA)

  Latest month actuals  Moving averages (placed in end month) Year to Date. 
        3-months 12-months JAN-oct JAN-oct
  aug 19 sep 19 oct 19 aug 19 sep 19 oct 19 aug 19 sep 19 oct 19 2018 2019
                       
Single Family 17.051 16.972 16.719 17.426 17.181 16.914 15.987 15.998 15.954 176.465 165.489
   month-over-month % change -2.7% -0.5% -1.5% -0.2% -1.4% -1.6% -0.5% 0.1% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -5.3% 0.8% -3.0% -5.1% -2.8% -2.6% -6.6% -6.6% -6.8% 3.2% -6.2%
Apartment 7.419 7.296 6.408 6.604 6.862 7.041 7.118 7.070 6.848 78.520 66.661
   month-over-month % change 26.4% -1.7% -12.2% 12.5% 3.9% 2.6% -0.9% -0.7% -3.1%    
   year-over-year % change -9.8% -7.3% -29.4% -19.7% -13.0% -16.1% -11.4% -11.1% -12.8% -23.2% -15.1%
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL 24.470 24.268 23.127 24.031 24.043 23.955 23.104 23.068 22.802 254.985 232.150
   month-over-month % change 4.6% -0.8% -4.7% 3.0% 0.1% -0.4% -0.6% -0.2% -1.2%    
   year-over-year % change -6.7% -1.7% -12.1% -9.6% -5.9% -7.0% -8.2% -8.1% -8.7% -6.7% -9.0%
Hotel/Motel 1.179 1.550 1.535 1.430 1.390 1.421 1.764 1.705 1.648 22.626 16.174
   month-over-month % change -18.2% 31.4% -0.9% -7.9% -2.8% 2.3% -2.0% -3.3% -3.3%    
   year-over-year % change -27.1% -31.2% -30.8% -15.7% -25.9% -30.0% -18.9% -21.2% -23.4% -11.0% -28.5%
Retail 1.238 1.218 0.867 1.336 1.200 1.108 1.351 1.317 1.291 15.949 13.134
   month-over-month % change 8.0% -1.6% -28.8% -6.3% -10.1% -7.7% -1.8% -2.5% -2.0%    
   year-over-year % change -19.4% -25.2% -26.5% -14.4% -27.3% -23.5% -13.9% -17.4% -16.1% -8.8% -17.7%
Parking Garages 0.167 0.143 0.187 0.293 0.237 0.166 0.267 0.270 0.270 2.109 2.500
   month-over-month % change -58.2% -14.8% 31.4% -10.6% -19.2% -30.0% -0.1% 1.0% -0.1%    
   year-over-year % change -1.7% 30.4% -1.8% 56.8% 39.8% 5.7% -1.1% 2.6% 14.6% -24.6% 18.5%
Amusement 0.430 0.521 0.664 0.726 0.670 0.538 0.666 0.652 0.607 7.071 5.812
   month-over-month % change -59.4% 21.1% 27.6% -2.3% -7.7% -19.7% -0.1% -2.1% -6.9%    
   year-over-year % change -2.5% -24.1% -44.8% 20.3% 26.3% -30.7% 4.1% 0.6% -12.3% 6.9% -17.8%
Office 1.594 2.540 2.938 3.054 2.416 2.357 2.366 2.441 2.460 25.714 25.482
   month-over-month % change -48.8% 59.3% 15.7% 0.2% -20.9% -2.4% -0.6% 3.2% 0.8%    
   year-over-year % change -10.1% 54.6% 8.4% 5.2% -20.4% 15.4% -1.1% 3.6% 0.5% 1.5% -0.9%
Governmental Offices 1.143 0.746 0.856 1.307 1.171 0.915 0.993 0.952 0.948 9.036 9.401
   month-over-month % change -29.5% -34.7% 14.7% 6.1% -10.4% -21.8% 0.1% -4.1% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 1.4% -39.5% -4.8% 29.3% 9.9% -15.8% 24.3% 13.3% 11.5% -3.9% 4.0%
Laboratories 0.421 0.228 0.107 0.222 0.264 0.252 0.201 0.196 0.186 2.564 1.893
   month-over-month % change 190.3% -45.9% -52.8% 49.5% 19.2% -4.7% 10.0% -2.3% -5.0%    
   year-over-year % change 108.4% -19.4% -52.1% -32.0% -24.1% 6.6% -19.6% -23.3% -27.0% 2.9% -26.2%
Warehouse 2.503 1.719 0.855 1.861 1.855 1.692 1.718 1.696 1.590 18.883 16.300
   month-over-month % change 86.4% -31.3% -50.2% 26.4% -0.3% -8.8% 2.5% -1.3% -6.3%    
   year-over-year % change 25.0% -13.2% -59.8% -4.5% -10.7% -17.0% -1.1% -3.0% -10.9% -0.8% -13.7%
Misc Commercial 0.867 2.970 0.898 1.204 2.042 1.578 1.289 1.492 1.520 11.105 17.061
   month-over-month % change -62.1% 242.5% -69.8% -53.2% 69.7% -22.7% 3.3% 15.8% 1.8%    
   year-over-year % change 132.0% 464.8% 56.7% -21.5% 103.6% 221.6% -3.8% 12.6% 26.5% -30.7% 53.6%
TOTAL COMMERCIAL 9.542 11.633 8.908 11.432 11.245 10.028 10.614 10.722 10.520 115.058 107.757
   month-over-month % change -24.0% 21.9% -23.4% -8.7% -1.6% -10.8% 0.2% 1.0% -1.9%    
   year-over-year % change 3.2% 12.5% -21.4% -2.9% -4.4% -2.7% -5.0% -4.2% -5.7% -7.7% -6.3%
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL  (Manufacturing) 12.125 0.550 1.827 6.668 6.599 4.834 4.557 4.418 4.314 31.117 47.087
   month-over-month % change 70.2% -95.5% 232.1% -1.6% -1.0% -26.7% 15.8% -3.1% -2.3%    
   year-over-year % change 158.9% -75.3% -40.5% 144.9% 142.3% 45.3% 19.2% 42.5% 57.4% -11.0% 51.3%
Religious 0.134 0.126 0.085 0.126 0.114 0.115 0.156 0.153 0.149 1.770 1.362
   month-over-month % change 63.5% -5.5% -32.7% -11.6% -9.7% 0.9% -2.1% -2.1% -3.0%    
   year-over-year % change -23.3% -23.8% -39.4% -37.8% -28.4% -28.2% -9.1% -12.4% -11.9% -11.1% -23.0%
Hosptials/Clinics 1.886 1.095 2.270 2.128 1.834 1.750 1.434 1.449 1.535 13.562 15.226
   month-over-month % change -25.2% -41.9% 107.3% 17.0% -13.8% -4.6% 2.1% 1.1% 5.9%    
   year-over-year % change 23.4% 20.0% 82.6% 70.2% 64.7% 42.5% 13.4% 16.1% 20.7% -9.2% 12.3%
Nursing/Assisted Living 0.294 0.644 0.736 0.497 0.559 0.558 0.797 0.788 0.759 8.854 7.350
   month-over-month % change -60.3% 119.2% 14.2% -29.1% 12.4% -0.2% -2.5% -1.1% -3.6%    
   year-over-year % change -45.2% -14.6% -31.8% -34.7% -19.9% -29.4% -13.6% -13.1% -16.6% -10.0% -17.0%
Libraries/Museums 0.092 0.356 0.305 0.306 0.306 0.251 0.289 0.296 0.288 2.388 3.099
   month-over-month % change -80.6% 288.5% -14.4% -31.9% 0.0% -18.1% -2.5% 2.4% -2.5%    
   year-over-year % change -49.1% 31.0% -22.4% 49.0% 45.5% -10.9% 35.0% 40.9% 28.3% -27.0% 29.7%
Police/Courthouse/Prison 0.668 1.016 0.663 0.580 0.718 0.782 0.587 0.638 0.608 6.667 5.857
   month-over-month % change 42.6% 52.0% -34.8% 1.5% 23.7% 9.0% -2.9% 8.8% -4.7%    
   year-over-year % change -24.2% 157.9% -35.2% -30.9% -0.2% 2.2% -7.2% 4.5% -4.2% -10.9% -12.2%
Military 0.347 0.716 1.068 0.350 0.469 0.710 0.416 0.435 0.455 4.145 4.370
   month-over-month % change 0.8% 106.2% 49.2% 7.1% 34.0% 51.4% -2.4% 4.5% 4.5%    
   year-over-year % change -26.4% 45.3% 28.4% -13.0% 5.0% 18.6% -0.3% 8.6% 11.2% 3.2% 5.4%
Schools/Colleges 5.646 4.411 4.088 7.554 5.464 4.715 6.048 6.002 5.967 62.345 62.789
   month-over-month % change -10.9% -21.9% -7.3% -10.8% -27.7% -13.7% -0.9% -0.8% -0.6%    
   year-over-year % change -10.9% -11.3% -9.3% -3.6% -10.6% -10.6% 4.9% 3.4% 3.3% -0.2% 0.7%
Misc Government 0.742 0.597 0.801 0.703 0.623 0.713 0.768 0.711 0.709 9.719 6.981
   month-over-month % change 39.6% -19.6% 34.3% -9.0% -11.3% 14.4% 0.1% -7.4% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 1.2% -53.4% -4.2% -31.3% -36.4% -24.9% -12.5% -21.9% -22.5% 0.6% -28.2%
TOTAL INSTITUTIONAL 9.808 8.961 10.015 12.245 10.088 9.595 10.496 10.472 10.469 109.451 107.032
   month-over-month % change -14.7% -8.6% 11.8% -7.6% -17.6% -4.9% -0.8% -0.2% 0.0%    
   year-over-year % change -9.5% -3.0% -0.4% -2.2% -3.3% -4.5% 2.3% 2.0% 1.6% -3.7% -2.2%
Misc Non Residential 0.549 0.497 1.014 0.555 0.532 0.687 0.543 0.537 0.563 6.278 5.830
   month-over-month % change -0.2% -9.6% 104.1% 3.8% -4.1% 29.0% 0.5% -1.2% 5.0%    
   year-over-year % change 6.9% -13.4% 45.9% -22.1% -15.3% 15.6% -11.2% -10.1% -6.9% -6.0% -7.1%
TOTAL NONRES BUILDING 32.024 21.640 21.764 30.900 28.464 25.143 26.210 26.149 25.867 261.904 267.706
   month-over-month % change 0.9% -32.4% 0.6% -6.6% -7.9% -11.7% 2.2% -0.2% -1.1%    
   year-over-year % change 26.7% -3.3% -13.5% 11.5% 11.4% 3.6% 1.3% 3.9% 4.2% -6.4% 2.2%
Airports 0.656 0.563 0.794 0.714 0.709 0.671 0.602 0.603 0.580 6.530 6.221
   month-over-month % change -27.8% -14.2% 41.1% -1.4% -0.7% -5.4% 0.6% 0.1% -3.8%    
   year-over-year % change 6.6% 1.3% -25.5% 30.5% 18.7% -10.0% -35.7% -1.7% -2.4% -45.3% -4.7%
Roads/Highways 5.562 4.609 4.533 6.605 5.916 4.901 5.215 5.229 5.254 55.673 55.464
   month-over-month % change -26.6% -17.1% -1.7% -7.0% -10.4% -17.1% -1.5% 0.3% 0.5%    
   year-over-year % change -14.7% 3.7% 7.2% -0.1% -2.6% -3.2% 5.6% 4.9% 3.8% 15.9% -0.4%
Bridges 2.080 2.538 1.736 2.276 2.211 2.118 2.176 2.169 2.151 20.554 22.334
   month-over-month % change 3.3% 22.0% -31.6% -1.7% -2.9% -4.2% 2.7% -0.4% -0.8%    
   year-over-year % change 50.5% -3.5% -11.0% 24.9% 13.4% 6.6% 22.5% 16.1% 10.1% 15.9% 8.7%
Dams/Marine 0.456 0.531 1.047 0.715 0.513 0.678 0.705 0.687 0.684 5.571 7.138
   month-over-month % change -17.2% 16.5% 97.1% -42.9% -28.3% 32.3% -2.0% -2.7% -0.3%    
   year-over-year % change -27.4% -29.7% -2.5% 38.5% -19.3% -17.2% 48.4% 33.4% 23.0% 39.8% 28.1%
Water/Sewage 2.155 2.486 2.394 2.591 2.559 2.345 2.454 2.503 2.498 25.423 25.759
   month-over-month % change -29.0% 15.4% -3.7% -9.0% -1.2% -8.4% 0.1% 2.0% -0.2%    
   year-over-year % change 2.0% 31.1% -2.4% 8.6% 16.0% 8.9% 1.7% 4.5% 3.7% -11.0% 1.3%
Misc Civil 9.202 3.975 6.423 5.733 4.904 6.533 3.026 3.139 3.452 27.853 37.140
   month-over-month % change 499.6% -56.8% 61.6% 40.1% -14.5% 33.2% 30.0% 3.7% 10.0%    
   year-over-year % change 1032.2% 51.9% 141.1% 277.9% 256.7% 221.6% 5.3% 14.4% 22.7% 36.1% 33.3%
TOTAL ENGINEERING 20.111 14.701 16.926 18.633 16.810 17.246 14.178 14.329 14.620 141.603 154.055
   month-over-month % change 28.8% -26.9% 15.1% 1.7% -9.8% 2.6% 5.0% 1.1% 2.0%    
   year-over-year % change 66.6% 14.0% 26.0% 39.1% 31.0% 34.7% 5.7% 9.2% 9.2% 8.3% 8.8%
GRAND TOTAL 76.605 60.610 61.817 73.564 69.317 66.344 63.493 63.546 63.289 658.492 653.911
   month-over-month % change 8.3% -20.9% 2.0% -1.6% -5.8% -4.3% 1.7% 0.1% -0.4%    
   year-over-year % change 20.5% 1.1% -4.8% 8.6% 8.4% 5.6% -1.5% 0.3% 0.2% -3.7% -0.7%
NONRES BLDG + ENGINEERING 52.135 36.342 34.690 49.533 45.275 42.389 40.389 40.478 40.486 403.507 421.761
   month-over-month % change 10.1% -30.3% 6.5% -3.7% -8.6% -6.4% 3.1% 0.2% 0.0%    
   year-over-year % change 39.6% 3.0% 0.3% 20.5% 18.0% 14.3% 2.8% 5.8% 6.0% -1.7% 4.5%

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.

TABLE 4: U.S. YEAR-TO-DATE REGIONAL STARTS
NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION* — CONSTRUCTCONNECT

  JAN-SEP 2018   JAN-SEP 2019   % Change
           
Connecticut $3,340,695,850   $4,006,222,844   19.9%
Maine $1,895,370,895   $1,593,724,608   -15.9%
Massachusetts $7,909,449,292   $10,386,161,271   31.3%
New Hampshire $1,342,260,242   $1,337,851,701   -0.3%
Rhode Island $2,170,274,180   $791,438,506   -63.5%
Vermont $430,574,610   $356,392,776   -17.2%
Total New England $17,088,625,069   $18,471,791,706   8.1%
New Jersey $6,789,112,265   $6,551,087,794   -3.5%
New York $25,259,820,062   $22,286,755,740   -11.8%
Pennsylvania $11,892,768,418   $13,043,584,302   9.7%
Total Middle Atlantic $43,941,700,745   $41,881,427,836   -4.7%
TOTAL NORTHEAST $61,030,325,814   $60,353,219,542   -1.1%
Illinois $11,606,279,533   $13,574,044,037   17.0%
Indiana $7,263,641,829   $5,965,357,225   -17.9%
Michigan $9,154,381,324   $11,504,288,508   25.7%
Ohio $14,519,655,634   $11,348,643,148   -21.8%
Wisconsin $19,349,441,865   $8,641,723,731   -55.3%
Total East North Central $61,893,400,185   $51,034,056,649   -17.5%
Iowa $4,560,665,717   $5,359,034,576   17.5%
Kansas $4,841,879,308   $4,032,305,006   -16.7%
Minnesota $7,834,905,431   $9,476,452,677   21.0%
Missouri $6,935,509,089   $6,890,023,017   -0.7%
Nebraska $2,298,536,541   $2,940,132,111   27.9%
North Dakota $3,010,158,648   $2,316,919,588   -23.0%
South Dakota $1,488,441,739   $2,454,488,811   64.9%
Total West North Central $30,970,096,473   $33,469,355,786   8.1%
TOTAL MIDWEST $92,863,496,658   $84,503,412,435   -9.0%
Delaware $881,843,075   $972,707,789   10.3%
District of Columbia $2,942,208,034   $1,679,838,986   -42.9%
Florida $24,496,382,300   $28,018,393,217   14.4%
Georgia $10,429,643,247   $15,450,500,620   48.1%
Maryland $6,450,618,165   $5,834,559,680   -9.6%
North Carolina $12,645,698,140   $12,654,320,346   0.1%
South Carolina $5,772,701,541   $5,381,329,003   -6.8%
Virginia $12,944,127,602   $8,969,116,442   -30.7%
West Virginia $7,088,982,709   $1,416,994,788   -80.0%
Total South Atlantic $83,652,204,813   $80,377,760,871   -3.9%
Alabama $5,050,045,418   $6,514,682,972   29.0%
Kentucky $5,739,688,880   $5,262,783,653   -8.3%
Mississippi $1,992,954,591   $2,318,091,322   16.3%
Tennessee $7,291,088,993   $7,158,413,097   -1.8%
Total East South Central $20,073,777,882   $21,253,971,044   5.9%
Arkansas $2,946,678,222   $2,557,873,671   -13.2%
Louisiana $4,162,561,433   $7,938,032,742   90.7%
Oklahoma $4,930,094,172   $4,677,171,075   -5.1%
Texas $44,372,721,079   $69,267,224,475   56.1%
Total West South Central $56,412,054,906   $84,440,301,963   49.7%
TOTAL SOUTH $160,138,037,601   $186,072,033,878   16.2%
Arizona $8,158,998,072   $7,353,538,141   -9.9%
Colorado $7,428,685,949   $7,998,965,930   7.7%
Idaho $1,840,211,092   $1,776,013,170   -3.5%
Montana $1,317,341,255   $1,246,893,642   -5.3%
Nevada $4,797,214,575   $5,361,825,723   11.8%
New Mexico $1,915,193,645   $2,151,654,459   12.3%
Utah $5,708,107,823   $4,212,677,555   -26.2%
Wyoming $907,756,544   $4,039,790,768   345.0%
Total Mountain $32,073,508,955   $34,141,359,388   6.4%
Alaska $1,469,939,079   $957,884,389   -34.8%
California $36,926,916,452   $32,462,079,781   -12.1%
Hawaii $2,142,594,067   $1,837,770,172   -14.2%
Oregon $5,492,863,106   $4,586,976,972   -16.5%
Washington $11,369,177,124   $16,845,931,353   48.2%
Total Pacific $57,401,489,828   $56,690,642,667   -1.2%
TOTAL WEST $89,474,998,783   $90,832,002,055   1.5%
TOTAL U.S. $403,506,858,856   $421,760,667,910   4.5%

*Figures above are comprised of nonres building and engineering (i.e., residential is omitted).

Data Source and Table: ConstructConnect.